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Tuesday, July 3 2012
Herbs Of The Garden
The English word "herb" originated from a Latin word, herba, which meant to eat, or to nourish. While many today regard a "herb" as a relatively minor ingredient "used in cookery for its savory qualities," "herb," as in "herbaceous," actually means "any plant with a soft or succulent stem which dies to the root every year, as distinguished from a tree or a shrub" (The Consolidated Webster Encyclopedic Dictionary). As we will read in this study, the Holy Bible uses "herb" both ways.
On the third day of creation, before the creation of animals and humans, "the earth brought forth grass, and herb yielding seed after his kind, and the tree yielding fruit, whose seed was in itself, after his kind" i.e. grass and trees, with all other plant life a "herb."
"1:9 And God said, Let the waters under the heaven be gathered together unto one place, and let the dry land appear: and it was so. 1:10 And God called the dry land Earth; and the gathering together of the waters called he Seas: and God saw that it was good [see also How Did The Flood Happen?].
The first humans were vegetarians: "I have given every green herb for meat" (the original meaning of "meat" was food, in general).
"1:24 And God said, Let the earth bring forth the living creature after his kind, cattle [see also The Herds Of Abraham, Isaac And Jacob], and creeping thing, and beast of the earth after his kind: and it was so. 1:25 And God made the beast of the earth after his kind, and cattle after their kind, and every thing that creepeth upon the earth after his kind: and God saw that it was good.
The second chapter of Genesis is a magnified view of the first chapter's account of the creation of humans - the first of which was created from the ground, and then given to eat the "herbs" that grew out of the same ground i.e. the plants were a means of delivering what "Adam" had been created from ("Adam" originated from the Hebrew word, pronounced aw-dawm, which means man as a species, male and female).
"2:4 These are the generations of the heavens and of the earth when they were created, in the day that the LORD God [see The First Act Of Faith] made the earth and the heavens,
The LORD then instructed the man that he could, along with "herbs," also eat tree fruit, from any tree in the Garden, except a test tree (which may have been of the same species as others that could be used for food). The only kind of tree fruit specifically stated to be in the Garden of Eden was the fig tree.
"2:15 And the LORD God took the man, and put him into the garden of Eden to dress it and to keep it.
Eve was created in a way different from Adam, but of Adam. Eve's "bone of my bones and flesh of my flesh" creation made her, in effect, the first human to have a transplant and a blood transfusion.
"2:21 And the LORD God caused a deep sleep to fall upon Adam, and he slept: and he took one of his ribs, and closed up the flesh instead thereof; 2:22 And the rib, which the LORD God had taken from man, made he a woman, and brought her unto the man [see Brides From Their Sides].
When the first humans chose to become unfaithful to the LORD (see The Church In The Garden), they were put out where they would no longer find their food awaiting them, in trees and herbs that the LORD planted, but they would then have to fight "thorns and thistles" to grow their own "herb of the field."
"3:17 And unto Adam he said, Because thou hast hearkened unto the voice of thy wife, and hast eaten of the tree, of which I commanded thee, saying, Thou shalt not eat of it [see Do You Want A Servant Or A Serpent?]: cursed is the ground for thy sake; in sorrow shalt thou eat of it all the days of thy life; 3:18 Thorns also and thistles shall it bring forth to thee; and thou shalt eat the herb of the field; 3:19 In the sweat of thy face shalt thou eat bread, till thou return unto the ground; for out of it wast thou taken: for dust thou art, and unto dust shalt thou return." (Genesis 3:17-19 KJV)
Humanity continued as vegetarians until after the Flood, when the LORD instructed Noah "every moving thing that liveth shall be meat for you; even as the green herb have I given you all things." That obviously did not include "unclean" animals (e.g. rats, vultures), nor did it mean that their meat was to be eaten raw.
"9:1 And God blessed Noah and his sons, and said unto them, Be fruitful, and multiply, and replenish the earth [see The Voyage To The New World]. 9:2 And the fear of you and the dread of you shall be upon every beast of the earth, and upon every fowl of the air, upon all that moveth upon the earth, and upon all the fishes of the sea; into your hand are they delivered. 9:3 Every moving thing that liveth shall be meat for you; even as the green herb have I given you all things.
Centuries later, at the time of the Exodus, some of the plagues upon the stubborn Pharaoh were directed at his nation's "herbs of the field" and "trees of the field."
"9:25 And the hail smote throughout all the land of Egypt all that was in the field, both man and beast; and the hail smote every herb of the field, and brake every tree of the field.
What the hail missed, or merely knocked to the ground, was consumed by hordes of locusts.
"10:12 And the LORD said unto Moses, Stretch out thine hand over the land of Egypt for the locusts [see Locusts In History And Prophecy], that they may come up upon the land of Egypt, and eat every herb of the land, even all that the hail hath left.
The Passover was observed with "bitter herbs."
"12:1 And the LORD spake unto Moses and Aaron [see also From Moses And Aaron To Joshua and Eleazar] in the land of Egypt, saying,
The Israelites had entered Egypt four centuries earlier to escape a famine (see Why Did They Go To Goshen?). The Nile River and Delta were then, as they still are today (as shown in the photograph) a natural resource that prospered the nation. The LORD promised the Israelites the same in their own land - if they would obey Him there (look at the extensive deserts and wastelands of "Israel" today to see if they have, yet).
"11:8 Therefore shall ye keep all the commandments which I command you this day, that ye may be strong, and go in and possess the land, whither ye go to possess it; 11:9 And that ye may prolong your days in the land, which the LORD sware unto your fathers to give unto them and to their seed, a land that floweth with milk and honey [see The Way To The Land Of Milk And Honey].
