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Shallum / Jehoahaz Of Judah

Shallum, from the Hebrew name pronounced shawl-loom, was the son and successor of King Josiah of Judah (see the Fact Finder question below). This Shallum, the son of Josiah, who became king of The Southern Kingdom of "Judah," should not be confused with the Shallum who was the king of The Northern Kingdom of "Israel" (see Shallum Of Israel; also Kings of Israel and Judah and Israelite Dynasties).

"3:15 And the sons of Josiah were, the firstborn Johanan, the second Jehoiakim, the third Zedekiah, the fourth Shallum." (1 Chronicles 3:15 KJV)

"22:11 For thus saith the LORD touching Shallum the son of Josiah king of Judah, which reigned instead of Josiah his father, which went forth out of this place" (Jeremiah 22:11 KJV)

Shallum is also recorded in Bible History as Jehoahaz, from the Hebrew name pronounced yawh-ho-aw-khawz (there was also a king named Jehoahaz in the northern kingdom of Israel - see Jehoahaz Of Israel).

"23:30 And his servants carried him in a chariot dead from Megiddo, and brought him to Jerusalem, and buried him in his own sepulchre. And the people of the land took Jehoahaz the son of Josiah, and anointed him, and made him king in his father's stead." (2 Kings 23:30 KJV)

"Woe unto him that buildeth his house by unrighteousness"

The reign of Shallum / Jehoahaz was very short, only three months, before the LORD permitted the corrupt king to be taken away to Egypt. It was a unique fate for an Israelite king, since the northern kingdom of Israel was by then exiled to Assyria (see Ancient Empires - Assyria and The Galilee Captivity) and the southern kingdom of Judah would, not long after the time of Shallum / Jehoahaz, be exiled to Babylon (see Ancient Empires - Babylon and The Two-Way Promise Of The Promised Land).

Israel and Judah

"23:31 Jehoahaz was twenty and three years old when he began to reign; and he reigned three months in Jerusalem. And his mother's name was Hamutal, the daughter of Jeremiah of Libnah.

23:32 And he did that which was evil in the sight of the LORD, according to all that his fathers had done.

23:33 And Pharaohnechoh put him in bands at Riblah in the land of Hamath, that he might not reign in Jerusalem; and put the land to a tribute of an hundred talents of silver, and a talent of gold. 23:34 And Pharaohnechoh made Eliakim the son of Josiah king in the room of Josiah his father, and turned his name to Jehoiakim, and took Jehoahaz away: and he came to Egypt, and died there.

23:35 And Jehoiakim gave the silver and the gold to Pharaoh; but he taxed the land to give the money according to the commandment of Pharaoh: he exacted the silver and the gold of the people of the land, of every one according to his taxation, to give it unto Pharaohnechoh." (2 Kings 23:31-35 KJV)

The history of the Israelite kings is found in the books of Kings and Chronicles. The account of Shallum / Jehoahaz in Chronicles:

"36:1 Then the people of the land took Jehoahaz the son of Josiah, and made him king in his father's stead in Jerusalem.

36:2 Jehoahaz was twenty and three years old when he began to reign, and he reigned three months in Jerusalem.

36:3 And the king of Egypt put him down at Jerusalem, and condemned the land in an hundred talents of silver and a talent of gold.

36:4 And the king of Egypt made Eliakim his brother king over Judah and Jerusalem, and turned his name to Jehoiakim. And Necho took Jehoahaz his brother, and carried him to Egypt." (2 Chronicles 36:1-4 KJV)

The LORD referred to Shallum / Jehoahaz as Shallum in the well-known verse of "Woe unto him that buildeth his house by unrighteousness."

"22:11 For thus saith the LORD [see 'Before Abraham Was, I AM'] touching Shallum the son of Josiah king of Judah, which reigned instead of Josiah his father, which went forth out of this place; He shall not return thither any more: 22:12 But he shall die in the place whither they have led him captive, and shall see this land no more.

22:13 Woe unto him that buildeth his house by unrighteousness, and his chambers by wrong; that useth his neighbour's service without wages, and giveth him not for his work;

22:14 That saith, I will build me a wide house and large chambers, and cutteth him out windows; and it is ceiled with cedar, and painted with vermilion.

22:15 Shalt thou reign, because thou closest thyself in cedar? did not thy father eat and drink, and do judgment and justice, and then it was well with him?

22:16 He judged the cause of the poor and needy; then it was well with him: was not this to know me? saith the LORD.

22:17 But thine eyes and thine heart are not but for thy covetousness, and for to shed innocent blood, and for oppression, and for violence, to do it." (Jeremiah 22:11-17 KJV)

Fact Finder: Was Josiah, the father of Shallum / Jehoahaz, one of the most righteous Israelite kings? Was Josiah prophesied, by name, centuries before he was born?
See Josiah of Judah


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