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Water Into Wine
In the Old Testament, the Hebrew word (pronounced) yah-yin is translated as "wine." The Hebrew word means fermented, as in wine, not plain grape juice. To prove that it means wine, not unfermented grape juice, it was from yah-yin that Noah became drunk:
"9:20 And Noah began to be an husbandman, and he planted a vineyard: 9:21 And he drank of the wine [i.e. yah-yin], and was drunken; and he was uncovered within his tent." (Genesis 9:20-21 KJV)
The Greek word translated as "wine" in the New Testament is pronounced oy-nos. It means wine, not unfermented grape juice. We know that because the word is used where people are warned not to drink to excess and get drunk from it. No such warning would be necessary if it were no-alcohol grape juice. The apostle Paul plainly made the distinction between drink "a little wine" and "be not drunk with wine."
"5:23 Drink no longer water, but use a little wine [oy-nos] for thy stomach's sake and thine often infirmities." (1 Timothy 5:23 KJV)
"This beginning of miracles did Jesus in Cana of Galilee"
The first public miracle of the Messiah was that of transforming water into wine, the same Greek word, oy-nos, as quoted in the verses above. It happened at a marriage celebration where it was customary (and still is in many nations and cultures) to consume wine, not plain grape juice (note: the point of this study is not to promote the consumption of wine or any other alcohol-containing beverage, but merely to make plain that wine, not unfermented grape juice, was and is used at the LORD's Passover).
"2:1 And the third day there was a marriage in Cana of Galilee; and the mother of Jesus was there:
Jesus at first resisted doing the miracle, not because wine was wrong (the Messiah never sinned), but because His ministry had not yet begun.
"2:3 And when they wanted wine, the mother of Jesus saith unto him, They have no wine.
Jesus' mother was insistent however, so out of respect to her, He transformed water into wine.
"2:5 His mother saith unto the servants, Whatsoever he saith unto you, do it."
Transforming water into wine was the Messiah's "beginning of miracles."
"2:11 This beginning of miracles did Jesus in Cana of Galilee, and manifested forth his glory; and his disciples believed on him." (John 2:11 KJV)
Fact Finder: How do we know that Passover is to be observed with a small amount of red wine? For example, did the apostle Paul once rebuke those who defiled the observance by getting drunk with Passover wine?