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Thursday, July 19 2012

Israel In History and Prophecy: Passover

Studies in this complete series of Israel In History and Prophecy:
1. Roots and Branches 2. Jacob's Family 3. Moses 4. The Exodus 5. Passover
6. Law Of The LORD 7. The Sinai Journey 8. Joshua 9. The Judges 10. Samuel
11. Saul and David 12. The Civil War 13. Jerusalem 14. Zion 15. King David
16. Solomon 17. The Tabernacle 18. The Temple 19. Israel and Judah 20. The Lost Ten Tribes
21. Kingdom Of Judah 22. Back To Babylon 23. The Prophets 24. Babylon and Persia 25. The Return Of Judah
26. Jews 27. Judaism 28. Purim 29. Hanukkah 30. Hasmonean Judea
31. Roman Judea 32. Herod 33. The Messiah 34. The Zealots 35. Aelia Capitolina
36. Rome and Islam 37. Balfour Declaration 38. Israel Of Judah 39. The New Covenant 40. Alpha and Omega

Abraham's Understanding Of Passover

It is important to understand that the Passover, which symbolized the Sacrifice of the Messiah, and the Exodus, which symbolized the coming out of an old life by repenting and living according to God's Way (as further portrayed by the Days of Passover, or Days of Unleavened Bread - see the Fact Finder question below, and the next study in this series) were not haphazard or reactionary events. They were planned and prophesied by the LORD (Who was and is Jesus Christ; see Who Is The LORD?), long before they happened.

Abraham would not have been at all surprised by the Exodus of the Messianic line from Egypt (while his other descendants lived there, and in the Sinai e.g. Zipporah, the wife of Moses, was a Midianite - a line from Abraham's wife Keturah; see Israel In History and Prophecy: Roots and Branches and Abraham's Seed: From The Nile To The Euphrates). The LORD told him that it was going to happen, centuries earlier - before Jacob, who the LORD renamed as "Israel," was even born.

Abraham and Isaac

"15:13 And he said unto Abram, Know of a surety that thy seed shall be a stranger in a land that is not theirs [again, see Abraham's Seed: From The Nile To The Euphrates], and shall serve them; and they shall afflict them four hundred years; 15:14 And also that nation, whom they shall serve, will I judge: and afterward shall they come out with great substance." (Genesis 15:13-14 KJV)

Abraham well understood the purpose of symbolic sacrifices, and it was his knowledge of the coming resurrection, and his faith in the Word of the LORD about it, that he was able to endure the ordeal of sacrificing His own beloved son - just as God the Father did, with the knowledge of the same resurrection.

"11:17 By faith Abraham, when he was tried, offered up Isaac: and he that had received the promises offered up his only begotten son [see Israel In History and Prophecy: Roots and Branches]. 11:18 Of whom it was said, That in Isaac shall thy seed be called [see A Biography Of Abraham: Isaac]:

11:19 Accounting that God was able to raise him up, even from the dead [see What Does The Bible Really Say About Your Soul? and The Harvest Prophecies]; from whence also he received him in a figure." (Hebrews 11:17-19 KJV)

Abraham is famous as a great man of faith, but Abraham's faith was not idle (or idol) or vain. Abraham was declared a man of faith because he lived a life of active obedience (see Works Means Obedience).

"11:8 By faith Abraham, when he was called to go out into a place which he should after receive for an inheritance, obeyed; and he went out, not knowing whither he went [see A Biography Of Abraham: From Ur To Canaan].

11:9 By faith he sojourned in the land of promise, as in a strange country, dwelling in tabernacles with Isaac and Jacob [see A Biography Of Abraham: Mamre in Hebron], the heirs with him of the same promise: 11:10 For he looked for a city which hath foundations, whose builder and maker is God [see What Is The Day Of The LORD?, The Church: Mission Accomplished and The Constitution Of The Kingdom Of God]." (Hebrews 11:8-10 KJV)

Abraham knew Jesus Christ.

"8:56 Your father Abraham rejoiced to see my day: and he saw it, and was glad.

8:57 Then said the Jews unto him [see Who Was Their Messiah? and When Do Jews Become Christians?; also The Passed Over Pharisees], Thou art not yet fifty years old, and hast thou seen Abraham?

