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Sunday, April 15 2012

Jesse The Bethlehemite

The English name "Jesse" is used to translate the Biblical Hebrew name, pronounced yee-shaw-ee, which meant to hold out, as in to extend. It is providential that the meaning of Jesse's name was fulfilled, not merely in his son King David (see A History Of Jerusalem: The City Of David), but in the Messiah - in His first coming and in His future return to rule.

The first coming, as the Lamb of God ("I have found David the son of Jesse ... Of this man's seed hath God according to His promise raised unto Israel a Saviour, Jesus"):

Bethlehem

"13:21 And afterward they desired a king: and God gave unto them Saul the son of Cis, a man of the tribe of Benjamin, by the space of forty years.

13:22 And when he had removed him, he raised up unto them David to be their king; to whom also he gave testimony, and said, I have found David the son of Jesse, a man after mine own heart, which shall fulfil all my will.

13:23 Of this man's seed hath God according to his promise raised unto Israel a Saviour [see Nisan 14: The Sacrifice Of The Lamb Of God], Jesus" (Romans 13:21-23 KJV)

The second coming, to establish the Kingdom of God on Earth ("And in that day there shall be a root of Jesse, which shall stand for an ensign of the people; to it shall the Gentiles seek: and his rest shall be glorious"):

"11:1 And there shall come forth a rod out of the stem of Jesse, and a Branch shall grow out of his roots: 11:2 And the spirit of the LORD shall rest upon him, the spirit of wisdom and understanding, the spirit of counsel and might, the spirit of knowledge and of the fear of the LORD; 11:3 And shall make him of quick understanding in the fear of the LORD: and he shall not judge after the sight of his eyes, neither reprove after the hearing of his ears: 11:4 But with righteousness shall he judge the poor, and reprove with equity for the meek of the earth: and he shall smite the earth with the rod of his mouth, and with the breath of his lips shall he slay the wicked [see Moriah: Separating The Wheat From The Chaff]. 11:5 And righteousness shall be the girdle of his loins, and faithfulness the girdle of his reins.

11:6 The wolf also shall dwell with the lamb, and the leopard shall lie down with the kid; and the calf and the young lion and the fatling together; and a little child shall lead them. 11:7 And the cow and the bear shall feed; their young ones shall lie down together: and the lion shall eat straw like the ox. 11:8 And the sucking child shall play on the hole of the asp, and the weaned child shall put his hand on the cockatrice' den. 11:9 They shall not hurt nor destroy in all my holy mountain: for the earth shall be full of the knowledge of the LORD, as the waters cover the sea [see The True Gospel Of Christ].

11:10 And in that day there shall be a root of Jesse, which shall stand for an ensign of the people; to it shall the Gentiles seek [see The Joppa Lessons Of Jonah And Peter and Why Did The Magi Come?]: and his rest shall be glorious." (Isaiah 11:1-10 KJV)

"I am the son of thy servant Jesse the Bethlehemite"

Jesse was of the line of Judah's son Pharez - the elder of the twin sons of Judah with his former daughter-in-law Tamar (see Who Were The First Jews?). Jesse was the grandson of Ruth (see The Messianic Role Of Naomi, Ruth And Boaz).

Ruth

"4:18 Now these are the generations of Pharez: Pharez begat Hezron, 4:19 And Hezron begat Ram, and Ram begat Amminadab, 4:20 And Amminadab begat Nahshon, and Nahshon begat Salmon, 4:21 And Salmon begat Boaz, and Boaz begat Obed, 4:22 And Obed begat Jesse, and Jesse begat David." (Ruth 4:18-22 KJV)

The ancestry of the Messiah was forward looking, in that the Messiah chose and created the human line from which He would later be born i.e. "the LORD said, Arise, anoint him: for this is he." David was a man "after God's own heart" because "the spirit of the LORD came upon David from that day forward" (see Appearances Of The LORD God and What Does Word of God Mean To You?).

"16:1 And the LORD said unto Samuel [see The Prophets: Samuel], How long wilt thou mourn for Saul [see The Civil War Kings], seeing I have rejected him from reigning over Israel? fill thine horn with oil, and go, I will send thee to Jesse the Bethlehemite: for I have provided me a king among his sons.

16:2 And Samuel said, How can I go? if Saul hear it, he will kill me.

And the LORD said, Take an heifer with thee, and say, I am come to sacrifice to the LORD. 16:3 And call Jesse to the sacrifice, and I will show thee what thou shalt do: and thou shalt anoint unto me him whom I name unto thee.

