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Monday, July 11 2011
Crossing The Kidron
The Kidron Valley is located on the eastern side of Jerusalem, between the city and the Mount of Olives (see the Fact Finder question below). The Gihon Spring is in the Kidron Valley; the Pool of Siloam is located at the south end of the Kidron Valley, where the Kidron joins with the Hinnom Valley that runs along the south of the old city.
The English rendering of "Kidron" is from the Hebrew word pronounced kid-rone, meaning dusky, or turbid, apparently referring to the seasonal heavy-rain waters that flowed through the valley - hence also the reason that it's recorded as "the brook Kidron."
"15:23 And all the country wept with a loud voice, and all the people passed over: the king also himself passed over the brook Kidron, and all the people passed over, toward the way of the wilderness." (2 Samuel 15:23 KJV)
The New Testament Greek word pronounced ked-rone is merely a Greek pronunciation of the Hebrew word (see Translation Of Translations). The King James Version nevertheless translates it as "Cedron."
"18:1 When Jesus had spoken these words, he went forth with his disciples over the brook Cedron, where was a garden, into the which he entered, and his disciples." (John 18:1 KJV)
"When Jesus had spoken these words, He went forth with His disciples over the brook Cedron"
Jesus Christ and King David (see Israelite Monarchy - The Origin; also David, Future King Of Israel) were physically related, but they also could "relate" to a number of personal experiences. Among them was their crossing of the Kidron Valley from Jerusalem to the Mount of Olives at a time of great betrayal against them. In the case of David, it was due to a rebellion by his own son Absalom who staged a royal coup against his father. "When David was come to the top of the mount, he worshipped God" just as the Messiah did centuries later.
"15:23 And all the country wept with a loud voice, and all the people passed over: the king also himself passed over the brook Kidron, and all the people passed over, toward the way of the wilderness.
On the night before His crucifixion, right after the "Last Supper," the Son of God crossed the Kidron Valley to the Mount of Olives, just as David did - at a time of great betrayal by His own people.
"18:1 When Jesus had spoken these words, he went forth with his disciples over the brook Cedron, where was a garden, into the which he entered, and his disciples. 18:2 And Judas also, which betrayed him [see The Long Shadow Of Judas], knew the place: for Jesus ofttimes resorted thither with his disciples." (John 18:1-2 KJV)
Fact Finder: Will salvation begin on the Mount of Olives, which overlooks the Kidron Valley?
This Day In History, July 11
472: Western Roman Emperor Anthemius was captured and executed in Rome by his own generals (see also Whatever Happened To Those Romans?).
911: The Treaty of Saint-Clair-sur-Epte was signed between Charles "the Simple" and Rollo of Normandy.
1302: The Battle of the Golden Spurs (Dutch Guldensporenslag); the Flemish (Flanders is the southern area of the Netherlands that 5 centuries later became the Dutch-speaking northern area of Belgium) defeated the king of France's royal army.
1346: Charles IV of Luxembourg was elected Holy Roman Emperor in Germany (see The Holy Roman Empire).
1533: Pope Clement VII threatened English King Henry VIII with ex-communication if he did not resume his marriage to Catherine of Aragon. Henry wasn't impressed with the threat - the marriage was annulled by Archbishop of Canterbury Thomas Cranmer, and afterward Henry married Anne Boleyn. Two years later, Henry broke with Rome and established the Church of England as the national religion of England (while at the same, as with the rest of the "Protestant" world, they maintained nearly all of Rome's antichrist doctrines; see Antichristians and Is Your Religion Your Religion?).
1613: The first Romanov Czar, Michael, was crowned in Russia ("Czar" is the Russian form of "Caesar," as is the German "Kaiser"). The dynasty lasted until the Russian Revolution in 1917 when the reigning Czar at that time, Nicholas II, and his entire family, were executed by the communist revolutionaries.
1708: Forces under England's Duke of Marlborough defeated the French under Louis Vendome at the Battle of Oudenarde during the War of Spanish Succession.
1740: Jews were expelled from Little Russia by order of Czarina Anne.
1750: Halifax, Nova Scotia was destroyed by fire.
1776: Captain James Cook set sail on his third voyage.
1804: Aaron Burr, a former Vice President of the United States, killed former Treasury Secretary Alexander Hamilton in a duel over political rivalry and accusations.
1882: During the Anglo-Egyptian War, the British Mediterranean Fleet began the bombardment of Alexandria, Egypt.
1906: Sunday became the official day of rest in Canada; the Senate passed the so-called "Lord's Day Act" which was approved by the House of Commons by Sir Wilfred Laurier's government and was supported by Protestant and Roman Catholic churches and labour groups. The act restricted business, prohibited entertainment, sport, and almost all commerce on Sunday. The law remained in force until the Supreme Court of Canada struck it down in 1985 because it was judged to infringe upon the religious rights of non-Christians - an ironic view because the Sunday law in fact infringed upon the religious rights of true Christians. The Government had the right idea, but the wrong day; Sunday has never been, nor will ever be, the true Christian Sabbath (see Why Observe The True Sabbath?).
1919: The eight-hour working day and "free Sunday" become law in the Netherlands (again, as explained above, the right idea, but the wrong day).
1942: The longest bombing raid of the Second World War was carried out by 1,750 British and Canadian Lancaster bombers (listen to our Sermon The European World Wars).
1962: The first transatlantic satellite television transmission.
1979: After orbiting the earth since 1973, the U.S. Skylab re-entered the Earth's atmosphere and disintegrated over the Indian Ocean.
1995: Full diplomatic relations were established between the U.S. and Vietnam.
1995: More than 8,000 men and children in Bosnia were murdered by Serbian troops commanded by Ratko Mladic.
2006: Over 200 people were murdered in a series of terrorist attacks in Mumbai, India.