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The Rapid Arrow
Hiddekel is the (transliterated) Hebrew name of a river in Mesopotamia that was a form of the name given to it by the ancient people of Accad which meant "the rapid Tigris." The name Tigris itself is a derivation of the Old Persian language word tigr which means arrow. The ancient name of the Tigris literally meant the rapid arrow.
Bible translations variously render the name of the river both ways, as illustrated by these examples of Genesis 2:14 from the King James and Revised Standard Versions of the Holy Bible.
"2:14 And the name of the third river is Hiddekel: that is it which goeth toward the east of Assyria" (KJV)
The Tigris River
The Tigris River originates in the mountains of Armenia (where the ark landed after the Flood, see Mount Ararat), not far from the source of the Euphrates River. The Tigris then runs nearly 1,200 miles southeastward through Mesopotamia (today, mostly Iraq) before emptying into the Persian Gulf. The capitals of ancient Assyria, Nineveh, and modern day Baghdad, are located on the Tigris River (see the Fact Finder question below for detailed information about the ancient Babylonian and Assyrian empires).
The Tigris was one of the four rivers that divided from the single river of the garden of Eden.
"2:8 And the LORD God [see Christ The Creator] planted a garden eastward in Eden; and there he put the man whom he had formed. 2:9 And out of the ground made the LORD God to grow every tree that is pleasant to the sight, and good for food; the tree of life also in the midst of the garden, and the tree of knowledge of good and evil.
"10:1 In the third year of Cyrus king of Persia a thing was revealed unto Daniel, whose name was called Belteshazzar; and the thing was true, but the time appointed was long: and he understood the thing, and had understanding of the vision.
Fact Finder: What were the two great empires of Bible History and
Prophecy that were geographically centered in the Tigris River region?