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Elijah's Journey To Mount Sinai
"19:1 And Ahab told Jezebel all that Elijah had done, and withal how he had slain all the prophets with the sword.
"Unto Horeb the mount of God"
Elijah was not a coward. But it seems that he thought that his time of service to the LORD (i.e. to Jesus Christ - see 'Before Abraham Was, I AM'), and therein the LORD's protection of him, was over, so he decided to go somewhere where he could live out the rest of his life in relative peace and safety (which was not against the LORD's will; that eventually did happen - see the Fact Finder question below).
"19:3 And when he saw that, he arose, and went for his life, and came to Beersheba, which belongeth to Judah, and left his servant there. 19:4 But he himself went a day's journey into the wilderness, and came and sat down under a juniper tree: and he requested for himself that he might die; and said, It is enough; now, O LORD, take away my life; for I am not better than my fathers. 19:5 And as he lay and slept under a juniper tree, behold, then an angel touched him, and said unto him, Arise and eat.
Beersheba (verse 3 above) is near the southernmost point of the land of Israel, bordering on the Sinai. Horeb is another name for Mount Sinai (i.e. "8:9 There was nothing in the ark save the two tables of stone, which Moses put there at Horeb" 1 Kings 8:9 KJV). Elijah, while fasting (see The Forty Day Fasts), then made the grueling 200 mile walk south from Beersheba through the desert wilderness to Mount Sinai (which, as its name plainly says, is physically in the Sinai Peninsula - see Why Did Paul Say That Sinai Was In Arabia?; also The Night Crossing to understand the facts of where the sea crossing actually was, and also could not have been).
"19:8 And he arose, and did eat and drink, and went in the strength of that meat forty days and forty nights unto Horeb the mount of God." (1 Kings 19:8 KJV)
Upon his arrival at Mount Sinai, Elijah took shelter on the mountain, just as Moses had done long before.
"19:9 And he came thither unto a cave, and lodged there; and, behold, the word of the LORD came to him, and he said unto him, What doest thou here, Elijah?
Elijah then resumed his service, which included preparing a successor - Elisha.
"19:19 So he departed thence, and found Elisha the son of Shaphat, who was plowing with twelve yoke of oxen before him, and he with the twelfth: and Elijah passed by him, and cast his mantle upon him. 19:20 And he left the oxen, and ran after Elijah, and said, Let me, I pray thee, kiss my father and my mother, and then I will follow thee.
Fact Finder: What happened later when the LORD decided that it was time for Elijah to retire?