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Saturday, July 14 2012

Israel In History and Prophecy: Jacob's Family

Studies in this complete series of Israel In History and Prophecy:
1. Roots and Branches 2. Jacob's Family 3. Moses 4. The Exodus 5. Passover
6. Law Of The LORD 7. The Sinai Journey 8. Joshua 9. The Judges 10. Samuel
11. Saul and David 12. The Civil War 13. Jerusalem 14. Zion 15. King David
16. Solomon 17. The Tabernacle 18. The Temple 19. Israel and Judah 20. The Lost Ten Tribes
21. Kingdom Of Judah 22. Back To Babylon 23. The Prophets 24. Babylon and Persia 25. The Return Of Judah
26. Jews 27. Judaism 28. Purim 29. Hanukkah 30. Hasmonean Judea
31. Roman Judea 32. Herod 33. The Messiah 34. The Zealots 35. Aelia Capitolina
36. Rome and Islam 37. Balfour Declaration 38. Israel Of Judah 39. The New Covenant 40. Alpha and Omega


Isaac and Rebekah

As we've covered in the first study in this series, Abraham is the actual physical ancestor of many nations in the Middle East today - the reason that the LORD (i.e. Jesus Christ; see Who Is The LORD?) changed his name from "Abram" (pronounced in Hebrew as awb-rawm, which means high father) to "Abraham" (pronounced in Hebrew as awb-raw-hawm, which means father of a multitude). It was however from a single line of Abraham that the Messiah, of all people, would be born. Abraham knew that he was the root from which many branches would grow (see Israel In History and Prophecy: Roots and Branches), but that only one branch would bear a Chosen "Firstfruit" that would enable the harvest, of the good fruit (see Christ Died For Repentant Sinners), of all of the branches, in their due season (see The Harvest Prophecies). That Messianic line from Abraham began through Isaac.

Abraham and The Three Angels

"21:1 And the LORD visited Sarah as he had said, and the LORD did unto Sarah as he had spoken [see A Biography Of Abraham: Sarah].

21:2 For Sarah conceived, and bare Abraham a son in his old age, at the set time of which God had spoken to him.

21:3 And Abraham called the name of his son that was born unto him, whom Sarah bare to him, Isaac. 21:4 And Abraham circumcised his son Isaac being eight days old, as God had commanded him [see also Circumcision]. 21:5 And Abraham was an hundred years old, when his son Isaac was born unto him.

21:6 And Sarah said, God hath made me to laugh, so that all that hear will laugh with me. 21:7 And she said, Who would have said unto Abraham, that Sarah should have given children suck? for I have born him a son in his old age." (Genesis 21:1-7 KJV)

After Sarah died of old age, and with his own physical life nearly accomplished (see When And Where Your Eternal Life Will Begin and The Eighth Day: What Does It Mean?), Abraham arranged to find a wife for Isaac from among his own Iraqi people back in Syria (the journey from Ur had been done in two stages; some settled and remained at the approximate half-way point, in Syria, while Abraham continued on to the land of Canaan; see A Biography Of Abraham: From Ur To Canaan).

"24:1 And Abraham was old, and well stricken in age: and the LORD had blessed Abraham in all things.

24:2 And Abraham said unto his eldest servant of his house, that ruled over all that he had, Put, I pray thee, thy hand under my thigh: 24:3 And I will make thee swear by the LORD, the God of heaven, and the God of the earth [see also Are We In Heaven Now?], that thou shalt not take a wife unto my son of the daughters of the Canaanites [see also The Sin Of Canaan; keep in mind however that the first Jews had a Canaanite mother - see Who Were The First Jews?), among whom I dwell: 24:4 But thou shalt go unto my country, and to my kindred, and take a wife unto my son Isaac." (Genesis 24:1-4 KJV)

The journey was a success; Rebekah agreed to return to marry Isaac.

Damascus

"24:55 And her brother and her mother said, Let the damsel abide with us a few days, at the least ten; after that she shall go.

24:56 And he said unto them, Hinder me not, seeing the LORD hath prospered my way [see Who Chose Rebekah?]; send me away that I may go to my master.

24:57 And they said, We will call the damsel, and inquire at her mouth. 24:58 And they called Rebekah, and said unto her, Wilt thou go with this man?

And she said, I will go.

