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Uzziah / Azariah Of Judah
Azariah was the son and royal successor of King Amaziah (note carefully the very close, but different, rendering of the names Amaziah and his son Azariah) of Judah (see Amaziah Of Judah).
"14:18 And the rest of the acts of Amaziah, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Judah? 14:19 Now they made a conspiracy against him in Jerusalem: and he fled to Lachish; but they sent after him to Lachish, and slew him there. 14:20 And they brought him on horses: and he was buried at Jerusalem with his fathers in The City of David.
Azariah is also recorded in Bible History as Uzziah, which is a foreshortened version of Azariah (he's recorded as "Azariah" in 2 Kings and "Uzziah" in 2 Chronicles).
"26:1 Then all the people of Judah took Uzziah, who was sixteen years old, and made him king in the room of his father Amaziah." (2 Chronicles 26:1 KJV)
"Ye shall flee, like as ye fled from before the earthquake in the days of Uzziah king of Judah: and the LORD my God shall come, and all the saints with thee"
Uzziah had a long reign of 52 years, most of which was to the good, for "as long as he sought the LORD, God made him to prosper." Much of that understanding was given to Uzziah by the prophet Zechariah (see The Prophets: Zechariah).
"26:1 Then all the people of Judah took Uzziah, who was sixteen years old, and made him king in the room of his father Amaziah. 26:2 He built Eloth, and restored it to Judah, after that the king slept with his fathers [see The Sleep Of Death]. 26:3 Sixteen years old was Uzziah when he began to reign, and he reigned fifty and two years in Jerusalem. His mother's name also was Jecoliah of Jerusalem.
Because he obeyed the LORD, Uzziah was given military success in his defense of his kingdom of Judah (i.e. see Israelite Monarchy - The Southern Kingdom of Judah; see also Israelite Monarchy - The Northern Kingdom of Israel, Kings of Israel and Judah and Israelite Dynasties).
"26:6 And he went forth and warred against the Philistines, and brake down the wall of Gath [see Gath of the Philistines], and the wall of Jabneh, and the wall of Ashdod, and built cities about Ashdod, and among the Philistines. 26:7 And God helped him against the Philistines, and against the Arabians that dwelt in Gurbaal, and the Mehunims. 26:8 And the Ammonites gave gifts to Uzziah: and his name spread abroad even to the entering in of Egypt; for he strengthened himself exceedingly.
Uzziah's army continued to grow, beyond legitimate needs for defense. It began to be a manifestation of Uzziah's growing arrogance, ignoring that his strength and prosperity was from the LORD, "for he was marvellously helped, till he was strong." Uzziah made the classic mistake of building an army to the size that it became a threat to the legitimate sovereignty of other nations, thereby setting off a profligate "arms race" that demanded ever-increasing military spending.
"26:11 Moreover Uzziah had an host of fighting men, that went out to war by bands, according to the number of their account by the hand of Jeiel the scribe and Maaseiah the ruler, under the hand of Hananiah, one of the king's captains. 26:12 The whole number of the chief of the fathers of the mighty men of valour were two thousand and six hundred. 26:13 And under their hand was an army, three hundred thousand and seven thousand and five hundred, that made war with mighty power, to help the king against the enemy. 26:14 And Uzziah prepared for them throughout all the host shields, and spears, and helmets, and habergeons, and bows, and slings to cast stones. 26:15 And he made in Jerusalem engines, invented by cunning men, to be on the towers and upon the bulwarks, to shoot arrows and great stones withal. And his name spread far abroad; for he was marvellously helped, till he was strong." (2 Chronicles 26:11-15 KJV)
Uzziah's arrogance reached its peak when he entered the Temple of the LORD and began doing things that only Levites were authorized, by the LORD, to do (see also No Levites In The Lost Ten Tribes? and Why Wasn't Christ A Levite?). Uzziah had made himself the head of state of the kingdom of the LORD, now he also made himself the high priest of the Temple of the LORD, for "when he was strong, his heart was lifted up to his destruction: for he transgressed against the LORD his God." For his arrogance and blasphemy, the LORD struck Uzziah with leprosy.
"26:16 But when he was strong, his heart was lifted up to his destruction: for he transgressed against the LORD his God, and went into the temple of the LORD to burn incense upon the altar of incense. 26:17 And Azariah the priest went in after him, and with him fourscore priests of the LORD, that were valiant men: 26:18 And they withstood Uzziah the king, and said unto him, It appertaineth not unto thee, Uzziah, to burn incense unto the LORD, but to the priests the sons of Aaron, that are consecrated to burn incense: go out of the sanctuary; for thou hast trespassed; neither shall it be for thine honour from the LORD God.
Uzziah died and was buried as a leper.
"26:22 Now the rest of the acts of Uzziah, first and last, did Isaiah the prophet, the son of Amoz, write. 26:23 So Uzziah slept with his fathers, and they buried him with his fathers in the field of the burial which belonged to the kings; for they said, He is a leper: and Jotham his son reigned in his stead." (2 Chronicles 26:22-23 KJV)
"1:1 The vision of Isaiah the son of Amoz, which he saw concerning Judah and Jerusalem in the days of Uzziah, Jotham, Ahaz, and Hezekiah, kings of Judah." (Isaiah 1:1 KJV)
As mentioned above, the prophet Zechariah was also known to Uzziah. Zechariah refers (as does Amos, quoted above) to the great earthquake that occurred during the reign of Uzziah. Zechariah refers to such an earthquake in his prophecy of the return of Jesus Christ, which will split the Mount of Olives on that day.
"14:4 And his feet shall stand in that day upon the mount of Olives, which is before Jerusalem on the east, and the mount of Olives shall cleave in the midst thereof toward the east and toward the west, and there shall be a very great valley; and half of the mountain shall remove toward the north, and half of it toward the south. 14:5 And ye shall flee to the valley of the mountains; for the valley of the mountains shall reach unto Azal: yea, ye shall flee, like as ye fled from before the earthquake in the days of Uzziah king of Judah: and the LORD my God shall come, and all the saints with thee." (Zechariah 14:4-5 KJV)
Fact Finder: Uzziah ruled from Zion. Is "Zionism" about kings of Judah, or about the coming King of the entire world?