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Thursday, May 5 2011

Where Did The Lost Ten Tribes Go?

Habor, from the Hebrew word pronounced khaw-bor, which means united, or to join, was the name of a river and the surrounding territory in central or northern Mesopotamia (today, central or northern Iraq). The name most-likely refers to where the tributary river of Habor flowed into either the Tigris or Euphrates rivers.

At the time of the fall of The Northern Kingdom of Israel (the "lost ten tribes" - not to be confused with The Southern Kingdom of Judah whose descendants became the "Jews" of today), Habor was the area that the Assyrian (see Ancient Empires - Assyria) king Tilgath-pilneser took the two and one half tribes east of the Jordan away to Assyria. It was later also the area that Shalmaneser king of Assyria took the remainder of the northern kingdom of Israel, whose tribal lands were west of The Jordan River, in Galilee and Samaria.

"The king of Assyria did carry away Israel"

It was a geographic inevitability that the two and one half tribes east of the Jordan (Reuben, Gad and half of the tribe of Manasseh - see Eastern Tribal Lands) would face the earliest attack from Assyrian invaders because the Assyrians had to go through them to get to the tribes on the west side of the Jordan (see also Beyond Jordan).

Assyria

"5:23 And the children of the half tribe of Manasseh dwelt in the land: they increased from Bashan unto Baalhermon and Senir, and unto Mount Hermon.

5:24 And these were the heads of the house of their fathers, even Epher, and Ishi, and Eliel, and Azriel, and Jeremiah, and Hodaviah, and Jahdiel, mighty men of valour, famous men, and heads of the house of their fathers. 5:25 And they transgressed against the God of their fathers, and went a whoring after the gods of the people of the land, whom God destroyed before them.

5:26 And the God of Israel stirred up the spirit of Pul king of Assyria, and the spirit of Tilgathpilneser king of Assyria, and he carried them away, even the Reubenites, and the Gadites, and the half tribe of Manasseh, and brought them unto Halah, and Habor, and Hara, and to the river Gozan, unto this day." (1 Chronicles 5:23-26 KJV)

The remaining seven and a half tribes were next (see The Galilee Captivity).

"17:1 In the twelfth year of Ahaz king of Judah began Hoshea the son of Elah to reign in Samaria over Israel nine years [see Kings of Israel and Judah; also Israelite Dynasties]. 17:2 And he did that which was evil in the sight of the LORD, but not as the kings of Israel that were before him.

17:3 Against him came up Shalmaneser king of Assyria; and Hoshea became his servant, and gave him presents. 17:4 And the king of Assyria found conspiracy in Hoshea: for he had sent messengers to So king of Egypt, and brought no present to the king of Assyria, as he had done year by year: therefore the king of Assyria shut him up, and bound him in prison.

17:5 Then the king of Assyria came up throughout all the land, and went up to Samaria, and besieged it three years. 17:6 In the ninth year of Hoshea the king of Assyria took Samaria, and carried Israel away into Assyria, and placed them in Halah and in Habor by the river of Gozan, and in the cities of the Medes." (2 Kings 17:1-6 KJV)

"18:9 And it came to pass in the fourth year of king Hezekiah, which was the seventh year of Hoshea son of Elah king of Israel, that Shalmaneser king of Assyria came up against Samaria, and besieged it. 18:10 And at the end of three years they took it: even in the sixth year of Hezekiah, that is the ninth year of Hoshea king of Israel, Samaria was taken. 18:11 And the king of Assyria did carry away Israel unto Assyria, and put them in Halah and in Habor by the river of Gozan, and in the cities of the Medes: 18:12 Because they obeyed not the voice of the LORD their God, but transgressed his covenant, and all that Moses the servant of the LORD commanded, and would not hear them, nor do them." (2 Kings 18:9-12 KJV)

Fact Finder: (a) Why were there no obedient-to-God Levites in the northern kingdom of Israel when it fell to the Assyrians? (b) When will the descendants of "the lost ten tribes" of Israel be re-united with Judah (the "Jews") after they have been gathered from all around the earth?
(a) See No Levites In The Lost Ten Tribes?
(b) See The Gathering of Israel and Judah


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This Day In History, May 5

1292: Adolf of Nassau was crowned German king. He was deposed in June 1298 by his Habsburg opponent Albert I.

1494: Christopher Columbus landed on the island of Jamaica. He named the island Santa Gloria.

1646: After his defeat at the Battle of Naseby during the English Civil War, Charles I surrendered to a Scottish army at Newark.

1705: Leopold I, Emperor of The Holy Roman Empire, died at 64.

1821: Napoleon Bonaparte, Emperor of France and conqueror of much of Europe, died at age 52 (most historians believe it was of cancer) while a British prisoner on the island of St. Helena after his famous defeat at Waterloo (Belgium) on June 18 1815.

1860: Giuseppe Garibaldi and his "Thousand Redshirts" sailed from Genoa to conquer Sicily and Naples.

1865: The U.S. Thirteenth Amendment was ratified, ending slavery.

1893: The stock market crashed on Wall Street, resulting in the closure of 600 banks, the bankruptcy of thousands of businesses and the unemployment of 15 to 20 percent of the U.S. work force.

1925: High school biology teacher John T. Scopes, 24, was arrested for teaching the theory of evolution in his Dayton, Tennessee classroom (listen to our Sermon Darwin's Theory of Evolution).

1941: During the Second World War (listen to our Sermon The European World Wars), Emperor Haile Selassie of Ethiopia returned to his capital after British forces liberated Ethiopia from the Italian invasion forces that had occupied the country since 1935.

1945: The Netherlands and Denmark were liberated from Nazi Germany.

1949: The Council of Europe was established.

1955: The Federal Republic of Germany became a sovereign state after the Allied High Commission dissolved itself.

1961: Alan Shepard became the first U.S. astronaut in space with a 15 minute sub-orbital flight (i.e. it did not go completely around the earth) in a Mercury spacecraft. The Russian cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin became the first man in space a month before, on April 12, with a 108-minute full orbital flight.

1980: In London, elite British SAS troops stormed the Iranian Embassy, killing 4 of the 5 gunmen who had taken over the building and seized hostages.





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