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Saturday, June 9 2012

What Did Peter And Paul Say About Each Other?

The apostle Peter had lived the life of a Galilee fisherman. The apostle Paul had lived the life of a Pharisee. When we first read of them together in Jerusalem, Peter was a Christian apostle, while Saul/Paul was as-yet a Christian killer.

The Western Wall Peter:

"2:38 Then Peter said unto them, Repent, and be baptized every one of you in the name of Jesus Christ for the remission of sins, and ye shall receive the gift of the Holy Ghost. 2:39 For the promise is unto you, and to your children, and to all that are afar off, even as many as the Lord our God shall call." (Acts 2:38-39 KJV)

Paul:

"7:59 And they stoned Stephen, calling upon God, and saying, Lord Jesus, receive my spirit. 7:60 And he kneeled down, and cried with a loud voice, Lord, lay not this sin to their charge. And when he had said this, he fell asleep." (Acts 7-59-60)

8:1 And Saul was consenting unto his death. And at that time there was a great persecution against the church which was at Jerusalem." (Acts 8:1 KJV)

Despite their differences however, both Peter and Paul were personally called by the Messiah to be an apostle, each in their own right.

Peter:

"4:17 From that time Jesus began to preach, and to say, Repent: for the kingdom of heaven is at hand.

4:18 And Jesus, walking by the sea of Galilee, saw two brethren, Simon called Peter, and Andrew his brother, casting a net into the sea: for they were fishers. 4:19 And he saith unto them, Follow me, and I will make you fishers of men." (Matthew 4:17-19 KJV)

Paul:

"9:3 And as he journeyed, he came near Damascus: and suddenly there shined round about him a light from heaven: 9:4 And he fell to the earth, and heard a voice saying unto him, Saul, Saul, why persecutest thou me?

9:5 And he said, Who art thou, Lord?

And the Lord said, I am Jesus whom thou persecutest: it is hard for thee to kick against the pricks. 9:6 And he trembling and astonished said, Lord, what wilt thou have me to do? And the Lord said unto him, Arise, and go into the city, and it shall be told thee what thou must do." (Acts 9:3-6 KJV)

What Did Paul Say About Peter?

Peter became a preacher of the Word of God (see What Does Word of God Mean To You?), as did Paul later. As such, both were directly taught "by the revelation of Jesus Christ" - neither of them was subject to the other.

The Pharisee and the Publican

"1:11 But I certify you, brethren, that the gospel which was preached of me is not after man [see The True Gospel Of Christ]. 1:12 For I neither received it of man, neither was I taught it, but by the revelation of Jesus Christ.

1:13 For ye have heard of my conversation in time past in the Jews' religion, how that beyond measure I persecuted the church of God, and wasted it [see The Crossing Of Philip And Saul]: 1:14 And profited in the Jews' religion above many my equals in mine own nation, being more exceedingly zealous of the traditions of my fathers. 1:15 But when it pleased God, who separated me from my mother's womb, and called me by his grace, 1:16 To reveal his Son in me, that I might preach him among the heathen; immediately I conferred not with flesh and blood: 1:17 Neither went I up to Jerusalem to them which were apostles before me; but I went into Arabia, and returned again unto Damascus." (Galatians 1:11-17 KJV)

Paul then explained his first meeting with Peter, in Jerusalem, when both of them were converted followers of the Messiah (they very likely knew each other prior to that time, as attested in the verses above, as enemies).

"1:18 Then after three years I went up to Jerusalem to see Peter, and abode with him fifteen days. 1:19 But other of the apostles saw I none, save James the LORD brother [see The Kinsfolk Of Jesus Of Nazareth]. 1:20 Now the things which I write unto you, behold, before God, I lie not. 1:21 Afterwards I came into the regions of Syria and Cilicia; 1:22 And was unknown by face unto the churches of Judaea which were in Christ: 1:23 But they had heard only, That he which persecuted us in times past now preacheth the faith which once he destroyed. 1:24 And they glorified God in me." (Galatians 1:18-24 KJV)

Paul and Peter never became close on a worldly level; they were however at-one together in Christ.

"2:1 Then fourteen years after I went up again to Jerusalem with Barnabas, and took Titus with me also. 2:2 And I went up by revelation, and communicated unto them that gospel which I preach among the Gentiles [see What Did The Messiah Say About Gentiles?], but privately to them which were of reputation, lest by any means I should run, or had run, in vain. 2:3 But neither Titus, who was with me, being a Greek, was compelled to be circumcised [see Circumcision]: 2:4 And that because of false brethren unawares brought in, who came in privily to spy out our liberty which we have in Christ Jesus, that they might bring us into bondage: 2:5 To whom we gave place by subjection, no, not for an hour; that the truth of the gospel might continue with you." (Galatians 2:1-5 KJV)

Paul and Peter understood that they were not somehow competing, because according to the Messiah's command, "the gospel of the uncircumcision was committed unto me, as the gospel of the circumcision was unto Peter."

