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The English word "gender" originated from a Latin word, genus, which could mean either a kind, or a sort (hence the scientific word genus, which may be defined as "a biological classification group containing one or more species") or a sex, whether male or female. "Genius" also originated from the same word, genus, in describing someone who "engenders" or "generates" new ideas or advanced thought.
The English word "genesis" was also formed from the Latin (i.e. Roman) and Greek forms of genus, meaning to beget, however it should be kept in mind that the book that was later called "Genesis" (by Greek translators of the Hebrew Scriptures i.e. the Septuagint) was not actually named that in the Holy Scriptures. In the Hebrew it is called by the word pronounced bere-shith, the first word of the Holy Bible, which means and is translated as "in the beginning" in Genesis 1:1.
"Gender" is used in the King James Version to translate three Hebrew words and one Greek word (see also Translation Of Translations).
The Hebrew word pronounced raw-baw means copulate (the English word "couple" is merely a form of copulate).
"19:19 Ye shall keep my statutes. Thou shalt not let thy cattle gender [i.e. raw-baw] with a diverse kind: thou shalt not sow thy field with mingled seed: neither shall a garment mingled of linen and woollen come upon thee." (Genesis 19:19 KJV)
The Hebrew word pronounced aw-bawr is a variation of the Hebrew word explained above. It also means copulate.
"21:10 Their bull gendereth [i.e. aw-bawr], and faileth not; their cow calveth, and casteth not her calf." (Job 21:10 KJV)
"Who hath gendered it?"
"Gender" is also used in figurative ways. The Hebrew word pronounced yaw-lawd means to bear a child (see also Adam And Eve's Wedding Night and Who Was Never A Child?), but is used here in referring to the source of "nature" i.e. "Out of whose womb came the ice? and the hoary frost of heaven, who hath gendered it?"
"38:22 Hast thou entered into the treasures of the snow? or hast thou seen the treasures of the hail, 38:23 Which I have reserved against the time of trouble, against the day of battle and war? [see also Stormy Weather] 38:24 By what way is the light parted, which scattereth the east wind upon the earth? 38:25 Who hath divided a watercourse for the overflowing of waters, or a way for the lightning of thunder; 38:26 To cause it to rain on the earth, where no man is; on the wilderness, wherein there is no man; 38:27 To satisfy the desolate and waste ground; and to cause the bud of the tender herb to spring forth? 38:28 Hath the rain a father? or who hath begotten the drops of dew? 38:29 Out of whose womb came the ice? and the hoary frost of heaven, who hath gendered [i.e. yaw-lawd] it? 38:30 The waters are hid as with a stone, and the face of the deep is frozen." (Job 38:22-30 KJV)
In the New Testament, the Greek word pronounced ghen-nah-oh, which means to reproduce, is translated as "gendereth," as in "the one from the mount Sinai, which gendereth to bondage, which is Agar" (see The Hagar Excuse).
"4:21 Tell me, ye that desire to be under the law, do ye not hear the law? 4:22 For it is written, that Abraham had two sons, the one by a bondmaid, the other by a freewoman. 4:23 But he who was of the bondwoman was born after the flesh; but he of the freewoman was by promise.
The same Greek word, pronounced ghen-nah-oh, which means to reproduce, is also used figuratively, in this case for those who "gender strifes" (see Striving For Strife).
"2:22 Flee also youthful lusts: but follow righteousness, faith, charity, peace, with them that call on the Lord out of a pure heart. 2:23 But foolish and unlearned questions avoid, knowing that they do gender strifes. 2:24 And the servant of the Lord must not strive; but be gentle unto all men, apt to teach, patient, 2:25 In meekness instructing those that oppose themselves; if God peradventure will give them repentance to the acknowledging of the truth; 2:26 And that they may recover themselves out of the snare of the devil, who are taken captive by him at his will." (2 Timothy 2:22-26 KJV)
Fact Finder: Why is God called our "Father"?