24:59 And they sent away Rebekah their sister, and her nurse, and Abraham's servant, and his men. 24:60 And they blessed Rebekah, and said unto her,

Thou art our sister, be thou the mother of thousands of millions, and let thy seed possess the gate of those which hate them.

24:61 And Rebekah arose, and her damsels, and they rode upon the camels [see also Camel Trains], and followed the man: and the servant took Rebekah, and went his way.

24:62 And Isaac came from the way of the well Lahairoi; for he dwelt in the south country [see The Negev Of Israel]. 24:63 And Isaac went out to meditate in the field at the eventide: and he lifted up his eyes, and saw, and, behold, the camels were coming. 24:64 And Rebekah lifted up her eyes, and when she saw Isaac, she lighted off the camel. 24:65 For she had said unto the servant, What man is this that walketh in the field to meet us?

And the servant had said, It is my master: therefore she took a veil, and covered herself.

24:66 And the servant told Isaac all things that he had done. 24:67 And Isaac brought her into his mother Sarah's tent, and took Rebekah, and she became his wife; and he loved her: and Isaac was comforted after his mother's death." (Genesis 24:55-67 KJV)

Jacob and Esau

Isaac and his wife Rebekah eventually had fraternal (i.e. created "from two separate fertilized ova," therefore different in appearance), definitely not identical (created "from the same fertilized ovum; having the same genetic material," therefore identical in appearance), twin sons - Jacob and Esau, thereby also creating more "other seed" (i.e. other nations) from Abraham, through Esau (all of Genesis chapter 36 is used to list the great number of descendants and nations that originated just from Esau).

Jacob and Esau

"25:19 And these are the generations of Isaac, Abraham's son:

Abraham begat Isaac [see A Biography Of Abraham: Isaac]: 25:20 And Isaac was forty years old when he took Rebekah to wife, the daughter of Bethuel the Syrian of Padanaram, the sister to Laban the Syrian [see The Syrian Marriage Wells].

25:21 And Isaac entreated the LORD [see Who Is The LORD?] for his wife, because she was barren: and the LORD was entreated of him, and Rebekah his wife conceived. 25:22 And the children struggled together within her; and she said, If it be so, why am I thus? And she went to inquire of the LORD.

25:23 And the LORD said unto her, Two nations are in thy womb, and two manner of people shall be separated from thy bowels; and the one people shall be stronger than the other people; and the elder shall serve the younger.

25:24 And when her days to be delivered were fulfilled, behold, there were twins in her womb. 25:25 And the first came out red, all over like an hairy garment; and they called his name Esau. 25:26 And after that came his brother out, and his hand took hold on Esau's heel; and his name was called Jacob: and Isaac was threescore years old when she bare them." (Genesis 25:19-26 KJV)

Although twins, Esau was born before Jacob - an important factor, according to the custom, in which the firstborn son was given more of the father's estate, not merely out of vain favoritism, but as a means of responsibility of continuing, and providing for, the family - which benefited everyone (a principle that applies ultimately to God's firstborn; see Primogeniture and Descent and The Firstborn Of Passover). At the time of their birth, the Messianic line from Abraham and through Isaac would have seemingly continued on through Esau. Jacob however tested his brother's strength and wisdom, and whether Jacob was surprised or not, Esau failed the test - Esau sold his birthright to Jacob.

"25:27 And the boys grew: and Esau was a cunning hunter, a man of the field; and Jacob was a plain man, dwelling in tents. 25:28 And Isaac loved Esau, because he did eat of his venison: but Rebekah loved Jacob.

25:29 And Jacob sod pottage: and Esau came from the field, and he was faint: 25:30 And Esau said to Jacob, Feed me, I pray thee, with that same red pottage [see Pottage]; for I am faint: therefore was his name called Edom.

25:31 And Jacob said, Sell me this day thy birthright.

25:32 And Esau said, Behold, I am at the point to die: and what profit shall this birthright do to me?

25:33 And Jacob said, Swear to me this day; and he sware unto him: and he sold his birthright unto Jacob.

