Tuesday, April 10 2012
Counting On The Resurrection
The actual chronology (keeping in mind that Biblical days begin and end at sunset) of the death of the Lamb of God for the sins of the repentant (see Christ Died For Repentant Sinners and The Cross Of Christ, Or The Cross Of Men?), as recorded in the Holy Bible (with Roman calendar equivalents as they occurred that year):
- Nisan 14 (sunset Tuesday to sunset Wednesday that year):
The Messiah observed His Passover just after sunset at the beginning of Nisan 14 (see Nisan 14: The Messiah's Manna), which occurred that year on Tuesday evening of the Roman calendar. The Messiah was seized by the mob not long afterward (see The Traitor In History And Prophecy) and held at the High Priest's house all night (see Annas And Caiaphas and The Passed Over Pharisees). In the morning, the Messiah was delivered to the Romans who crucified Him that afternoon of Nisan 14 (see Nisan 14: The Sacrifice Of The Lamb Of God), occurring that year on Wednesday, before sunset, of the Roman calendar. The Messiah died and was placed in the Tomb just before sunset on that Wednesday.
- Nisan 15 (sunset Wednesday to sunset Thursday that year):
The "high day" Sabbath of Passover began at sunset (see The Two Sabbaths Of Passover Week). It was the first day and night in the Tomb, from sunset Wednesday to sunset Thursday.
- Nisan 16 (sunset Thursday to sunset Friday that year):
The second day and night in the Tomb, from sunset Thursday to sunset Friday.
- Nisan 17 (sunset Friday to sunset Saturday that year):
The third day and night in the Tomb, from sunset Friday to sunset Saturday. The Messiah was resurrected from the dead just before sunset, which was a Saturday on the Roman calendar that year. Jesus Christ was resurrected on the seventh-day Sabbath, not the Roman "sun day" (see Why Observe The True Sabbath?).
- Nisan 18 (sunset Saturday to sunset Sunday that year):
The first full day of the resurrection (keeping in mind that He was resurrected just before sunset on the previous afternoon, on Saturday), from sunset Saturday to sunset Sunday on the Roman calendar that year. The women and apostles discovered the empty tomb early on Sunday morning, while it was still dark (apart from the full moon that always happens on the lunar-based Biblical calendar), because the Messiah had been resurrected the previous afternoon, on Saturday.
The true "three days and three nights" of the Messiah (see The Jonah Prophecies), compared to the erroneous Roman Friday to Sunday myth:
"And ye shall count unto you from the morrow after the Sabbath, from the day that ye brought the sheaf of the wave offering"
The resurrected Messiah appeared to many people who thereby became witnesses of His Life - before and after His death.
"24:1 Now upon the first day of the week, very early in the morning, they came unto the sepulchre, bringing the spices which they had prepared, and certain others with them. 24:2 And they found the stone rolled away from the sepulchre. 24:3 And they entered in, and found not the body of the Lord Jesus [see Appearances Of The LORD God and The First Act Of Faith].
24:4 And it came to pass, as they were much perplexed thereabout, behold, two men stood by them in shining garments: 24:5 And as they were afraid, and bowed down their faces to the earth, they said unto them, Why seek ye the living among the dead? 24:6 He is not here, but is risen: remember how he spake unto you when he was yet in Galilee, 24:7 Saying, The Son of man must be delivered into the hands of sinful men [see Innocent Blood], and be crucified, and the third day rise again.
24:8 And they remembered his words, 24:9 And returned from the sepulchre, and told all these things unto the eleven, and to all the rest.
24:10 It was Mary Magdalene, and Joanna, and Mary the mother of James, and other women that were with them, which told these things unto the apostles.
24:11 And their words seemed to them as idle tales, and they believed them not.
24:12 Then arose Peter, and ran unto the sepulchre; and stooping down, he beheld the linen clothes [see Linen In History And Prophecy] laid by themselves, and departed, wondering in himself at that which was come to pass." (Luke 24:1-12 KJV)
Before leaving the Tomb, Mary of Magdala (Magdala was a fishing town on the west coast of the Sea of Galilee; Capernaum, where Jesus lived, was on the north coast of the Sea of Galilee), had become the first human to speak with the risen Messiah.
"20:1 The first day of the week cometh Mary Magdalene early, when it was yet dark, unto the sepulchre, and seeth the stone taken away from the sepulchre. 20:2 Then she runneth, and cometh to Simon Peter, and to the other disciple, whom Jesus loved, and saith unto them, They have taken away the Lord out of the sepulchre, and we know not where they have laid him. 20:3 Peter therefore went forth, and that other disciple, and came to the sepulchre. 20:4 So they ran both together: and the other disciple did outrun Peter, and came first to the sepulchre. 20:5 And he stooping down, and looking in, saw the linen clothes lying; yet went he not in.
