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When Nimrod Ruled The World
After the flood (see also The Floods Brought By Christ), the world was re-populated by the children of Noah and his wife (amazingly, her name is not recorded in the Scriptures; nor are the names of the women who married their sons). It wasn't a "new world order" however because humanity quickly returned to what it was before the deluge.
The descendants of two of the sons of Noah, Japheth and Shem, populated areas outward from Noah's native land (in what is today Iraq, just like Abraham centuries later - see Israel's Iraqi Roots), while the descendants of Ham held to the central area where humanity was created. That was made possible by one of Ham's descendants, Nimrod, who established himself as a great hunter and warrior "before the LORD" (which would seem to indicate that Nimrod had some righteous qualities).
Japheth's descendants settled (or were driven away by Nimrod's military forces) into the most distant "isles of the Gentiles" (the RSV has "the coastland peoples"). Notice also that Japheth's descendants developed their own languages ("every one after his tongue") prior to the time of the tower of Babel. The "behold, the people is one, and they have all one language" of Genesis 11:6 referred primarily to Ham's descendants in Babylon, not the others who had already scrambled their languages for themselves.
"10:2 The sons of Japheth; Gomer, and Magog, and Madai, and Javan, and Tubal, and Meshech, and Tiras. 10:3 And the sons of Gomer; Ashkenaz, and Riphath, and Togarmah. 10:4 And the sons of Javan; Elishah, and Tarshish, Kittim, and Dodanim. 10:5 By these were the isles of the Gentiles divided in their lands; every one after his tongue, after their families, in their nations." (Genesis 10:2-5 KJV)
"Nimrod: he began to be a mighty one in the earth"
Shem's descendants were also forced into fringe territories, but they also maintained a subservient presence in the home territory. It was from the descendants of Shem that the "Hebrew" people originated (see the Fact Finder question below).
"10:21 Unto Shem also, the father of all the children of Eber, the brother of Japheth the elder, even to him were children born.
The Hamites nevertheless ruled the known world at that time. It was from Ham that many of the mightiest nations originated, including the Assyrians, Babylonians, Canaanites, Philistines - and later, the Egyptians, which was known as "the land of Ham" i.e. "105:23 Israel also came into Egypt; and Jacob sojourned in the land of Ham" (Psalm 105:23 KJV).
"10:6 And the sons of Ham; Cush, and Mizraim, and Phut, and Canaan.
Fact Finder: Who was the first "Hebrew"?