8:58 Jesus said unto them, Verily, verily, I say unto you, Before Abraham was, I am [see Who Is The LORD?]." (John 8:56-58 KJV)

Abraham's famous meeting with Melchizadek (see A History Of Jerusalem: Melchizedek's Salem) is one of the least understood in Bible history, despite the fact that the Scriptures explain, in detail, who Melchizadek was, and how He was, paradoxically, both the origin and the fulfillment of Abraham's preparation for, and prophecy about, Him e.g. "Melchisedec, king of Salem, priest of the most high God" was the High Priest of Jerusalem prior to the creation of the Levitical High Priest, from a descendant of Abraham - the purpose of whom was to portray Christ!

Melchizadek and Abraham

"7:1 For this Melchisedec, king of Salem, priest of the most high God, who met Abraham returning from the slaughter of the kings, and blessed him; 7:2 To whom also Abraham gave a tenth part of all; first being by interpretation King of righteousness, and after that also King of Salem, which is, King of peace [see A History Of Jerusalem: War And Peace]; 7:3 Without father, without mother, without descent, having neither beginning of days, nor end of life; but made like unto the Son of God; abideth a priest continually.

7:4 Now consider how great this man was, unto whom even the patriarch Abraham gave the tenth of the spoils. 7:5 And verily they that are of the sons of Levi, who receive the office of the priesthood, have a commandment to take tithes of the people according to the law, that is, of their brethren, though they come out of the loins of Abraham: 7:6 But he whose descent is not counted from them received tithes of Abraham, and blessed him that had the promises. 7:7 And without all contradiction the less is blessed of the better. 7:8 And here men that die receive tithes; but there he receiveth them, of whom it is witnessed that he liveth. 7:9 And as I may so say, Levi also, who receiveth tithes, payed tithes in Abraham. 7:10 For he was yet in the loins of his father, when Melchisedec met him.

7:11 If therefore perfection were by the Levitical priesthood, (for under it the people received the law,) what further need was there that another priest should rise after the order of Melchisedec, and not be called after the order of Aaron? 7:12 For the priesthood being changed, there is made of necessity a change also of the law. 7:13 For he of whom these things are spoken pertaineth to another tribe, of which no man gave attendance at the altar. 7:14 For it is evident that our Lord sprang out of Juda; of which tribe Moses spake nothing concerning priesthood. 7:15 And it is yet far more evident: for that after the similitude of Melchisedec there ariseth another priest, 7:16 Who is made, not after the law of a carnal commandment [see The Blood Of Bulls And Goats], but after the power of an endless life. 7:17 For he testifieth, Thou art a priest for ever after the order of Melchisedec." (Hebrews 7:1-17 KJV)

Both Abraham and Moses personally knew Jesus Christ, not as a human who allowed Himself to be blasphemously rejected and savagely killed, but as the LORD God, the Messiah, Who would serve as the High Priest of humanity - for those who repent and obey Him (see Christ Died For Repentant Sinners).

"10:1 Moreover, brethren, I would not that ye should be ignorant, how that all our fathers were under the cloud, and all passed through the sea [see Christ's Crossing Of The Sea]; 10:2 And were all baptized unto Moses in the cloud and in the sea; 10:3 And did all eat the same spiritual meat; 10:4 And did all drink the same spiritual drink: for they drank of that spiritual Rock that followed them: and that Rock was Christ [see Who Is The LORD?].

10:5 But with many of them God was not well pleased: for they were overthrown in the wilderness [see Christ Died For Repentant Sinners and A Journey Without A Destination]. 10:6 Now these things were our examples, to the intent we should not lust after evil things [see Is Your Religion Your Religion?], as they also lusted. 10:7 Neither be ye idolaters, as were some of them; as it is written, The people sat down to eat and drink, and rose up to play. 10:8 Neither let us commit fornication, as some of them committed, and fell in one day three and twenty thousand. 10:9 Neither let us tempt Christ, as some of them also tempted, and were destroyed of serpents." (1 Corinthians 10:1-9 KJV)

"It Is The LORD's Passover"

Many Christian-professing people read the "Old Testament" with the view that it is merely "Jewish," or that obedience to God is somehow "done away," but "the LORD God" was and is Jesus Christ. Right from the very first Passover in Egypt, "it is the LORD's Passover" (verse 11 below). It is, and always has been Christian, because it is and always has been about Jesus Christ.


