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Wednesday, November 2 2011
Annas And Caiaphas
At the time of the Messiah's first coming, the office of Levitical High Priest in Jerusalem had degenerated into little more than a Roman puppet show (just as it will be when the end-time "King of the North" is welcomed into Jerusalem, by the people of Judah, to commit the prophesied "abomination of desolation" because they will mistake him, and his "great false prophet," as the mere-human Messiah that they still await; see Constantine's Crusades In History And Prophecy). Unlike the men who held that God-commanded function and responsibility before them, who knew when to put down their scrolls and pick up their swords (e.g. the Maccabees who overthrew the Greek occupation when the original abomination of desolation of the Temple was committed; see Christ's Hanukkah and Abomination of Desolation - Where?), Annas and Caiaphas were docile collaborationists with the Roman occupation. From the Biblical record, the only people that Annas and Caiaphas opposed were the patriots of their own nation - such as John the Baptist and Jesus of Nazareth (see also Who Has A Spirit Of Confrontation?).
"3:1 Now in the fifteenth year of the reign of Tiberius Caesar, Pontius Pilate being governor of Judaea, and Herod being tetrarch of Galilee [see also Whatever Happened To Those Romans?], and his brother Philip tetrarch of Ituraea and of the region of Trachonitis, and Lysanias the tetrarch of Abilene, 3:2 Annas and Caiaphas being the high priests, the word of God came unto John the son of Zacharias in the wilderness [see also What Was Strange About John The Baptist?].
Why are Annas and Caiaphas both described as "high priest"? Caiaphas had married the daughter of Annas; the facade of high priest was in the process of transferring from the older to the younger man.
"18:13 And led him away to Annas first; for he was father in law to Caiaphas, which was the high priest that same year." (John 18:13 KJV)
It was Caiaphas however who instigated the plot to kill the Messiah (he actually fulfilled the prophecy, despite himself i.e. "And this spake he not of himself: but being high priest that year, he prophesied that Jesus should die for that nation," see below), after the Messiah's prophetic miracle of resurrecting Lazarus (see The Place Of Lazarus). Why? Their excuse was "If we let him thus alone, all men will believe on him: and the Romans shall come and take away both our place and nation." But even that was an invalid reason. As an occupied and foreign-ruled people (see also The Politics Of Rome), they had no actual "place and nation" to lose; only a sovereign people can lose their "place and nation."
"11:41 Then they took away the stone from the place where the dead was laid. And Jesus lifted up his eyes, and said, Father, I thank thee that thou hast heard me. 11:42 And I knew that thou hearest me always: but because of the people which stand by I said it, that they may believe that thou hast sent me.
"Pilate answered, Am I a Jew? Thine own nation and the chief priests have delivered thee unto me"
It was Caiaphas who had charge of "the chief priests, and the scribes" when they conspired to kill the Messiah. But once again, despite his faulty logic that the killing be "Not on the feast day, lest there be an uproar among the people," he nevertheless caused the Messiah to be killed at exactly the right time - when the Passover lambs were also then being killed, not the day after.
"26:1 And it came to pass, when Jesus had finished all these sayings, he said unto his disciples, 26:2 Ye know that after two days is the feast of the passover, and the Son of man is betrayed to be crucified.
When the Messiah was arrested, He was taken first to Annas - which shows that he still had authority, along with his successor/son-in-law.
"18:12 Then the band and the captain and officers of the Jews took Jesus, and bound him, 18:13 And led him away to Annas first; for he was father in law to Caiaphas, which was the high priest that same year. 18:14 Now Caiaphas was he, which gave counsel to the Jews, that it was expedient that one man should die for the people." (John 18:12-14 KJV)
The torture of the Messiah began while He was before Annas; their "courage" was limited to sadistically beating a bound, heavily-outnumbered prisoner.
"18:19 The high priest then asked Jesus of his disciples, and of his doctrine. 18:20 Jesus answered him, I spake openly to the world; I ever taught in the synagogue, and in the temple, whither the Jews always resort; and in secret have I said nothing. 18:21 Why askest thou me? ask them which heard me, what I have said unto them: behold, they know what I said. 18:22 And when he had thus spoken, one of the officers which stood by struck Jesus with the palm of his hand, saying, Answerest thou the high priest so? 18:23 Jesus answered him, If I have spoken evil, bear witness of the evil: but if well, why smitest thou me? 18:24 Now Annas had sent him bound unto Caiaphas the high priest." (John 18:19-24 KJV)
The Son of God was then taken to Caiaphas, where the mockery and the torture continued.
"26:57 And they that had laid hold on Jesus led him away to Caiaphas the high priest, where the scribes and the elders were assembled. 26:58 But Peter followed him afar off unto the high priest's palace, and went in, and sat with the servants, to see the end.