Damascus

"2:6 But of these who seemed to be somewhat, (whatsoever they were, it maketh no matter to me: God accepteth no man's person:) for they who seemed to be somewhat in conference added nothing to me: 2:7 But contrariwise, when they saw that the gospel of the uncircumcision was committed unto me, as the gospel of the circumcision was unto Peter; 2:8 (For he that wrought effectually in Peter to the apostleship of the circumcision, the same was mighty in me toward the Gentiles:) 2:9 And when James, Cephas, and John, who seemed to be pillars, perceived the grace that was given unto me, they gave to me and Barnabas the right hands of fellowship; that we should go unto the heathen, and they unto the circumcision [see The True Gospel Of Christ]. 2:10 Only they would that we should remember the poor; the same which I also was forward to do." (Galatians 2:6-10 KJV)

The reality that Paul and Peter were never close, in a worldly way, is attested by challenges that they had. Despite the difference in their background, their personalities were very much the same. They were confrontational with what they viewed as wrong - even when they sensed it in each other (see Who Has A Spirit Of Confrontation?).

"2:11 But when Peter was come to Antioch, I withstood him to the face, because he was to be blamed. 2:12 For before that certain came from James, he did eat with the Gentiles: but when they were come, he withdrew and separated himself, fearing them which were of the circumcision. 2:13 And the other Jews dissembled likewise with him; insomuch that Barnabas also was carried away with their dissimulation.

2:14 But when I saw that they walked not uprightly according to the truth of the gospel, I said unto Peter before them all, If thou, being a Jew, livest after the manner of Gentiles, and not as do the Jews, why compellest thou the Gentiles to live as do the Jews? [see The Joppa Lessons Of Jonah And Peter]

2:15 We who are Jews by nature, and not sinners of the Gentiles, 2:16 Knowing that a man is not justified by the works of the law, but by the faith of Jesus Christ, even we have believed in Jesus Christ, that we might be justified by the faith of Christ, and not by the works of the law: for by the works of the law shall no flesh be justified [see Works Means Obedience and Christ Died For Repentant Sinners; also What Was The Lesson Of John 3:16?].

2:17 But if, while we seek to be justified by Christ, we ourselves also are found sinners, is therefore Christ the minister of sin? God forbid. 2:18 For if I build again the things which I destroyed, I make myself a transgressor. 2:19 For I through the law am dead to the law, that I might live unto God. 2:20 I am crucified with Christ: nevertheless I live; yet not I, but Christ liveth in me: and the life which I now live in the flesh I live by the faith of the Son of God, who loved me, and gave himself for me. 2:21 I do not frustrate the grace of God: for if righteousness come by the law, then Christ is dead in vain." (Galatians 2:11-21 KJV)

What Did Peter Say About Paul?

The tone of Peter's words for Paul is almost identical as that for Paul's words for Peter. Even the context which they spoke of each other (at least as recorded in the Scriptures) was always with a teaching or lesson.

Fishermen On The Sea Of Galilee

"3:1 This second epistle, beloved, I now write unto you; in both which I stir up your pure minds by way of remembrance: 3:2 That ye may be mindful of the words which were spoken before by the holy prophets, and of the commandment of us the apostles of the Lord and Saviour:

3:3 Knowing this first, that there shall come in the last days scoffers, walking after their own lusts, 3:4 And saying, Where is the promise of his coming? for since the fathers fell asleep, all things continue as they were from the beginning of the creation. 3:5 For this they willingly are ignorant of, that by the word of God the heavens were of old, and the earth standing out of the water and in the water: 3:6 Whereby the world that then was, being overflowed with water, perished: 3:7 But the heavens and the earth, which are now, by the same word are kept in store, reserved unto fire against the day of judgment and perdition of ungodly men [see The Church In The End Time and The Church: Mission Accomplished]." (2 Peter 3:1-7 KJV)

Peter's lesson continued:

"3:8 But, beloved, be not ignorant of this one thing, that one day is with the Lord as a thousand years, and a thousand years as one day. 3:9 The Lord is not slack concerning his promise, as some men count slackness; but is longsuffering to us-ward, not willing that any should perish, but that all should come to repentance [see The Church In The Kingdom Of God].

3:10 But the day of the Lord will come as a thief in the night [see Could Christ Return Tonight? and The Two Signs Of Christ's Return]; in the which the heavens shall pass away with a great noise, and the elements shall melt with fervent heat, the earth also and the works that are therein shall be burned up.