16:4 And Samuel did that which the LORD spake, and came to Bethlehem. And the elders of the town trembled at his coming, and said, Comest thou peaceably?

16:5 And he said, Peaceably: I am come to sacrifice unto the LORD: sanctify yourselves, and come with me to the sacrifice. And he sanctified Jesse and his sons, and called them to the sacrifice.

16:6 And it came to pass, when they were come, that he looked on Eliab, and said, Surely the LORD anointed is before him.

16:7 But the LORD said unto Samuel, Look not on his countenance, or on the height of his stature; because I have refused him: for the LORD seeth not as man seeth; for man looketh on the outward appearance, but the LORD looketh on the heart.

16:8 Then Jesse called Abinadab, and made him pass before Samuel. And he said, Neither hath the LORD chosen this. 16:9 Then Jesse made Shammah to pass by. And he said, Neither hath the LORD chosen this. 16:10 Again, Jesse made seven of his sons to pass before Samuel. And Samuel said unto Jesse, The LORD hath not chosen these. 16:11 And Samuel said unto Jesse, Are here all thy children?

And he said, There remaineth yet the youngest, and, behold, he keepeth the sheep.

And Samuel said unto Jesse, Send and fetch him: for we will not sit down till he come hither.

16:12 And he sent, and brought him in. Now he was ruddy, and withal of a beautiful countenance, and goodly to look to.

And the LORD said, Arise, anoint him: for this is he.

16:13 Then Samuel took the horn of oil, and anointed him in the midst of his brethren: and the spirit of the LORD came upon David from that day forward. So Samuel rose up, and went to Ramah." (1 Samuel 16:1-13 KJV)

It was Jesse who sent David on the journey that resulted in David's famous battle with Goliath. Jesse had only intended that David deliver some supplies to "the three eldest sons of Jesse went and followed Saul to the battle."

Bethlehem Shepherds

"17:4 And there went out a champion out of the camp of the Philistines, named Goliath, of Gath, whose height was six cubits and a span. 17:5 And he had an helmet of brass upon his head, and he was armed with a coat of mail; and the weight of the coat was five thousand shekels of brass. 17:6 And he had greaves of brass upon his legs, and a target of brass between his shoulders. 17:7 And the staff of his spear was like a weaver's beam; and his spear's head weighed six hundred shekels of iron: and one bearing a shield went before him.

17:8 And he stood and cried unto the armies of Israel, and said unto them, Why are ye come out to set your battle in array? am not I a Philistine, and ye servants to Saul? choose you a man for you, and let him come down to me. 17:9 If he be able to fight with me, and to kill me, then will we be your servants: but if I prevail against him, and kill him, then shall ye be our servants, and serve us. 17:10 And the Philistine said, I defy the armies of Israel this day; give me a man, that we may fight together. 17:11 When Saul and all Israel heard those words of the Philistine, they were dismayed, and greatly afraid.

17:12 Now David was the son of that Ephrathite of Bethlehemjudah, whose name was Jesse; and he had eight sons: and the man went among men for an old man in the days of Saul. 17:13 And the three eldest sons of Jesse went and followed Saul to the battle: and the names of his three sons that went to the battle were Eliab the firstborn, and next unto him Abinadab, and the third Shammah. 17:14 And David was the youngest: and the three eldest followed Saul. 17:15 But David went and returned from Saul to feed his father's sheep at Bethlehem.

17:16 And the Philistine drew near morning and evening, and presented himself forty days.

17:17 And Jesse said unto David his son, Take now for thy brethren an ephah of this parched corn, and these ten loaves, and run to the camp to thy brethren; 17:18 And carry these ten cheeses unto the captain of their thousand, and look how thy brethren fare, and take their pledge. 17:19 Now Saul, and they, and all the men of Israel, were in the valley of Elah, fighting with the Philistines.

17:20 And David rose up early in the morning, and left the sheep with a keeper, and took, and went, as Jesse had commanded him; and he came to the trench, as the host was going forth to the fight, and shouted for the battle. 17:21 For Israel and the Philistines had put the battle in array, army against army. 17:22 And David left his carriage in the hand of the keeper of the carriage, and ran into the army, and came and saluted his brethren. 17:23 And as he talked with them, behold, there came up the champion, the Philistine of Gath, Goliath by name, out of the armies of the Philistines, and spake according to the same words: and David heard them." (1 Samuel 17:4-23 KJV)

Even after becoming king, David was known as "David the son of Jesse."

