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Monday, February 20 2012

The Stones Of Mount Sinai

The Ten Commandments are the basis of the Eternal Law of the LORD (see The Way To Salvation: Step 1). The LORD delivered them to Moses (although they existed right from the time of Creation; see From The Foundation Of The World and The First Act Of Faith), in written form, on "tables of stone."

There were actually two sets of the stones made; the first were made by the LORD (see The Rock Of The Church and The First Christian Church), Who then wrote The Ten Commandments upon them. Moses broke the first set when he came down from the mountain and discovered that the Israelites were running wild in debauchery (see The Mount Sinai Riot). The LORD then instructed Moses to return up to Him on the mountain, upon which the LORD re-wrote The Ten Commandments. The difference however is that while the LORD made the first of stones upon which the writing was done, the LORD told Moses to make the second set himself.

Mount Sinai

The First Set: "I will give thee tables of stone, and a Law, and Commandments which I have written"

Moses (see also Moses Of Midian) received the original set of the tables of stone at the end of the forty days that he spent with the LORD atop the mountain.

"24:12 And the LORD said unto Moses, Come up to me into the mount, and be there: and I will give thee tables of stone, and a law, and commandments which I have written; that thou mayest teach them." (Exodus 24:12 KJV)

"24:15 And Moses went up into the mount, and a cloud covered the mount. 24:16 And the glory of the LORD abode upon mount Sinai, and the cloud covered it six days: and the seventh day he called unto Moses out of the midst of the cloud. 24:17 And the sight of the glory of the LORD was like devouring fire on the top of the mount in the eyes of the children of Israel. 24:18 And Moses went into the midst of the cloud, and gat him up into the mount: and Moses was in the mount forty days and forty nights." (Exodus 24:15-18 KJV)

"31:18 And he gave unto Moses, when he had made an end of communing with him upon mount Sinai, two tables of testimony, tables of stone, written with the finger of God." (Exodus 31:18 KJV)

Immediately upon his return, the original set of stones were broken - along with the infamous "golden calf" that the Israelites had made for themselves while Moses was away on the mountain.

"32:19 And it came to pass, as soon as he came nigh unto the camp, that he saw the calf, and the dancing: and Moses' anger waxed hot, and he cast the tables out of his hands, and brake them beneath the mount.

32:20 And he took the calf which they had made, and burnt it in the fire, and ground it to powder, and strowed it upon the water, and made the children of Israel drink of it." (Exodus 32:19-20 KJV)

Mount Sinai

The Second Set: "The LORD said unto Moses, Hew thee two tables of stone like unto the first: and I will write upon these tables the words that were in the first tables, which thou brakest"

Although the writing done by the LORD upon them was identical, the LORD commanded Moses to make the second set of stones himself.

"34:1 And the LORD said unto Moses, Hew thee two tables of stone like unto the first: and I will write upon these tables the words that were in the first tables, which thou brakest." (Exodus 34:1 KJV)

"34:4 And he hewed two tables of stone like unto the first; and Moses rose up early in the morning, and went up unto mount Sinai, as the LORD had commanded him, and took in his hand the two tables of stone." (Exodus 34:4 KJV)

Interestingly, unlike with the first set, the LORD commanded Moses to make an Ark in which to keep the tables of stone - from being broken i.e. "I turned myself and came down from the mount, and put the tables in the ark which I had made."

"10:1 At that time the LORD said unto me, Hew thee two tables of stone like unto the first, and come up unto me into the mount, and make thee an ark of wood. 10:2 And I will write on the tables the words that were in the first tables which thou brakest, and thou shalt put them in the ark.

10:3 And I made an ark of shittim wood, and hewed two tables of stone like unto the first, and went up into the mount, having the two tables in mine hand. 10:4 And he wrote on the tables, according to the first writing, the ten commandments, which the LORD spake unto you in the mount out of the midst of the fire in the day of the assembly: and the LORD gave them unto me. 10:5 And I turned myself and came down from the mount, and put the tables in the ark which I had made; and there they be, as the LORD commanded me." (Deuteronomy 10:1-5 KJV)

Fact Finder: Why do some people misunderstand the apostle Paul's statement that Mount Sinai is in "Arabia" - which makes them erroneously think that Mount Sinai isn't in the Sinai Peninsula, but in modern-day Saudi Arabia?
See Paul's Geography Lesson


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This Day In History, February 20

1547: Edward VI was crowned King of England at Westminster Abbey.

1579: Sir Nicholas Bacon died at age 70. He was a high official in the government of Queen Elizabeth I (reigned 1558-1603) and the father of the philosopher Francis Bacon.

