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Saturday, April 21 2012

The Fourth Commandment, Part Two: Rest

Notice that the Fourth Commandment specifies what is to be done during the entire week - work on the first six days (see the Fact Finder question below) and rest on the seventh day:

"20:8 Remember the sabbath day, to keep it holy. 20:9 Six days shalt thou labour, and do all thy work: 20:10 But the seventh day is the sabbath of the LORD thy God: in it thou shalt not do any work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy daughter, thy manservant, nor thy maidservant, nor thy cattle, nor thy stranger that is within thy gates: 20:11 For in six days the LORD made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that in them is, and rested the seventh day: wherefore the LORD blessed the sabbath day, and hallowed it." (Exodus 20:8-11 KJV)

Plain statements from the Word of God:

The Holy Scriptures

"1:1 In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. 1:2 The same was in the beginning with God. 1:3 All things were made by him; and without him was not any thing made that was made ... 1:14 And the Word was made flesh, and dwelt among us, and we beheld his glory, the glory as of the only begotten of the Father, full of grace and truth [see What Does Word of God Mean To You?]." (John 1:1-3,14 KJV)

"1:14 In whom we have redemption through his blood, even the forgiveness of sins: 1:15 Who is the image of the invisible God, the firstborn of every creature: 1:16 For by him were all things created, that are in heaven, and that are in earth, visible and invisible, whether they be thrones, or dominions, or principalities, or powers: all things were created by him, and for him: 1:17 And he is before all things, and by him all things consist." (Colossians 1:14-17 KJV)

After "by him were all things created, that are in heaven, and that are in earth," the LORD God (see Appearances Of The LORD God) created, and rested on, His Sabbath Day (see How Many Days Of Creation Were There?). Jesus Christ has always observed His Seventh-Day Sabbath. Christ absolutely never observed the sinful pagan "sun day" (see Why Observe The True Sabbath?) that flagrantly violates His Fourth Commandment.

"2:1 Thus the heavens and the earth were finished, and all the host of them. 2:2 And on the seventh day God ended his work which he had made; and he rested on the seventh day from all his work which he had made. 2:3 And God blessed the seventh day, and sanctified it: because that in it he had rested from all his work which God created and made." (Genesis 2:1-3 KJV)

"20:8 Remember the sabbath day, to keep it holy. 20:9 Six days shalt thou labour, and do all thy work: 20:10 But the seventh day is the sabbath of the LORD thy God: in it thou shalt not do any work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy daughter, thy manservant, nor thy maidservant, nor thy cattle, nor thy stranger that is within thy gates: 20:11 For in six days the LORD made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that in them is, and rested the seventh day: wherefore the LORD blessed the sabbath day, and hallowed it." (Exodus 20:8-11 KJV)

"Come unto Me, all ye that labour and are heavy laden, and I will give you rest"

Many of the Christ's most-famous teachings were delivered during the Sabbath Day. Consider:

Sermon

"11:28 Come unto me, all ye that labour and are heavy laden, and I will give you rest. 11:29 Take my yoke upon you [see The Yoke Of Freedom], and learn of me; for I am meek and lowly in heart: and ye shall find rest unto your souls. 11:30 For my yoke is easy, and my burden is light." (Matthew 11:28-30 KJV)

When did Christ speak those words? Answer: "At that time Jesus went on the sabbath day," right after He stopped for a meal on the way to synagogue (which the Pharisees hypocritically criticized).

"12:1 At that time Jesus went on the sabbath day through the Corn; and his disciples were an hungred, and began to pluck the ears of corn, and to eat. 12:2 But when the Pharisees saw it, they said unto him, Behold, thy disciples do that which is not lawful to do upon the sabbath day [see Did Jesus Break The Law?].

12:3 But he said unto them, Have ye not read what David did, when he was an hungred, and they that were with him; 12:4 How he entered into the house of God, and did eat the showbread, which was not lawful for him to eat, neither for them which were with him, but only for the priests? 12:5 Or have ye not read in the law, how that on the sabbath days the priests in the temple profane the sabbath, and are blameless? 12:6 But I say unto you, That in this place is one greater than the temple. 12:7 But if ye had known what this meaneth, I will have mercy [see Christ's Mercy Seat], and not sacrifice, ye would not have condemned the guiltless. 12:8 For the Son of man is Lord even of the sabbath day." (Matthew 12:1-8 KJV)

From that field, He entered the synagogue - where He taught and miraculously healed people (from which "the Pharisees went out, and held a council against him, how they might destroy him").