25:34 Then Jacob gave Esau bread and pottage of lentiles; and he did eat and drink, and rose up, and went his way: thus Esau despised his birthright." (Genesis 25:27-34 KJV)

One may have the prosperity of the birthright, but without the father's blessing, it could still be lost - from even a purely natural result of people knowing that the father did not bless his firstborn (and most people therefore refusing to do business with him). At the instigation of his mother Rebekah, Jacob then carried out a scheme to obtain Esau's blessing, along with the property rights of the firstborn that Jacob already had acquired. The result was that Jacob received the blessing that blind Isaac thought that he was giving to Esau: "Let people serve thee, and nations bow down to thee: be lord over thy brethren, and let thy mother's sons bow down to thee: cursed be every one that curseth thee, and blessed be he that blesseth thee."

The Reconciliation Of Jacob and Esau

"27:21 And Isaac said unto Jacob, Come near, I pray thee, that I may feel thee, my son, whether thou be my very son Esau or not.

27:22 And Jacob went near unto Isaac his father; and he felt him, and said, The voice is Jacob's voice, but the hands are the hands of Esau. 27:23 And he discerned him not, because his hands were hairy, as his brother Esau's hands: so he blessed him. 27:24 And he said, Art thou my very son Esau?

And he said, I am.

27:25 And he said, Bring it near to me, and I will eat of my son's venison, that my soul may bless thee.

And he brought it near to him, and he did eat: and he brought him wine, and he drank. 27:26 And his father Isaac said unto him, Come near now, and kiss me, my son.

27:27 And he came near, and kissed him: and he smelled the smell of his raiment, and blessed him, and said, See, the smell of my son is as the smell of a field which the LORD hath blessed: 27:28 Therefore God give thee of the dew of heaven, and the fatness of the earth, and plenty of corn and wine:

27:29 Let people serve thee, and nations bow down to thee: be lord over thy brethren, and let thy mother's sons bow down to thee: cursed be every one that curseth thee, and blessed be he that blesseth thee." (Genesis 27:21-29 KJV)

When he discovered that he had been bested, again, Esau responded with rage. He told others that he was going to kill Jacob, as soon as their elderly father had died. When Rebekah heard of it, she urged Jacob to flee to her home town in Syria and stay with her brother Laban for "a few days" until Esau's anger had subsided (the family had a serious problem with favoritism: "25:28 And Isaac loved Esau, because he did eat of his venison: but Rebekah loved Jacob" Genesis 25:28 KJV). How long it took for Esau to recover from his murderous Cain-like state of mind is not recorded (although he eventually did, after the LORD prospered him even more than Jacob; see The First Meeting Of Israel And Esau and all of Genesis chapter 36), but Jacob, due to work and business agreements with Laban, stayed in Syria for over twenty years anyway.

"27:41 And Esau hated Jacob because of the blessing wherewith his father blessed him: and Esau said in his heart, The days of mourning for my father are at hand; then will I slay my brother Jacob.

27:42 And these words of Esau her elder son were told to Rebekah: and she sent and called Jacob her younger son, and said unto him, Behold, thy brother Esau, as touching thee, doth comfort himself, purposing to kill thee. 27:43 Now therefore, my son, obey my voice; and arise, flee thou to Laban my brother to Haran; 27:44 And tarry with him a few days, until thy brother's fury turn away; 27:45 Until thy brother's anger turn away from thee, and he forget that which thou hast done to him: then I will send, and fetch thee from thence: why should I be deprived also of you both in one day?" (Genesis 27:41-45 KJV)

"Thy name shall be called no more Jacob, but Israel"

It was during the two decades that Jacob was in Syria that eleven of Jacob's twelve sons, and his only recorded daughter, Dinah, were born (see Mothers Of Israel). Over that time, Jacob had managed to prosper himself greatly, most at the expense of his uncle Laban (see The House Of Laban The Syrian). Sensing the growing hostility and resentment toward him from his uncle and cousins, "Jacob rose up, and set his sons and his wives upon camels; And he carried away all his cattle, and all his goods which he had gotten, the cattle of his getting, which he had gotten in Padanaram, for to go to Isaac his father in the land of Canaan."