"29:26 Thus David the son of Jesse reigned over all Israel. 29:27 And the time that he reigned over Israel was forty years; seven years reigned he in Hebron, and thirty and three years reigned he in Jerusalem. 29:28 And he died in a good old age, full of days, riches, and honour: and Solomon his son reigned in his stead." (1 Chronicles 29:26-28 KJV)

The division of Israel into "Israel" and "Judah" (see The Northern Kingdom, The Southern Kingdom and Kings of Israel and Judah) included a rebel declaration against the house of Jesse, "What portion have we in David? neither have we inheritance in the son of Jesse: to your tents, O Israel: now see to thine own house, David."

"12:16 So when all Israel saw that the king hearkened not unto them [see Rehoboam's Answer], the people answered the king, saying, What portion have we in David? neither have we inheritance in the son of Jesse: to your tents, O Israel: now see to thine own house, David. So Israel departed unto their tents. 12:17 But as for the children of Israel which dwelt in the cities of Judah, Rehoboam reigned over them [see A History Of Jerusalem: The Capital Of Judah]." (1 Kings 12:16-17 KJV)

Fact Finder: What was Bethlehem's long role in Biblical history and prophecy?
See Bethlehem In History And Prophecy


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This Day In History, April 15

1071: Bari, the last Byzantine-held territory in southern Italy, was surrendered to Robert Guiscard.

1450: French forces under Comte de Clermont attacked 4,000 English troops under Sir Thomas Kyriel at the Battle of Formigny during the last stage of The Hundred Years War.

1632: George Calvert, 1st Baron Baltimore, died at age 52. The English statesman was directly involved in the founding of the North American province of "Mary Land" (named after the Roman Catholic idea of Mary), which later became the state of Maryland. A former member of the English House of Commons, Calvert gave up his seat in 1625 after he declared himself a Roman Catholic.

1800: James Ross discovered the North Magnetic pole.

1859: The first steamboat began operating on the Red River, carrying freight and passengers between Fort Garry, now Winnipeg, Manitoba, and St. Paul, Minnesota.

1865: U.S. President Abraham Lincoln died after being shot at Ford's Theater in Washington the previous night.

Ronald Reagan broke the so-called "year zero curse" in 1989 when he became the first U.S. President since 1840, who won a Presidential election in a year ending in a zero, to leave office alive (although not without incident - Reagan was also seriously wounded in an assassination attempt in March of 1981):

1980: Ronald Reagan
1960: John F. Kennedy, assassinated
1940: Franklin D. Roosevelt, natural causes
1920: Warren Harding, natural causes
1900: William McKinley, assassinated
1880: James Garfield, assassinated
1860: Abraham Lincoln, assassinated
1840: William Harrison, natural causes

1880: William Gladstone became the Prime Minister of Britain.

1912: The British ocean liner Titanic sank on its first voyage after colliding with an iceberg. 1,523 of the 2,200 passengers and crew were lost.

1917: During the First World War (listen to our Sermon The European World Wars), the British defeated the Germans at the Battle of Arras.

1923: Insulin became generally available for people suffering with diabetes.

1938: Francisco Franco's forces captured Vinaroz in the Spanish Civil War.

1942: During the Second World War, the George Cross, Britain's highest accolade for civilian gallantry, was conferred on Malta by King George VI for bravery in withstanding Italian and German attacks.

1945: Near the end of the Second World War, the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp was liberated by British forces.

1949: Pope Pius XII issued his second encyclical on "Palestine," Redemptoris Nostri, urging Roman Catholics to exert every effort on behalf of a plan to make Jerusalem a corpus separatum - an "international city" (see A History Of Jerusalem: Constantine and Muhammad).

1969: 30 military and CIA crew members were killed when North Korea shot down a U.S. electronic surveillance plane.

1997: Over 300 Islamic worshippers were killed and over 1,200 injured at a tent city on the plain outside Mecca. Most of the dead were Indians, Pakistanis and Bangladeshis. The fire destroyed an estimated 70,000 tents which they use for shelter in the final days of their Hajj.

1998: Cambodian "Khmer Rouge" leader Pol Pot died at age 73. He is reported to have been responsible for the deaths of up to 2 million people in the "killing fields."

2010: Volcanic ash from a volcano in Iceland caused airspace over Britain and much of Europe to be closed.





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