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Friday, April 20 2012

The Fourth Commandment, Part One: Work

Notice that the Fourth Commandment specifies what is to be done during the entire week - work on the first six days, rest on the seventh day:

"20:8 Remember the Sabbath day, to keep it holy. 20:9 Six days shalt thou labour, and do all thy work: 20:10 But the seventh day is the Sabbath of the LORD thy God: in it thou shalt not do any work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy daughter, thy manservant, nor thy maidservant, nor thy cattle, nor thy stranger that is within thy gates: 20:11 For in six days the LORD made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that in them is, and rested the seventh day: wherefore the LORD blessed the Sabbath day, and hallowed it." (Exodus 20:8-11 KJV)

The Biblical Hebrew word pronounced shish-shee means sixth, and hence is correctly translated into English as such. The first "sixth" recorded in the Holy Bible was the sixth day of Creation. It was the end of the first "work week" of six days (the Roman "sun day" actually violates the Fourth Commandment in two ways - it defiles the seventh day into a work day, while perverting the first work day of the week into a rest day; see Why Observe The True Sabbath?; also Constantine's Crusades In History And Prophecy and A History Of Jerusalem: Constantine and Muhammad).

Earth

"1:24 And God said [see also The First Act Of Faith], Let the earth bring forth the living creature after his kind, cattle, and creeping thing, and beast of the earth after his kind: and it was so. 1:25 And God made the beast of the earth after his kind, and cattle after their kind, and every thing that creepeth upon the earth after his kind: and God saw that it was good.

1:26 And God said, Let us make man in our image, after our likeness: and let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over the cattle, and over all the earth, and over every creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth.

1:27 So God created man in his own image, in the image of God created he him; male and female created he them.

1:28 And God blessed them, and God said unto them, Be fruitful, and multiply, and replenish the earth, and subdue it: and have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over every living thing that moveth upon the earth.

1:29 And God said, Behold, I have given you every herb bearing seed, which is upon the face of all the earth, and every tree, in the which is the fruit of a tree yielding seed; to you it shall be for meat. 1:30 And to every beast of the earth, and to every fowl of the air, and to every thing that creepeth upon the earth, wherein there is life, I have given every green herb for meat: and it was so.

1:31 And God saw every thing that he had made, and, behold, it was very good. And the evening and the morning were the sixth day." (Genesis 1:24-31 KJV)

As we read in the verses quoted above, humans were created at the end of the last work day of the week. The first humans observed the first Sabbath as the LORD's day of rest, not their own i.e. "on the seventh day God ended his work which he had made; and he rested on the seventh day from all his work which he had made."

"2:1 Thus the heavens and the earth were finished, and all the host of them.

2:2 And on the seventh day God ended his work which he had made; and he rested on the seventh day from all his work which he had made. 2:3 And God blessed the seventh day, and sanctified it: because that in it he had rested from all his work which God created and made." (Genesis 2:1-3 KJV)

"Six days shalt thou labour, and do all thy work ... For in six days the LORD made heaven and earth"

The first humans thereafter observed the Sabbath of the LORD as a day of rest for themselves also because they too thereafter had work to rest from. The Commandment to work six days and then rest on the Holy Sabbath of the LORD didn't originate in the Sinai; it began right in the Garden of Eden (see also The Garden In Eden), long before Israelites or Jews came into existence from the descendants of the first humans - it is the Christian Sabbath because it was Jesus Christ Who Created it (see What Does Word of God Mean To You? and Appearances Of The LORD God).

Eden

"2:15 And the LORD God took the man, and put him into the garden of Eden to dress it and to keep it." (Genesis 2:15 KJV)

Many centuries later, still before the tables of stone (see The Stones Of Mount Sinai) upon which the Ten Commandments were written, not first commanded, the Israelites were instructed to work six days and rest on the Seventh Day - as well as use the sixth day as a preparation day for the Sabbath.

"16:4 Then said the LORD unto Moses, Behold, I will rain bread from heaven for you; and the people shall go out and gather a certain rate every day, that I may prove them, whether they will walk in my law, or no. 16:5 And it shall come to pass, that on the sixth day they shall prepare that which they bring in; and it shall be twice as much as they gather daily." (Exodus 16:4-5 KJV)

The people of the LORD came to understand the principles of the Fourth Commandment (work six days, use the sixth day as a preparation for the Sabbath, and observe the Sabbath of the LORD) as a way of life.

"16:21 And they gathered it every morning, every man according to his eating: and when the sun waxed hot, it melted. 16:22 And it came to pass, that on the sixth day they gathered twice as much bread, two omers for one man: and all the rulers of the congregation came and told Moses. 16:23 And he said unto them, This is that which the LORD hath said, To morrow is the rest of the holy sabbath unto the LORD: bake that which ye will bake to day, and seethe that ye will seethe; and that which remaineth over lay up for you to be kept until the morning.