The Jabbok River

"31:1 And he heard the words of Laban's sons, saying, Jacob hath taken away all that was our father's [see Jacob's Ringstreaked, Speckled And Spotted]; and of that which was our father's hath he gotten all this glory. 31:2 And Jacob beheld the countenance of Laban, and, behold, it was not toward him as before." (Genesis 31:1-2 KJV)

"31:17 Then Jacob rose up, and set his sons and his wives upon camels [see Camel Trains]; 31:18 And he carried away all his cattle [see The Herds Of Abraham, Isaac And Jacob], and all his goods which he had gotten, the cattle of his getting, which he had gotten in Padanaram, for to go to Isaac his father in the land of Canaan." (Genesis 31:17-18 KJV)

It was during Jacob's return journey from Syria to Canaan that the LORD renamed him as "Israel." It occurred in the area east of the Jordan River (shown in the photograph; see Where Jacob Became Israel), in what is today the Kingdom of Jordan (although centuries later, that trans-Jordan area was held by two and a half of the tribes of Israel; see Why East And West Manasseh?). It was "the LORD God," Jesus Christ (see Who Is The LORD?), Who renamed Jacob as "Israel."

"32:22 And he rose up that night, and took his two wives, and his two womenservants, and his eleven sons, and passed over the ford Jabbok. 32:23 And he took them, and sent them over the brook, and sent over that he had. 32:24 And Jacob was left alone; and there wrestled a man with him until the breaking of the day. 32:25 And when he saw that he prevailed not against him, he touched the hollow of his thigh; and the hollow of Jacob's thigh was out of joint, as he wrestled with him. 32:26 And he said, Let me go, for the day breaketh.

And he said, I will not let thee go, except thou bless me.

32:27 And he said unto him, What is thy name?

And he said, Jacob.

32:28 And he said, Thy name shall be called no more Jacob, but Israel: for as a prince hast thou power with God and with men, and hast prevailed.

32:29 And Jacob asked him, and said, Tell me, I pray thee, thy name.

And he said, Wherefore is it that thou dost ask after my name? And he blessed him there.

32:30 And Jacob called the name of the place Peniel: for I have seen God face to face, and my life is preserved.

32:31 And as he passed over Penuel the sun rose upon him, and he halted upon his thigh." (Genesis 32:22-31 KJV)

Israel In "The Land Of Canaan" and "The Land of Ham"

Jacob / Israel's return to the land of Canaan began with a tragedy; Rachel died giving birth to the only Israelite patriarch that was actually born in what became the land of Israel - Benjamin (the eleven other sons of Jacob were born in Syria, from which he had just returned, and Ephraim and Manasseh were born in Egypt of an Egyptian mother). Rachel was buried near Bethlehem where her tomb remains a major historic landmark (see The Rachel Prophecies).

Rachel's Tomb

"35:16 And they journeyed from Bethel; and there was but a little way to come to Ephrath: and Rachel travailed, and she had hard labour.

35:17 And it came to pass, when she was in hard labour, that the midwife said unto her, Fear not; thou shalt have this son also. 35:18 And it came to pass, as her soul was in departing, (for she died) that she called his name Benoni: but his father called him Benjamin.

35:19 And Rachel died, and was buried in the way to Ephrath, which is Bethlehem [see Bethlehem In History And Prophecy].

35:20 And Jacob set a pillar upon her grave: that is the pillar of Rachel's grave unto this day." (Genesis 35:16-20 KJV)

Jacob then returned to the area of Hebron. Not long afterward, Isaac died. Notice that Jacob and Esau had indeed made peace at their father's funeral (i.e. Esau's threat was that he was going to kill Jacob as soon as their father died - although it took over 20 years longer than Esau had thought that it would), but "his sons Esau and Jacob buried him" without conflict.

"35:27 And Jacob came unto Isaac his father unto Mamre, unto the city of Arbah, which is Hebron, where Abraham and Isaac sojourned [see A Biography Of Abraham: Mamre in Hebron]. 35:28 And the days of Isaac were an hundred and fourscore years. 35:29 And Isaac gave up the ghost, and died, and was gathered unto his people, being old and full of days: and his sons Esau and Jacob buried him." (Genesis 35:27-29 KJV)

Like his grandfather Abraham and father Isaac, "Jacob dwelt in the land," not as the founder or leader of a country named "Israel," but as "a stranger, in the land of Canaan."

The Hills of Judea

"37:1 And Jacob dwelt in the land wherein his father was a stranger, in the land of Canaan." (Genesis 37:1 KJV)

Abraham, Isaac and Jacob looked forward to the Kingdom of God. They all "were strangers and pilgrims on the earth" who looked to the future for "a country."

"11:8 By faith Abraham, when he was called to go out into a place which he should after receive for an inheritance, obeyed; and he went out, not knowing whither he went [see A Biography Of Abraham: From Ur To Canaan].

