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Baal's Samaria

The English "Samaria" is based upon the New Testament Greek word pronounced sam-ar-ee-ah, which itself was based upon the Old Testament Hebrew word, pronounced show-mer-own, which means watch tower, or mountain view. In Bible History, Samaria referred to the central area of the land of Israel, with Judea to the south and Galilee to the north. It is first mentioned specifically by name in the time of Jeroboam, the first king of The Northern Kingdom of "Israel" after The Division Of Israel into "Israel" and "Judah" (see also Kings of Israel and Judah and Israelite Dynasties).

"13:32 For the saying which he cried by the word of the LORD against the altar in Bethel, and against all the houses of the high places which are in the cities of Samaria, shall surely come to pass.

13:33 After this thing Jeroboam returned not from his evil way, but made again of the lowest of the people priests of the high places [see No Levites In The Lost Ten Tribes?]: whosoever would, he consecrated him, and he became one of the priests of the high places.

The name Samaria was also given to the city built there by King Omri of Israel (see Omri Of Israel) after he purchased the area from a man named Shemer i.e. Omri "called the name of the city which he built, after the name of Shemer, owner of the hill, Samaria."

"16:24 And he bought the hill Samaria of Shemer for two talents of silver, and built on the hill, and called the name of the city which he built, after the name of Shemer, owner of the hill, Samaria." (1 Kings 16:24 KJV)

"He reared up an altar for Baal in the house of Baal, which he had built in Samaria"

The city of Samaria became the capital of the northern kingdom of Israel from the time of Omri (the capital was Tirzah prior to that; see The Kings Of Tirzah). Like his predecessor kings of Israel, Omri was a corrupt and deviant leader. After he died, and was buried in Samaria, he was succeeded by a king, Ahab, and his wife, Jezebel, who were even more corrupt and deviant. The city of Samaria became a place of blatant evil and idolatry.

The Tribes Of Israel

"16:25 But Omri wrought evil in the eyes of the LORD [i.e. evil in the eyes of Jesus Christ; see Christ The Creator, 'Before Abraham Was, I AM' and 'The God Of The Old Testament'], and did worse than all that were before him. 16:26 For he walked in all the way of Jeroboam the son of Nebat, and in his sin wherewith he made Israel to sin, to provoke the LORD God of Israel to anger with their vanities.

16:27 Now the rest of the acts of Omri which he did, and his might that he showed, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Israel? 16:28 So Omri slept with his fathers, and was buried in Samaria: and Ahab his son reigned in his stead.

16:29 And in the thirty and eighth year of Asa king of Judah began Ahab the son of Omri to reign over Israel: and Ahab the son of Omri reigned over Israel in Samaria twenty and two years.

16:30 And Ahab the son of Omri did evil in the sight of the LORD above all that were before him. 16:31 And it came to pass, as if it had been a light thing for him to walk in the sins of Jeroboam the son of Nebat, that he took to wife Jezebel the daughter of Ethbaal king of the Zidonians, and went and served Baal [see Baal-zebub and Beelzebub and The Fall Of Ahab and Jezebel], and worshipped him.

16:32 And he reared up an altar for Baal in the house of Baal, which he had built in Samaria." (1 Kings 16:25-32 KJV)

Numerous prophets of the LORD (including Elijah, Elisha, Hosea and Amos; see also The Prophets: North and South) were sent to warn the northern kingdom of Israel to repent. Instead, the northern kingdom descended deeper into defiant wickedness until the LORD had them conquered by the Assyrians and exiled - thereafter becoming known to history as "the lost ten tribes" of Israel.

"17:5 Then the king of Assyria came up throughout all the land, and went up to Samaria, and besieged it three years. 17:6 In the ninth year of Hoshea the king of Assyria took Samaria, and carried Israel away into Assyria, and placed them in Halah and in Habor by the river of Gozan, and in the cities of the Medes.

17:7 For so it was, that the children of Israel had sinned against the LORD their God, which had brought them up out of the land of Egypt, from under the hand of Pharaoh king of Egypt, and had feared other gods, 17:8 And walked in the statutes of the heathen, whom the LORD cast out from before the children of Israel, and of the kings of Israel, which they had made." (2 Kings 17:5-8 KJV)

"17:13 Yet the LORD testified against Israel, and against Judah, by all the prophets, and by all the seers, saying, Turn ye from your evil ways, and keep my commandments and my statutes, according to all the law which I commanded your fathers, and which I sent to you by my servants the prophets. 17:14 Notwithstanding they would not hear, but hardened their necks, like to the neck of their fathers, that did not believe in the LORD their God." (2 Kings 17:13-14 KJV)

Fact Finder: How did the fall of The Northern Kingdom of Israel result in non-Israelites inhabiting the land and thereafter becoming known as the "Samaritans"?
See The Samaritans Of Israel

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