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The Gospel By The Gentile
Luke is unique among the "Gospel" book writers. Luke was a gentile; his "book" was actually a letter, an epistle, to a man named Theophilus, which compiled the accounts of many who "from the beginning were eyewitnesses, and ministers of the word."
"1:1 Forasmuch as many have taken in hand to set forth in order a declaration of those things which are most surely believed among us, 1:2 Even as they delivered them unto us, which from the beginning were eyewitnesses [see also True And False Martyrs], and ministers of the word; 1:3 It seemed good to me also, having had perfect understanding of all things from the very first, to write unto thee in order, most excellent Theophilus, 1:4 That thou mightest know the certainty of those things, wherein thou hast been instructed." (Luke 1:1-4 KJV)
Luke's next "book," which has become known as Acts, was also a personal letter to Theophilus - actually a continuation of his earlier letter. Unlike the other three "Gospel" book writers (i.e. Matthew, Mark and John), Luke goes on to record the growth of the Christian Church in the gentile world, primarily through the ministry of the apostle Paul, a Jew and a Pharisee, who had been directly sent by Jesus Christ to preach the Gospel to all people. "Luke" and "Acts" were written by a gentile.
"1:1 The former treatise have I made, O Theophilus, of all that Jesus began both to do and teach, 1:2 Until the day in which he was taken up, after that he through the Holy Ghost had given commandments unto the apostles whom he had chosen: 1:3 To whom also he showed himself alive after his passion by many infallible proofs [see True Witnesses Of The Resurrection], being seen of them forty days, and speaking of the things pertaining to the kingdom of God: 1:4 And, being assembled together with them, commanded them that they should not depart from Jerusalem, but wait for the promise of the Father, which, saith he, ye have heard of me." (Acts 1:1-4 KJV)
"Only Luke is with me"
Luke's witness of the growth of Christianity to all nations was more direct than in the book of Luke. Luke actually travelled with the apostle Paul, seeing, experiencing, and recording firsthand how the people of the Messiah were all people who truly repent and obey Him (just as Abraham, a man from Iraq who was declared righteous by the LORD while he was both a gentile and uncircumcised, before there were any Israelites or Jews in existence - see What Made Abraham Righteous? and Circumcision).
Luke recorded what Paul did (see Paul's First Missionary Journey, Paul's Second Missionary Journey and Paul's Third Missionary Journey), while Paul recorded, in his epistles, Luke's faithful presence throughout it all i.e. Luke witnessed Paul's writing of some of his epistles. Paul's famous "3:11 Where there is neither Greek nor Jew, circumcision nor uncircumcision, Barbarian, Scythian, bond nor free: but Christ is all, and in all" (Colossians 3:11 KJV) which demonstrated that Paul no longer merely, and arrogantly, worshipped his being a Jew (see Paul's Blindness Lesson and Is Your Religion Your Religion?) was written when Luke ("Luke, the beloved physician"), and other gentiles, and other Jews, any and all true believers, were with him, as stated plainly later in the same epistle to the Colossians.
"4:10 Aristarchus my fellowprisoner saluteth you, and Marcus, sister's son to Barnabas, (touching whom ye received commandments: if he come unto you, receive him;) 4:11 And Jesus, which is called Justus, who are of the circumcision. These only are my fellowworkers unto the kingdom of God, which have been a comfort unto me. 4:12 Epaphras, who is one of you, a servant of Christ, saluteth you, always labouring fervently for you in prayers, that ye may stand perfect and complete in all the will of God. 4:13 For I bear him record, that he hath a great zeal for you, and them that are in Laodicea and them in Hierapolis. 4:14 Luke, the beloved physician, and Demas, greet you. 4:15 Salute the brethren which are in Laodicea, and Nymphas, and the church which is in his house.
There were times, particularly near the time that the Romans executed Paul, that Luke was the only faithful servant of Christ left with him, as in this plain statement by Paul, "I am now ready to be offered, and the time of my departure is at hand" and "only Luke is with me." Luke had the courage that others lacked.
"4:1 I charge thee therefore before God, and the Lord Jesus Christ, who shall judge the quick and the dead at his appearing [see Could Christ Return Tonight?] and his kingdom [see Worthy Is The Lamb]; 4:2 Preach the word; be instant in season, out of season; reprove, rebuke, exhort with all longsuffering and doctrine. 4:3 For the time will come when they will not endure sound doctrine; but after their own lusts shall they heap to themselves teachers, having itching ears; 4:4 And they shall turn away their ears from the truth, and shall be turned unto fables. 4:5 But watch thou in all things, endure afflictions, do the work of an evangelist, make full proof of thy ministry.
Fact Finder: While they both preached the very same Gospel of The Kingdom of God, what was the difference between the ministries of the apostles Peter and Paul in the matter of where they were sent to preach it?