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Seasoned With Salt
The Biblical Hebrew word for salt is pronounced meh-lawk. While it was used to refer to the common edible salt that has been used to season and preserve food since the most ancient times, the word literally meant to rub to a powder, or to pulverize - an apparent description of how salt was obtained from the abundant natural sources in the land of Israel (e.g. the Salt Sea, as it's known in the Bible, but also known as the Dead Sea) and ground to a usable form.
Salt was commanded by the LORD (see the Fact Finder question below to understand Who "the LORD God" actually was) to be used in firstfruit offerings of grain (very interesting, considering that the true Church of God is the fulfillment of the firstfruits and that Christ referred to the salt in them as well, as we shall explain in this study; see also The Church of The Firstborn). The Old-English "meat" in the King James Version in these verses is correctly translated as "grain" in most other translations and is obviously referring to grain when it says "thou shalt offer for the meat offering of thy firstfruits green ears of corn" ("corn" in the King James means grain in general - see Corn).
"2:12 As for the oblation of the firstfruits, ye shall offer them unto the LORD: but they shall not be burnt on the altar for a sweet savour. 2:13 And every oblation of thy meat offering shalt thou season with salt; neither shalt thou suffer the salt of the covenant of thy God to be lacking from thy meat offering: with all thine offerings thou shalt offer salt. 2:14 And if thou offer a meat offering of thy firstfruits unto the LORD, thou shalt offer for the meat offering of thy firstfruits green ears of corn dried by the fire, even corn beaten out of full ears." (Leviticus 2:12-14 KJV)
"Ye are the salt of the earth"
Salt was also used in the offering of "the firstling of a cow, or the firstling of a sheep, or the firstling of a goat" (notice again the connection to firstfruits). In blood creatures, it was referred to as a "covenant of salt."
"18:17 But the firstling of a cow, or the firstling of a sheep, or the firstling of a goat, thou shalt not redeem; they are holy: thou shalt sprinkle their blood upon the altar, and shalt burn their fat for an offering made by fire, for a sweet savour unto the LORD. 18:18 And the flesh of them shall be thine, as the wave breast and as the right shoulder are thine. 18:19 All the heave offerings of the holy things, which the children of Israel offer unto the LORD, have I given thee, and thy sons and thy daughters with thee, by a statute for ever: it is a covenant of salt for ever before the LORD unto thee and to thy seed with thee." (Numbers 18:17-19 KJV)
By the time of the "New" Testament, when the fulfillments began to happen, the terminology for the use of salt in the firstfruits became more obvious. Even Christ's famous "Ye are the light of the world," which was spoken with "Ye are the salt of the earth" has a dual meaning, with a connection between salt and light i.e. many energy-efficient lights used today are high-pressure sodium, or sodium vapour bulbs.
"5:13 Ye are the salt of the earth: but if the salt have lost his savour, wherewith shall it be salted? it is thenceforth good for nothing, but to be cast out, and to be trodden under foot of men.
Fact Finder: Why did Jesus Christ use the same terminology in the "New" Testament as "the LORD God" used in the "Old" Testament? Was Jesus Christ "the LORD God"?