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Thursday, May 5 2011
Where Did The Lost Ten Tribes Go?
Habor, from the Hebrew word pronounced khaw-bor, which means united, or to join, was the name of a river and the surrounding territory in central or northern Mesopotamia (today, central or northern Iraq). The name most-likely refers to where the tributary river of Habor flowed into either the Tigris or Euphrates rivers.
At the time of the fall of The Northern Kingdom of Israel (the "lost ten tribes" - not to be confused with The Southern Kingdom of Judah whose descendants became the "Jews" of today), Habor was the area that the Assyrian (see Ancient Empires - Assyria) king Tilgath-pilneser took the two and one half tribes east of the Jordan away to Assyria. It was later also the area that Shalmaneser king of Assyria took the remainder of the northern kingdom of Israel, whose tribal lands were west of The Jordan River, in Galilee and Samaria.
"The king of Assyria did carry away Israel"
It was a geographic inevitability that the two and one half tribes east of the Jordan (Reuben, Gad and half of the tribe of Manasseh - see Eastern Tribal Lands) would face the earliest attack from Assyrian invaders because the Assyrians had to go through them to get to the tribes on the west side of the Jordan (see also Beyond Jordan).
"5:23 And the children of the half tribe of Manasseh dwelt in the land: they increased from Bashan unto Baalhermon and Senir, and unto Mount Hermon.
The remaining seven and a half tribes were next (see The Galilee Captivity).
"17:1 In the twelfth year of Ahaz king of Judah began Hoshea the son of Elah to reign in Samaria over Israel nine years [see Kings of Israel and Judah; also Israelite Dynasties]. 17:2 And he did that which was evil in the sight of the LORD, but not as the kings of Israel that were before him.
Fact Finder: (a) Why were there no obedient-to-God Levites in the northern kingdom of Israel when it fell to the Assyrians? (b) When will the descendants of "the lost ten tribes" of Israel be re-united with Judah (the "Jews") after they have been gathered from all around the earth?
This Day In History, May 5
1292: Adolf of Nassau was crowned German king. He was deposed in June 1298 by his Habsburg opponent Albert I.
1494: Christopher Columbus landed on the island of Jamaica. He named the island Santa Gloria.
1646: After his defeat at the Battle of Naseby during the English Civil War, Charles I surrendered to a Scottish army at Newark.
1705: Leopold I, Emperor of The Holy Roman Empire, died at 64.
1821: Napoleon Bonaparte, Emperor of France and conqueror of much of Europe, died at age 52 (most historians believe it was of cancer) while a British prisoner on the island of St. Helena after his famous defeat at Waterloo (Belgium) on June 18 1815.
1860: Giuseppe Garibaldi and his "Thousand Redshirts" sailed from Genoa to conquer Sicily and Naples.
1865: The U.S. Thirteenth Amendment was ratified, ending slavery.
1893: The stock market crashed on Wall Street, resulting in the closure of 600 banks, the bankruptcy of thousands of businesses and the unemployment of 15 to 20 percent of the U.S. work force.
1925: High school biology teacher John T. Scopes, 24, was arrested for teaching the theory of evolution in his Dayton, Tennessee classroom (listen to our Sermon Darwin's Theory of Evolution).
1941: During the Second World War (listen to our Sermon The European World Wars), Emperor Haile Selassie of Ethiopia returned to his capital after British forces liberated Ethiopia from the Italian invasion forces that had occupied the country since 1935.
1945: The Netherlands and Denmark were liberated from Nazi Germany.
1949: The Council of Europe was established.
1955: The Federal Republic of Germany became a sovereign state after the Allied High Commission dissolved itself.
1961: Alan Shepard became the first U.S. astronaut in space with a 15 minute sub-orbital flight (i.e. it did not go completely around the earth) in a Mercury spacecraft. The Russian cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin became the first man in space a month before, on April 12, with a 108-minute full orbital flight.
1980: In London, elite British SAS troops stormed the Iranian Embassy, killing 4 of the 5 gunmen who had taken over the building and seized hostages.