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Monday, October 24 2011
Why Didn't David And Saul Fight For Jerusalem?
The Israelite monarchy was established through a civil war between Saul, Israel's first-chosen King, and David, who was chosen by the LORD to replace Saul (see the Fact Finder question below). It is almost always the primary goal of any civil war to capture and/or hold the capital city of the nation. But, as surprising as it may seem to people today, Jerusalem was neither held, nor fought for, during the civil war between Saul and David.
King Saul reigned from his hometown area north of Jerusalem, primarily in and around Gibeah, beginning from when he was originally chosen as king, until he proved himself unfit to lead.
"10:24 And Samuel [see The Prophets: Samuel; also Hannah's Dedication] said to all the people, See ye him whom the LORD hath chosen, that there is none like him among all the people? And all the people shouted, and said, God save the king. 10:25 Then Samuel told the people the manner of the kingdom, and wrote it in a book, and laid it up before the LORD. And Samuel sent all the people away, every man to his house. 10:26 And Saul also went home to Gibeah; and there went with him a band of men, whose hearts God had touched." (1 Samuel 10:24-26 KJV)
David reigned from his hometown area south of Jerusalem. After at first taking refuge in Philistine territory, David established his government at Hebron - the city where Abraham, Isaac and Jacob (who the LORD renamed as "Israel") were entombed.
"27:1 And David said in his heart, I shall now perish one day by the hand of Saul: there is nothing better for me than that I should speedily escape into the land of the Philistines; and Saul shall despair of me, to seek me any more in any coast of Israel: so shall I escape out of his hand. 27:2 And David arose, and he passed over with the six hundred men that were with him unto Achish, the son of Maoch, king of Gath. 27:3 And David dwelt with Achish at Gath, he and his men, every man with his household, even David with his two wives [see The Wives Of King David], Ahinoam the Jezreelitess, and Abigail the Carmelitess, Nabal's wife." (1 Samuel 27:1-3 KJV)
"The king and his men went to Jerusalem unto the Jebusites, the inhabitants of the land"
It was only after the civil war had ended that the foreign-held city of Jebus (as Jerusalem was then known), came to be held by Israelites (capturing a foreign city during a civil war and making it into a capital would have been viewed as an "unpatriotic" act). First, David was proclaimed king of all of Israel while he was still in Hebron.
"5:1 Then came all the tribes of Israel to David unto Hebron, and spake, saying, Behold, we are thy bone and thy flesh. 5:2 Also in time past, when Saul was king over us, thou wast he that leddest out and broughtest in Israel: and the LORD said to thee, Thou shalt feed my people Israel, and thou shalt be a captain over Israel.
David then captured the city of the Jebusites and made it into a new centrally-located capital city between north and south. Note that "David took the strong hold of Zion: the same is the city of David" are references to what they became known as later. The Jebusites obviously would not have called it "the city of David" over the centuries that it was their city - David did i.e. "David dwelt in the fort, and called it the city of David." David thereafter fortified the city by his own design.
"5:6 And the king and his men went to Jerusalem unto the Jebusites, the inhabitants of the land: which spake unto David, saying, Except thou take away the blind and the lame, thou shalt not come in hither: thinking, David cannot come in hither. 5:7 Nevertheless David took the strong hold of Zion: the same is the city of David.
David eventually had the Ark of the Covenant, containing the Ten Commandments, brought south (from where it had been in the custody of Samuel - the prophet of the LORD who anointed both Saul, then David) to Jerusalem.
"6:17 And they brought in the ark of the LORD, and set it in his place, in the midst of the tabernacle that David had pitched for it: and David offered burnt offerings and peace offerings before the LORD." (2 Samuel 6:17 KJV)
After his own palace had been built, David then requested the building of the Temple. The LORD responded with approval - and the Messianic Promise that "I will stablish the throne of his kingdom for ever."
"7:1 And it came to pass, when the king sat in his house, and the LORD had given him rest round about from all his enemies; 7:2 That the king said unto Nathan the prophet, See now, I dwell in an house of cedar, but the ark of God dwelleth within curtains.
Fact Finder: What caused the Israelite civil war at the time of King David? Which Israelite King is Jesus Christ descended from?
This Day In History, October 24
69: The Second Battle of Bedriacum. The Danube armies under Antonius Primus, an ally of Vespasian, defeated the forces of Emperor Vitellius.
439: The Vandals (a Germanic tribe; the term vandalism" originated from the Vandals) captured the North African city of Carthage from the Romans.
1273: Rudolf of Hapsburg, a Swiss count, was crowned king of Germany at Aachen, Charlemagne's old capital. Rudolf was the first Hapsburg to be "Holy Roman Emperor" (see The Holy Roman Empire).
1360: The Treaty of Calais was signed by Edward III of England and John II of France, allowing England to retain certain French territories. The Hundred Years War, begun in 1337, continued until 1453.
1537: Jane Seymour, the third wife of England's King Henry VIII, died 12 days after giving birth to Prince Edward, later King Edward VI.
1601: Tycho Brahe died at age 54. The Danish astronomer made many important discoveries of the heavens during his career (many things of which were already well-known to those to read and believed the Holy Bible - see No 'Flat Earth' In The Bible).
1648: The Thirty Years War ended with the signing of the Treaty of Westphalia between France and the "Holy Roman Emperor" at Munster. After 3 decades of war, Germany was left devastated by sword, fire and plague.
1755: At the time when northeastern North America was divided into "New England" and "New France," a British expedition against the French-held Fort Niagara was repulsed.
1795: Poland ceased to exist as an independent nation when Russia, Prussia (which is in Germany; not to be confused with Russia) and Austria negotiated the Third Partition.
1920: Alexander, king of Greece 1917-1920, died at age 27 from infection after being bit by a pet monkey.
1921: The Nova Scotia fishing schooner Bluenose defeated the New England schooner Elsie to win the International Schooner Championship. The Bluenose (which is pictured on the Canadian dime coin) remained undefeated in every race, including every year's International Schooner Championship, for the next 17 years.
1922: The Irish Parliament adopted a constitution for an Irish Free State, which formally came into existence in December.
1929: "Black Thursday" on the U.S. stock market, leading to the Great Depression. New York Stock Exchange prices collapsed with nearly 13,000,000 shares changing hands in panic selling.
1944: U.S. warplanes sank the Japanese battleship Musashi, one of the largest ever built, during the Battle of Leyte Gulf during the Second World War. The U.S. aircraft carrier Princeton was also sunk. More than 30 major U.S. and Japanese warships were sunk in the battle, including Japan's last 4 aircraft carriers. After this battle, the depleted Japanese naval forces resorted increasingly to Kamikaze suicide attacks.
1964: Northern Rhodesia became independent from the British who established civilized government for the country; it thereafter became known as the Republic of Zambia.
1973: Israel's Yom Kippur War (an invasion by Arab nations on the Day of Atonement) ended.
1980: Poland's communist authorities granted recognition to the new independent trade union "Solidarity."
2003: The supersonic Concorde airliners made their last commercial flight.