20:6 Then cometh Simon Peter following him, and went into the sepulchre, and seeth the linen clothes lie,
20:7 And the napkin, that was about his head, not lying with the linen clothes, but wrapped together in a place by itself. 20:8 Then went in also that other disciple, which came first to the sepulchre, and he saw, and believed. 20:9 For as yet they knew not the scripture, that he must rise again from the dead.
20:10 Then the disciples went away again unto their own home. 20:11 But Mary stood without at the sepulchre weeping: and as she wept, she stooped down, and looked into the sepulchre, 20:12 And seeth two angels in white sitting, the one at the head, and the other at the feet, where the body of Jesus had lain.
20:13 And they say unto her, Woman, why weepest thou?
She saith unto them, Because they have taken away my Lord, and I know not where they have laid him.
20:14 And when she had thus said, she turned herself back, and saw Jesus standing, and knew not that it was Jesus.
20:15 Jesus saith unto her, Woman, why weepest thou? whom seekest thou?
She, supposing him to be the gardener, saith unto him, Sir, if thou have borne him hence, tell me where thou hast laid him, and I will take him away.
20:16 Jesus saith unto her, Mary.
She turned herself, and saith unto him, Rabboni; which is to say, Master.
20:17 Jesus saith unto her, Touch me not; for I am not yet ascended to my Father: but go to my brethren, and say unto them, I ascend unto my Father, and your Father; and to my God, and your God.
20:18 Mary Magdalene came and told the disciples that she had seen the Lord, and that he had spoken these things unto her." (John 20:1-18 KJV)
Later that day, the risen Messiah appeared to others on the road "to a village called Emmaus, which was from Jerusalem about threescore furlongs."
"24:13 And, behold, two of them went that same day to a village called Emmaus, which was from Jerusalem about threescore furlongs. 24:14 And they talked together of all these things which had happened. 24:15 And it came to pass, that, while they communed together and reasoned, Jesus himself drew near, and went with them.
24:16 But their eyes were holden that they should not know him.
24:17 And he said unto them, What manner of communications are these that ye have one to another, as ye walk, and are sad?
24:18 And the one of them, whose name was Cleopas, answering said unto him, Art thou only a stranger in Jerusalem, and hast not known the things which are come to pass there in these days?
24:19 And he said unto them, What things?
And they said unto him, Concerning Jesus of Nazareth, which was a prophet mighty in deed and word before God and all the people: 24:20 And how the chief priests and our rulers delivered him to be condemned to death, and have crucified him. 24:21 But we trusted that it had been he which should have redeemed Israel: and beside all this, to day is the third day since these things were done. 24:22 Yea, and certain women also of our company made us astonished, which were early at the sepulchre; 24:23 And when they found not his body, they came, saying, that they had also seen a vision of angels, which said that he was alive. 24:24 And certain of them which were with us went to the sepulchre, and found it even so as the women had said: but him they saw not.
24:25 Then he said unto them, O fools, and slow of heart to believe all that the prophets have spoken:
24:26 Ought not Christ to have suffered these things, and to enter into his glory? 24:27 And beginning at Moses and all the prophets, he expounded unto them in all the scriptures the things concerning himself.
24:28 And they drew nigh unto the village, whither they went: and he made as though he would have gone further. 24:29 But they constrained him, saying, Abide with us: for it is toward evening, and the day is far spent. And he went in to tarry with them.
24:30 And it came to pass, as he sat at meat with them, he took bread, and blessed it, and brake, and gave to them. 24:31 And their eyes were opened, and they knew him; and he vanished out of their sight.
24:32 And they said one to another, Did not our heart burn within us, while he talked with us by the way, and while he opened to us the scriptures?
24:33 And they rose up the same hour, and returned to Jerusalem, and found the eleven gathered together, and them that were with them, 24:34 Saying, The Lord is risen indeed, and hath appeared to Simon.
24:35 And they told what things were done in the way, and how he was known of them in breaking of bread." (Luke 24:13-35 KJV)
The Messiah then appeared to the apostles with the command "tarry ye in the city of Jerusalem, until ye be endued with power from on high" - a reference to Pentecost, a day counted (with the ultimate purpose from its original symbolism) from and by the time of the Resurrection of the Messiah (see the Fact Finder question below). By means of the Holy Spirit, the Gospel would go out unto all the world (see The True Gospel Of Christ and The Joppa Lessons Of Jonah And Peter).
"24:36 And as they thus spake, Jesus himself stood in the midst of them, and saith unto them, Peace be unto you.
24:37 But they were terrified and affrighted, and supposed that they had seen a spirit.
24:38 And he said unto them, Why are ye troubled? and why do thoughts arise in your hearts? 24:39 Behold my hands and my feet, that it is I myself: handle me, and see; for a spirit hath not flesh and bones, as ye see me have. 24:40 And when he had thus spoken, he showed them his hands and his feet.
