Thursday, January 26 2012
A History Of Jerusalem: The Temple Of The LORD
The original Temple in Jerusalem is often called "the Temple of Solomon" because it was in the time of King Solomon (see A History Of Jerusalem: The Glory Of Solomon) that the Temple was built. The Messianic purpose and principle of the Temple existed long before Solomon however - the reason that the Tabernacle, which was a tent complex built in the time of Moses, was also called "the temple of the LORD, where the ark of God was" (see The Rock Of The Church). An example, from the time of Samuel, when the Ark still resided in the Tabernacle / Tent:
"3:1 And the child Samuel [see Hannah's Dedication] ministered unto the LORD before Eli. And the word of the LORD was precious in those days; there was no open vision.
3:2 And it came to pass at that time, when Eli was laid down in his place, and his eyes began to wax dim, that he could not see; 3:3 And ere the lamp of God went out in the temple of the LORD, where the ark of God was, and Samuel was laid down to sleep" (1 Samuel 3:1-3 KJV)
Although David never lived to see the construction of the Temple on Mount Moriah by Solomon (see also A History Of Jerusalem: Melchizedek's Salem to understand the Abraham connection), David had been anointed as King by Samuel (see also Naioth In Ramah) who "ministered unto the LORD" "in the temple of the LORD, where the ark of God was," as stated above. It was David's idea to make "the temple of the LORD" from a tent into a stone and cedar building. The LORD agreed, but assigned the task to Solomon.
"17:1 Now it came to pass, as David sat in his house, that David said to Nathan the prophet, Lo, I dwell in an house of cedars, but the ark of the covenant of the LORD remaineth under curtains.
17:2 Then Nathan said unto David, Do all that is in thine heart; for God is with thee.
17:3 And it came to pass the same night, that the word of God came to Nathan, saying,
17:4 Go and tell David my servant, Thus saith the LORD, Thou shalt not build me an house to dwell in:
17:5 For I have not dwelt in an house since the day that I brought up Israel [see The First Christian Church] unto this day; but have gone from tent to tent, and from one tabernacle to another. 17:6 Wheresoever I have walked with all Israel, spake I a word to any of the judges of Israel, whom I commanded to feed my people, saying, Why have ye not built me an house of cedars?
17:7 Now therefore thus shalt thou say unto my servant David, Thus saith the LORD of hosts, I took thee from the sheepcote, even from following the sheep, that thou shouldest be ruler over my people Israel [see Bethlehem In History And Prophecy]: 17:8 And I have been with thee whithersoever thou hast walked, and have cut off all thine enemies from before thee, and have made thee a name like the name of the great men that are in the earth. 17:9 Also I will ordain a place for my people Israel, and will plant them, and they shall dwell in their place, and shall be moved no more; neither shall the children of wickedness waste them any more, as at the beginning, 17:10 And since the time that I commanded judges to be over my people Israel. Moreover I will subdue all thine enemies.
Furthermore I tell thee that the LORD will build thee an house. 17:11 And it shall come to pass, when thy days be expired that thou must go to be with thy fathers [see What Does The Bible Really Say About Your Soul?], that I will raise up thy seed after thee, which shall be of thy sons; and I will establish his kingdom. 17:12 He shall build me an house, and I will stablish his throne for ever. 17:13 I will be his father, and he shall be my son: and I will not take my mercy away from him, as I took it from him that was before thee: 17:14 But I will settle him in mine house and in my kingdom for ever: and his throne shall be established for evermore.
17:15 According to all these words, and according to all this vision, so did Nathan speak unto David." (1 Chronicles 17:1-15 KJV)
So it was that Solomon constructed the Temple on Mount Moriah - the place that David had purchased (see A History Of Jerusalem: The City Of David) when it was a threshing floor ("separating wheat from chaff" was done by the wind; high and open Mount Moriah was located favorably in Jerusalem for that purpose - which Jesus Christ Himself will fulfill after He returns i.e. "2:35 Then was the iron, the clay, the brass, the silver, and the gold, broken to pieces together, and became like the chaff of the summer threshingfloors; and the wind carried them away, that no place was found for them: and the stone that smote the image became a great mountain, and filled the whole earth" Daniel 2:35 KJV; see Nebuchadnezzar's Dream and Moriah: Separating The Wheat From The Chaff).
"6:1 And it came to pass in the four hundred and eightieth year after the children of Israel were come out of the land of Egypt [see Why Did They Go To Goshen? and Abraham's Seed: From The Nile To The Euphrates], in the fourth year of Solomon's reign over Israel, in the month Zif, which is the second month, that he began to build the house of the LORD.
