The Waters Of Marah And Elim
The Hebrew word of the Scriptures that is most often translated as "water" is pronounced mah-yim. Water existed from the very beginning. It was upon the primordial waters that "Let there be light" was commanded to shine (see Christ The Creator):
"1:1 In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth.
"If thou wilt diligently hearken to the voice of the LORD thy God"
While in Egypt's Goshen (see The Goshen Refugees and The Israelite Egyptians), the Israelites had lived in the well-watered Nile Delta region. They were accustomed to plentiful water - in stark contrast to the Sinai where they "found no water" (see also The Wilderness of Sin).
"15:22 So Moses [see The Master's Messenger] brought Israel from the Red sea [see Why Through The Sea?], and they went out into the wilderness of Shur; and they went three days in the wilderness, and found no water." (Exodus 15:22 KJV)
The Hebrew word pronounced maw-rah means bitter. "Marah" well described the waters, and the attitude of the whining and grumbling Israelites. According to some older commentaries, "This was probably the "Ain Hawarah, where there are still several springs of water that are very bitter."
"15:23 And when they came to Marah, they could not drink of the waters of Marah, for they were bitter: therefore the name of it was called Marah." (Exodus 15:23 KJV)
The faithless people asked "What shall we drink?"
"15:24 And the people murmured against Moses, saying, What shall we drink?" (Exodus 15:24 KJV)
The LORD then provided a means, natural and/or miraculous, to make the water "sweet" (the actual Hebrew word is pronounced maw-thawk; it means pleasant or refreshing).
"15:25 And he cried unto the LORD; and the LORD showed him a tree, which when he had cast into the waters, the waters were made sweet: there he made for them a statute and an ordinance, and there he proved them." (Exodus 15:25 KJV)
The LORD (i.e. Jesus Christ - "10:1 Moreover, brethren, I would not that ye should be ignorant, how that all our fathers were under the cloud, and all passed through the sea; 10:2 And were all baptized unto Moses in the cloud and in the sea; 10:3 And did all eat the same spiritual meat; 10:4 And did all drink the same spiritual drink: for they drank of that spiritual Rock that followed them: and that Rock was Christ" 1 Corinthians 10:1-4; see also 'Before Abraham Was, I AM') then again reminded the Israelites that if they would obey Him, He would care for them.
"15:26 And said, If thou wilt diligently hearken to the voice of the LORD thy God, and wilt do that which is right in his sight, and wilt give ear to his commandments, and keep all his statutes, I will put none of these diseases upon thee, which I have brought upon the Egyptians: for I am the LORD that healeth thee." (Exodus 15:26 KJV)
The Israelites were then led to the oasis of Elim which has been identified with the Wady Ghurundel, the foremost of four wadies (a wady is a seasonal stream) that flow down from the nearby mountain range to the sea.
"15:27 And they came to Elim, where were twelve wells of water, and threescore and ten palm trees: and they encamped there by the waters." (Exodus 27 KJV)
Fact Finder: Water is composed of hydrogen and oxygen (i.e. the well-known H2O). Paradoxically, hydrogen and oxygen, when combined in the form of water, can be used to put out fires, while hydrogen and (pure) oxygen alone are extremely flammable e.g. the sun and hydrogen bombs are fueled by hydrogen. How is this the basis of both Creation - and the coming Lake of Fire?