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Joram Of Israel

Joram was the ninth king of the northern kingdom of Israel (see Israelite Monarchy - The Northern Kingdom). He is recorded as both "Joram" and "Jehoram" in Bible History. The reason may be that people used the abbreviated form of the name Jehoram in order to avoid confusion between him and a king of Judah (see Israelite Monarchy - The Southern Kingdom), with the same name, who reigned during part of the same time.

Joram / Jehoram was the son of Ahab and Jezebel who became king of Israel upon the death of his brother Ahaziah. Jehoshaphat was king of Judah at that time (see Kings of Israel and Judah).

"1:17 So he [i.e. Ahaziah Of Israel] died according to the word of the LORD which Elijah [see The Prophets: Elijah] had spoken. And Jehoram reigned in his stead in the second year of Jehoram the son of Jehoshaphat king of Judah; because he had no son. 1:18 Now the rest of the acts of Ahaziah which he did, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Israel? (2 Kings 1:17-18 KJV)

Joram / Jehoram was king of Israel when Jehoram of Judah began to reign in place of Jehoshaphat (see Jehoshaphat Of Judah; also Israelite Dynasties).

"8:16 And in the fifth year of Joram the son of Ahab king of Israel, Jehoshaphat being then king of Judah, Jehoram the son of Jehoshaphat king of Judah began to reign." (2 Kings 8:16 KJV)

"What peace, so long as the whoredoms of thy mother Jezebel and her witchcrafts are so many?"

Joram / Jehoram reigned twelve years. He too was evil and corrupt, but not to the extreme of his parents Ahab and Jezebel had been (see Ahab Of Israel).

The Tribes Of Israel

"3:1 Now Jehoram the son of Ahab began to reign over Israel in Samaria [see Baal's Samaria] the eighteenth year of Jehoshaphat king of Judah, and reigned twelve years. 3:2 And he wrought evil in the sight of the LORD; but not like his father, and like his mother: for he put away the image of Baal that his father had made. 3:3 Nevertheless he cleaved unto the sins of Jeroboam [see Jeroboam Of Israel] the son of Nebat, which made Israel to sin; he departed not therefrom." (2 Kings 3:1-3 KJV)

When Moab revolted against Israelite dominance, Joram / Jehoram went to war against them to destroy their efforts at independence. Jehoshaphat of Judah fought as an ally of Israel, at Israel's request.

"3:4 And Mesha king of Moab was a sheepmaster, and rendered unto the king of Israel an hundred thousand lambs, and an hundred thousand rams, with the wool. 3:5 But it came to pass, when Ahab was dead, that the king of Moab rebelled against the king of Israel. 3:6 And king Jehoram went out of Samaria the same time, and numbered all Israel. 3:7 And he went and sent to Jehoshaphat the king of Judah, saying, The king of Moab hath rebelled against me: wilt thou go with me against Moab to battle?

And he said, I will go up: I am as thou art, my people as thy people, and my horses as thy horses." (2 Kings 3:4-7 KJV)

With the prophet Elisha assisting them (Elisha had by then continued on the ministry that Elijah was given to begin; see The Prophets: Elisha), Israel and Judah achieved a decisive victory over Moab.

"3:21 And when all the Moabites heard that the kings were come up to fight against them, they gathered all that were able to put on armour, and upward, and stood in the border. 3:22 And they rose up early in the morning, and the sun shone upon the water, and the Moabites saw the water on the other side as red as blood: 3:23 And they said, This is blood: the kings are surely slain, and they have smitten one another: now therefore, Moab, to the spoil.

3:24 And when they came to the camp of Israel, the Israelites rose up and smote the Moabites, so that they fled before them: but they went forward smiting the Moabites, even in their country. 3:25 And they beat down the cities, and on every good piece of land cast every man his stone, and filled it; and they stopped all the wells of water, and felled all the good trees: only in Kirharaseth left they the stones thereof; howbeit the slingers went about it, and smote it." (2 Kings 3:21-25 KJV)

Elisha miraculously assisted Joram / Jehoram again later in a war against Syria. Elisha had an angelic army of his own to call upon, "the mountain was full of horses and chariots of fire round about Elisha."

"6:15 And when the servant of the man of God was risen early, and gone forth, behold, an host compassed the city both with horses and chariots. And his servant said unto him, Alas, my master! how shall we do?

6:16 And he answered, Fear not: for they that be with us are more than they that be with them.

6:17 And Elisha prayed, and said, LORD, I pray thee, open his eyes, that he may see. And the LORD opened the eyes of the young man; and he saw: and, behold, the mountain was full of horses and chariots of fire round about Elisha.