11:9 By faith he sojourned in the land of promise, as in a strange country, dwelling in tabernacles with Isaac and Jacob, the heirs with him of the same promise: 11:10 For he looked for a city which hath foundations, whose builder and maker is God [see The Constitution Of The Kingdom Of God].

11:11 Through faith also Sara [see A Biography Of Abraham: Sarah] herself received strength to conceive seed, and was delivered of a child when she was past age, because she judged him faithful who had promised. 11:12 Therefore sprang there even of one, and him as good as dead, so many as the stars of the sky in multitude, and as the sand which is by the sea shore innumerable.

11:13 These all died in faith, not having received the promises, but having seen them afar off [see Lessons Of Perseverance And Faith], and were persuaded of them, and embraced them, and confessed that they were strangers and pilgrims on the earth. 11:14 For they that say such things declare plainly that they seek a country." (Hebrews 11:8-14 KJV)

When a severe drought and famine struck the land of Canaan, Jacob and his family went to live in Egypt, which is within "the land of Ham" (see The Family Of Ham). Jacob lived his entire life in the land of Canaan (where he was born), then in Syria, then back in the land of Canaan, and the remainder in Egypt, in the land of Ham, where he died.

"105:23 Israel also came into Egypt; and Jacob sojourned in the land of Ham." (Psalm 105:23 KJV)

Jacob never knew of "Israel" as a country (as stated in the verses above, after his return from Syria, he lived "in the land of Canaan" and then "in the land of Ham"). From the day that the LORD renamed him, to the day that Jacob/Israel died as a refugee in Egypt (after living there about seventeen years; Why Did They Go To Goshen?), the only "Israel" that Jacob knew was himself. According to custom, Israel's children were known as "Israelites" (if the LORD hadn't changed Jacob's name to Israel, his children and descendants would have been known as Jacobites).

Egypt

"46:1 And Israel took his journey with all that he had, and came to Beersheba, and offered sacrifices unto the God of his father Isaac.

46:2 And God spake unto Israel in the visions of the night, and said, Jacob, Jacob.

And he said, Here am I.

46:3 And he said, I am God, the God of thy father: fear not to go down into Egypt; for I will there make of thee a great nation [see Why Were The Israelites Made Slaves In Egypt?]: 46:4 I will go down with thee into Egypt; and I will also surely bring thee up again [see Why Did They Go To Goshen?]: and Joseph shall put his hand upon thine eyes.

46:5 And Jacob rose up from Beersheba: and the sons of Israel carried Jacob their father, and their little ones, and their wives, in the wagons which Pharaoh had sent to carry him. 46:6 And they took their cattle, and their goods, which they had gotten in the land of Canaan, and came into Egypt, Jacob, and all his seed with him: 46:7 His sons, and his sons' sons with him, his daughters, and his sons' daughters, and all his seed brought he with him into Egypt." (Genesis 46:1-7 KJV)

"Israel" at the time that Jacob lived was not a country, it was not a people, it was a man with a family of seventy people.

"46:26 All the souls [see What Does The Bible Really Say About Your Soul?] that came with Jacob into Egypt, which came out of his loins, besides Jacob's sons' wives, all the souls were threescore and six;

46:27 And the sons of Joseph, which were born him in Egypt [see Jacob's Blessing Of Ephraim And Manasseh], were two souls: all the souls of the house of Jacob, which came into Egypt, were threescore and ten." (Genesis 46:26-27 KJV) "1:1 Now these are the names of the children of Israel, which came into Egypt; every man and his household came with Jacob.

1:2 Reuben, Simeon, Levi [see The Origin Of The Levite Priesthood], and Judah [see Who Were The First Jews?], 1:3 Issachar, Zebulun, and Benjamin, 1:4 Dan, and Naphtali, Gad, and Asher.

1:5 And all the souls that came out of the loins of Jacob were seventy souls: for Joseph was in Egypt already." (Exodus 1:1-5 KJV)

Jacob / Israel lived in Egypt for about seventeen years before died. When he realized that his journey was ending, he conducted the customary family blessing - without any misrepresentation, as happened when Jacob's father Isaac had blessed him.