24:41 And while they yet believed not for joy, and wondered, he said unto them, Have ye here any meat?
24:42 And they gave him a piece of a broiled fish, and of an honeycomb.
24:43 And he took it, and did eat before them.
24:44 And he said unto them, These are the words which I spake unto you, while I was yet with you, that all things must be fulfilled, which were written in the law of Moses, and in the prophets, and in the psalms, concerning me.
24:45 Then opened he their understanding, that they might understand the scriptures, 24:46 And said unto them, Thus it is written, and thus it behoved Christ to suffer, and to rise from the dead the third day:
24:47 And that repentance and remission of sins should be preached in his name among all nations, beginning at Jerusalem. 24:48 And ye are witnesses of these things.
24:49 And, behold, I send the promise of my Father upon you: but tarry ye in the city of Jerusalem, until ye be endued with power from on high." (Luke 24:36-40 KJV)
Fact Finder: The first full day of the Messiah's resurrection was Nisan 18, which was the day after the weekly Sabbath which occurred during the days of Unleavened Bread i.e. "23:15 And ye shall count unto you from the morrow after the sabbath, from the day that ye brought the sheaf of the wave offering; seven sabbaths shall be complete: 23:16 Even unto the morrow after the seventh sabbath shall ye number fifty days; and ye shall offer a new meat offering unto the LORD." (Leviticus 23:15-16 KJV). It was from that day that Pentecost had been counted. How thereby is the correct day after Christ's resurrection (i.e. the day after the weekly Sabbath during the week of the days of Unleavened Bread) necessary to the correct day of Pentecost?
Listen to our Sermons Pentecost, A Day Of Reckoning and What Happened Between Passover and Pentecost?; see also Calendar of Christ's Holy Days
This Day In History, April 10
428: Nestorius became the Patriarch of Constantinople (the city was named after Constantine; see Constantine's Crusades In History And Prophecy and A History Of Jerusalem: Constantine and Muhammad).
879: Louis III became King of the Western Franks.
1512: James V of Scotland, who allied his country with France against the English, was born. He became king at the age of 17 months.
1606: The Charter of the Virginia Company of London was established by Royal Charter by James I of England (after whom the King James Version of the Bible is named) with the purpose of establishing English colonial towns and settlements in the wilderness of North America. The English investment and development continued for about 170 years until the rebellion of the colonies against those who established and built them.
1741: Frederick II of Prussia defeated Maria Theresa's forces at Mollwitz and conquered Silesia.
1809: Austria declared war on France.
1814: Napoleon was defeated by the British and Spanish at the Battle of Toulouse. It resulted in Napoleon's abdication and exile to Elba.
1858: The original "Big Ben" bell for the Palace of Westminster was cast.
1864: Archduke Maximilian of Austria took the throne of Mexico.
1875: The Northwest Mounted Police (which later was included in the formation of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police, the "Mounties") received government authorization to build a post that would later become the city of Calgary.
1912: The Titanic set off on its first, and only, voyage.
1919: Revolutionary leader Emiliano Zapata was ambushed and killed by government troops in Mexico.
1922: The Genoa Conference opened to discuss the reconstruction of Europe after the First World War.
1932: In Germany, Paul von Hindenburg received 19 million votes in the presidential elections, beating, for the time being, Adolf Hitler's 13 million votes (see also Presidential Quotes On War, Terrorism, Religion).
1938: In a referendum, 99.75% of Austrians voted for a merger with Germany (Adolf Hitler was born in Austria).
1941: During the Second World War, U.S. troops occupied Greenland to block German military control of the north Atlantic island.
1944: During the Second World War (listen to our Sermon The European World Wars), a British mini-submarine entered Bergen harbor in Norway and sank the German ship Barenfels.
1945: The Allies liberated the Nazi concentration camp, Buchenwald. It is estimated that nearly 57,000 people (mostly Jews) were killed in its gas chambers during its 8 year existence.
1963: The U.S. atomic submarine Thresher was lost in the Atlantic off Cape Cod; the 129 crew were lost.
1972: More than 50 countries signed a treaty outlawing the stockpiling of biological weapons. As might be expected, the countries that already had the greatest stockpiles of such weapons refused to sign the treaty.
1974: Israeli Prime Minister Golda Meir resigned over differences within her Labor Party. She was succeeded by Yitzhak Rabin.
1980: Britain and Spain agreed to reopen the border between Gibraltar and Spain, closed in 1969.
1989: Intel announced the release of the 80486 processor.
2010: A Polish Air Force Tu-154 crashed near Smolensk, Russia. Polish President Lech Kaczynski and 95 other people aboard the aircraft were killed.