"12:9 And when he was departed thence, he went into their synagogue: 12:10 And, behold, there was a man which had his hand withered. And they asked him, saying, Is it lawful to heal on the sabbath days? that they might accuse him.

12:11 And he said unto them, What man shall there be among you, that shall have one sheep, and if it fall into a pit on the sabbath day, will he not lay hold on it, and lift it out?

12:12 How much then is a man better than a sheep? Wherefore it is lawful to do well on the sabbath days. 12:13 Then saith he to the man, Stretch forth thine hand. And he stretched it forth; and it was restored whole, like as the other. 12:14 Then the Pharisees went out, and held a council against him, how they might destroy him [see Firing The Founder]" (Matthew 12:9-14 KJV)

The Messiah's very famous "a prophet is not without honour, but in his own country" was spoken while Christ was observing the Sabbath.

The Disciples

"6:1 And he went out from thence, and came into his own country; and his disciples follow him. 6:2 And when the sabbath day was come, he began to teach in the synagogue: and many hearing him were astonished, saying, From whence hath this man these things? and what wisdom is this which is given unto him, that even such mighty works are wrought by his hands? 6:3 Is not this the carpenter, the son of Mary, the brother of James, and Joses, and of Juda, and Simon? and are not his sisters here with us? [see Mary's Other Children] And they were offended at him.

6:4 But Jesus said unto them, A prophet is not without honour, but in his own country [see The Prophet Of Galilee], and among his own kin, and in his own house. 6:5 And he could there do no mighty work, save that he laid his hands upon a few sick folk, and healed them." (Mark 6:1-5 KJV)

After Satan's famous "temptation of Christ," He taught in the synagogues of Galilee. It was then, while in the synagogue of His hometown, that He was rejected by the people of Nazareth - while fulfilling a prophecy of Isaiah.

"4:14 And Jesus returned in the power of the Spirit into Galilee: and there went out a fame of him through all the region round about. 4:15 And he taught in their synagogues, being glorified of all.

4:16 And he came to Nazareth, where he had been brought up: and, as his custom was, he went into the synagogue on the sabbath day, and stood up for to read. 4:17 And there was delivered unto him the book of the prophet Esaias. And when he had opened the book, he found the place where it was written [see also Translation Of Translations],

4:18 The Spirit of the Lord is upon me, because he hath anointed me to preach the gospel to the poor; he hath sent me to heal the brokenhearted, to preach deliverance to the captives, and recovering of sight to the blind, to set at liberty them that are bruised, 4:19 To preach the acceptable year of the Lord.

4:20 And he closed the book, and he gave it again to the minister, and sat down. And the eyes of all them that were in the synagogue were fastened on him. 4:21 And he began to say unto them, This day is this scripture fulfilled in your ears.

4:22 And all bare him witness, and wondered at the gracious words which proceeded out of his mouth. And they said, Is not this Joseph's son?

4:23 And he said unto them, Ye will surely say unto me this proverb, Physician, heal thyself: whatsoever we have heard done in Capernaum, do also here in thy country.

4:24 And he said, Verily, I say unto you, No prophet is accepted in his own country. 4:25 But I tell you of a truth, many widows were in Israel in the days of Elias, when the heaven was shut up three years and six months, when great famine was throughout all the land; 4:26 But unto none of them was Elias sent, save unto Sarepta, a city of Sidon, unto a woman that was a widow. 4:27 And many lepers were in Israel in the time of Eliseus the prophet; and none of them was cleansed, saving Naaman the Syrian.

4:28 And all they in the synagogue, when they heard these things, were filled with wrath, 4:29 And rose up, and thrust him out of the city, and led him unto the brow of the hill whereon their city was built, that they might cast him down headlong." (Luke 4:14-30 KJV)

The Messiah then left Nazareth and went to live in Capernaum, on the north shore of the Sea of Galilee, where He thereafter observed the Sabbath at the synagogue there.

Seeking The King

"4:30 But he passing through the midst of them went his way,

4:31 And came down to Capernaum, a city of Galilee, and taught them on the sabbath days. 4:32 And they were astonished at his doctrine: for his word was with power.

4:33 And in the synagogue there was a man, which had a spirit of an unclean devil, and cried out with a loud voice, 4:34 Saying, Let us alone; what have we to do with thee, thou Jesus of Nazareth? art thou come to destroy us? I know thee who thou art; the Holy One of God.

4:35 And Jesus rebuked him, saying, Hold thy peace, and come out of him. And when the devil had thrown him in the midst, he came out of him, and hurt him not.

