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Joash Of Judah

Joash (also rendered as "Jehoash") was the son and lawful royal successor of King Ahaziah Of Judah. While only an infant, he was saved by his aunt Jehosheba, who was married to the high priest Jehoiada, from a slaughter carried out by Athaliah (see Athaliah Of Judah) who had seized the throne of Judah for herself after her husband (see Jehoram Of Judah) and son (see Ahaziah Of Judah), both kings, were killed.

"11:1 And when Athaliah the mother of Ahaziah saw that her son was dead, she arose and destroyed all the seed royal. 11:2 But Jehosheba, the daughter of king Joram, sister of Ahaziah, took Joash the son of Ahaziah, and stole him from among the king's sons which were slain; and they hid him, even him and his nurse, in the bedchamber from Athaliah, so that he was not slain. 11:3 And he was with her hid in the house of the LORD six years. And Athaliah did reign over the land." (2 Kings 11:1-3 KJV)

When the time was right, the high priest Jehoiada led the army that restored the rightful king of the Messianic line from King David (see the Fact Finder question below).

"11:4 And the seventh year Jehoiada sent and fetched the rulers over hundreds, with the captains and the guard, and brought them to him into the house of the LORD [i.e. of Jesus Christ; see Christ The Creator, 'Before Abraham Was, I AM' and 'The God Of The Old Testament'], and made a covenant with them, and took an oath of them in the house of the LORD, and showed them the king's son." (2 Kings 11:4 KJV)

"11:10 And to the captains over hundreds did the priest give king David's spears and shields, that were in the temple of the LORD [see also David, Future King Of Israel]. 11:11 And the guard stood, every man with his weapons in his hand, round about the king, from the right corner of the temple to the left corner of the temple, along by the altar and the temple. 11:12 And he brought forth the king's son, and put the crown upon him, and gave him the testimony; and they made him king, and anointed him; and they clapped their hands, and said, God save the king." (2 Kings 11:10-12 KJV)

"Joash the king remembered not the kindness which Jehoiada his father had done to him"

Joash / Jehoash had lived in the Temple from the time that he was an infant; the high priest was like a father to him. After he was made king, "Jehoash did that which was right in the sight of the LORD all his days wherein Jehoiada the priest instructed him."

The Holy Scriptures

"12:1 In the seventh year of Jehu Jehoash began to reign; and forty years reigned he in Jerusalem. And his mother's name was Zibiah of Beersheba.

12:2 And Jehoash did that which was right in the sight of the LORD all his days wherein Jehoiada the priest instructed him."

Joash / Jehoash then carried out needed repairs to the Temple that had been neglected during the regime of Athaliah.

"12:4 And Jehoash said to the priests, All the money of the dedicated things that is brought into the house of the LORD, even the money of every one that passeth the account, the money that every man is set at, and all the money that cometh into any man's heart to bring into the house of the LORD, 12:5 Let the priests take it to them, every man of his acquaintance: and let them repair the breaches of the house, wheresoever any breach shall be found." (2 Kings 12:4-5 KJV)

When the high priest Jehoiada died however, Joash / Jehoash quickly demonstrated where his strength had been. The king became a corrupt fool. When Zechariah (not to be confused with the more well-known prophet Zechariah), the son of Jehoiada the high priest (who would have been like a brother to Joash / Jehoash because they grew up in the Temple together) rebuked the king for his idolatry, "Joash the king remembered not the kindness which Jehoiada his father had done to him, but slew his son."

"24:15 But Jehoiada waxed old, and was full of days when he died; an hundred and thirty years old was he when he died. 24:16 And they buried him in the city of David among the kings, because he had done good in Israel, both toward God, and toward his house.

24:17 Now after the death of Jehoiada came the princes of Judah, and made obeisance to the king. Then the king hearkened unto them. 24:18 And they left the house of the LORD God of their fathers, and served groves and idols: and wrath came upon Judah and Jerusalem for this their trespass. 24:19 Yet he sent prophets to them, to bring them again unto the LORD; and they testified against them: but they would not give ear.

24:20 And the Spirit of God came upon Zechariah the son of Jehoiada the priest, which stood above the people, and said unto them, Thus saith God, Why transgress ye the commandments of the LORD, that ye cannot prosper? because ye have forsaken the LORD, he hath also forsaken you.

24:21 And they conspired against him, and stoned him with stones at the commandment of the king in the court of the house of the LORD. 24:22 Thus Joash the king remembered not the kindness which Jehoiada his father had done to him, but slew his son. And when he died, he said, The LORD look upon it, and require it." (2 Chronicles 24:15-22 KJV)

Joash / Jehoash sealed his own doom, first by his leading the nation into idolatry, but moreover by murdering the son of the high priest for speaking under the inspiration of the Holy Spirit ("the Spirit of God came upon Zechariah the son of Jehoiada the priest"). The LORD then permitted Judah's enemies to become strong.

"24:23 And it came to pass at the end of the year, that the host of Syria came up against him: and they came to Judah and Jerusalem, and destroyed all the princes of the people from among the people, and sent all the spoil of them unto the king of Damascus. 24:24 For the army of the Syrians came with a small company of men, and the LORD delivered a very great host into their hand, because they had forsaken the LORD God of their fathers. So they executed judgment against Joash." (2 Chronicles 24:23-24 KJV)

"12:17 Then Hazael king of Syria went up, and fought against Gath, and took it: and Hazael set his face to go up to Jerusalem. 12:18 And Jehoash king of Judah took all the hallowed things that Jehoshaphat, and Jehoram, and Ahaziah, his fathers, kings of Judah, had dedicated, and his own hallowed things, and all the gold that was found in the treasures of the house of the LORD, and in the king's house, and sent it to Hazael king of Syria: and he went away from Jerusalem." (2 Kings 12:17-18 KJV)

Joash / Jehoash was then murdered by his own servants "for the blood of the sons of Jehoiada the priest."

"24:25 And when they were departed from him, (for they left him in great diseases,) his own servants conspired against him for the blood of the sons of Jehoiada the priest, and slew him on his bed, and he died: and they buried him in the city of David, but they buried him not in the sepulchres of the kings.

24:26 And these are they that conspired against him; Zabad the son of Shimeath an Ammonitess, and Jehozabad the son of Shimrith a Moabitess. 24:27 Now concerning his sons, and the greatness of the burdens laid upon him, and the repairing of the house of God, behold, they are written in the story of the book of the kings. And Amaziah his son reigned in his stead." (2 Chronicles 24:25-27 KJV)

Fact Finder: What royal dynasties led to the birth of the Messiah?
See Israelite Dynasties

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