6:18 And when they came down to him, Elisha prayed unto the LORD, and said, Smite this people, I pray thee, with blindness. And he smote them with blindness according to the word of Elisha." (2 Kings 6:15-18 KJV)

Like other kings before and after him, Joram / Jehoram became arrogant; he regarded the victories that the LORD gave him as his own. When he wallowed even deeper into idolatry (his first idolatry was his arrogance), the LORD, through Elisha, brought a famine upon Israel, while permitting Syria to become strong against Israel.

"6:24 And it came to pass after this, that Benhadad king of Syria gathered all his host, and went up, and besieged Samaria. 6:25 And there was a great famine in Samaria: and, behold, they besieged it, until an ass's head was sold for fourscore pieces of silver, and the fourth part of a cab of dove's dung for five pieces of silver." (2 Kings 6:24-25 KJV)

Rather than repenting after the warning and rebuke delivered unto him by the LORD, Joram / Jehoram sought to kill the messenger of the LORD, Elisha.

"6:31 Then he said, God do so and more also to me, if the head of Elisha the son of Shaphat shall stand on him this day." (2 Kings 6:31 KJV)

The LORD nevertheless, for the sake of the kingdom, not the corrupt "politician" that was mis-ruling it (see The Rules Of Rulers), miraculously delivered Israel from defeat, again.

"7:5 And they rose up in the twilight, to go unto the camp of the Syrians: and when they were come to the uttermost part of the camp of Syria, behold, there was no man there. 7:6 For the Lord had made the host of the Syrians to hear a noise of chariots, and a noise of horses, even the noise of a great host: and they said one to another, Lo, the king of Israel hath hired against us the kings of the Hittites, and the kings of the Egyptians, to come upon us. 7:7 Wherefore they arose and fled in the twilight, and left their tents, and their horses, and their asses, even the camp as it was, and fled for their life." (2 Kings 7:5-7 KJV)

Joram / Jehoram had by that time proven himself unfit. It was time for him to go. Jehu, a military commander of Israel, staged an in-battle coup in which he not only assassinated his own king, Joram / Jehoram of Israel, but Israel's ally, King Ahaziah of Judah, as well.

"9:21 And Joram said, Make ready. And his chariot was made ready. And Joram king of Israel and Ahaziah king of Judah went out, each in his chariot, and they went out against Jehu, and met him in the portion of Naboth the Jezreelite. 9:22 And it came to pass, when Joram saw Jehu, that he said, Is it peace, Jehu?

And he answered, What peace, so long as the whoredoms of thy mother Jezebel and her witchcrafts are so many?

9:23 And Joram turned his hands, and fled, and said to Ahaziah, There is treachery, O Ahaziah. 9:24 And Jehu drew a bow with his full strength, and smote Jehoram between his arms, and the arrow went out at his heart, and he sunk down in his chariot. 9:25 Then said Jehu to Bidkar his captain, Take up, and cast him in the portion of the field of Naboth the Jezreelite: for remember how that, when I and thou rode together after Ahab his father, the LORD laid this burden upon him; 9:26 Surely I have seen yesterday the blood of Naboth, and the blood of his sons, saith the LORD; and I will requite thee in this plat, saith the LORD. Now therefore take and cast him into the plat of ground, according to the word of the LORD.

9:27 But when Ahaziah the king of Judah saw this, he fled by the way of the garden house. And Jehu followed after him, and said, Smite him also in the chariot. And they did so at the going up to Gur, which is by Ibleam. And he fled to Megiddo, and died there. 9:28 And his servants carried him in a chariot to Jerusalem, and buried him in his sepulchre with his fathers in the city of David. 9:29 And in the eleventh year of Joram the son of Ahab began Ahaziah to reign over Judah." (2 Kings 9:21-29 KJV)

Jehu then had Jezebel killed, in fulfillment of the prophecy of the LORD.

"9:30 And when Jehu was come to Jezreel, Jezebel heard of it; and she painted her face, and tired her head, and looked out at a window. 9:31 And as Jehu entered in at the gate, she said, Had Zimri peace, who slew his master?

9:32 And he lifted up his face to the window, and said, Who is on my side? who? And there looked out to him two or three eunuchs. 9:33 And he said, Throw her down. So they threw her down: and some of her blood was sprinkled on the wall, and on the horses: and he trode her under foot." (2 Kings 9:30-33 KJV)

Fact Finder: Where did the prophet Elijah really go when he went into "heaven"?
See Where Did Elijah Go?

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