"12:1 And the LORD spake unto Moses and Aaron in the land of Egypt, saying,

12:2 This month shall be unto you the beginning of months: it shall be the first month of the year to you. 12:3 Speak ye unto all the congregation of Israel, saying, In the tenth day of this month they shall take to them every man a lamb, according to the house of their fathers, a lamb for an house: 12:4 And if the household be too little for the lamb, let him and his neighbour next unto his house take it according to the number of the souls; every man according to his eating shall make your count for the lamb.

12:5 Your lamb shall be without blemish, a male of the first year: ye shall take it out from the sheep, or from the goats:

12:6 And ye shall keep it up until the fourteenth day of the same month: and the whole assembly of the congregation of Israel shall kill it in the evening. 12:7 And they shall take of the blood, and strike it on the two side posts and on the upper door post of the houses, wherein they shall eat it. 12:8 And they shall eat the flesh in that night, roast with fire, and unleavened bread; and with bitter herbs they shall eat it. 12:9 Eat not of it raw, nor sodden at all with water, but roast with fire; his head with his legs, and with the purtenance thereof. 12:10 And ye shall let nothing of it remain until the morning; and that which remaineth of it until the morning ye shall burn with fire. 12:11 And thus shall ye eat it; with your loins girded, your shoes on your feet, and your staff in your hand; and ye shall eat it in haste: it is the LORD's passover." (Exodus 12:1-11 KJV)

It was Jesus Christ Who declared "I will pass through the land of Egypt this night, and will smite all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, both man and beast; and against all the gods of Egypt I will execute judgment: I am the LORD."

"12:12 For I will pass through the land of Egypt this night, and will smite all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, both man and beast; and against all the gods of Egypt I will execute judgment: I am the LORD.

12:13 And the blood shall be to you for a token upon the houses where ye are: and when I see the blood, I will pass over you, and the plague shall not be upon you to destroy you, when I smite the land of Egypt.

12:14 And this day shall be unto you for a memorial; and ye shall keep it a feast to the LORD throughout your generations; ye shall keep it a feast by an ordinance for ever.

12:15 Seven days shall ye eat unleavened bread; even the first day ye shall put away leaven out of your houses: for whosoever eateth leavened bread from the first day until the seventh day, that soul shall be cut off from Israel.

12:16 And in the first day there shall be an holy convocation, and in the seventh day there shall be an holy convocation to you; no manner of work shall be done in them, save that which every man must eat, that only may be done of you." (Exodus 12:12-16 KJV)

The "coming out" of the old life is a vital part of Passover (see the Fact Finder question below for the meaning and significance of "unleavened bread" to true Christians).


"12:17 And ye shall observe the feast of unleavened bread; for in this selfsame day have I brought your armies out of the land of Egypt: therefore shall ye observe this day in your generations by an ordinance for ever. 12:18 In the first month, on the fourteenth day of the month at even, ye shall eat unleavened bread, until the one and twentieth day of the month at even.

12:19 Seven days shall there be no leaven found in your houses: for whosoever eateth that which is leavened, even that soul shall be cut off from the congregation of Israel, whether he be a stranger, or born in the land. 12:20 Ye shall eat nothing leavened; in all your habitations shall ye eat unleavened bread." (Exodus 12:17-20 KJV)

The "elders" of Israel sacrificed the Passover lambs for the first Passover because there was yet no Levitical High Priest (see What Did The Elders Of Israel Do? and The Origin Of The Levite Priesthood). They nevertheless were being instructed by Jesus Christ, the ultimate High Priest and Lamb of God. Israel's history and prophecy is about Jesus Christ.

"12:21 Then Moses called for all the elders of Israel, and said unto them, Draw out and take you a lamb according to your families, and kill the passover.

12:22 And ye shall take a bunch of hyssop, and dip it in the blood that is in the basin, and strike the lintel and the two side posts with the blood that is in the basin; and none of you shall go out at the door of his house until the morning. 12:23 For the LORD will pass through to smite the Egyptians; and when he seeth the blood upon the lintel, and on the two side posts, the LORD will pass over the door, and will not suffer the destroyer to come in unto your houses to smite you.

12:24 And ye shall observe this thing for an ordinance to thee and to thy sons for ever.

12:25 And it shall come to pass, when ye be come to the land which the LORD will give you, according as he hath promised, that ye shall keep this service. 12:26 And it shall come to pass, when your children shall say unto you, What mean ye by this service? 12:27 That ye shall say, It is the sacrifice of the LORD's passover, who passed over the houses of the children of Israel in Egypt, when he smote the Egyptians, and delivered our houses. And the people bowed the head and worshipped.