6:2 And the house which king Solomon built for the LORD, the length thereof was threescore cubits, and the breadth thereof twenty cubits, and the height thereof thirty cubits. 6:3 And the porch before the temple of the house, twenty cubits was the length thereof, according to the breadth of the house; and ten cubits was the breadth thereof before the house. 6:4 And for the house he made windows of narrow lights. 6:5 And against the wall of the house he built chambers round about, against the walls of the house round about, both of the temple and of the oracle: and he made chambers round about [see Layout Of Solomon's Temple]: 6:6 The nethermost chamber was five cubits broad, and the middle was six cubits broad, and the third was seven cubits broad: for without in the wall of the house he made narrowed rests round about, that the beams should not be fastened in the walls of the house.
6:7 And the house, when it was in building, was built of stone [see also What Did Jesus Christ Say About Those Stones?] made ready before it was brought thither: so that there was neither hammer nor ax nor any tool of iron heard in the house, while it was in building.
6:8 The door for the middle chamber was in the right side of the house: and they went up with winding stairs into the middle chamber, and out of the middle into the third. 6:9 So he built the house, and finished it; and covered the house with beams and boards of cedar [The Temple Cedar]. 6:10 And then he built chambers against all the house, five cubits high: and they rested on the house with timber of cedar.
6:11 And the word of the LORD [see What Does Word of God Mean To You?] came to Solomon, saying, 6:12 Concerning this house which thou art in building, if thou wilt walk in my statutes, and execute my judgments, and keep all my commandments to walk in them; then will I perform my word with thee, which I spake unto David thy father: 6:13 And I will dwell among the children of Israel, and will not forsake my people Israel.
6:14 So Solomon built the house, and finished it. 6:15 And he built the walls of the house within with boards of cedar, both the floor of the house, and the walls of the ceiling: and he covered them on the inside with wood, and covered the floor of the house with planks of fir. 6:16 And he built twenty cubits on the sides of the house, both the floor and the walls with boards of cedar: he even built them for it within, even for the oracle [see Oracles], even for the most holy place. 6:17 And the house, that is, the temple before it, was forty cubits long. 6:18 And the cedar of the house within was carved with knops and open flowers: all was cedar; there was no stone seen.
6:19 And the oracle he prepared in the house within, to set there the ark of the covenant of the LORD [see also Arks Of The Covenant. 6:20 And the oracle in the forepart was twenty cubits in length, and twenty cubits in breadth, and twenty cubits in the height thereof: and he overlaid it with pure gold; and so covered the altar which was of cedar. 6:21 So Solomon overlaid the house within with pure gold: and he made a partition by the chains of gold before the oracle; and he overlaid it with gold. 6:22 And the whole house he overlaid with gold, until he had finished all the house: also the whole altar that was by the oracle he overlaid with gold.
6:23 And within the oracle he made two cherubims of olive tree [see also The Prophets: The Two Witnesses], each ten cubits high. 6:24 And five cubits was the one wing of the cherub, and five cubits the other wing of the cherub: from the uttermost part of the one wing unto the uttermost part of the other were ten cubits. 6:25 And the other cherub was ten cubits: both the cherubims were of one measure and one size. 6:26 The height of the one cherub was ten cubits, and so was it of the other cherub. 6:27 And he set the cherubims within the inner house: and they stretched forth the wings of the cherubims, so that the wing of the one touched the one wall, and the wing of the other cherub touched the other wall; and their wings touched one another in the midst of the house. 6:28 And he overlaid the cherubims with gold.
6:29 And he carved all the walls of the house round about with carved figures of cherubims and palm trees and open flowers [see also Pomegranates], within and without. 6:30 And the floor of the house he overlaid with gold, within and without.
6:31 And for the entering of the oracle he made doors of olive tree: the lintel and side posts were a fifth part of the wall. 6:32 The two doors also were of olive tree; and he carved upon them carvings of cherubims and palm trees and open flowers, and overlaid them with gold, and spread gold upon the cherubims, and upon the palm trees. 6:33 So also made he for the door of the temple posts of olive tree, a fourth part of the wall.
6:34 And the two doors were of fir tree: the two leaves of the one door were folding, and the two leaves of the other door were folding. 6:35 And he carved thereon cherubims and palm trees and open flowers: and covered them with gold fitted upon the carved work.
6:36 And he built the inner court with three rows of hewed stone, and a row of cedar beams.
6:37 In the fourth year was the foundation of the house of the LORD laid, in the month Zif: 6:38 And in the eleventh year, in the month Bul, which is the eighth month, was the house finished throughout all the parts thereof, and according to all the fashion of it. So was he seven years in building it." (1 Kings 6:1-38 KJV)
As we will cover in detail in a subsequent study in this series, that Temple of the LORD existed for about four centuries before the LORD had the Babylonians destroy it, and the city of Jerusalem (as the Romans also did in 70 AD, as we will also cover in detail in a subsequent study in this series; see Jerusalem In Flames), in 586 BC because the people of Israel (by then the people of the Kingdom of Judah alone; see Rehoboam's Answer and Kings of Israel and Judah) had turned it into a place of heathen idolatry (see also Antichristians). The stonework was reduced to rubble and all of the fine cedar burned. The Ark of the Covenant and the Temple vessels survived however; their purpose was not, and is not, yet complete (see Raiders Of The Lost Ark and The Temple Vessel Prophecies Today).
