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Thursday, July 19 2012
Israel In History and Prophecy: Passover
Abraham's Understanding Of Passover
It is important to understand that the Passover, which symbolized the Sacrifice of the Messiah, and the Exodus, which symbolized the coming out of an old life by repenting and living according to God's Way (as further portrayed by the Days of Passover, or Days of Unleavened Bread - see the Fact Finder question below, and the next study in this series) were not haphazard or reactionary events. They were planned and prophesied by the LORD (Who was and is Jesus Christ; see Who Is The LORD?), long before they happened.
Abraham would not have been at all surprised by the Exodus of the Messianic line from Egypt (while his other descendants lived there, and in the Sinai e.g. Zipporah, the wife of Moses, was a Midianite - a line from Abraham's wife Keturah; see Israel In History and Prophecy: Roots and Branches and Abraham's Seed: From The Nile To The Euphrates). The LORD told him that it was going to happen, centuries earlier - before Jacob, who the LORD renamed as "Israel," was even born.
"15:13 And he said unto Abram, Know of a surety that thy seed shall be a stranger in a land that is not theirs [again, see Abraham's Seed: From The Nile To The Euphrates], and shall serve them; and they shall afflict them four hundred years; 15:14 And also that nation, whom they shall serve, will I judge: and afterward shall they come out with great substance." (Genesis 15:13-14 KJV)
Abraham well understood the purpose of symbolic sacrifices, and it was his knowledge of the coming resurrection, and his faith in the Word of the LORD about it, that he was able to endure the ordeal of sacrificing His own beloved son - just as God the Father did, with the knowledge of the same resurrection.
"11:17 By faith Abraham, when he was tried, offered up Isaac: and he that had received the promises offered up his only begotten son [see Israel In History and Prophecy: Roots and Branches]. 11:18 Of whom it was said, That in Isaac shall thy seed be called [see A Biography Of Abraham: Isaac]:
Abraham is famous as a great man of faith, but Abraham's faith was not idle (or idol) or vain. Abraham was declared a man of faith because he lived a life of active obedience (see Works Means Obedience).
"11:8 By faith Abraham, when he was called to go out into a place which he should after receive for an inheritance, obeyed; and he went out, not knowing whither he went [see A Biography Of Abraham: From Ur To Canaan].
Abraham knew Jesus Christ.
"8:56 Your father Abraham rejoiced to see my day: and he saw it, and was glad.
Abraham's famous meeting with Melchizadek (see A History Of Jerusalem: Melchizedek's Salem) is one of the least understood in Bible history, despite the fact that the Scriptures explain, in detail, who Melchizadek was, and how He was, paradoxically, both the origin and the fulfillment of Abraham's preparation for, and prophecy about, Him e.g. "Melchisedec, king of Salem, priest of the most high God" was the High Priest of Jerusalem prior to the creation of the Levitical High Priest, from a descendant of Abraham - the purpose of whom was to portray Christ!
"7:1 For this Melchisedec, king of Salem, priest of the most high God, who met Abraham returning from the slaughter of the kings, and blessed him; 7:2 To whom also Abraham gave a tenth part of all; first being by interpretation King of righteousness, and after that also King of Salem, which is, King of peace [see A History Of Jerusalem: War And Peace]; 7:3 Without father, without mother, without descent, having neither beginning of days, nor end of life; but made like unto the Son of God; abideth a priest continually.
Both Abraham and Moses personally knew Jesus Christ, not as a human who allowed Himself to be blasphemously rejected and savagely killed, but as the LORD God, the Messiah, Who would serve as the High Priest of humanity - for those who repent and obey Him (see Christ Died For Repentant Sinners).
"10:1 Moreover, brethren, I would not that ye should be ignorant, how that all our fathers were under the cloud, and all passed through the sea [see Christ's Crossing Of The Sea]; 10:2 And were all baptized unto Moses in the cloud and in the sea; 10:3 And did all eat the same spiritual meat; 10:4 And did all drink the same spiritual drink: for they drank of that spiritual Rock that followed them: and that Rock was Christ [see Who Is The LORD?].
"It Is The LORD's Passover"
Many Christian-professing people read the "Old Testament" with the view that it is merely "Jewish," or that obedience to God is somehow "done away," but "the LORD God" was and is Jesus Christ. Right from the very first Passover in Egypt, "it is the LORD's Passover" (verse 11 below). It is, and always has been Christian, because it is and always has been about Jesus Christ.
"12:1 And the LORD spake unto Moses and Aaron in the land of Egypt, saying,
It was Jesus Christ Who declared "I will pass through the land of Egypt this night, and will smite all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, both man and beast; and against all the gods of Egypt I will execute judgment: I am the LORD."
"12:12 For I will pass through the land of Egypt this night, and will smite all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, both man and beast; and against all the gods of Egypt I will execute judgment: I am the LORD.
The "coming out" of the old life is a vital part of Passover (see the Fact Finder question below for the meaning and significance of "unleavened bread" to true Christians).
