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The Prophets: Isaiah

Isaiah, from the Hebrew name pronounced yesh-aw-yaw (notice how in English, and other languages, pronunciation of Biblical names are sometimes almost unrecognizable from their actual sound in Hebrew) meaning the LORD has saved, was a prominent prophet of God, after The Division Of Israel, to the Kings of Judah - Uzziah, Jotham, Ahaz, and Hezekiah (see Kings of Israel and Judah) - at the time that The Northern Kingdom of "Israel" was being erased (see The Galilee Captivity).

"1:1 The vision of Isaiah the son of Amoz, which he saw concerning Judah and Jerusalem in the days of Uzziah, Jotham, Ahaz, and Hezekiah, kings of Judah." (Isaiah 1:1 KJV)

"The earth shall be full of the knowledge of the LORD, as the waters cover the sea"

Isaiah had one of the longest ministries of any of the prophets (see also The Prophets: What Is A Prophet?) to Israel and Judah (see The Prophets: North and South and the Fact Finder below for detailed studies for each chapter of Isaiah). Parallel accounts of some of Isaiah's activities are found in 2 Kings, 2 Chronicles and the book that is named after the prophet himself, Isaiah. As was the case with all of the true prophets, Isaiah's ministry was to deliver a warning from the LORD to His people that they were endangering their national survival by their corruption.

The Holy Scriptures

"1:2 Hear, O heavens, and give ear, O earth: for the LORD hath spoken, I have nourished and brought up children, and they have rebelled against me. 1:3 The ox knoweth his owner, and the ass his master's crib: but Israel doth not know, my people doth not consider.

1:4 Ah sinful nation, a people laden with iniquity, a seed of evildoers, children that are corrupters: they have forsaken the LORD, they have provoked the Holy One of Israel unto anger, they are gone away backward." (Isaiah 1:2-4 KJV)

The prophecies given to Isaiah, by the Messiah Himself (see 'Before Abraham Was, I AM'), are also rich in Messianic detail - some of which were fulfilled at the Christ's first coming, the rest of which will be completed upon His return.

"9:1 Nevertheless the dimness shall not be such as was in her vexation, when at the first he lightly afflicted the land of Zebulun and the land of Naphtali, and afterward did more grievously afflict her by the way of the sea, beyond Jordan, in Galilee [see also The Prophet Of Galilee] of the nations. 9:2 The people that walked in darkness have seen a great light: they that dwell in the land of the shadow of death, upon them hath the light shined." (Isaiah 9:1-2 KJV)

"4:2 In that day shall the branch of the LORD be beautiful and glorious, and the fruit of the earth shall be excellent and comely for them that are escaped of Israel. 4:3 And it shall come to pass, that he that is left in Zion [see Zionism], and he that remaineth in Jerusalem, shall be called holy, even every one that is written among the living in Jerusalem: 4:4 When the Lord shall have washed away the filth of the daughters of Zion, and shall have purged the blood of Jerusalem from the midst thereof by the spirit of judgment, and by the spirit of burning. 4:5 And the LORD will create upon every dwelling place of mount Zion, and upon her assemblies, a cloud and smoke by day, and the shining of a flaming fire by night: for upon all the glory shall be a defence. 4:6 And there shall be a tabernacle for a shadow in the daytime from the heat, and for a place of refuge, and for a covert from storm and from rain." (Isaiah 4:2-6 KJV)

"11:1 And there shall come forth a rod out of the stem of Jesse, and a Branch shall grow out of his roots: 11:2 And the spirit of the LORD shall rest upon him, the spirit of wisdom and understanding, the spirit of counsel and might, the spirit of knowledge and of the fear of the LORD; 11:3 And shall make him of quick understanding in the fear of the LORD: and he shall not judge after the sight of his eyes, neither reprove after the hearing of his ears: 11:4 But with righteousness shall he judge the poor, and reprove with equity for the meek of the earth: and he shall smite the earth with the rod of his mouth, and with the breath of his lips shall he slay the wicked [see The Coming World Dictator]. 11:5 And righteousness shall be the girdle of his loins, and faithfulness the girdle of his reins. 11:6 The wolf also shall dwell with the lamb, and the leopard shall lie down with the kid; and the calf and the young lion and the fatling together; and a little child shall lead them. 11:7 And the cow and the bear shall feed; their young ones shall lie down together: and the lion shall eat straw like the ox. 11:8 And the sucking child shall play on the hole of the asp, and the weaned child shall put his hand on the cockatrice' den. 11:9 They shall not hurt nor destroy in all my holy mountain: for the earth shall be full of the knowledge of the LORD, as the waters cover the sea. 11:10 And in that day there shall be a root of Jesse, which shall stand for an ensign of the people; to it shall the Gentiles seek: and his rest shall be glorious." (Isaiah 11:1-10 KJV)

Fact Finder: For detailed examination of each chapter of the book of Isaiah, see the studies below from our Bible Reading Plan:

Isaiah 1-4
Isaiah 5-7
Isaiah 8-10
Isaiah 11-13
Isaiah 14-16
Isaiah 17-19
Isaiah 20-22
Isaiah 23-27
Isaiah 28-30
Isaiah 31-33
Isaiah 34-36
Isaiah 37-39
Isaiah 40-42
Isaiah 43-45
Isaiah 46-50
Isaiah 51-53
Isaiah 54-56
Isaiah 57-59
Isaiah 60-62
Isaiah 63-65
Isaiah 66

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