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Nisan 14: The Day That Christ Died

Jesus Christ observed the weekly Sabbath, and all of the Holy Days of the LORD, including Passover (the famous incident of His being separated from His parents at age 12 before they found Him in the Temple was at Passover i.e. Luke 2:41-49), right from the time that He was an infant.

"2:27 And he came by the Spirit into the temple: and when the parents brought in the child Jesus, to do for him after the custom of the Law" (Luke 2:27 KJV)

"2:41 Now his parents went to Jerusalem every year at the feast of the Passover." (Luke 2:41 KJV)

"26:17 Now the first day of the feast of unleavened bread the disciples came to Jesus, saying unto him, Where wilt thou that we prepare for thee to eat the Passover?" (Matthew 26:17 KJV)

If He had been alive for Passover that year, He would have observed it after sunset on the fifteen day of Nisan, as He had done all of His human lifetime. But He knew that He was going to be killed, that He was going to be in the tomb on that annual Sabbath of the First Day of Unleavened Bread, also called the First Day of Passover, so He observed "The Lord's Supper" Passover on the evening before, on the fourteenth of Nisan (Biblical calendar days begin and end at sunset). In that way, from the next morning, which was still Nisan 14, the Lamb of God was sacrificed at the very same time that the Passover lambs were being killed.

The Preparation Of Passover

The Messiah was taken to the place of execution in the morning of Nisan 14.

The Holy Scriptures

"27:27 Then the soldiers of the governor took Jesus into the common hall, and gathered unto him the whole band of soldiers. 27:28 And they stripped him, and put on him a scarlet robe. 27:29 And when they had platted a crown of thorns, they put it upon his head, and a reed in his right hand: and they bowed the knee before him, and mocked him, saying, Hail, King of the Jews! 27:30 And they spit upon him, and took the reed, and smote him on the head. 27:31 And after that they had mocked him, they took the robe off from him, and put his own raiment on him, and led him away to crucify him.

27:32 And as they came out, they found a man of Cyrene, Simon by name: him they compelled to bear his cross [see Crossing The T to understand what that "cross" was]. 27:33 And when they were come unto a place called Golgotha, that is to say, a place of a skull, 27:34 They gave him vinegar to drink mingled with gall: and when he had tasted thereof, he would not drink. 27:35 And they crucified him, and parted his garments, casting lots: that it might be fulfilled which was spoken by the prophet, They parted my garments among them, and upon my vesture did they cast lots. 27:36 And sitting down they watched him there; 27:37 And set up over his head his accusation written, This Is Jesus The King Of The Jews. 27:38 Then were there two thieves crucified with him, one on the right hand, and another on the left. 27:39 And they that passed by reviled him, wagging their heads, 27:40 And saying, Thou that destroyest the temple, and buildest it in three days, save thyself. If thou be the Son of God, come down from the cross.

27:41 Likewise also the chief priests mocking him, with the scribes and elders, said, 27:42 He saved others; himself he cannot save. If he be the King of Israel, let him now come down from the cross, and we will believe him. 27:43 He trusted in God; let him deliver him now, if he will have him: for he said, I am the Son of God. 27:44 The thieves also, which were crucified with him, cast the same in his teeth." (Matthew 27:27-44 KJV)

By noon ("the sixth hour" of daylight - see Hours Of The Day), the Christ had already been on the "cross" for some time. The Messiah died not long after "the ninth hour" (i.e. 3:00 pm) on Nisan 14.

"27:45 Now from the sixth hour there was darkness over all the land unto the ninth hour. 27:46 And about the ninth hour Jesus cried with a loud voice, saying, Eli, Eli, lama sabachthani? that is to say, My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me? [see Eloi, Eloi, Lama Sabachthani?]

27:47 Some of them that stood there, when they heard that, said, This man calleth for Elias.

27:48 And straightway one of them ran, and took a sponge, and filled it with vinegar, and put it on a reed, and gave him to drink. 27:49 The rest said, Let be, let us see whether Elias will come to save him.

27:50 Jesus, when he had cried again with a loud voice, yielded up the ghost. 27:51 And, behold, the veil of the temple was rent in twain from the top to the bottom; and the earth did quake, and the rocks rent; 27:52 And the graves were opened; and many bodies of the saints which slept arose, 27:53 And came out of the graves after his resurrection, and went into the holy city, and appeared unto many.

27:54 Now when the centurion, and they that were with him, watching Jesus, saw the earthquake, and those things that were done, they feared greatly, saying, Truly this was the Son of God.

27:55 And many women were there beholding afar off, which followed Jesus from Galilee, ministering unto him: 27:56 Among which was Mary Magdalene, and Mary the mother of James and Joses, and the mother of Zebedee's children." (Matthew 27:45-56 KJV)

Then, as sunset approached (and therefore the beginning of the annual Sabbath, the First Day of Unleavened Bread, also called the First Day of Passover; that Sabbath was not the regular weekly Sabbath and His crucifixion did not occur on a "Friday" - see the Fact Finder question below), the body of the Messiah was quickly placed in the tomb by Joseph of Arimathaea and Nicodemus, where it would remain for three days and three nights, exactly as the prophecy required. As fully explained in the Fact Finder question below, the Christ was killed on what is now called "Wednesday" afternoon, His body was placed in the tomb just before sunset on that "Wednesday," from which He was resurrected just before sunset on a Sabbath afternoon.

"27:57 When the even was come, there came a rich man of Arimathaea, named Joseph, who also himself was Jesus' disciple: 27:58 He went to Pilate, and begged the body of Jesus. Then Pilate commanded the body to be delivered. 27:59 And when Joseph had taken the body, he wrapped it in a clean linen cloth, 27:60 And laid it in his own new tomb, which he had hewn out in the rock: and he rolled a great stone to the door of the sepulchre, and departed." (Matthew 27:57-60 KJV)

Fact Finder: What was the hour-by-hour chronology of the Christ's days of Passover?
See The Messiah's Sabbath Day Resurrection

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