From Caiaphas, the Messiah was taken to "the hall of judgment" where He stood before Pilate (consider the irony that one day everyone, including those who mocked and tortured the Messiah that night, will stand before Christ in His "Hall of Judgment"). Even though they executed the Christ anyway, Pilate declared the Lamb of God innocent - everyone knew that He was innocent.
"18:28 Then led they Jesus from Caiaphas unto the hall of judgment: and it was early; and they themselves went not into the judgment hall, lest they should be defiled; but that they might eat the passover. 18:29 Pilate then went out unto them, and said, What accusation bring ye against this man?
After Christ's resurrection and ascension, Caiaphas continued his persecution of the Messiah's people, however he later seemed to be getting the message i.e. "Saying, What shall we do to these men? for that indeed a notable miracle hath been done by them is manifest to all them that dwell in Jerusalem; and we cannot deny it." Notice that Peter had quickly recovered from his brief denial of the Christ ("26:34 Jesus said unto him, Verily I say unto thee, That this night, before the cock crow, thou shalt deny me thrice" Matthew 26:34 KJV) - he never denied Him again, "For we cannot but speak the things which we have seen and heard."
"4:1 And as they spake unto the people, the priests, and the captain of the temple, and the Sadducees, came upon them, 4:2 Being grieved that they taught the people, and preached through Jesus the resurrection from the dead. 4:3 And they laid hands on them, and put them in hold unto the next day: for it was now eventide. 4:4 Howbeit many of them which heard the word believed; and the number of the men was about five thousand.
Fact Finder: Herod the Great was the Roman tyrant who built the magnificent "Herodian" Temple (a grand expansion of the Temple established in the time of Ezra and Nehemiah; see The Tabernacles Celebration After The Fall Of Babylon) in Jerusalem that existed at the time of the first coming of the Messiah - where Annas and Caiaphas obediently served their Roman masters (Herod the Great was also the Roman king who attempted to kill the newborn Christ i.e. Matthew 2:1-21; see also Why Did The Magi Come?). What did Jesus Christ say would happen to that Roman-built Temple in Jerusalem? When was the prophecy fulfilled?
This Day In History, November 2
1164: Thomas Beckett, the Archbishop of Canterbury, began a 6-year self-imposed exile in France. Once a close friend of King Henry II, he found himself in difficulty after he became an outspoken opponent of the king's policies.
1570: Nearly a thousand people were killed when a tidal wave struck the coast of Holland.
1721: Peter I was proclaimed czar of all the Russians.
1785: The first lifeboat was patented by London coachbuilder Lionel Lukin.
1789: During the French Revolution, all property of the church was taken over by the state.
1841: Following the British occupation of Kabul, Afghans revolted and killed Sir Alexander Burnes and 23 others, starting the Second Afghan War (although some historians regard the actual start of the war when foreign troops invaded Afghanistan, not when the people of Afghanistan began to defend their homeland from them).
1914: Russia declared war on the Ottoman Empire.
1917: During the First World War (listen to our Sermon The European World Wars), British foreign secretary Arthur Balfour, prompted by "Zionist" (see Zionism) emigres Chaim Weizmann and Nahum Sokolow, wrote a letter to the 2nd Baron Rothschild, head of the British branch of the Jewish banking family, which contained the "Balfour Declaration" (listen to our Sermon The Balfour Declaration). The declaration, pledging British aid for efforts to establish a Jewish homeland in "Palestine," was a key event in the creation of the modern state of Israel, and of end time prophecy (e.g. see Abomination of Desolation - Where?, How Long Will 'The End Time' Last? and Raiders Of The Lost Ark). The modern state of Israel was proclaimed just over 30 years later, in 1948.
1930: Haile Selassie was crowned emperor of Ethiopia.
1936: The Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (CBC) was established.
1940: During the Second World War that was started by Adolf Hitler (see Presidential Quotes On War, Terrorism, Religion), the Luftwaffe bombed London for the 57th consecutive night of the "Blitz."
1964: King Saud of Saudi Arabia was deposed and replaced by Prince Fail.
1965: Norman Morrison, a 31-year-old Quaker, set himself on fire in front of the Pentagon to protest the use of napalm in the Vietnam War.
1984: Velma Barfield was executed in Raleigh, North Carolina after being convicted of six murders. She became the first woman executed in the U.S. since 1962, as well as the first woman to be executed by lethal injection.
1995: The Argentine Supreme Court ordered the extradition to Italy of former SS captain Erich Priebke to face trial for a World War Two massacre of prisoners in the Ardeatine Caves.