4:36 And they were all amazed, and spake among themselves, saying, What a word is this! for with authority and power he commandeth the unclean spirits, and they come out. 4:37 And the fame of him went out into every place of the country round about." (Luke 4:30-37 KJV)

It was after attending Sabbath services in Capernaum that Jesus made the famous healing of Peter's mother-in-law, at Peter's house, after they left the synagogue.

"4:38 And he arose out of the synagogue, and entered into Simon's house. And Simon's wife's mother was taken with a great fever; and they besought him for her. 4:39 And he stood over her, and rebuked the fever; and it left her: and immediately she arose and ministered unto them.

4:40 Now when the sun was setting, all they that had any sick with divers diseases brought them unto him; and he laid his hands on every one of them, and healed them. 4:41 And devils also came out of many, crying out, and saying, Thou art Christ the Son of God. And he rebuking them suffered them not to speak: for they knew that he was Christ." (Luke 4:38-41 KJV)

Jesus always observed the Sabbath, in perfect obedience to the Fourth Commandment. When He taught, "they were astonished at his doctrine: for he taught them as one that had authority, and not as the scribes." Jesus always observed the true Sabbath because He was always true to the Word of God.

"1:21 And they went into Capernaum; and straightway on the sabbath day he entered into the synagogue, and taught. 1:22 And they were astonished at his doctrine: for he taught them as one that had authority, and not as the scribes. 1:23 And there was in their synagogue a man with an unclean spirit; and he cried out, 1:24 Saying, Let us alone; what have we to do with thee, thou Jesus of Nazareth? art thou come to destroy us? I know thee who thou art, the Holy One of God.

1:25 And Jesus rebuked him, saying, Hold thy peace, and come out of him. 1:26 And when the unclean spirit had torn him, and cried with a loud voice, he came out of him.

1:27 And they were all amazed, insomuch that they questioned among themselves, saying, What thing is this? what new doctrine is this? for with authority commandeth he even the unclean spirits, and they do obey him. 1:28 And immediately his fame spread abroad throughout all the region round about Galilee." (Mark 1:21-28 KJV)

Fact Finder: Why does the Sabbath involve "rest"?
See The Fourth Commandment, Part One: Work


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This Day In History, April 21

753 BC: According to the historian Varro, Romulus founded Rome on this date.

43 BC: Marcus Antonius was defeated by Octavian (see A History Of Jerusalem: Pompey And The Caesars) near Modena, Italy.

1075: Alexander II, (Anselm of Lucca), pope 1061-1073, died. Although elected pope, the German court nominated another man and Alexander was not recognized by the empire until 1064 (see Emperors and Popes).

1509: King Henry VII of England died. His accession to the throne in 1485 ended the Wars of the Roses between the houses of Lancaster and York.

1526: Mongol Emperor Babur annihilated the Indian army of Ibrahim Lodi.

1689: William III and Mary II were crowned joint king and queen of England, Scotland and Ireland.

1809: Napoleon's army fought the Austrians at the Battle of Landshut in Germany.

1828: Noah Webster published the first U.S. dictionary (the first English-language dictionary was published in England around 1600, over 200 years before Webster).

1836: Rebel forces under Sam Houston defeated the Mexican army under Santa Anna at the Battle of San Jacinto, which led to the Texas secession from Mexico.

1898: Two months after the sinking of the battleship Maine, the U.S. began a naval blockade of Cuba. It almost immediately captured a Spanish merchant vessel, the Buenaventura. The beginning of the Spanish-US War.

1918: Manfred von Richthofen, Germany's top fighter ace in the First World War, was killed in action at age 26. Known as the "Red Baron," he shot down 80 (79 British, 1 Belgian) enemy aircraft. While chasing a Canadian fighter plane, which had jammed guns, at a low altitude for 2 miles behind enemy lines, he was killed after being hit with machine gun fire from a second Canadian fighter plane, as well as rifle fire from Australian troops on the ground. The next day, the Red Baron was buried by the Canadians and Australians with full military honors.

1926: Queen Elizabeth II was born in London.

1965: Sir Edward Appleton died at age 73. The British physicist was awarded the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1947 for his discovery of the Appleton Layer (which the scientific community named after him) of the ionosphere, which is a dependable reflector of radio waves.

1989: Tens of thousands of students and workers poured into Peking's Tiananmen Square in defiance of official warnings against anti-government protests.

1997: The cremated ashes of LSD user and "guru" Timothy Leary (who, amazingly, was a psychologist who witnessed the horrendous damage that LSD did to people's minds) and Star Trek creator Gene Roddenberry were launched into space in the world's first "space funeral."





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