In Jacob / Israel's blessing is the first specific mention of the Messiah ("and unto him shall the gathering of the people be," verse 10 below) to be born of Judah's descendants. It couldn't have been specifically stated much sooner than that because Judah, and his children, the "Jews," had just come into existence. Keep in mind that Judah had only two children and two grandchildren (as listed in Genesis 46:12) at that time - the first four descendants of Judah, or in abbreviation of the name, "Jews" (see Who Were The First Jews?)

Egypt

"49:1 And Jacob called unto his sons, and said, Gather yourselves together, that I may tell you that which shall befall you in the last days. 49:2 Gather yourselves together, and hear, ye sons of Jacob; and hearken unto Israel your father.

49:3 Reuben, thou art my firstborn, my might, and the beginning of my strength, the excellency of dignity, and the excellency of power: 49:4 Unstable as water, thou shalt not excel; because thou wentest up to thy father's bed; then defiledst thou it: he went up to my couch.

49:5 Simeon and Levi [see The Origin Of The Levite Priesthood and How Did The Messiah's Levite Priesthood Change?] are brethren; instruments of cruelty are in their habitations. 49:6 O my soul, come not thou into their secret; unto their assembly, mine honour, be not thou united: for in their anger they slew a man, and in their selfwill they digged down a wall. 49:7 Cursed be their anger, for it was fierce; and their wrath, for it was cruel: I will divide them in Jacob, and scatter them in Israel.

49:8 Judah, thou art he whom thy brethren shall praise: thy hand shall be in the neck of thine enemies; thy father's children shall bow down before thee. 49:9 Judah is a lion's whelp: from the prey, my son, thou art gone up: he stooped down, he couched as a lion, and as an old lion; who shall rouse him up? 49:10 The sceptre shall not depart from Judah, nor a lawgiver from between his feet, until Shiloh come; and unto him shall the gathering of the people be. 49:11 Binding his foal unto the vine, and his ass's colt unto the choice vine; he washed his garments in wine, and his clothes in the blood of grapes: 49:12 His eyes shall be red with wine, and his teeth white with milk.

49:13 Zebulun shall dwell at the haven of the sea; and he shall be for an haven of ships; and his border shall be unto Zidon.

49:14 Issachar is a strong ass couching down between two burdens: 49:15 And he saw that rest was good, and the land that it was pleasant; and bowed his shoulder to bear, and became a servant unto tribute.

49:16 Dan shall judge his people, as one of the tribes of Israel. 49:17 Dan shall be a serpent by the way [see also Dan's Galilee Panhandle], an adder in the path, that biteth the horse heels, so that his rider shall fall backward. 49:18 I have waited for thy salvation, O LORD.

49:19 Gad, a troop shall overcome him: but he shall overcome at the last.

49:20 Out of Asher his bread shall be fat, and he shall yield royal dainties.

49:21 Naphtali is a hind let loose: he giveth goodly words.

49:22 Joseph [see Joseph, Prime Minister Of Egypt and Jacob's Blessing Of Ephraim And Manasseh] is a fruitful bough, even a fruitful bough by a well; whose branches run over the wall: 49:23 The archers have sorely grieved him, and shot at him, and hated him: 49:24 But his bow abode in strength, and the arms of his hands were made strong by the hands of the mighty God of Jacob; (from thence is the shepherd, the stone of Israel:) 49:25 Even by the God of thy father, who shall help thee; and by the Almighty, who shall bless thee with blessings of heaven above, blessings of the deep that lieth under, blessings of the breasts, and of the womb: 49:26 The blessings of thy father have prevailed above the blessings of my progenitors unto the utmost bound of the everlasting hills: they shall be on the head of Joseph, and on the crown of the head of him that was separate from his brethren.

49:27 Benjamin shall ravin as a wolf: in the morning he shall devour the prey, and at night he shall divide the spoil.

49:28 All these are the twelve tribes of Israel: and this is it that their father spake unto them, and blessed them; every one according to his blessing he blessed them." (Genesis 49:1-28 KJV)

Jacob / Israel then gave instructions for his funeral, to be done at the family tomb in Hebron where Abraham and Isaac were already buried.

Hebron

"49:29 And he charged them, and said unto them, I am to be gathered unto my people: bury me with my fathers in the cave that is in the field of Ephron the Hittite, 49:30 In the cave that is in the field of Machpelah, which is before Mamre, in the land of Canaan, which Abraham bought with the field of Ephron the Hittite for a possession of a buryingplace. 49:31 There they buried Abraham and Sarah his wife; there they buried Isaac and Rebekah his wife; and there I buried Leah. 49:32 The purchase of the field and of the cave that is therein was from the children of Heth.