3:11 Seeing then that all these things shall be dissolved, what manner of persons ought ye to be in all holy conversation and godliness, 3:12 Looking for and hasting unto the coming of the day of God, wherein the heavens being on fire shall be dissolved, and the elements shall melt with fervent heat [see The Lake Of Fire Into An Ocean Of Fire - When?]? 3:13 Nevertheless we, according to his promise, look for new heavens and a new earth, wherein dwelleth righteousness." (2 Peter 3:8-13 KJV)

Peter then made reference to Paul's agreement with what Peter taught i.e. "speaking in them of these things," as "our beloved brother Paul also according to the wisdom given unto him hath written unto you."

"3:14 Wherefore, beloved, seeing that ye look for such things, be diligent that ye may be found of him in peace, without spot, and blameless. 3:15 And account that the longsuffering of our Lord is salvation; even as our beloved brother Paul also according to the wisdom given unto him hath written unto you; 3:16 As also in all his epistles, speaking in them of these things; in which are some things hard to be understood, which they that are unlearned and unstable wrest, as they do also the other scriptures, unto their own destruction.

3:17 Ye therefore, beloved, seeing ye know these things before, beware lest ye also, being led away with the error of the wicked, fall from your own stedfastness. 3:18 But grow in grace, and in the knowledge of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ. To him be glory both now and for ever. Amen." (2 Peter 3:14-18 KJV)

Fact Finder: What useful purpose did the Pharisees, such as Saul/Paul, serve even while they were unconverted and rejected the Messiah?
See The Passed Over Pharisees


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This Day In History, June 9

411 BC: A coup in Athens formed a short-lived oligarchy (a political system governed by a few people) (see A History Of Jerusalem: Greeks, Ptolemies, Seleucids).

53: Roman Emperor Nero married his stepsister Claudia Octavia, the 13 year old niece of Emperor Tiberius (Tiberius was the emperor at the time of the Crucifixion of Jesus Christ) and the daughter of Emperor Claudius (see A History Of Jerusalem: Pompey And The Caesars) and Whatever Happened To Those Romans?).

62: Roman Emperor Nero had his wife Claudia Octavia executed. She was 22.

68: Roman Emperor Nero committed suicide (see also Did Nero Really Fiddle While Rome Burned?).

1534: By some historical accounts, the French explorer Jacques Cartier and his crew became the first Europeans to sail into the St. Lawrence River.

1549: The Church of England adopted The Book of Common Prayer, compiled by Thomas Cranmer.

1597: Jose de Anchieta died at age 63. The Portuguese Jesuit is considered to be the founder of national literature of Brazil, and is "credited" with helping over 1 million "Indians" (the incorrect term applied to the natives of the continents of North and South America by European explorers who thought that they were in India) to become "Christian" i.e. Roman Catholic.

1732: James Oglethorpe of England received a royal charter to form the colony of Georgia (named after King George II) on the southeast coast of North America.

1800: During Napoleon's Italian campaign, the first Battle of Montebello was fought.

1815: The Congress of Vienna closed with the signing of the Final Act. Among its provisions, Belgium and Luxembourg united with Holland to form the Netherlands, Switzerland was neutral, East Poland ceded to Russia and its western provinces to Prussia.

1898: An agreement was signed under which Hong Kong was leased to Britain from China for a period of 99 years.

1908: King Edward VII of Britain met Czar Nicholas II of Russia on board the royal yacht anchored in the Baltic. It was the first meeting between a czar and a British monarch.

1931: Robert Goddard patented the rocket-fueled aircraft design.

1940: That day was appointed by the British as a national day of Thanksgiving to God for "the miracle of Dunkirk" a week before. Overcast had kept the Luftwaffe grounded, while the normally rough and treacherous English Channel was unusually calm. People who had lived all their lives on its shore said that they had never seen the Channel so tranquil, which enabled all sorts of small civilian craft to take part in the successful evacuation of 338,000 British and allied troops - many of whom survived to return a few years later on the D Day landings at Normandy.

1959: The first submarine to carry nuclear "weapons of mass destruction," the USS George Washington, was launched.

1964: William Maxwell Aitken, Lord Beaverbrook, died at age 85. The Canadian financial baron and statesman was one of only two people (the other was Winston Churchill) to sit in the British cabinet during both World Wars. He was Prime Minister Churchill's minister of aircraft production (Fighters: 14,200 Hurricane, 20,300 Spitfire; Bombers: 11,400 Wellington, 7,300 Lancaster, 6,100 Halifax and 7,700 Mosquito) during the Second World War (listen to our Sermon The European World Wars).

1967: During the Six-Day War, Israel captured the Golan Heights from Syria (see A History Of Jerusalem: War And Peace).

1968: U.S. President Lyndon Johnson declared a national day of mourning after the assassination of Senator Robert Kennedy.

1978: An original Gutenberg Bible, one of only 21 known to exist, sold for $2.4 million in London.

1991: Mount Pinatubo, a Philippine volcano that had been dormant for 600 years, erupted.





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