16:24 And they laid it up till the morning, as Moses bade: and it did not stink, neither was there any worm therein. 16:25 And Moses said, Eat that to day; for to day is a sabbath unto the LORD: to day ye shall not find it in the field. 16:26 Six days ye shall gather it; but on the seventh day, which is the sabbath, in it there shall be none." (Exodus 16:21-26 KJV)

The reason that the Fourth Commandment begins with "remember" is because the people to whom it was first given already knew it. For those of God's true people who came afterward, the "remember" is to never forget it.

The Holy Scriptures

"20:8 Remember the sabbath day, to keep it holy. 20:9 Six days shalt thou labour, and do all thy work: 20:10 But the seventh day is the sabbath of the LORD thy God: in it thou shalt not do any work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy daughter, thy manservant, nor thy maidservant, nor thy cattle, nor thy stranger that is within thy gates: 20:11 For in six days the LORD made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that in them is, and rested the seventh day: wherefore the LORD blessed the sabbath day, and hallowed it." (Exodus 20:8-11 KJV)

The true Christian Church (the Word of God says that "church" means people; see Can You See The Church? and God's People Run To The LORD, Not From Him) has always observed the true seventh-day Sabbath as a day of rest and worship. For those who are able and of working age, the rest on the seventh day comes from the work done on the six work days.

"3:6 Now we command you, brethren, in the name of our Lord Jesus Christ, that ye withdraw yourselves from every brother that walketh disorderly, and not after the tradition which he received of us. 3:7 For yourselves know how ye ought to follow us: for we behaved not ourselves disorderly among you; 3:8 Neither did we eat any man's bread for nought; but wrought with labour and travail night and day, that we might not be chargeable to any of you: 3:9 Not because we have not power, but to make ourselves an ensample unto you to follow us. 3:10 For even when we were with you, this we commanded you, that if any would not work, neither should he eat.

3:11 For we hear that there are some which walk among you disorderly, working not at all, but are busybodies. 3:12 Now them that are such we command and exhort by our Lord Jesus Christ, that with quietness they work, and eat their own bread. 3:13 But ye, brethren, be not weary in well doing." (2 Thessalonians 3:1-13 KJV)

Fact Finder: Regardless of how humans differ in their means to make a living (or are now retired or disabled from that kind of work), what sort of "work" does the LORD command from everyone? What sort of "work" of the LORD never ends?
See Works Means Obedience; also Christ Died For Repentant Sinners


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This Day In History, April 20

295: The 8th recorded passage of Halley's Comet.

1139: The Second Lateran Council opened in Rome (see also The Struggle For The Papacy).

1453: The last major naval battle in Byzantine history occurred; three Genoese galleys escorting a Byzantine transport versus the Ottoman blockade fleet.

1505: Jews were expelled from Orange Burgandy by Philibert of Luxembourg.

1534: French explorer Jacques Cartier set sail from St. Malo to explore the eastern coastline of North America.

1653: In England, Oliver Cromwell expelled the "Long Parliament" for trying to pass the Perpetuation Bill, which would have kept Parliament in the hands of a few members only.

1657: The English navy, under Admiral Robert Blake, destroyed the Spanish fleet in Santa Cruz harbor, Tenerife.

1689: The siege of Londonderry began when supporters of James II attacked the city. The population nearly starved to death before the siege was lifted on July 30.

1769: Pontiac, Chief of the Ottawa Indians, was murdered by an Illinois Indian. In 1763 he had led an uprising against the British garrisons in North America.

1770: English explorer James Cook discovered what is today the coast of New South Wales, Australia.

1792: France declared war on Austria, Prussia and Sardinia in the War of the First Coalition.

1809: Napoleon fought the Austrians at the Battle of Abensberg in Bavaria.

1862: Louis Pasteur and Claude Bernard complete the first "pasteurization" (named after Pasteur) experiments.

1902: Pierre and Marie Curie isolated the radioactive element radium.

1910: Halley's Comet 29th recorded perihelion at 87.9 million kilometers.

1918: Manfred von Richthofen (the famous "Red Baron") shot down his 79th and 80th opponents - his final victories before being shot down and killed by a Canadian fighter pilot, Captain Roy Brown, the next day.

1940: The first electron microscope was demonstrated.

1945: Near the end of the Second World War (listen to our Sermon The European World Wars), Soviet troops began their attack on Berlin.

1947: King Christian X of Denmark died.

1957: Comet Arend-Roland made its closest approach to earth. It was discovered the previous November by Belgians S. Arend and P. Roland. It was remarkable for its anomalous second tail which appeared as a sharp spike aimed at the sun.

1973: The Canadian Anik A2 became the first commercial satellite in earth orbit.

1978: Korean Airlines flight 007 was shot down by Soviet fighter jets after the airliner strayed over Russian airspace.

1989: The last Canadian $1.00 bill was printed. It was replaced by a $1.00 coin that became known as the "loonie" (as did the Canadian dollar itself) because of the engraving of a swimming loon (a fish-eating diving bird of the northern hemisphere) on one side of the gold-coloured coin.

1999: The Columbine High School massacre in Colorado: Eric Harris and Dylan Klebold shot and killed 13 people and wounded 24 others before committing suicide.

2010: The Deepwater Horizon oil well exploded in the Gulf of Mexico, beginning an oil spill that would last six months.





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