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Miriam of Magdala
The Greek / Roman name Mary originated from the more-ancient Hebrew name Miriam (or "Miryam"). Moses' sister Miriam ("Aaron and Moses, and Miriam their sister" Numbers 26:59 KJV) would have been translated as "Mary" if the original writing had been in the New Testament, which was originally written in Greek. In the same way, the name Mary in the New Testament was actually referring to women who, to themselves, and to everyone who knew them, were named Miriam (the principle applies to Christ Himself; His actual name was (pronounced) Yeshua, but has been popularly rendered into English as "Jesus").
Miriam was a popular Hebrew name at the time of Christ's first coming. His mother was named Miriam (although most people don't realize that Miriam was the actual name of "Mary"). Another Miriam, along with her brother and sister Lazarus and Martha, were close friends of Jesus; He often visited their home in Bethany (see The Farewell Dinner At Bethany). The mother of the apostle Mark was also named Miriam; she was the sister of Barnabas ("Marcus, sister's son to Barnabas" Colossians 4:10 KJV).
But yet another Miriam, a woman from Magdala, a fishing village on the west shore of the Sea of Galilee, perhaps became a closer friend to the Messiah than any other human at that time. Now known as "Mary Magdalene," or "Mary of Magdala," she became a disciple (which means student) of Christ after He healed her of demon possession.
"8:1 And it came to pass afterward, that he went throughout every city and village, preaching and showing the glad tidings of the kingdom of God: and the twelve were with him, 8:2 And certain women, which had been healed of evil spirits and infirmities, Mary called Magdalene, out of whom went seven devils, 8:3 And Joanna the wife of Chuza Herod's steward, and Susanna, and many others, which ministered unto him of their substance." (Luke 8:1-3 KJV)
Miriam thereafter was among those who witnessed His teachings, His Crucifixion and His burial in the tomb.
"27:54 Now when the centurion, and they that were with him, watching Jesus, saw the earthquake, and those things that were done, they feared greatly, saying, Truly this was the Son of God.
"Yeshua said to her, Miryam!" (CJB)
Miriam was with those who first discovered the empty tomb (which had actually been empty since the previous day at just before sunset - see the Fact Finder question below).
"20:1 The first day of the week cometh Mary Magdalene early, when it was yet dark, unto the sepulchre, and seeth the stone taken away from the sepulchre. 20:2 Then she runneth, and cometh to Simon Peter, and to the other disciple, whom Jesus loved, and saith unto them, They have taken away the Lord out of the sepulchre, and we know not where they have laid him.
Miriam's witness had been with others up to that point. But she then experienced something unique to her alone. Miriam, while remaining at the tomb site after the others left, was the first human that Christ spoke to after His resurrection. The Complete Jewish Bible maintains the actual Hebrew name pronunciations i.e. "Yeshua said to her, 'Miryam!" for John 20:16 whereas the King James has "Jesus saith unto her, Mary."
"20:10 Then the disciples went away again unto their own home. 20:11 But Mary stood without at the sepulchre weeping: and as she wept, she stooped down, and looked into the sepulchre, 20:12 And seeth two angels in white sitting, the one at the head, and the other at the feet, where the body of Jesus had lain.
Fact Finder: Why did Miriam find Christ's tomb empty, long before sunrise, on that "Sunday" morning?