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Monday, September 19 2011
Teachers And Pastors: What's The Difference?
The English word "teacher" originated from an Anglo-Saxon (Saxony is in Germany; the Anglos were a tribe of the Saxons) word, teacan, which meant to show, or to point out (it's no coincidence that teachers use "pointers," whether the traditional pointer stick or the modern-day laser pointer, or that teachers give verbal "pointers" to those who are learning something).
The English word "pastor" originated from a Latin word, pastor, which meant a shepherd, someone who tends to the physical needs of a flock. The word came to be used for someone who was in charge of the management of a congregation and its facility.
While there has always been overlap in function (i.e. teachers being pastors and pastors being teachers), they are, by literal definition of the English words, two different elements of the ministry ("ministry" means service; "minister" means servant) - just as they are according to the Word of God.
"12:28 And God hath set some in the church, first apostles, secondarily prophets [see The Prophets: What Is A Prophet?], thirdly teachers, after that miracles, then gifts of healings, helps, governments, diversities of tongues. 12:29 Are all apostles? are all prophets? are all teachers? are all workers of miracles? 12:30 Have all the gifts of healing? do all speak with tongues? do all interpret? [see The Origin Of Speaking In Tongues and Do You Speak In Tongues?]" (1 Corinthians 12:28-30 KJV)
While some (usually those who claim themselves to be "apostles") have incorrectly used the verses quoted above as some sort of "rank" system, Paul was obviously describing functions and responsibilities. "Apostle" means someone who is sent, "prophet" generally means someone who gives warning, "teacher" means someone who gives instruction and so on. While Paul did not state "pastor" in the verses above (by definition, a "pastor" came after the founding work of a "teacher"), he did include it in his epistle to the then more-established congregation at Ephesus.
"4:11 And he gave some, apostles; and some, prophets; and some, evangelists; and some, pastors and teachers" (Ephesians 4:11 KJV)
"We know that thou art a teacher come from God"
Jesus Christ was a prophet (see The Prophet Of Galilee) because of His teachings. People ("disciple" means student) came to Jesus, not to be "managed" by a pastor (e.g. "12:13 And one of the company said unto him, Master, speak to my brother, that he divide the inheritance with me. 12:14 And he said unto him, Man, who made me a judge or a divider over you?" Luke 12:13-14 KJV), but to learn from what He taught - far and wide, in the mountains and at the seashore, in the land of Israel, and far beyond (see also Beyond Jordan).
"5:1 And seeing the multitudes, he went up into a mountain: and when he was set, his disciples came unto him: 5:2 And he opened his mouth, and taught them" (Matthew 5:1-2 KJV)
The Messiah taught in the synagogues and at the Temple (see also What Did Jesus Do On The Sabbath?).
"13:54 And when he was come into his own country, he taught them in their synagogue, insomuch that they were astonished, and said, Whence hath this man this wisdom, and these mighty works?" (Matthew 13:54 KJV)
Jesus of Nazareth was popular among the people because "He taught them as one having authority, and not as the scribes" - which is the reason that the Religious Parties (see also Is Your Church A Cult?) feared and hated Him.
"7:28 And it came to pass, when Jesus had ended these sayings, the people were astonished at his doctrine: 7:29 For he taught them as one having authority, and not as the scribes." (Matthew 7:28-29 KJV)
Jesus of Nazareth was the Messiah who fulfilled the prophecy "they shall be all taught of God."
"6:45 It is written in the prophets, And they shall be all taught of God. Every man therefore that hath heard, and hath learned of the Father, cometh unto me." (John 6:45 KJV)
All teachers (with the exception of God), must themselves first have a teacher. God taught His Son before sending His Son to teach the Word of God - that's why it's called the Word of God.
"8:28 Then said Jesus unto them, When ye have lifted up the Son of man, then shall ye know that I am he, and that I do nothing of myself; but as my Father hath taught me, I speak these things." (John 8:28 KJV)
The very-famous John 3:16 teaching ("For God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have everlasting life") and the "born again" teaching were given to a repentant Pharisee, Nicodemus, who recognized that Jesus was "a teacher come from God."
"3:1 There was a man of the Pharisees, named Nicodemus, a ruler of the Jews: 3:2 The same came to Jesus by night, and said unto him, Rabbi, we know that thou art a teacher come from God: for no man can do these miracles that thou doest, except God be with him.
Consider then the abomination of how so many "Christian" people ignore or deny the very Word of God by teaching "feigned words" (i.e. faked words). They have never made the effort to first learn the Truth to teach, and/or deny the Word of God by arrogantly preaching their own self-serving ideas ("after their own lusts shall they heap to themselves teachers").
"2:1 But there were false prophets [see What's The Bible Word For False Prophet?] also among the people, even as there shall be false teachers among you, who privily shall bring in damnable heresies, even denying the Lord that bought them, and bring upon themselves swift destruction. 2:2 And many shall follow their pernicious ways; by reason of whom the way of truth shall be evil spoken of. 2:3 And through covetousness shall they with feigned words make merchandise of you: whose judgment now of a long time lingereth not, and their damnation slumbereth not." (2 Peter 2:1-3 KJV)
This Day In History, September 19
335: Flavius Dalmatius was declared a "Caesar" by his uncle Constantine I (listen also to our Sermon Constantine's Papacy).
1356: During the Hundred Years War, the English under Prince Edward defeated French forces under John II at Poitiers. The French king was captured in the battle and released 4 years later.
1665: In London, England, the official death toll from the plague was reported to be 10,000 people per week.
1676: The colony of Jamestown was burned by the rebel forces of Nathaniel Bacon during Bacon's Rebellion. 1783: After their first-in-history unmanned balloon flight 3 months earlier, Joseph and Etienne Montgolfier of Versailles, France, launched the first balloon flight with "passengers" - a sheep, a rooster and a duck.
1870: During the Franco-Prussian War, the Prussians began their siege of Paris.
1893: Women in New Zealand were given the right to vote.
1918: Near the end of the First World War, British General Edmund Allenby won a crucial battle over the Ottoman Turks at the Battle of Megiddo (Armageddon) in what was then northern "Palestine" (listen to our Sermons The Ottoman Empire and The European World Wars).
1939: Adolf Hitler (see Presidential Quotes On War, Terrorism, Religion) decided to incorporate much of Poland into Germany, move 600,000 Jews from there (and those in Germany as well) into a Polish rump called the "General Government", and ghetto all Jews within it at convenient points along the railways. This brought into the coming holocaust the huge German railway system, the Reichsbahn.
1957: In Nevada, the U.S. began conducting weapons of mass destruction tests at the underground nuclear bomb test facility in the Nevada desert.
1971: William F. Albright died at age 81. The history professor and archaeologist wrote extensively of the Bible Places and conducted research digs at numerous locations including Bethel and Gibeah in Israel and Petra in Jordan.
1978: The Solomon Islands became a member of the United Nations.
1985: An earthquake killed thousands of people in Mexico City.