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Sunday, June 12 2011
Pentecost: Unto The Morrow After The Seventh Sabbath
Pentecost (also recorded in the Holy Scriptures as the Feast of First Fruits, the Feast of Weeks and the Feast of Harvest) is one of the genuine Christian Holy Days (along with Passover, the Days of Passover/Unleavened Bread, the Feast of Trumpets, the Day of Atonement, the Feast of Tabernacles and the Eighth Day - see the Fact Finder question below for detailed studies for each of them; see also our Christian Holy Day Calendar which includes Sermons for each of them).
"15:20 But now is Christ risen from the dead, and become the firstfruits of them that slept.
"Even unto the morrow after the seventh Sabbath shall ye number fifty days"
"10:1 Moreover, brethren, I would not that ye should be ignorant, how that all our fathers were under the cloud, and all passed through the sea [see The Night Crossing and Why Through The Sea?]; 10:2 And were all baptized unto Moses in the cloud and in the sea; 10:3 And did all eat the same spiritual meat; 10:4 And did all drink the same spiritual drink: for they drank of that spiritual Rock that followed them: and that Rock was Christ." (1 Corinthians 10:1-4 KJV)
Pentecost's connection to Passover and the Days of Passover/Unleavened Bread is evident in how the date of observing Pentecost is correctly determined i.e. counting 50 days (Pentecost in the original Greek actually means fifty count) from the day after the weekly Sabbath during the Days of Passover/Unleavened Bread - which means, according to the instructions from the LORD, that Pentecost is always observed on the first day of the week i.e. "seven sabbaths shall be complete ... unto the morrow after the seventh sabbath shall ye number fifty days."
A fixed calendar date (i.e. Sivan 6, which can occur on any day of the week), or counting fifty days from the annual Sabbath of Passover (rather than the weekly Sabbath), do not meet the commandment to observe Pentecost on the day after the seventh weekly Sabbath (listen to our Sermon Pentecost, A Day Of Reckoning to understand how to correctly count Pentecost).
"23:15 And ye shall count unto you from the morrow after the sabbath, from the day that ye brought the sheaf of the wave offering; seven sabbaths shall be complete: 23:16 Even unto the morrow after the seventh sabbath shall ye number fifty days; and ye shall offer a new meat offering unto the LORD." (Leviticus 23:15-16 KJV)
The "birthday of the Church" Pentecost (as it has become popularly known), was observed on the fiftieth day after the weekly Sabbath-day resurrection of Jesus Christ. To deny the correct day of Pentecost is to deny the correct day of Christ's resurrection (see The Day Of Christ's Resurrection and Why Observe The True Sabbath?). Christ was and is the "first of the first fruits (please carefully read all of the information that is available in the Fact Finder question below, as well as listen to the Sermon What Happened Between Passover and Pentecost?).
"2:1 And when the day of Pentecost was fully come, they were all with one accord in one place. 2:2 And suddenly there came a sound from heaven as of a rushing mighty wind, and it filled all the house where they were sitting. 2:3 And there appeared unto them cloven tongues like as of fire, and it sat upon each of them. 2:4 And they were all filled with The Holy Ghost, and began to speak with other tongues [see Do You Speak In Tongues?], as the Spirit gave them utterance." (Acts 2:1-4 KJV)
As stated in the verse quote above, the Holy Spirit of God is what makes people truly Christian and it's the Holy Spirit of God that "conceives" God's children until the time when they will be truly "born again" (see Spiritual Conception and The Process Of Conversion).
"8:5 For they that are after the flesh do mind the things of the flesh; but they that are after the Spirit the things of the Spirit. 8:6 For to be carnally minded is death; but to be spiritually minded is life and peace. 8:7 Because the carnal mind is enmity against God: for it is not subject to the law of God, neither indeed can be [see Grace Into Licentiousness]. 8:8 So then they that are in the flesh cannot please God. 8:9 But ye are not in the flesh, but in the Spirit, if so be that the Spirit of God dwell in you. Now if any man have not the Spirit of Christ, he is none of his." (Romans 8:5-9 KJV)
Pentecost / the Feast of First Fruits celebrated the first harvest of the grain crop as a living Prophecy of the "first harvest" of humanity, the "first fruits of salvation" who will be "harvested" on the day of Christ's return (see When Will You Be Judged?; also Could Christ Return Tonight?):
"8:23 And not only they, but ourselves also, which have the firstfruits of the Spirit, even we ourselves groan within ourselves, waiting for the adoption, to wit, the redemption of our body." (Romans 8:23 KJV)
Fact Finder: How are all of Christ's true Holy Days joined in a single process of salvation for humanity (Pentecost is Lesson 3 in the list below)?
This Day In History, June 12
918: Aethelflaed (or Ethelfleda), a rare female Anglo-Saxon ruler of Mercia in England, died. The daughter of Alfred The Great, she helped her brother Edward The Elder, king of the West Saxons, conquer the Danish armies occupying eastern England.
1346: Charles IV of Luxembourg was elected Holy Roman Emperor in Germany (see The Holy Roman Empire).
1418: An insurrection put Paris under the control of the Burgundians.
1442: Alfonso V of Aragon was crowned King of Naples.
1665: After the departure of the Dutch, the English renamed the city of "New Amsterdam" as "New York."
1667: The first blood transfusion was carried out by Jean-Baptiste Denys, personal physician to King Louis XIV of France, on a 15-year-old boy using blood from a sheep.
1811: The Earl of Selkirk was granted a vast area of territory in what is now Manitoba, Minnesota and North Dakota. Selkirk paid 10 shillings ($2.50) a year in rent on the land, which covered an area 5 times bigger than his native Scotland. As part of the rental agreement, Selkirk had to provide the Hudson's Bay Company with 200 servants a year and develop an agricultural colony.
1812: Napoleon invaded Russia.
1849: The gas mask was patented.
1867: The Austro-Hungarian Empire was formed.
1897: Swiss cutlery maker Carl Elsener patented his penknife, later to become known as the Swiss army knife.
1898: During the Spanish-U.S. War, the independence of the Philippines was declared by General Emilio Aguinaldo, leader of the revolutionary movement, with the support of the U.S.
1900: The Reichstag approved a second new law allowing the expansion of the German navy, making it one of the world's largest.
1917: King Constantine of Greece stepped down in favor of his son, Prince Alexander.
1944: Chinese Communist leader Mao Tse-tung announced that he would support Nationalist leader Chiang Kai-shek in the war against Japan.
1967: The U.S. Supreme Court declared all U.S. state laws against interracial marriage to be unconstitutional.
1991: Mount Pinatubo began erupting in the Philippines after 4 centuries of dormancy.
1994: Nicole Brown Simpson and Ronald Goldman were murdered at her home in Los Angeles. O.J. Simpson was later acquitted of the murders.