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The Sevening Of The Week
Unlike years, months and days, the seven-day week is not directly observable in nature. The week has seven days because the LORD "sevened" it i.e. the Hebrew word for "week" that is found in Genesis, pronounced sheb-oo-ah, means to be made a seven, or a day seven times.
By definition, rest comes after work. The LORD (see Christ The Creator) founded the true meaning of week by resting on the seventh day (unlike Satan's Roman calendar that denies the LORD's true Christian Sabbath and rests on the first day of the week - the spiritually putrid "Sunday" - see Sun Worship).
The LORD's calendar days begin and end at sunset, or "evening" (see Darkness Before Light). Notice how, in English also, that the completion of the day at evening alludes to s-evening, the same as the Hebrew word ("evening" originated from an old Anglo-Saxon word which meant to retire, or to cease work).
"2:1 Thus the heavens and the earth were finished, and all the host of them.
What Is A "Rest"?
A number of different Hebrew words are translated into English as "rest." The first, pronounced shaw-bawth (from which came the English "Sabbath"), means to cease from labour. That was the word translated as "rested" in Genesis 2:2-3 (quoted above) - which also explains how the LORD, Who never gets weary, can "rest." The LORD's rest is to finish a work i.e. "the heavens and the earth were finished" (Genesis 2:1, quoted above).
Humans do become weary however, which is why a different Hebrew word, pronounced noo-awkh, was used for "rest" in the Fourth Commandment. That "rest" has a much wider meaning. It includes to finish a work, as the LORD did, but also means a physical rest for humans.
"20:8 Remember the sabbath day, to keep it holy.
The physical meaning of "rest" will apply only as long as the process of salvation is in progress. The week itself has an ultimate meaning in which the spiritual creation will be "sevened" - after which the children of God will observe the LORD's Sabbath in the very same way that He does - if they prove worthy of salvation by obedience to God i.e. "Let us therefore fear, lest, a promise being left us of entering into his rest, any of you should seem to come short of it."
"4:1 Let us therefore fear, lest, a promise being left us of entering into his rest, any of you should seem to come short of it. 4:2 For unto us was the gospel preached, as well as unto them: but the word preached did not profit them, not being mixed with faith in them that heard it. 4:3 For we which have believed do enter into rest, as he said, As I have sworn in my wrath, if they shall enter into my rest: although the works were finished from the foundation of the world.
Fact Finder: How do we know that we observe the same day today for the Sabbath as the LORD created so long ago?