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Jehoahaz Of Israel
Jehoahaz, from the Hebrew word pronounced yeh-ho-awh-khawz, meaning the LORD holds him, was the son and royal successor (see also Royal Democracy) of King Jehu (see Jehu Of Israel) of the northern kingdom of "Israel" (see our complete series of studies for the Bible History and Prophecy of the Israelite monarchy: The Origin, The Civil War, The United Kingdom, The Division Of Israel, The Northern Kingdom, The Southern Kingdom and The Messiah).
"10:34 Now the rest of the acts of Jehu, and all that he did, and all his might, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Israel? [see also Kings of Israel and Judah and Israelite Dynasties]
"Jehoahaz the son of Jehu began to reign over Israel in Samaria"
Jehoahaz held the throne of Israel for seventeen years during which "he did that which was evil in the sight of the LORD" just as his predecessors had done.
"13:1 In the three and twentieth year of Joash the son of Ahaziah king of Judah Jehoahaz the son of Jehu began to reign over Israel in Samaria, and reigned seventeen years.
When Jehoahaz repented somewhat ("Nevertheless they departed not from the sins of the house of Jeroboam, who made Israel sin, but walked therein: and there remained the grove also in Samaria"), the LORD delivered Israel out of the hands of the enemies that the LORD had permitted to grow more powerful over them as a punishment for their corruption.
"13:4 And Jehoahaz besought the LORD, and the LORD hearkened unto him: for he saw the oppression of Israel, because the king of Syria oppressed them.
As part of the lesson, the LORD delivered Israel ("the LORD gave Israel a saviour") at a time when Israel's military had been depleted to a fraction of what it had been.
"13:7 Neither did he leave of the people to Jehoahaz but fifty horsemen, and ten chariots, and ten thousand footmen; for the king of Syria had destroyed them, and had made them like the dust by threshing." (2 Kings 13:7 KJV)
The reign of Jehoahaz ended with Israel fortunate to have survived his misleadership.
"13:8 Now the rest of the acts of Jehoahaz, and all that he did, and his might, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Israel?
The recovery was given, by the LORD, to the son of Jehoahaz to accomplish, "because of His covenant with Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, and would not destroy them, neither cast He them from His presence as yet" (the "as yet" ended with The Galilee Captivity).
"13:22 But Hazael king of Syria oppressed Israel all the days of Jehoahaz. 13:23 And the LORD was gracious unto them, and had compassion on them, and had respect unto them, because of his covenant with Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, and would not destroy them, neither cast he them from his presence as yet.