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The Cradle Of Humanity
One of the most famous, and tragic, events of Bible History was the first murder of mankind, committed by Cain upon his own brother Abel.
"4:8 And Cain talked with Abel his brother: and it came to pass, when they were in the field, that Cain rose up against Abel his brother, and slew him." (Genesis 4:8 KJV)
We know that the LORD confronted Cain afterward, but was it because Adam and Eve reported Abel missing? Did Cain deny knowledge of what happened to Adam and Eve, as he then also tried to do with the LORD? Why else did Cain think that he could deny it to the LORD if it wasn't because Cain thought that there were no witnesses, not even the LORD? Does the LORD choose not to watch everyone directly, at all times, because the record that He has of all of our actions is recorded within ourselves while awaiting the Judgment and Verdict? e.g. "12:2 For there is nothing covered, that shall not be revealed; neither hid, that shall not be known. 12:3 Therefore whatsoever ye have spoken in darkness shall be heard in the light; and that which ye have spoken in the ear in closets shall be proclaimed upon the housetops" (Luke 12:2-3 KJV). Are we our own witnesses from the "recording" of truth that we make within ourselves?
"4:9 And the LORD said unto Cain, Where is Abel thy brother?
"And Cain knew his wife; and she conceived, and bare Enoch: and he builded a city, and called the name of the city, after the name of his son, Enoch"
Cain's denial did not work. Other humans may not have been able (no pun intended) to see through to the truth, but the LORD could, and did. Cain was guilty of murder (a lesson also to all of the murderers and war criminals throughout the ages, including the present day - they haven't gotten away with anything; Judgment awaits every single one of them).
"4:10 And he said, What hast thou done? the voice of thy brother's blood crieth unto me from the ground. 4:11 And now art thou cursed from the earth, which hath opened her mouth to receive thy brother's blood from thy hand; 4:12 When thou tillest the ground, it shall not henceforth yield unto thee her strength; a fugitive and a vagabond shalt thou be in the earth." (Genesis 4:10-12 KJV)
Cain then whined that he could not bear the sentence that he had made for himself. Cain was afraid that someone would do to him what he did to his brother: "every one that findeth me shall slay me."
"4:13 And Cain said unto the LORD, My punishment is greater than I can bear. 4:14 Behold, thou hast driven me out this day from the face of the earth; and from thy face shall I be hid; and I shall be a fugitive and a vagabond in the earth; and it shall come to pass, that every one that findeth me shall slay me." (Genesis 4:13-14 KJV)
But the LORD's sentence upon Cain was to spend the rest of his natural life with a Conscience - enduring not the swift pain of an execution, but the lasting pain of guilt. Cain was sent away to the land east of Eden (which his parents Adam and Eve had been cast out of before Cain was born).
"4:15 And the LORD said unto him, Therefore whosoever slayeth Cain, vengeance shall be taken on him sevenfold. And the LORD set a mark upon Cain, lest any finding him should kill him.
Cain and his wife (see Cain's Wife) began having children (none of the descendants of which exist today - all of humanity died in the Flood except for Noah and his family who descended from the line of Cain's brother Seth (Genesis 5:3-32).
Cain was perhaps the first to build a city (or at least it's the first city mentioned in the Scriptures), which he named after his firstborn son Enoch.
"4:17 And Cain knew his wife; and she conceived, and bare Enoch: and he builded a city, and called the name of the city, after the name of his son, Enoch. 4:18 And unto Enoch was born Irad: and Irad begat Mehujael: and Mehujael begat Methusael: and Methusael begat Lamech [not to be confused with the Lamech to whom Noah was his firstborn son - the man in Genesis 4:18 was the fifth generation from Cain, while Noah's Lamech was in the seventh generation from Seth].