12:28 And the children of Israel went away, and did as the LORD had commanded Moses and Aaron, so did they." (Exodus 12:21-28 KJV)

So came the death of the firstborn - who will be resurrected in the yet-future and be given their opportunity to partake in the Sacrifice of the actual Lamb of God (see The Eighth Day: What Does It Mean?).

"12:29 And it came to pass, that at midnight the LORD smote all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, from the firstborn of Pharaoh that sat on his throne unto the firstborn of the captive that was in the dungeon; and all the firstborn of cattle. 12:30 And Pharaoh rose up in the night, he, and all his servants, and all the Egyptians; and there was a great cry in Egypt; for there was not a house where there was not one dead." (Exodus 12:29-30 KJV)

Fact Finder: How did the LORD fulfill the Passover that Abraham knew was coming?
See Nisan 14: The Sacrifice Of The Lamb Of God and The Rising Of The Messiah's Unleavened People

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This Day In History, July 19

484: Leontius, a usurper, was crowned Eastern Roman emperor at Tarsus (today in Turkey; Tarsus is known in the Bible as the birthplace of the apostle Paul). Leontius was recognized in Antioch and made it his capital (see A History Of Jerusalem: Pompey And The Caesars; also Whatever Happened To Those Romans?).

711: The Battle of Guadalete during the Umayyad conquest of Hispania. Umayyad forces under Tariq ibn Ziyad defeated the Visigoths led by King Roderic.

1333: During the Wars of Scottish Independence, the English won a decisive victory over the Scots at the Battle of Halidon Hill.

1525: The Catholic princes of Germany formed the Dessau League to fight against the Reformation.

1533: The first reported autopsy in the New World was performed in Santo Domingo on the island of Hispaniola. Its purpose was religious - to determine whether a set of Siamese twins had one "soul" or two, so that the priest would know how many postmortem baptisms to perform. Two "souls" were found, and two baptisms were performed (see What Does The Bible Really Say About Your Soul? and Why Isn't Infant Baptism Valid?).

1544: The first Siege of Boulogne began during the Italian War of 1542.

1545: The Tudor warship Mary Rose sank off Portsmouth, England. In 1982 the wreck was salvaged by archaeologists.

1553: Lady Jane Grey was deposed after only nine days; Mary Tudor was proclaimed Queen of England.

1588: The Spanish Armada was first sighted, off Cornwall. In Spanish "Armada Invencible," it had been sent by Philip II of Spain to assist in an invasion of Britain by Spanish army troops from the Netherlands to force the British back under Roman Catholic rule. The Spanish fleet consisted of 130 ships with about 8,000 sailors and 19,000 infantry and marines. The English navy, with battle commanders such as Francis Drake, John Hawkins and Martin Frobisher, obliterated it.

1692: 5 Massachusetts women were hanged for witchcraft. 15 young girls in Salem accused 150 citizens in the area with witchcraft during that year.

1701: Representatives of the Iroquois Confederacy signed the Nanfan Treaty; it ceded a large territory north of the Ohio River to England.

1799: The Rosetta Stone, a tablet with hieroglyphic translations into Greek, was found in Egypt.

1870: France declared war on Prussia, beginning the Franco-Prussian war.

1877: The first Wimbledon tennis final was played.

1941: Winston Churchill introduced his "V for Victory" campaign which rapidly spread through Europe. The BBC took the first four notes of Beethoven's Fifth Symphony, which matched the dot-dot-dot-dash Morse code for the letter V, and played it before news bulletins (see also A History Of Jerusalem: The British Mandate, A History Of Jerusalem: Zionism and A History Of Jerusalem: War And Peace).

1942: During the Second World War, German U-boats ("underwater boats" i.e. attack submarines) were withdrawn from positions off the eastern coast of North America due to highly effective U.S. and Canadian anti-submarine countermeasures.

1979: Sandinista rebels overthrew the U.S.-sponsored dictator regime of the Somoza family in Nicaragua.

1980: The 22nd Olympics opened in Moscow with more than 45 nations boycotting the games in protest against the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan.

1985: Christa McAuliffe was chosen as the first schoolteacher to fly in the space shuttle. She was later killed along with the other astronauts in a failed launch of the Challenger.

1997 During "The Troubles," the Provisional Irish Republican Army terrorist organization resumed a ceasefire to end their 25-year campaign of bombings, shootings and assassinations against the democratically elected British government in Northern Ireland.


Copyright © Wayne Blank