Sunday, January 2 2011
Jeroboam II Of Israel
Jeroboam II (not to be confused with the first king of The Northern Kingdom of Israel, Jeroboam I - see Jeroboam Of Israel) was the son and royal successor of Jehoash / Joash (the name is rendered both ways) of the northern kingdom of Israel (see Joash Of Israel). Jeroboam II was the fourth king in the dynasty (the northern kingdom of Israel had nine dynasties - see Israelite Dynasties) begun by Jehu (see Jehu Of Israel).
"13:12 And the rest of the acts of Joash, and all that he did, and his might wherewith he fought against Amaziah king of Judah, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Israel? 13:13 And Joash slept with his fathers; and Jeroboam sat upon his throne: and Joash was buried in Samaria with the kings of Israel." (2 Kings 13:12-13 KJV)
Kings of Israel and Judah were usually recorded in time relation to each other. Jeroboam II of Israel reigned during the reigns of Amaziah (see Amaziah Of Judah) and then Amaziah's son Uzziah / Azariah (Uzziah and Azariah are versions of the same name) of Judah.
"14:23 In the fifteenth year of Amaziah the son of Joash king of Judah Jeroboam the son of Joash king of Israel began to reign in Samaria, and reigned forty and one years." (2 Kings 14:23 KJV)
"The sanctuaries of Israel shall be laid waste; and I will rise against the house of Jeroboam with the sword"
Jeroboam II became just as idolatrous as the first Jeroboam, for "he departed not from all the sins of Jeroboam the son of Nebat, who made Israel to sin." For the sake of Israel as a national entity however (at least for that time being - see the Fact Finder question below), the LORD delivered Israel from the enemies that had been encroaching upon its borders i.e. "He restored the coast of Israel from the entering of Hamath unto the sea of the plain, according to the word of the LORD God of Israel, which he spake by the hand of his servant Jonah."
"14:24 And he did that which was evil in the sight of the LORD [i.e. Jesus Christ; see 'Before Abraham Was, I AM']: he departed not from all the sins of Jeroboam the son of Nebat, who made Israel to sin. 14:25 He restored the coast of Israel from the entering of Hamath unto the sea of the plain, according to the word of the LORD God of Israel, which he spake by the hand of his servant Jonah, the son of Amittai, the prophet, which was of Gathhepher.
"1:1 The word of the LORD that came unto Hosea, the son of Beeri, in the days of Uzziah, Jotham, Ahaz, and Hezekiah, kings of Judah, and in the days of Jeroboam the son of Joash, king of Israel." (Hosea 1:1 KJV)
The aim of the prophets was to warn the kings to turn the nation from their self-destructive course. As was so often the case, the prophets of the LORD were falsely viewed as radicals (e.g. "Amos hath conspired against thee in the midst of the house of Israel"). The prophets were in fact true to the Word God, unlike the kings, and the nation as a whole, that became very "liberal" (see God The Conservative, Satan The Liberal).
"7:9 And the high places of Isaac shall be desolate, and the sanctuaries of Israel shall be laid waste; and I will rise against the house of Jeroboam with the sword. 7:10 Then Amaziah the priest of Bethel sent to Jeroboam king of Israel, saying, Amos hath conspired against thee in the midst of the house of Israel: the land is not able to bear all his words. 7:11 For thus Amos saith, Jeroboam shall die by the sword, and Israel shall surely be led away captive out of their own land." (Amos 7:9-11 KJV)
After a surprisingly long reign of over 40 years, "Jeroboam slept with his fathers, even with the kings of Israel; and Zachariah his son reigned in his stead."
"14:28 Now the rest of the acts of Jeroboam, and all that he did, and his might, how he warred, and how he recovered Damascus, and Hamath, which belonged to Judah, for Israel, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Israel? 14:29 And Jeroboam slept with his fathers, even with the kings of Israel; and Zachariah his son reigned in his stead." (2 Kings 14:23-29 KJV)
Jeroboam's son and successor Zachariah was just as corrupt as his father, but lasted only 6 months.
"15:8 In the thirty and eighth year of Azariah king of Judah did Zachariah the son of Jeroboam reign over Israel in Samaria six months. 15:9 And he did that which was evil in the sight of the LORD, as his fathers had done: he departed not from the sins of Jeroboam the son of Nebat, who made Israel to sin." (2 Kings 15:8-9 KJV)
Fact Finder: What happened when the northern kingdom of Israel failed to heed their warnings from the LORD to repent?
This Day In History, January 2
1492: Spain recaptured the southern city of Granada from the Moors (an Arab and Berber people from North Africa who converted to Islam and conquered Spain in the 8th century), consolidating the monarchy under Ferdinand of Aragon. The same year, King Ferdinand and his wife Queen Isabella ordered the expulsion of all Jews from Spain, while sending Christopher Columbus, an explorer in their employ, off on his first voyage to the "new world."
1602: The Spanish force in Ireland surrendered to the English at Kinsdale.
1757: Clive of India recaptured Calcutta after it had been seized by the Nawab of Bengal who used the infamous "Black Hole of Calcutta" to imprison British captives.
1839: Pioneering photographer Louis Daguerre of France took the first photograph of the moon.
1905: During the Russian-Japanese War, the Russians surrendered to the Japanese after the Battle of Port Arthur.
1936: In Berlin, Nazi officials claimed that their treatment of Jews was not any of the League of Nations business (see Presidential Quotes On War, Terrorism, Religion).
1937: Britain and Italy signed the Mediterranean Peace Pact. They were at war less than 2 years later.
1942: In the Philippines, Japanese forces captured the capital Manila, along with the nearby air base.
1944: The first use of helicopters in actual combat, by the British Atlantic patrol.
1959: The first human lunar space mission was begun by the Soviet Union with its launch of the unmanned Luna I. It passed within 4,600 miles of the moon before moving on to a solar orbit.
1971: A team of Israeli scholars announced the discovery in Jerusalem of a 2,000 year-old skeleton of a crucified male. Found in a cave-tomb, it was the first direct physical evidence of the Roman method of execution.
1988: The Canada-U.S. Free Trade agreement was signed by President Ronald Reagan and Prime Minister Brian Mulroney.
1995: The most distant galaxy discovered to that time was found by scientists using the Keck telescope in Hawaii. It was estimated to be 15 billion light years away i.e. the light image seen in the telescope was 15 billion years old (see Your Very Own Time Machine; also Parabolic Prophecies).
2007: Teddy Kollek died at age 95. He was the mayor of Jerusalem 1965-1993.