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The Rebaptism Controversy
The prime example of "rebaptism" in the Holy Bible:
"19:1 And it came to pass, that, while Apollos was at Corinth, Paul [see Paul's Ministry] having passed through the upper coasts came to Ephesus: and finding certain disciples, 19:2 He said unto them, Have ye received The Holy Ghost since ye believed?
Why did Paul "rebaptize" those people? Was it because they had "only" been baptized by John the Baptist? Certainly not! As an example for all true Christians, Jesus Christ was baptized by John, and there was no problem at all. But consider carefully, from the full account, those who did have a problem with "John's baptism" - and why i.e. "3:7 But when he saw many of the Pharisees and Sadducees come to his baptism, he said unto them, O generation of vipers, who hath warned you to flee from the wrath to come? 3:8 Bring forth therefore fruits meet for repentance." (Matthew 3:1-17 KJV). They were not truly repentant, which is the purpose of baptism, and they therefore did not receive the Holy Spirit in due time after Christ's resurrection as repentant people did at the so-called "birthday of the church" Pentecost (whether they were in Jerusalem that day, or anywhere else).
"3:1 In those days came John the Baptist, preaching in the wilderness of Judaea, 3:2 And saying, Repent ye: for the kingdom of heaven is at hand. 3:3 For this is he that was spoken of by the prophet Esaias [i.e. The Prophet Isaiah], saying, The voice of one crying in the wilderness, Prepare ye the way of the Lord, make his paths straight [see The Elijahs].
True Baptism Only Happens Once
The act of baptism, which is an act of repentance, is invalid without genuine repentance, which is based upon, first, understanding enough of the Truth to, secondly, dedicate one's life thereafter to living according to the Truth, during which the Holy Spirit will come to make greater understanding possible. The people that Paul rebaptized were apparently repentant, but had insufficient knowledge, while the Pharisees were lacking in both repentance and knowledge.
It's the repentance, based upon understanding of the Truth, that "saves" because only the repentant will be granted salvation. As plainly stated by the Word of God, baptism, by immersion (baptize literally means to immerse), is a living Prophecy of the death, burial and resurrection of the repentant person (see Dead Souls).
"6:1 What shall we say then? Shall we continue in sin, that grace may abound? 6:2 God forbid [see Grace Into Licentiousness]. How shall we, that are dead to sin, live any longer therein? 6:3 Know ye not, that so many of us as were baptized into Jesus Christ were baptized into his death? 6:4 Therefore we are buried with him by baptism into death: that like as Christ was raised up from the dead by the glory of the Father, even so we also should walk in newness of life.
The question of whether someone should be "rebaptized" is really a question of whether the person has been truly baptized at all. According to the principles found throughout the Holy Bible, infant "baptism" is not baptism because infants are not yet capable of understanding, faith or repentance (see Why Isn't Infant Baptism Valid?). As well, even if an adult was baptized, by immersion, it isn't baptism if they didn't yet have sufficient knowledge, based upon the written Word of God, to understand what living a repentant life thereafter would involve. Being "baptized" merely to join a "church" is not baptism.
On the other hand, if the person baptized did have sufficient starting-point understanding (e.g. by observing thereafter the LORD's one and only true Sabbath) and they have done their honest best that they could thereafter to grow in grace and knowledge (see Holy Bible Reading Plan With Study Notes and Growing In The Grace And Knowledge), their baptism was valid according to the written Word of God, even if the person who baptized them was later discovered to have doctrinal errors, or even went apostate. Baptism is about the repentance of the person being baptized, not about the person doing the baptism.
Fact Finder: (a) Were the people of the Exodus "baptized"? Who did it? (b) Were they an example for us? What happened to those of them later who failed to repent and obey the Word of God? Who destroyed them?