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The English word "lamp" originated from a Greek word, pronounced lamp-as, which means to give light. It's that same Greek word that is found in the New Testament i.e. "lamp" is one of a few words in English that are the same words as written in the actual Holy Scriptures. That doesn't mean however that the word that was spoken was the Greek word; it was more likely Hebrew or Aramaic and then recorded in Greek for "all the world." Greek was used worldwide in the same way that English is today - which is appropriate because while the Hebrew Scriptures (i.e. the "Old Testament") deal primarily with the Messianic line that produced the Christ, after His Coming and Sacrifice, salvation was open to everyone - hence the primary reason that the "New" Testament was written in an "all the world" language.
The Hebrew word, pronounced nay-raw, means to glisten. It originated from an ancient root word that described how the moist soil of a freshly-turned smooth furrow would shine, or glisten, in the sunlight. Later, the word came to be used for oil lamps (usually olive oil; the King James Version use of "candlestick" is incorrect - while candlesticks existed in 1611 when the KJV was written, they did not exist in ancient Israel).
The first recorded use of a "lamp" was the seven-branched lamp that the LORD (see Christ The Creator, 'Before Abraham Was, I AM' and 'The God Of The Old Testament') instructed Moses (see The Prophets: Moses) to make for use in the Tabernacle (see God's Tent).
"25:37 And thou shalt make the seven lamps thereof: and they shall light the lamps thereof, that they may give light over against it." (Exodus 25:37 KJV)
There was an earlier incident of a "lamp," back in Genesis in the time of Abraham (see What Made Abraham Righteous?; also Circumcision), but that word, pronounced law-peed, which means a flame, was a miraculous "lamp."
"15:15 And thou shalt go to thy fathers in peace; thou shalt be buried in a good old age. 15:16 But in the fourth generation they shall come hither again [see The Exodus Prophecy]: for the iniquity of the Amorites is not yet full.
"For David's sake did the LORD his God give him a lamp in Jerusalem"
In the Holy Scriptures, ordinary physical things were often used as analogies (similarities between things that are otherwise not the same) for spiritual Truths. They enabled people, then and now, to relate more intimately with the teaching. King David very-well understood the principle with his "For thou art my lamp, O LORD: and the LORD will lighten my darkness."
"22:1 And David spake unto the LORD the words of this song in the day that the LORD had delivered him out of the hand of all his enemies, and out of the hand of Saul [see The Civil War]:
David's "For thou art my lamp, O LORD: and the LORD will lighten my darkness" from 2 Samuel, as quoted above, was actually the Psalms, at the time that they were being written, in the context of what was happening and being described by David within what became known as the Psalms.
"119:105 Thy word is a lamp unto my feet, and a light unto my path. 119:106 I have sworn, and I will perform it, that I will keep thy righteous judgments.
It was David's righteousness, His looking to the "lamp" of the LORD, that resulted in the choosing of David's ancestry as the line of the Messiah (see Israelite Dynasties) - which is absolutely appropriate since the LORD that David looked to was the one Who would later be born as the Messiah (see Israelite Monarchy - The Messiah). David's "lamp" was Jesus Christ.
"15:4 Nevertheless for David's sake did the LORD his God give him a lamp in Jerusalem, to set up his son after him, and to establish Jerusalem: 15:5 Because David did that which was right in the eyes of the LORD, and turned not aside from any thing that he commanded him all the days of his life, save only in the matter of Uriah the Hittite." (1 Kings 15:4 KJV)
"132:11 The LORD hath sworn in truth unto David; he will not turn from it; Of the fruit of thy body will I set upon thy throne. 132:12 If thy children will keep my covenant and my testimony that I shall teach them, their children shall also sit upon thy throne for evermore.
When Christ returns, the Light that will shine from Jerusalem will bring light to all the world, "until the righteousness thereof go forth as brightness, and the salvation thereof as a lamp that burneth" (see Christ The Conqueror For Peace).
"62:1 For Zion's sake will I not hold my peace, and for Jerusalem's sake I will not rest, until the righteousness thereof go forth as brightness, and the salvation thereof as a lamp that burneth. 62:2 And the Gentiles shall see thy righteousness, and all kings thy glory: and thou shalt be called by a new name, which the mouth of the LORD shall name." (Isaiah 62:1-2 KJV)
Fact Finder: What will King David be doing after Christ returns to rule all of humanity?