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The word "Sinai" is the English rendering of the Hebrew word pronounced see-nawh-ee. In the Holy Scriptures (see Holy Bible Reading Plan With Study Notes), "Sinai" is used to refer to the Sinai Peninsula, the wilderness of the Sinai, or a mountain range in the Sinai (see the Fact Finder question below). From the perspective of Bible History, and of Prophecy, the Sinai was the "wilderness" place where Jesus Christ led the physical Israelites (and all of those who made themselves physical Israelites, by following Christ) to the promised land of Milk and Honey.
"10:1 Moreover, brethren, I would not that ye should be ignorant, how that all our fathers were under the cloud, and all passed through the sea; 10:2 And were all baptized unto Moses in the cloud and in the sea [see Why Through The Sea?]; 10:3 And did all eat the same spiritual meat; 10:4 And did all drink the same spiritual drink: for they drank of that spiritual Rock that followed them: and that Rock was Christ." (1 Corinthians 10:1-4 KJV)
Moreover, the crossing of the wilderness was also an object lesson of living a life of obedience to the Messiah's Word. Those of the ancient Israelites who refused to truly follow Christ were left to die in the wilderness. They did not "cross" (see A Journey Without A Destination).
"10:5 But with many of them God was not well pleased: for they were overthrown in the wilderness. 10:6 Now these things were our examples, to the intent we should not lust after evil things, as they also lusted. 10:7 Neither be ye idolaters, as were some of them; as it is written, The people sat down to eat and drink, and rose up to play. 10:8 Neither let us commit fornication, as some of them committed, and fell in one day three and twenty thousand. 10:9 Neither let us tempt Christ, as some of them also tempted, and were destroyed of serpents." (1 Corinthians 10:5-9 KJV)
"Neither let us tempt Christ, as some of them also tempted, and were destroyed of serpents"
As plainly stated in the verses quoted above, the Israelites were not freed unto anarchy. The Law of God was proclaimed from the mountain of the LORD in Sinai for them to obey - or be left to die.
"19:16 And it came to pass on the third day in the morning, that there were thunders and lightnings [see The Coming Of Thunder], and a thick cloud upon the mount, and the voice of the trumpet exceeding loud; so that all the people that was in the camp trembled. 19:17 And Moses brought forth the people out of the camp to meet with God; and they stood at the nether part of the mount. 19:18 And mount Sinai was altogether on a smoke, because the LORD descended upon it in fire: and the smoke thereof ascended as the smoke of a furnace, and the whole mount quaked greatly. 19:19 And when the voice of the trumpet sounded long, and waxed louder and louder, Moses spake, and God answered him by a voice.
Just as the Exodus has yet an ultimate fulfillment to come, so too does the proclaiming of God's Law from "the mountain of the LORD," not in Sinai, but from Jerusalem after Christ returns to liberate the people of earth from their slavery to sin and death.
"4:1 But in the last days it shall come to pass, that the mountain of the house of the LORD shall be established in the top of the mountains, and it shall be exalted above the hills; and people shall flow unto it.