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Amaziah Of Judah

Amaziah, from the Hebrew name pronounced awm-awtz-yaw, meaning strengthened by the LORD (see also YHVH, Adonai, Jehovah, LORD), was the son and royal successor of Joash Of Judah (not to be confused with Joash Of Israel).

"12:19 And the rest of the acts of Joash, and all that he did, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Judah? 12:20 And his servants arose, and made a conspiracy, and slew Joash in the house of Millo, which goeth down to Silla. 12:21 For Jozachar the son of Shimeath, and Jehozabad the son of Shomer, his servants, smote him, and he died; and they buried him with his fathers in The City of David: and Amaziah his son reigned in his stead." (2 Kings 12:19-21 KJV)

25:1 Amaziah was twenty and five years old when he began to reign, and he reigned twenty and nine years in Jerusalem. And his mother's name was Jehoaddan of Jerusalem. 25:2 And he did that which was right in the sight of the LORD [i.e. Jesus Christ; see Christ The Creator and 'Before Abraham Was, I AM'], but not with a perfect heart. 25:3 Now it came to pass, when the kingdom was established to him, that he slew his servants that had killed the king his father. 25:4 But he slew not their children, but did as it is written in the law in the book of Moses, where the LORD commanded, saying, The fathers shall not die for the children, neither shall the children die for the fathers, but every man shall die for his own sin." (2 Chronicles 25:1-4 KJV)

"Why shouldest thou meddle to thine hurt, that thou shouldest fall, even thou, and Judah with thee?"

Amaziah mustered "three hundred thousand choice men, able to go forth to war" against Edom from his own kingdom of Judah. He also, at first, hired 100,000 mercenaries from Israel, for which he was rebuked by a prophet of the LORD. Amaziah then dismissed the 100,000 from Israel, "wherefore their anger was greatly kindled against Judah, and they returned home in great anger."

The Holy Scriptures

"25:5 Moreover Amaziah gathered Judah together, and made them captains over thousands, and captains over hundreds, according to the houses of their fathers, throughout all Judah and Benjamin [see also Was Paul A Jew or a Benjamite?]: and he numbered them from twenty years old and above, and found them three hundred thousand choice men, able to go forth to war, that could handle spear and shield. 25:6 He hired also an hundred thousand mighty men of valour out of Israel for an hundred talents of silver.

25:7 But there came a man of God to him, saying, O king, let not the army of Israel go with thee; for the LORD is not with Israel, to wit, with all the children of Ephraim. 25:8 But if thou wilt go, do it, be strong for the battle: God shall make thee fall before the enemy: for God hath power to help, and to cast down.

25:9 And Amaziah said to the man of God, But what shall we do for the hundred talents which I have given to the army of Israel?

And the man of God answered, The LORD is able to give thee much more than this.

25:10 Then Amaziah separated them, to wit, the army that was come to him out of Ephraim, to go home again: wherefore their anger was greatly kindled against Judah, and they returned home in great anger." (2 Chronicles 25:5-10 KJV)

Amaziah then went to war against "the children of Seir" (i.e. the Edomites). It was a great victory for Judah, but while they were away, the 100,000 men of Israel that Amaziah dismissed ravaged Judah i.e. they "fell upon the cities of Judah, from Samaria even unto Bethhoron, and smote three thousand of them, and took much spoil."

"25:11 And Amaziah strengthened himself, and led forth his people, and went to the valley of salt, and smote of the children of Seir ten thousand. 25:12 And other ten thousand left alive did the children of Judah carry away captive, and brought them unto the top of the rock, and cast them down from the top of the rock, that they all were broken in pieces.

25:13 But the soldiers of the army which Amaziah sent back, that they should not go with him to battle, fell upon the cities of Judah, from Samaria even unto Bethhoron, and smote three thousand of them, and took much spoil." (2 Chronicles 25:11-13 KJV)

Amaziah then foolishly began to worship the captured idols from Edom. The LORD then sent the prophet to Amaziah to make clear that "God hath determined to destroy thee, because thou hast done this, and hast not hearkened unto my counsel."

"25:14 Now it came to pass, after that Amaziah was come from the slaughter of the Edomites, that he brought the gods of the children of Seir, and set them up to be his gods, and bowed down himself before them, and burned incense unto them. 25:15 Wherefore the anger of the LORD was kindled against Amaziah, and he sent unto him a prophet, which said unto him, Why hast thou sought after the gods of the people, which could not deliver their own people out of thine hand?

25:16 And it came to pass, as he talked with him, that the king said unto him, Art thou made of the king's counsel? forbear; why shouldest thou be smitten? Then the prophet forbare, and said, I know that God hath determined to destroy thee, because thou hast done this, and hast not hearkened unto my counsel." (2 Chronicles 25:14-16 KJV)

With his ego swelling from his victory over Edom, Amaziah of Judah (see Israelite Monarchy - The Southern Kingdom) then confronted Joash of Israel (see Israelite Monarchy - The Northern Kingdom). Joash warned Amaziah "thou hast smitten the Edomites; and thine heart lifteth thee up to boast: abide now at home; why shouldest thou meddle to thine hurt, that thou shouldest fall, even thou, and Judah with thee."

"25:17 Then Amaziah king of Judah took advice, and sent to Joash, the son of Jehoahaz, the son of Jehu, king of Israel, saying, Come, let us see one another in the face.

25:18 And Joash king of Israel sent to Amaziah king of Judah, saying, The thistle that was in Lebanon sent to the cedar that was in Lebanon, saying, Give thy daughter to my son to wife: and there passed by a wild beast that was in Lebanon, and trode down the thistle. 25:19 Thou sayest, Lo, thou hast smitten the Edomites; and thine heart lifteth thee up to boast: abide now at home; why shouldest thou meddle to thine hurt, that thou shouldest fall, even thou, and Judah with thee?" (2 Chronicles 25:17-19 KJV)

Amaziah refused to heed however, which resulted in a catastrophic defeat of Judah by Israel.

"25:20 But Amaziah would not hear; for it came of God, that he might deliver them into the hand of their enemies, because they sought after the gods of Edom. 25:21 So Joash the king of Israel went up; and they saw one another in the face, both he and Amaziah king of Judah, at Bethshemesh, which belongeth to Judah. 25:22 And Judah was put to the worse before Israel, and they fled every man to his tent.

25:23 And Joash the king of Israel took Amaziah king of Judah, the son of Joash, the son of Jehoahaz, at Bethshemesh, and brought him to Jerusalem, and brake down the wall of Jerusalem from the gate of Ephraim to the corner gate, four hundred cubits. 25:24 And he took all the gold and the silver, and all the vessels that were found in the house of God with Obededom, and the treasures of the king's house, the hostages also, and returned to Samaria." (2 Chronicles 25:20-24 KJV)

Amaziah survived the defeat, but was later assassinated.

"14:17 And Amaziah the son of Joash king of Judah lived after the death of Jehoash son of Jehoahaz king of Israel fifteen years. 14:18 And the rest of the acts of Amaziah, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Judah?

14:19 Now they made a conspiracy against him in Jerusalem: and he fled to Lachish; but they sent after him to Lachish, and slew him there. 14:20 And they brought him on horses: and he was buried at Jerusalem with his fathers in the city of David.

14:21 And all the people of Judah took Azariah, which was sixteen years old, and made him king instead of his father Amaziah." (2 Kings 14:15-21 KJV)

Fact Finder: How and when did Israel become "Israel" and "Judah"?
See The Division Of Israel

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