49:33 And when Jacob had made an end of commanding his sons, he gathered up his feet into the bed, and yielded up the ghost [see Giving Up The Ghost and What Does The Bible Really Say About Your Soul?], and was gathered unto his people." (Genesis 49:29-33 KJV)

The magnificent funeral procession from Egypt to the land of Canaan was due to the great political status of Jacob's son Joseph, who was the Prime Minister of Egypt, second only to the Pharaoh, not to Jacob / Israel, who was, in contrast, just a foreign man with a large family being taken from the country where he died to "the land of Canaan."

"50:6 And Pharaoh said, Go up, and bury thy father, according as he made thee swear.

50:7 And Joseph went up to bury his father: and with him went up all the servants of Pharaoh, the elders of his house, and all the elders of the land of Egypt [see also What Did The Elders Of Israel Do?], 50:8 And all the house of Joseph, and his brethren, and his father's house: only their little ones, and their flocks, and their herds, they left in the land of Goshen.

50:9 And there went up with him both chariots and horsemen: and it was a very great company." (Genesis 50:6-9 KJV)

So Israel's journey was completed: "his sons carried him into the land of Canaan, and buried him in the cave of the field of Machpelah, which Abraham bought with the field for a possession of a buryingplace of Ephron the Hittite, before Mamre."

"50:12 And his sons did unto him according as he commanded them: 50:13 For his sons carried him into the land of Canaan, and buried him in the cave of the field of Machpelah, which Abraham bought with the field for a possession of a buryingplace of Ephron the Hittite, before Mamre. 50:14 And Joseph returned into Egypt, he, and his brethren, and all that went up with him to bury his father, after he had buried his father." (Genesis 50:12-14 KJV)

Fact Finder: How did the Messiah's ancestral line survive the later division of Israel into "Israel" and "Judah"?
See Where Is The Messiah's Royal Line?


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This Day In History, July 16

622: The beginning of the Islamic calendar.

1048: Benedict IX, known as the "Boy Pope," resigned from the Papacy.

1054: The "Great Schism" began between the Western and Eastern churches over rival claims of universal pre-eminence. In 1965, 911 years later, Pope Paul VI and Patriarch Athenagoras met to declare an end to the schism.

1212: The Battle of Las Navas de Tolosa ended Muslim power in Spain.

1377: The coronation of Richard II of England.

1661: The first bank notes in Europe were issued, by the Bank of Stockholm.

1774: Russia and the Ottoman Empire (listen to our Sermon The Ottoman Empire) signed the treaty of Kuchuk-Kainardji, ending their six-year war.

1917: The Bolsheviks began an attempt to seize power in Petrograd but were defeated. Trotsky was arrested and Lenin went into hiding.

1918: Nicholas II, the last Russian czar (the Russian form of "Caesar"), was murdered together with his family and entourage by the Bolsheviks at Yekaterinburg.

1940: Adolf Hitler ordered the preparations for the invasion of Britain. The invasion plans were later cancelled after the Royal Air Force won the "Battle of Britain" air war.

1942: Nearly 14,000 Jews were arrested in Paris as part of a Nazi roundup of the Jewish people in France.

1945: The U.S. detonated the first atomic bomb, a plutonium weapon named "Trinity," in the New Mexico desert.

1965: The seven-mile tunnel through Mont Blanc connecting France and Italy was opened.

1969: Apollo 11 was launched. It made the first manned moon landing a few days later.

1979: Saddam Hussein became the President of Iraq, succeeding President Hasan al-Bakr.

1994: The fragmented Comet Shoemaker-Levy 9 began 7 days of impacts on Jupiter.

1999: John F. Kennedy Jr., 38, his wife Carolyn Bessette Kennedy, 33, and his wife's sister Lauren Bessette, 35, were killed in a plane crash in the waters off Massachusetts. Investigators found that the relatively inexperienced pilot, John Kennedy, who did not have an instrument rating, may have become disoriented in the darkness, over water (when and where the horizon is much more difficult to see) and put the small plane into a stall or spin from which he was unable to recover before crashing into the ocean.


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