"12:17 And ye shall observe the feast of unleavened bread; for in this selfsame day have I brought your armies out of the land of Egypt: therefore shall ye observe this day in your generations by an ordinance for ever. 12:18 In the first month, on the fourteenth day of the month at even, ye shall eat unleavened bread, until the one and twentieth day of the month at even.
The "elders" of Israel sacrificed the Passover lambs for the first Passover because there was yet no Levitical High Priest (see What Did The Elders Of Israel Do? and The Origin Of The Levite Priesthood). They nevertheless were being instructed by Jesus Christ, the ultimate High Priest and Lamb of God. Israel's history and prophecy is about Jesus Christ.
"12:21 Then Moses called for all the elders of Israel, and said unto them, Draw out and take you a lamb according to your families, and kill the passover.
So came the death of the firstborn - who will be resurrected in the yet-future and be given their opportunity to partake in the Sacrifice of the actual Lamb of God (see The Eighth Day: What Does It Mean?).
"12:29 And it came to pass, that at midnight the LORD smote all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, from the firstborn of Pharaoh that sat on his throne unto the firstborn of the captive that was in the dungeon; and all the firstborn of cattle. 12:30 And Pharaoh rose up in the night, he, and all his servants, and all the Egyptians; and there was a great cry in Egypt; for there was not a house where there was not one dead." (Exodus 12:29-30 KJV)
This Day In History, July 19
484: Leontius, a usurper, was crowned Eastern Roman emperor at Tarsus (today in Turkey; Tarsus is known in the Bible as the birthplace of the apostle Paul). Leontius was recognized in Antioch and made it his capital (see A History Of Jerusalem: Pompey And The Caesars; also Whatever Happened To Those Romans?).
711: The Battle of Guadalete during the Umayyad conquest of Hispania. Umayyad forces under Tariq ibn Ziyad defeated the Visigoths led by King Roderic.
1333: During the Wars of Scottish Independence, the English won a decisive victory over the Scots at the Battle of Halidon Hill.
1525: The Catholic princes of Germany formed the Dessau League to fight against the Reformation.
1533: The first reported autopsy in the New World was performed in Santo Domingo on the island of Hispaniola. Its purpose was religious - to determine whether a set of Siamese twins had one "soul" or two, so that the priest would know how many postmortem baptisms to perform. Two "souls" were found, and two baptisms were performed (see What Does The Bible Really Say About Your Soul? and Why Isn't Infant Baptism Valid?).
1544: The first Siege of Boulogne began during the Italian War of 1542.
1545: The Tudor warship Mary Rose sank off Portsmouth, England. In 1982 the wreck was salvaged by archaeologists.
1553: Lady Jane Grey was deposed after only nine days; Mary Tudor was proclaimed Queen of England.
1588: The Spanish Armada was first sighted, off Cornwall. In Spanish "Armada Invencible," it had been sent by Philip II of Spain to assist in an invasion of Britain by Spanish army troops from the Netherlands to force the British back under Roman Catholic rule. The Spanish fleet consisted of 130 ships with about 8,000 sailors and 19,000 infantry and marines. The English navy, with battle commanders such as Francis Drake, John Hawkins and Martin Frobisher, obliterated it.
1692: 5 Massachusetts women were hanged for witchcraft. 15 young girls in Salem accused 150 citizens in the area with witchcraft during that year.
1701: Representatives of the Iroquois Confederacy signed the Nanfan Treaty; it ceded a large territory north of the Ohio River to England.
1799: The Rosetta Stone, a tablet with hieroglyphic translations into Greek, was found in Egypt.
1870: France declared war on Prussia, beginning the Franco-Prussian war.
1877: The first Wimbledon tennis final was played.
1941: Winston Churchill introduced his "V for Victory" campaign which rapidly spread through Europe. The BBC took the first four notes of Beethoven's Fifth Symphony, which matched the dot-dot-dot-dash Morse code for the letter V, and played it before news bulletins (see also A History Of Jerusalem: The British Mandate, A History Of Jerusalem: Zionism and A History Of Jerusalem: War And Peace).
1942: During the Second World War, German U-boats ("underwater boats" i.e. attack submarines) were withdrawn from positions off the eastern coast of North America due to highly effective U.S. and Canadian anti-submarine countermeasures.
1979: Sandinista rebels overthrew the U.S.-sponsored dictator regime of the Somoza family in Nicaragua.
1980: The 22nd Olympics opened in Moscow with more than 45 nations boycotting the games in protest against the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan.
1985: Christa McAuliffe was chosen as the first schoolteacher to fly in the space shuttle. She was later killed along with the other astronauts in a failed launch of the Challenger.
1997 During "The Troubles," the Provisional Irish Republican Army terrorist organization resumed a ceasefire to end their 25-year campaign of bombings, shootings and assassinations against the democratically elected British government in Northern Ireland.