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Shallum / Jehoahaz Of Judah
Shallum, from the Hebrew name pronounced shawl-loom, was the son and successor of King Josiah of Judah (see the Fact Finder question below). This Shallum, the son of Josiah, who became king of The Southern Kingdom of "Judah," should not be confused with the Shallum who was the king of The Northern Kingdom of "Israel" (see Shallum Of Israel; also Kings of Israel and Judah and Israelite Dynasties).
"3:15 And the sons of Josiah were, the firstborn Johanan, the second Jehoiakim, the third Zedekiah, the fourth Shallum." (1 Chronicles 3:15 KJV)
Shallum is also recorded in Bible History as Jehoahaz, from the Hebrew name pronounced yawh-ho-aw-khawz (there was also a king named Jehoahaz in the northern kingdom of Israel - see Jehoahaz Of Israel).
"23:30 And his servants carried him in a chariot dead from Megiddo, and brought him to Jerusalem, and buried him in his own sepulchre. And the people of the land took Jehoahaz the son of Josiah, and anointed him, and made him king in his father's stead." (2 Kings 23:30 KJV)
"Woe unto him that buildeth his house by unrighteousness"
The reign of Shallum / Jehoahaz was very short, only three months, before the LORD permitted the corrupt king to be taken away to Egypt. It was a unique fate for an Israelite king, since the northern kingdom of Israel was by then exiled to Assyria (see Ancient Empires - Assyria and The Galilee Captivity) and the southern kingdom of Judah would, not long after the time of Shallum / Jehoahaz, be exiled to Babylon (see Ancient Empires - Babylon and The Two-Way Promise Of The Promised Land).
"23:31 Jehoahaz was twenty and three years old when he began to reign; and he reigned three months in Jerusalem. And his mother's name was Hamutal, the daughter of Jeremiah of Libnah.
The history of the Israelite kings is found in the books of Kings and Chronicles. The account of Shallum / Jehoahaz in Chronicles:
"36:1 Then the people of the land took Jehoahaz the son of Josiah, and made him king in his father's stead in Jerusalem.
The LORD referred to Shallum / Jehoahaz as Shallum in the well-known verse of "Woe unto him that buildeth his house by unrighteousness."
"22:11 For thus saith the LORD [see 'Before Abraham Was, I AM'] touching Shallum the son of Josiah king of Judah, which reigned instead of Josiah his father, which went forth out of this place; He shall not return thither any more: 22:12 But he shall die in the place whither they have led him captive, and shall see this land no more.
Fact Finder: Was Josiah, the father of Shallum / Jehoahaz, one of the most righteous Israelite kings? Was Josiah prophesied, by name, centuries before he was born?