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"11:11 Verily I say unto you, Among them that are born of women there hath not risen a greater than John the Baptist..." (Matthew 11:11 KJV)
The purpose of John's ministry was to "prepare the way" for the first coming of The Messiah - to preach that everyone must repent in order to be worthy of the salvation that the Savior will provide to the repentant, in their due time (see Resurrections and Could Christ Return Tonight?), because the LORD is going to burn those who arrogantly refuse to repent, in their due time (see The Lake Of Fire Into An Ocean Of Fire - When?).
"3:5 Then went out to him Jerusalem, and all Judaea, and all the region round about Jordan [see The Jordan River and Beyond Jordan], 3:6 And were baptized of him in Jordan, confessing their sins.
"Ye are of your father the devil, and the lusts of your father ye will do. He was a murderer from the beginning"
John's God-given warning knew no bounds. As stated above, John warned the Pharisees and Sadducees to repent - men who, as the assumed religious authorities of the nation (see The Origin Of The Essenes, Sadducees And Pharisees), should not have had to be told to do what they should have already been doing, and teaching, themselves. But they had become men driven by the love of lust, rather than the love of Truth. They assassinated the Messiah for that reason, as He prophesied that they would do.
"8:44 Ye are of your father the devil, and the lusts of your father ye will do. He was a murderer from the beginning, and abode not in the truth, because there is no truth in him. When he speaketh a lie, he speaketh of his own: for he is a liar, and the father of it. 8:45 And because I tell you the truth, ye believe me not." (John 8:44-45 KJV)
It's certain that they would have killed John before long, just they killed Jesus Christ - but someone else, an adulteress, got John killed before them. John was arrested and thrown in prison for rebuking Herod's incestuous and adulterous relationship with his niece Herodias.
"14:3 For Herod had laid hold on John, and bound him, and put him in prison for Herodias' sake, his brother Philip's wife.
Herodias was the granddaughter of Herod the Great (who tried to have Jesus Christ killed as an infant in Bethlehem; see The Herods). She was first married to her uncle Herod II (a son of Herod the Great), but she later fell in lust with her brother-in-law Herod Antipas, her husband/uncle's brother, which meant that he, like her first "husband," was also her uncle. Herodias and Herod Antipas divorced their spouses and were married, thereby making Herodias the "wife" of two of her uncles. It was for that lust-driven adultery and incest that John, according to the Law of God, rightfully and publicly rebuked both of them - one a princess of the "royal" Herod line, the other the reigning royal governor of Galilee.
An excerpt from the Encyclopedia Britannica, a secular encyclopedia of history that confirms the historic account of the Holy Bible:
"Herodias (d. after AD 39), wife of Herod Antipas, tetrarch (ruler appointed by Rome) of Galilee, in northern Palestine, from 4 BC to AD 39; she conspired to arrange the execution of John the Baptist. Her marriage to Herod Antipas (himself divorced), after her divorce from his half brother Herod Philip was censured by John as a transgression of Mosaic Law."
For political reasons, Herod did not intend to kill John, "he would have put him to death, he feared the multitude."
"14:5 And when he would have put him to death, he feared the multitude, because they counted him as a prophet." (Matthew 14:5 KJV)
Herodias, on the other hand, was not satisfied with silencing John by locking him in a dungeon. She had murder on her lustful mind. The opportunity came at Herod's birthday party, when Herodias had her dancing daughter ask for John to be beheaded after the "infatuated" (and likely intoxicated - it was after all, his "birthday party") Herod made a rash promise to her. He apparently had intentions for the girl because he had very little problem breaking his word to everyone else.
"14:6 But when Herod's birthday was kept, the daughter of Herodias danced before them, and pleased Herod.
As the "topping on the cake" of her murderous arrogance, she asked for John's head to be delivered to her on one of the birthday party serving trays.
"14:9 And the king was sorry: nevertheless for the oath's sake, and them which sat with him at meat, he commanded it to be given her.
The Holy Bible does not record what later became of Herodias, however the Encyclopedia Britannica does:
"Herodias also urged her husband to attempt to discredit her brother Herod Agrippa I, who had recently received the tetrarchy of Batanaea and Trachonitis, east of the Sea of Galilee. Their efforts antagonized the emperor Caligula, however, and they were banished in AD 39."