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Sunday, April 15 2012
Jesse The Bethlehemite
The English name "Jesse" is used to translate the Biblical Hebrew name, pronounced yee-shaw-ee, which meant to hold out, as in to extend. It is providential that the meaning of Jesse's name was fulfilled, not merely in his son King David (see A History Of Jerusalem: The City Of David), but in the Messiah - in His first coming and in His future return to rule.
The first coming, as the Lamb of God ("I have found David the son of Jesse ... Of this man's seed hath God according to His promise raised unto Israel a Saviour, Jesus"):
"13:21 And afterward they desired a king: and God gave unto them Saul the son of Cis, a man of the tribe of Benjamin, by the space of forty years.
The second coming, to establish the Kingdom of God on Earth ("And in that day there shall be a root of Jesse, which shall stand for an ensign of the people; to it shall the Gentiles seek: and his rest shall be glorious"):
"11:1 And there shall come forth a rod out of the stem of Jesse, and a Branch shall grow out of his roots: 11:2 And the spirit of the LORD shall rest upon him, the spirit of wisdom and understanding, the spirit of counsel and might, the spirit of knowledge and of the fear of the LORD; 11:3 And shall make him of quick understanding in the fear of the LORD: and he shall not judge after the sight of his eyes, neither reprove after the hearing of his ears: 11:4 But with righteousness shall he judge the poor, and reprove with equity for the meek of the earth: and he shall smite the earth with the rod of his mouth, and with the breath of his lips shall he slay the wicked [see Moriah: Separating The Wheat From The Chaff]. 11:5 And righteousness shall be the girdle of his loins, and faithfulness the girdle of his reins.
"I am the son of thy servant Jesse the Bethlehemite"
Jesse was of the line of Judah's son Pharez - the elder of the twin sons of Judah with his former daughter-in-law Tamar (see Who Were The First Jews?). Jesse was the grandson of Ruth (see The Messianic Role Of Naomi, Ruth And Boaz).
"4:18 Now these are the generations of Pharez: Pharez begat Hezron, 4:19 And Hezron begat Ram, and Ram begat Amminadab, 4:20 And Amminadab begat Nahshon, and Nahshon begat Salmon, 4:21 And Salmon begat Boaz, and Boaz begat Obed, 4:22 And Obed begat Jesse, and Jesse begat David." (Ruth 4:18-22 KJV)
The ancestry of the Messiah was forward looking, in that the Messiah chose and created the human line from which He would later be born i.e. "the LORD said, Arise, anoint him: for this is he." David was a man "after God's own heart" because "the spirit of the LORD came upon David from that day forward" (see Appearances Of The LORD God and What Does Word of God Mean To You?).
"16:1 And the LORD said unto Samuel [see The Prophets: Samuel], How long wilt thou mourn for Saul [see The Civil War Kings], seeing I have rejected him from reigning over Israel? fill thine horn with oil, and go, I will send thee to Jesse the Bethlehemite: for I have provided me a king among his sons.
It was Jesse who sent David on the journey that resulted in David's famous battle with Goliath. Jesse had only intended that David deliver some supplies to "the three eldest sons of Jesse went and followed Saul to the battle."
"17:4 And there went out a champion out of the camp of the Philistines, named Goliath, of Gath, whose height was six cubits and a span. 17:5 And he had an helmet of brass upon his head, and he was armed with a coat of mail; and the weight of the coat was five thousand shekels of brass. 17:6 And he had greaves of brass upon his legs, and a target of brass between his shoulders. 17:7 And the staff of his spear was like a weaver's beam; and his spear's head weighed six hundred shekels of iron: and one bearing a shield went before him.
Even after becoming king, David was known as "David the son of Jesse."
"29:26 Thus David the son of Jesse reigned over all Israel. 29:27 And the time that he reigned over Israel was forty years; seven years reigned he in Hebron, and thirty and three years reigned he in Jerusalem. 29:28 And he died in a good old age, full of days, riches, and honour: and Solomon his son reigned in his stead." (1 Chronicles 29:26-28 KJV)
The division of Israel into "Israel" and "Judah" (see The Northern Kingdom, The Southern Kingdom and Kings of Israel and Judah) included a rebel declaration against the house of Jesse, "What portion have we in David? neither have we inheritance in the son of Jesse: to your tents, O Israel: now see to thine own house, David."
"12:16 So when all Israel saw that the king hearkened not unto them [see Rehoboam's Answer], the people answered the king, saying, What portion have we in David? neither have we inheritance in the son of Jesse: to your tents, O Israel: now see to thine own house, David. So Israel departed unto their tents. 12:17 But as for the children of Israel which dwelt in the cities of Judah, Rehoboam reigned over them [see A History Of Jerusalem: The Capital Of Judah]." (1 Kings 12:16-17 KJV)
Fact Finder: What was Bethlehem's long role in Biblical history and prophecy?
This Day In History, April 15
1071: Bari, the last Byzantine-held territory in southern Italy, was surrendered to Robert Guiscard.
1450: French forces under Comte de Clermont attacked 4,000 English troops under Sir Thomas Kyriel at the Battle of Formigny during the last stage of The Hundred Years War.
1632: George Calvert, 1st Baron Baltimore, died at age 52. The English statesman was directly involved in the founding of the North American province of "Mary Land" (named after the Roman Catholic idea of Mary), which later became the state of Maryland. A former member of the English House of Commons, Calvert gave up his seat in 1625 after he declared himself a Roman Catholic.
1800: James Ross discovered the North Magnetic pole.
1859: The first steamboat began operating on the Red River, carrying freight and passengers between Fort Garry, now Winnipeg, Manitoba, and St. Paul, Minnesota.
1865: U.S. President Abraham Lincoln died after being shot at Ford's Theater in Washington the previous night.
Ronald Reagan broke the so-called "year zero curse" in 1989 when he became the first U.S. President since 1840, who won a Presidential election in a year ending in a zero, to leave office alive (although not without incident - Reagan was also seriously wounded in an assassination attempt in March of 1981):
1980: Ronald Reagan
1880: William Gladstone became the Prime Minister of Britain.
1912: The British ocean liner Titanic sank on its first voyage after colliding with an iceberg. 1,523 of the 2,200 passengers and crew were lost.
1917: During the First World War (listen to our Sermon The European World Wars), the British defeated the Germans at the Battle of Arras.
1923: Insulin became generally available for people suffering with diabetes.
1938: Francisco Franco's forces captured Vinaroz in the Spanish Civil War.
1942: During the Second World War, the George Cross, Britain's highest accolade for civilian gallantry, was conferred on Malta by King George VI for bravery in withstanding Italian and German attacks.
1945: Near the end of the Second World War, the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp was liberated by British forces.
1949: Pope Pius XII issued his second encyclical on "Palestine," Redemptoris Nostri, urging Roman Catholics to exert every effort on behalf of a plan to make Jerusalem a corpus separatum - an "international city" (see A History Of Jerusalem: Constantine and Muhammad).
1969: 30 military and CIA crew members were killed when North Korea shot down a U.S. electronic surveillance plane.
1997: Over 300 Islamic worshippers were killed and over 1,200 injured at a tent city on the plain outside Mecca. Most of the dead were Indians, Pakistanis and Bangladeshis. The fire destroyed an estimated 70,000 tents which they use for shelter in the final days of their Hajj.
1998: Cambodian "Khmer Rouge" leader Pol Pot died at age 73. He is reported to have been responsible for the deaths of up to 2 million people in the "killing fields."
2010: Volcanic ash from a volcano in Iceland caused airspace over Britain and much of Europe to be closed.