Notice the blessing that the LORD promises, and delivers, to those who truly obey Him: "My doctrine shall drop as the rain, my speech shall distil as the dew, as the small rain upon the tender herb, and as the showers upon the grass."
"32:1 Give ear, O ye heavens, and I will speak; and hear, O earth, the words of my mouth. 32:2 My doctrine shall drop as the rain, my speech shall distil as the dew, as the small rain upon the tender herb, and as the showers upon the grass: 32:3 Because I will publish the name of the LORD [see also Did Abraham, Isaac and Jacob Know 'The LORD'?]: ascribe ye greatness unto our God. 32:4 He is the Rock, his work is perfect: for all his ways are judgment: a God of truth and without iniquity, just and right is he." (Deuteronomy 32:1-4 KJV)
The Messiah often used parables and lessons involving agriculture. His "grain of mustard seed" is one of the most well known (it also illustrates the extremes in the meaning of "herb" - the Middle East mustard tree can grow to a height of about 20 feet).
"13:31 Another parable put he forth unto them, saying, The kingdom of heaven [see The Constitution Of The Kingdom Of God] is like to a grain of mustard seed, which a man took, and sowed in his field: 13:32 Which indeed is the least of all seeds: but when it is grown, it is the greatest among herbs, and becometh a tree, so that the birds of the air come and lodge in the branches thereof." (Matthew 13:31-32 KJV)
Jesus Christ fulfilled many of the things that the "first Adam" failed to do, including properly tending to the Garden, that for both of them, was composed of all of humanity.
"15:1 I am the true vine, and my Father is the husbandman. 15:2 Every branch in me that beareth not fruit he taketh away: and every branch that beareth fruit, he purgeth it, that it may bring forth more fruit [see The Manner Of Fruit]. 15:3 Now ye are clean through the word which I have spoken unto you. 15:4 Abide in me, and I in you. As the branch cannot bear fruit of itself, except it abide in the vine; no more can ye, except ye abide in me. 15:5 I am the vine, ye are the branches: He that abideth in me, and I in him, the same bringeth forth much fruit: for without me ye can do nothing. 15:6 If a man abide not in me, he is cast forth as a branch, and is withered; and men gather them, and cast them into the fire, and they are burned. 15:7 If ye abide in me, and my words abide in you, ye shall ask what ye will, and it shall be done unto you. 15:8 Herein is my Father glorified, that ye bear much fruit; so shall ye be my disciples.
Just as happened in the beginning, some came and absconded with what was forbidden to them (see How Did The Messiah's Levite Priesthood Change?).
"11:45 Then answered one of the lawyers, and said unto him, Master, thus saying thou reproachest us also.
Fact Finder: When will the harvest of salvation be completed?
This Day In History, July 3
987: Hugh Capet was crowned King of France, beginning the Capetian dynasty that would rule France until the French Revolution in 1792.
1608: Samuel de Champlain established a settlement at Quebec City, the first in "New France." A few days later, Champlain learned of and thwarted a plot within his own people to end the French fur trading monopoly - to shoot Champlain and hand Quebec to the Basques or Spain.
1754: During the Seven Years War (a European and North American conflict; in North America it is commonly known as the French and Indian War), British forces under George Washington (then a loyal Major in the British Army in Virginia) surrendered Fort Necessity to the French.
1814: During the War of 1812 (1812-14), Fort Erie, Ontario was briefly captured by a U.S. invasion force. It was the last time that foreign troops occupied Canadian territory.
1844: The last known pair of Great Auks were killed.
1886: Karl Benz of Germany introduced the Benz Patent Motorwagen, the first automobile.
1928: In London, John Logie Baird transmitted the world's first color television transmission.
1940: British forces attacked and severely damaged the French fleet at its moorings at Mers-El-Kebir after the French admirals refused to sail it out of Petain's Vichy government control (which was collaborating with their Nazi conquerors). Over 1,300 French sailors were killed in the action.
1962: President Charles de Gaulle of France declared Algeria independent, ending the Algerian War of Independence against France.
1976: Israeli commandos, using 4 Hercules transports and a Boeing 707 command plane, conducted the "Raid on Entebbe" in Idi Amin's Uganda to rescue the hostages (83 of whom were Israelis threatened with death if the Israeli government did not release the 53 Palestinian terrorists it held) aboard an Air France airliner that had been hijacked shortly after takeoff from Athens airport on June 27. The terrorists and a number of Ugandan soldiers were killed; of the 104 captives rescued, 4 were killed. An Israeli officer, Lt. Col. Yonatan Netanyahu (brother of then future Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu) was the only Israeli military casualty.
1979: The U.S. began supplying insurgent forces in Afghanistan with military equipment to fight the Russian invasion of Afghanistan (a few years later, the U.S. found itself fighting those same Afghan defenders after the U.S. invaded Afghanistan).
1987: In France, Klaus Barbie, the Nazi "butcher of Lyon," was jailed for life for wartime crimes against humanity.
1988: The U.S. missile cruiser Vincennes shot down Iran Air Flight 655 over the Persian Gulf just off the coast of Iran, killing all 290 civilian passengers and crew aboard. The captain of the warship claimed that he mistook the unarmed airliner, flying on its authorized flight plan, for a hostile military aircraft.
1996: British Prime Minister John Major announced that The Stone of Scone ("The Stone of Destiny" beneath the seat of the Coronation Chair) would be returned to Scotland. The announcement came on the 700th anniversary of the 400 pound slab of reddish-grey sandstone (of a variety not found in Britain, but which is quite common in the land of Israel) being taken from the Scottish by Edward I in 1296 during the Wars of Independence.
2006: An asteroid passed within 432,308 kilometers / 268,624 miles of Earth (about the distance between the Earth and moon).