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The Prophets: Micah
The English rendering of "Micah" is from the Hebrew name pronounced mee-caw, which is an abbreviation of mee-caw-yaw, from which the English name Michael originated i.e. Micah is equivalent to someone named Michael being called "Mike." The full name in the original Hebrew means who is like the LORD.
Micah was a prophet of the southern kingdom of Judah while the northern kingdom of Israel still existed (although in Micah's time the northern kingdom was nearing its end - see The Galilee Captivity). Micah lived in a different era than the later prophets to Judah i.e. the people of Judah heeded the LORD's warnings from Micah, while they ignored later warnings through prophets such as Jeremiah.
The people of Judah, in the time of Jeremiah (over a century after Micah), even used the example of Micah as a warning when their people were abusing Jeremiah: i.e. "This man [i.e. Jeremiah] is not worthy to die: for he hath spoken to us in the name of the LORD our God" in contrast to "Micah the Morasthite prophesied in the days of Hezekiah king of Judah" and "Did Hezekiah king of Judah and all Judah put him [i.e. Micah] at all to death? did he not fear the LORD, and besought the LORD, and the LORD repented him of the evil which he had pronounced against them?":
"26:16 Then said the princes and all the people unto the priests and to the prophets; This man is not worthy to die: for he hath spoken to us in the name of the LORD our God.
"They shall beat their swords into plowshares, and their spears into pruninghooks: nation shall not lift up a sword against nation, neither shall they learn war any more"
Micah's prophecy of warning was to both north and south (see The Prophets: North and South), to "Samaria and Jerusalem" (Samaria was the capital city of The Northern Kingdom of "Israel" and Jerusalem was the capital city of The Southern Kingdom of "Judah"). Judah, at that time, heeded the warning of the LORD's prophets, while Israel did not.
"1:1 The word of the LORD that came to Micah the Morasthite in the days of Jotham, Ahaz, and Hezekiah, kings of Judah [to understand Micah's time of prophecy, see Kings of Israel and Judah to find those kings of Judah in the history of the northern and southern kingdoms], which he saw concerning Samaria and Jerusalem.
The governments of both Israel and Judah in the time of Micah had become "law of the jungle" thug-ship, not leadership. True leaders are so because people "vote" (i.e. freely choose) to follow them, while Satanic thugs depend solely upon fear and brutality to rule over their nation. So it was in the north and south at that time.
"2:1 Woe to them that devise iniquity, and work evil upon their beds! when the morning is light, they practice it, because it is in the power of their hand. 2:2 And they covet fields, and take them by violence; and houses, and take them away: so they oppress a man and his house, even a man and his heritage." (Micah 2:1-2 KJV)
In contrast to the endless stream of human war criminals and misfits over the ages who have claimed to "lead the world," Micah prophesied about the coming King who will rule all the world in truth and peace. The famous "they shall beat their swords into plowshares, and their spears into pruninghooks: nation shall not lift up a sword against nation, neither shall they learn war any more" was prophesied by Micah.
"4:1 But in the last days it shall come to pass, that the mountain of the house of the LORD shall be established in the top of the mountains, and it shall be exalted above the hills; and people shall flow unto it. 4:2 And many nations shall come, and say, Come, and let us go up to the mountain of the LORD, and to the house of the God of Jacob; and he will teach us of his ways, and we will walk in his paths: for the law shall go forth of Zion, and the word of the LORD from Jerusalem. 4:3 And he shall judge among many people, and rebuke strong nations afar off; and they shall beat their swords into plowshares, and their spears into pruninghooks: nation shall not lift up a sword against nation, neither shall they learn war any more." (Micah 4:1-3 KJV)
Micah prophesied the birth of the Messiah in Bethlehem, a prophecy of Micah that was quoted in the New Testament.
"5:2 But thou, Bethlehem Ephratah, though thou be little among the thousands of Judah, yet out of thee shall he come forth unto me that is to be ruler in Israel; whose goings forth have been from of old, from everlasting." (Micah 5:2 KJV)