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Amaziah Of Judah
Amaziah, from the Hebrew name pronounced awm-awtz-yaw, meaning strengthened by the LORD (see also YHVH, Adonai, Jehovah, LORD), was the son and royal successor of Joash Of Judah (not to be confused with Joash Of Israel).
"12:19 And the rest of the acts of Joash, and all that he did, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Judah? 12:20 And his servants arose, and made a conspiracy, and slew Joash in the house of Millo, which goeth down to Silla. 12:21 For Jozachar the son of Shimeath, and Jehozabad the son of Shomer, his servants, smote him, and he died; and they buried him with his fathers in The City of David: and Amaziah his son reigned in his stead." (2 Kings 12:19-21 KJV)
"Why shouldest thou meddle to thine hurt, that thou shouldest fall, even thou, and Judah with thee?"
Amaziah mustered "three hundred thousand choice men, able to go forth to war" against Edom from his own kingdom of Judah. He also, at first, hired 100,000 mercenaries from Israel, for which he was rebuked by a prophet of the LORD. Amaziah then dismissed the 100,000 from Israel, "wherefore their anger was greatly kindled against Judah, and they returned home in great anger."
"25:5 Moreover Amaziah gathered Judah together, and made them captains over thousands, and captains over hundreds, according to the houses of their fathers, throughout all Judah and Benjamin [see also Was Paul A Jew or a Benjamite?]: and he numbered them from twenty years old and above, and found them three hundred thousand choice men, able to go forth to war, that could handle spear and shield. 25:6 He hired also an hundred thousand mighty men of valour out of Israel for an hundred talents of silver.
Amaziah then went to war against "the children of Seir" (i.e. the Edomites). It was a great victory for Judah, but while they were away, the 100,000 men of Israel that Amaziah dismissed ravaged Judah i.e. they "fell upon the cities of Judah, from Samaria even unto Bethhoron, and smote three thousand of them, and took much spoil."
"25:11 And Amaziah strengthened himself, and led forth his people, and went to the valley of salt, and smote of the children of Seir ten thousand. 25:12 And other ten thousand left alive did the children of Judah carry away captive, and brought them unto the top of the rock, and cast them down from the top of the rock, that they all were broken in pieces.
Amaziah then foolishly began to worship the captured idols from Edom. The LORD then sent the prophet to Amaziah to make clear that "God hath determined to destroy thee, because thou hast done this, and hast not hearkened unto my counsel."
"25:14 Now it came to pass, after that Amaziah was come from the slaughter of the Edomites, that he brought the gods of the children of Seir, and set them up to be his gods, and bowed down himself before them, and burned incense unto them. 25:15 Wherefore the anger of the LORD was kindled against Amaziah, and he sent unto him a prophet, which said unto him, Why hast thou sought after the gods of the people, which could not deliver their own people out of thine hand?
With his ego swelling from his victory over Edom, Amaziah of Judah (see Israelite Monarchy - The Southern Kingdom) then confronted Joash of Israel (see Israelite Monarchy - The Northern Kingdom). Joash warned Amaziah "thou hast smitten the Edomites; and thine heart lifteth thee up to boast: abide now at home; why shouldest thou meddle to thine hurt, that thou shouldest fall, even thou, and Judah with thee."
"25:17 Then Amaziah king of Judah took advice, and sent to Joash, the son of Jehoahaz, the son of Jehu, king of Israel, saying, Come, let us see one another in the face.
Amaziah refused to heed however, which resulted in a catastrophic defeat of Judah by Israel.
"25:20 But Amaziah would not hear; for it came of God, that he might deliver them into the hand of their enemies, because they sought after the gods of Edom. 25:21 So Joash the king of Israel went up; and they saw one another in the face, both he and Amaziah king of Judah, at Bethshemesh, which belongeth to Judah. 25:22 And Judah was put to the worse before Israel, and they fled every man to his tent.
Amaziah survived the defeat, but was later assassinated.
"14:17 And Amaziah the son of Joash king of Judah lived after the death of Jehoash son of Jehoahaz king of Israel fifteen years. 14:18 And the rest of the acts of Amaziah, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Judah?
Fact Finder: How and when did Israel become "Israel" and "Judah"?