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The English word "colony" originated from the Greek word pronounced kol-oh-nee-ah which meant to plant and/or to till. The words cultivate and culture are also based upon the same root (no pun intended) word as colony. The Consolidated Webster Encyclopedic Dictionary very well provides the literal meaning of both the English word and the actual ancient Greek word from which it originated: "A body of people transplanted from their mother country to a remote province or country, and remaining subject to the jurisdiction of the parent state; a body of settlers or their descendants; the country planted or colonized."
While the principle is found throughout the Holy Scriptures, the Greek word kol-oh-nee-ah is found only once in the Bible; the King James Version accurately translates it as "colony."
"16:9 And a vision appeared to Paul in the night; There stood a man of Macedonia, and prayed him, saying, Come over into Macedonia, and help us. 16:10 And after he had seen the vision, immediately we endeavoured to go into Macedonia, assuredly gathering that the Lord had called us for to preach the gospel unto them. 16:11 Therefore loosing from Troas, we came with a straight course to Samothracia, and the next day to Neapolis; 16:12 And from thence to Philippi, which is the chief city of that part of Macedonia, and a colony: and we were in that city abiding certain days. 16:13 And on the Sabbath we went out of the city by a river side, where prayer was wont to be made; and we sat down, and spake unto the women which resorted thither." (Acts 16:9-13 KJV)
"Now he that planteth and he that watereth are one: and every man shall receive his own reward according to his own labour. For we are labourers together with God"
The apostle Paul travelled widely (see Paul's First Missionary Journey, Paul's Second Missionary Journey and Paul's Third Missionary Journey) to many colonies of Rome where he planted new colonies for another King, Jesus Christ (see The King Of Zion and The Gospel of The Kingdom of God). One of Paul's most distressing experiences was to find that those who he had sown for Christ had later grown wild unto themselves ("I marvel that ye are so soon removed from him that called you into the grace of Christ unto another gospel," see verses below). The epistle to the Galatians was written in response to such a falling away.
"1:6 I marvel that ye are so soon removed from him that called you into the grace of Christ unto another gospel: 1:7 Which is not another; but there be some that trouble you, and would pervert the gospel of Christ. 1:8 But though we, or an angel from heaven, preach any other gospel unto you than that which we have preached unto you, let him be accursed. 1:9 As we said before, so say I now again, If any man preach any other gospel unto you than that ye have received, let him be accursed." (Galatians 1:6-9 KJV)
Paul's epistle to the Corinthians also spoke directly of the same colonizing for, and by, Christ i.e. "3:6 I have planted, Apollos watered; but God gave the increase. 3:7 So then neither is he that planteth any thing, neither he that watereth; but God that giveth the increase. 3:8 Now he that planteth and he that watereth are one: and every man shall receive his own reward according to his own labour."
"3:1 And I, brethren, could not speak unto you as unto spiritual, but as unto carnal, even as unto babes in Christ. 3:2 I have fed you with milk, and not with meat: for hitherto ye were not able to bear it, neither yet now are ye able. 3:3 For ye are yet carnal: for whereas there is among you envying, and strife, and divisions, are ye not carnal, and walk as men? 3:4 For while one saith, I am of Paul; and another, I am of Apollos; are ye not carnal?
Fact Finder: Why does the LORD permit "weeds" to grow in his "colonies"? What is going to happen to the "weeds" when the time of harvest comes?