1653: During the first English-Dutch War, the Dutch fleet under Van Tromp fought the British at the Battle of Portland.

1707: Aurangzeb died at age 89. He was the last of the great Mughal emperors of India (1658-1707). Under him the Mughal empire reached its greatest extent, although his policies helped lead to its end.

1790: Holy Roman emperor Joseph II died at age 49 (see The Holy Roman Empire).

1811: Austria declared itself bankrupt.

1831: Polish revolutionaries defeated the Russians at the Battle of Growchow.

1862: William Lincoln, age 11, son of President Abraham Lincoln, died at the White House.

1895: Frederick Douglas, escaped slave and U.S. antislavery leader, died at age 78.

1920: At the end of the First World War (listen to our Sermon The European World Wars), when Britain inherited the Middle East nations that had been under the Ottoman Empire for centuries (see A History Of Jerusalem: The British Mandate and listen to our Sermon The Ottoman Empire), Britain recognized the government of Trans-Jordan (listen to our Sermon The Balfour Declaration).

1938: British Foreign Minister Anthony Eden resigned in protest because of Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain's appeasement of Adolf Hitler (see Presidential Quotes On War, Terrorism, Religion).

1943: During the Second World War, U.S. movie studio executives agreed to allow the Office of War Information to censor movies and integrate nationalistic and political propaganda in "entertainment" films (a practice that has never stopped).

1947: Louis Mountbatten was appointed the last British Viceroy of India.

1959: "Black Friday" for the Canadian aviation industry of the 1950s.

CF-105 Arrow Prime Minister John Diefenbaker ended the CF-105 Arrow project - one of the fastest, most advanced fighters in human history (fighter aircraft designed and built over 40 years later are still inferior to the Arrow in some performance characteristics). With a top speed of over 1,500 miles per hour and a service ceiling of 58,500 feet (the modern-day McDonnell Douglas F-18 Hornet, that Canada uses today, has a top speed of only 1,300 mph and service ceiling of 50,000 feet - an Arrow could literally fly circles around a full-throttle present-day F-18), the Arrow was designed for the Royal Canadian Air Force to intercept and destroy Soviet nuclear bombers, and their fighter escorts, on route to targets in Canada and the United States, as they were entering the vast Canadian air space over the remote Arctic (Canada spent the "Cold War" years "sandwiched" between the 2 superpowers, with the U.S. on its southern border and the U.S.S.R. on its northern border).

Five Arrows were flying (two and a half times the speed of sound in the 1950s), five more were near completion, and another twenty six were on order when Diefenbaker cancelled the project. The stated reasons: high cost per aircraft (which would have been greatly reduced in full production) and a decision to use a promised by U.S. President Eisenhower missile-based defense (which was never delivered, or even produced - in 2012, over 40 years later, the U.S. is still trying to create an effective "missile defense shield").

Diefenbaker also ordered (for which many Canadians to this day are still struggling to forgive him, even though Diefenbaker died in 1979) every completed and in-production Arrow cut into pieces and scrapped - despite a persistent, but fanciful, legend that a defiant Canadian air force Arrow pilot rescued one, just hours before it was scheduled to be cut up, by flying it out of the base in Toronto, without authorization, in the middle of the night, to a private air field somewhere in Canada (at low altitude so that it could not be tracked on radar, and no other aircraft in existence could catch it) where it remains today, after a supersonic low-level "buzzing" of Canada's capital city, Ottawa, including the Prime Minister's residence in which Diefenbaker was reportedly awakened by the thundering, plaster-cracking sonic booms of the legendary "Arrow that got away."

All prototypes and blueprints were also deliberately destroyed. 15,000 production jobs were lost, plus another 35,000 jobs in spinoff industries. Many of the Canadian Arrow engineers left Canada, never to return. They found work all over the world, with several going to NASA where some elements of Arrow technology were successfully used in the Apollo moon landings and various other projects of the US space program including the Space Shuttle.

1962: John Glenn became the second U.S. astronaut in space (after Alan Shepherd in May 1961) and the first U.S. astronaut to orbit the earth (Russian cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin was the first man in space, in April 1961).

1965: Charles Woolley died at age 80. The British archaeologist spent over 40 years in the field; he excavated Ur of the Chaldees (birthplace of Abraham; see The Journey From Ur Of The Chaldees) and discovered the ancient Sumerian civilization.

1984: Harris Shoerats, the oldest man in Britain, died at age 111.

1986: The Soviet space station Mir was launched into Earth orbit.

1990: Soviet Parliamentary leaders proposed a draft law which would allow the republics the right to break away from the Soviet Union.





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