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The English word "artificer" originated from a compound Latin word which means to make art (the word "artificial" originated from the same root, with the same respectable meaning; in modern times however, artificial has come to mean fake or synthetic). The Hebrew word, pronounced khaw-rawsh, that is translated (in the King James Version) as "artificer" has the noble definition of "any sort of trained, skilled worker of stone, metal or wood." As such, the Messiah was an artificer, known as both the son of a carpenter and a carpenter in His own right i.e. "6:3 Is not this the carpenter, the son of Mary" (Mark 6:3 KJV) and "13:55 Is not this the carpenter's son?" (Matthew 13:55 KJV).
Artificers were known from the very earliest time (the Ultimate Artificer created time - see the Fact Finder question below). Tubalcain was "an instructor of every artificer in brass and iron."
"4:17 And Cain knew his wife; and she conceived, and bare Enoch: and he builded a city, and called the name of the city, after the name of his son, Enoch. 4:18 And unto Enoch was born Irad: and Irad begat Mehujael: and Mehujael begat Methusael: and Methusael begat Lamech.
"All manner of work to be made by the hands of artificers"
After King David decided to build a Temple of God (see God's Tent), he supplied much of the material that would be used "by the hands of artificers."
"29:1 Furthermore David the king [see also Israelite Monarchy - The Origin, The Civil War, The United Kingdom,The Division Of Israel, The Northern Kingdom, The Southern Kingdom and The Messiah] said unto all the congregation, Solomon my son, whom alone God hath chosen, is yet young and tender, and the work is great: for the palace is not for man, but for the LORD God. 29:2 Now I have prepared with all my might for the house of my God the gold for things to be made of gold, and the silver for things of silver, and the brass for things of brass, the iron for things of iron, and wood for things of wood; onyx stones, and stones to be set, glistering stones, and of divers colours, and all manner of precious stones, and marble stones in abundance.
In later years, the Israelites became corrupt. The Temple was defiled with idolatry and wantonly damaged. Josiah, a relatively righteous king of Judah (see Kings of Israel and Judah), had artificers make repairs to the Temple (after smashing the idols and abominations that corrupt artificers had produced there; see also Abomination of Desolation - Where?).
"34:1 Josiah was eight years old when he began to reign, and he reigned in Jerusalem one and thirty years. 34:2 And he did that which was right in the sight of the LORD, and walked in the ways of David his father [see also David, Future King Of Israel], and declined neither to the right hand, nor to the left.
As happened every time that Israel and Judah fell, and as will happen in the world as a whole in the end time, "the base" will rise up and replace "the honourable." Honesty, integrity and hard work ("the honourable man, and the counsellor, and the cunning artificer, and the eloquent orator") will be reviled and mocked - while God-defying misfits will rule (see What Rises To The Top?).
"3:1 For, behold, the Lord, the LORD of hosts, doth take away from Jerusalem and from Judah the stay and the staff, the whole stay of bread, and the whole stay of water. 3:2 The mighty man, and the man of war, the judge, and the prophet, and the prudent, and the ancient, 3:3 The captain of fifty, and the honourable man, and the counsellor, and the cunning artificer, and the eloquent orator. 3:4 And I will give children to be their princes, and babes shall rule over them. 3:5 And the people shall be oppressed, every one by another, and every one by his neighbour: the child shall behave himself proudly against the ancient, and the base against the honourable." (Isaiah 3:1-5 KJV)