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Wednesday, February 29 2012
How Did The Flood Happen?
The worldwide Flood in the time of Noah is one of the most famous events of Bible History. Nevertheless, it was not the first complete inundation of the planet; the Earth began as a worldwide ocean (see also The First Act Of Faith).
"1:1 In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth.
Dry ground appeared upon the earth, not by evaporation (which, as we will see, would have just come down again as rain), but by drainage. Geology, not meteorology (the "weather"), created land.
"1:9 And God said, Let the waters under the heaven be gathered together unto one place, and let the dry land appear: and it was so.
From that time on, the "water cycle" functioned, as illustrated below. With the underground waters effectively filled, or plugged (they must be, on a general worldwide scale, for the water cycle to work - otherwise most surface waters would simply drain away underground), the endless cycle of evaporation of waters from the surface into the atmosphere, and then the return of the water to the surface by rain and snow, continued.
Many regard the Flood in the time of Noah to have been caused by a great amount of rain. It did rain, long and hard, as is recorded ("the rain was upon the earth forty days and forty nights").
"7:11 In the six hundredth year of Noah's life, in the second month, the seventeenth day of the month, the same day were all the fountains of the great deep broken up, and the windows of heaven were opened.
The Flood was both worldwide and complete - the waters increased for 40 days, and then held at that level so that there was no dry land anywhere on Earth for 150 days.
"7:17 And the flood was forty days upon the earth; and the waters increased, and bare up the ark, and it was lift up above the earth. 7:18 And the waters prevailed, and were increased greatly upon the earth; and the ark went upon the face of the waters. 7:19 And the waters prevailed exceedingly upon the earth; and all the high hills, that were under the whole heaven, were covered. 7:20 Fifteen cubits upward did the waters prevail; and the mountains were covered. 7:21 And all flesh died that moved upon the earth, both of fowl, and of cattle, and of beast, and of every creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth, and every man: 7:22 All in whose nostrils was the breath of life, of all that was in the dry land, died. 7:23 And every living substance was destroyed which was upon the face of the ground, both man, and cattle, and the creeping things, and the fowl of the heaven; and they were destroyed from the earth: and Noah only remained alive, and they that were with him in the ark.
As we now understand from the Water Cycle, while great amounts of rain can cause severe local flooding, rain alone cannot cause a worldwide flood. Rain alone could not do it now, and rain alone did not do it in the time of Noah. The Water Cycle was overcome when the LORD geologically forced the "fountains of the deep" to the surface. Along with the rain, "the same day were all the fountains of the great deep broken up."
"7:11 In the six hundredth year of Noah's life, in the second month, the seventeenth day of the month, the same day were all the fountains of the great deep broken up, and the windows of heaven were opened."
The great amounts of underground water are sometimes known as "aquifers," as shown in the illustration. It was the forcing of all of that underground water to the surface that caused severe local flooding from forty days of rain to become a worldwide flood in which, as the Earth was in the beginning (as we read in the opening verses), the entire Earth was covered by a great depth of water.
How did the Flood in the time of Noah end? Evaporation alone would not have dried the Earth because the Water Cycle would have continuously returned the same amount to the surface - with no net reduction in water level. It was, again, a geologic event - the "fountains of the deep" were returned and/or opened to their previous abyss.
Notice that the Bible describes, along with the restoration of the water cycle ("8:1 And God remembered Noah, and every living thing, and all the cattle that was with him in the ark: and God made a wind to pass over the earth, and the waters asswaged; 8:2 The fountains also of the deep and the windows of heaven were stopped, and the rain from heaven was restrained" Genesis 8:1-2 KJV) the recovery from the Flood as a matter of drainage, not mere evaporation. The waters would have been removed by drainage alone, but the waters could not have gone down by evaporation alone. It would not have worked without drainage into the Earth, as the Bible plainly says.
"8:3 And the waters returned from off the earth continually: and after the end of the hundred and fifty days the waters were abated.
Fact Finder: What did Noah do after the Flood?
This Day In History, February 29
1504: Christopher Columbus used his knowledge of a coming lunar eclipse to fraudulently convince Jamaican natives that he was a "god" - just prior to the eclipse, he commanded the moon to become darkened.
1528: Patrick Hamilton, Scottish reformer, friend of Martin Luther and William Tyndale, after promoting Reformation in Scotland he was arrested and burned at the stake at age 24.
1692: The Salem Witch Trials began when Tituba, the female Indian servant of a preacher, Samuel Parris, and Sarah Goode were arrested and accused of witchcraft.
1704: During the Queen Anne's War between Britain and France, French forces and Native Americans raided Deerfield, Massachusetts, killing 56 English villagers and taking more than 100 captive.
1720: Queen Ulrika Eleonora of Sweden abdicated in favour of her husband, who then took the throne as King Frederick I.
1960: An earthquake in Agadir, Morocco killed 1/3 of the population of 12,000 in 15 seconds.
1960: John Kennedy made the "missile gap" a presidential election issue (in effect, "they have enough nuclear missiles to kill every human on Earth 100 times, while we only have enough nuclear missiles to kill every human on earth 90 times").
1968: The first pulsar was discovered.
1972: During the Vietnam War (a civil war fought between the Vietnamese people whose country had been divided into North and South Vietnam by French colonial forces in the 1950s), South Korea (another country that had been arbitrarily divided into North and South by meddling foreigners) withdrew 11,000 of its 48,000 troops from the Vietnam conflict.
1988: Svend Robinson (born in Minnesota in 1952; his parents moved to Canada in the 1960s to keep Svend from being drafted during the Vietnam War) became the first member of the Canadian House of Commons to come out as homosexual. He later left politics after he was caught (on the store security video) stealing a $50,000 "engagement ring" for his male lover from a Vancouver-area jewellery auction.
2004: Jean-Bertrand Aristide was removed as President of Haiti after a coup.