"36:11 Zedekiah [see Zedekiah Of Judah] was one and twenty years old when he began to reign, and reigned eleven years in Jerusalem. 36:12 And he did that which was evil in the sight of the LORD his God, and humbled not himself before Jeremiah the prophet speaking from the mouth of the LORD. 36:13 And he also rebelled against king Nebuchadnezzar, who had made him swear by God: but he stiffened his neck, and hardened his heart from turning unto the LORD God of Israel. 36:14 Moreover all the chief of the priests, and the people, transgressed very much after all the abominations of the heathen; and polluted the house of the LORD which he had hallowed in Jerusalem.
36:15 And the LORD God of their fathers sent to them by his messengers [see The Prophets: North and South], rising up betimes, and sending; because he had compassion on his people, and on his dwelling place: 36:16 But they mocked the messengers of God [see The Mocker's Folly], and despised his words, and misused his prophets, until the wrath of the LORD arose against his people, till there was no remedy. 36:17 Therefore he brought upon them the king of the Chaldees, who slew their young men with the sword in the house of their sanctuary, and had no compassion upon young man or maiden, old man, or him that stooped for age: he gave them all into his hand. 36:18 And all the vessels of the house of God, great and small, and the treasures of the house of the LORD, and the treasures of the king, and of his princes; all these he brought to Babylon [see The Babylon Exodus And Exile] also What And Where Is Babylon Today?]. 36:19 And they burnt the house of God, and brake down the wall of Jerusalem, and burnt all the palaces thereof with fire, and destroyed all the goodly vessels thereof.
36:20 And them that had escaped from the sword carried he away to Babylon; where they were servants to him and his sons until the reign of the kingdom of Persia: 36:21 To fulfil the word of the LORD by the mouth of Jeremiah [see Jeremiah's Field], until the land had enjoyed her sabbaths: for as long as she lay desolate she kept sabbath, to fulfil threescore and ten years.
36:22 Now in the first year of Cyrus king of Persia, that the word of the LORD spoken by the mouth of Jeremiah might be accomplished, the LORD stirred up the spirit of Cyrus king of Persia, that he made a proclamation throughout all his kingdom, and put it also in writing, saying,
36:23 Thus saith Cyrus king of Persia [see Iran's Greatest Leader Was Pro-Zionist],
All the kingdoms of the earth hath the LORD God of heaven given me; and he hath charged me to build him an house in Jerusalem, which is in Judah. Who is there among you of all his people? The LORD his God be with him, and let him go up. (2 Chronicles 3:11-23 KJV)
Fact Finder: Whether in the Tabernacle built by Moses, or in the Temple built by David and Solomon, "the temple of the LORD, where the ark of God" with God's Law at its "heart" was located had a greater Christian meaning and purpose. What is it?
See The Temple Heart Prophecy
This Day In History, January 26
66: The comet later known in the modern day as Halley's Comet (named after English astronomer Edmond Halley, 1656-1742) made its fifth perihelion (the point of an orbit that an object is closest to the sun) transit on record.
1340: England's King Edward III was proclaimed king of France.
1500: Spanish explorer Vicente Pinzon discovered Brazil (for Europeans, that is; as was the case for all "new world" discoveries, the native people who were already there needed no "discovery").
1531: A powerful earthquake killed 30,000 people near Lisbon, Portugal.
1564: Church of Rome Pope Pius IV issued his Benedictus Deus at the Council of Trent. Included in the decree was an Index of Prohibited Books, a listing of unapproved authors and their publications.
1699: The Peace of Karlowitz ended the war between Turkey (listen to our Sermon The Ottoman Empire) and Austria.
1788: The first settlers from England, including a group of exiled convicts, arrived at Sydney, Australia.
1841: A few days after China conceded the island to Britain, the British flag was raised on Hong Kong.
1891: German engineer Nikolaus Otto died. He was a prime developer of the four-stroke internal combustion engine that was to power the automobile.
1905: The world's largest diamond, weighing over 3,106 carats, was discovered near Pretoria, South
Africa. It became known as the Cullinan diamond.
1924: The Russian city of Petrograd was renamed Leningrad.
1926: Television was first publicly demonstrated.
1934: Germany signed a 10-year non-aggression pact with Poland. It ended with the German invasion of Poland a little over 5 years later (in September of 1939) which began the Second World War (listen to our Sermon The European World Wars).
1950: India became an independent republic with Jawarhalal Nehru as Prime Minister.
1980: Israel and Egypt established diplomatic relations.
1992: Russian leader Boris Yeltsin announced that Russia would cease routinely targeting U.S. cities with nuclear weapons.
1998: During a nationally-televised Presidential address, Bill Clinton denied having had "sexual relations" with former White House intern Monica Lewinsky.
2001: Over 20,000 people were killed by an earthquake in Gujarat, India.