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Friday, July 27 2012
Israel In History and Prophecy: Jerusalem
"The Jebusite City"
The location of Jerusalem is unique among the cities of the world in that it is not only located precisely where three continents (Asia, Africa and Europe) meet, it is located at the central point (on a planetary scale) in which humanity originated, and from which humanity then inhabited the entire world (all of the other continents were later populated by people from Asia, Africa and Europe). The map below shows Jerusalem's center of humanity's origin position (marked with the red X).
As we've been covering in this series, the Israelites were created primarily of people of, not merely from, Iraq (see A Biography Of Abraham: From Ur To Canaan), Syria (see The Syrian Marriage Wells) and Egypt (see Jacob's Blessing Of Ephraim And Manasseh). The city that is today known as Jerusalem existed long before there were any Israelites or Jews (see the Fact Finder question below; also Where Jacob Became Israel and Who Were The First Jews?). The first Biblical mention of the city, then known as Jebus, was when it was inhabited by Jebusites, a Canaanite people (Canaan was a descendant of Noah's son Ham; see The Family Of Ham).
"10:15 And Canaan begat Sidon his firstborn, and Heth, 10:16 And the Jebusite, and the Amorite, and the Girgasite, 10:17 And the Hivite, and the Arkite, and the Sinite, 10:18 And the Arvadite, and the Zemarite, and the Hamathite: and afterward were the families of the Canaanites spread abroad. 10:19 And the border of the Canaanites was from Sidon, as thou comest to Gerar, unto Gaza; as thou goest, unto Sodom, and Gomorrah, and Admah, and Zeboim, even unto Lasha." (Genesis 10:15-19 KJV)
The LORD promised the immigrant from Iraq, Abram, later named Abraham, that his other "seed" would inhabit the lands from the Nile in Egypt to the Euphrates in Iraq, while his Messianic "seed" would inherit the part of "the land of Canaan" that is known as "Israel" today (see Abraham's Seed: From The Nile To The Euphrates and Israel In History and Prophecy: Roots and Branches).
"15:18 In the same day the LORD [see Who Is The LORD?] made a covenant with Abram, saying, Unto thy seed have I given this land, from the river of Egypt unto the great river, the river Euphrates: 15:19 The Kenites, and the Kenizzites, and the Kadmonites, 15:20 And the Hittites, and the Perizzites, and the Rephaims, 15:21 And the Amorites, and the Canaanites, and the Girgashites, and the Jebusites." (Genesis 15:18-21 KJV)
The Exodus was about the LORD delivering the Messianic line of Abraham's seed to the land that was promised to them, for the ultimate Purpose of the coming Messiah, not the Israelites themselves (the reason that the adult generation of the Exodus Israelites could be refused entry to the Promised Land, by the LORD, after they refused the opportunity, that the LORD gave to them, to enter; see Israel In History and Prophecy: The Sinai Journey and A Journey Without A Destination).
"3:8 And I am come down to deliver them out of the hand of the Egyptians, and to bring them up out of that land unto a good land and a large, unto a land flowing with milk and honey [see also The Way To The Land Of Milk And Honey]; unto the place of the Canaanites, and the Hittites, and the Amorites, and the Perizzites, and the Hivites, and the Jebusites." (Exodus 3:8 KJV)
When the Israelites entered the land of Canaan in the time of Joshua (see Israel In History and Prophecy: Joshua), each of the tribes of Israel was assigned specific territory, after which they were then to complete the taking of the territory themselves. The "Jebusite" city ("the Jebusite; the same is Jerusalem") was within the tribe of Judah.
"15:1 This then was the lot of the tribe of the children of Judah by their families; even to the border of Edom the wilderness of Zin southward was the uttermost part of the south coast. 15:2 And their south border was from the shore of the salt sea, from the bay that looketh southward: 15:3 And it went out to the south side to Maalehacrabbim, and passed along to Zin, and ascended up on the south side unto Kadeshbarnea, and passed along to Hezron, and went up to Adar, and fetched a compass to Karkaa: 15:4 From thence it passed toward Azmon, and went out unto the river of Egypt; and the goings out of that coast were at the sea: this shall be your south coast.
The people of Judah however were unable to capture Jerusalem from "the Jebusites the inhabitants of Jerusalem."
"15:63 As for the Jebusites the inhabitants of Jerusalem, the children of Judah could not drive them out: but the Jebusites dwell with the children of Judah at Jerusalem unto this day." (Joshua 15:63 KJV)
The territory of the tribe of Benjamin also included Jerusalem because of their tribal border with Judah (see also The Boundary Law). They too "did not drive out the Jebusites that inhabited Jerusalem" (also called "Jebusi" in these translated verses i.e. "Jebusi, which is Jerusalem").
"18:28 And Zelah, Eleph, and Jebusi, which is Jerusalem, Gibeath, and Kirjath; fourteen cities with their villages. This is the inheritance of the children of Benjamin according to their families." (Joshua 18:28 KJV)
Jerusalem remained in Jebusite possession long afterward, during which Jerusalem was called by some, as in the case of this Levite, "the city of a stranger." It remained a foreign city to the Israelites until the time of King David.
"19:1 And it came to pass in those days, when there was no king in Israel, that there was a certain Levite sojourning on the side of mount Ephraim, who took to him a concubine out of Bethlehemjudah." (Judges 19:1 KJV)
From "Jebus" to "Jerusalem"
Jerusalem remained as "Jebus," or "the Jebusite city," throughout the time of Joshua (see Israel In History and Prophecy: Joshua) and through all of the time of the Judges (see Israel In History and Prophecy: The Judges and Israel In History and Prophecy: Samuel). It was never an Israelite city during all of that time.
It also remained a foreign city through the entire time of the Civil War between King Saul, Israel's first king, and David, who was chosen by the LORD to replace Saul (see Israel In History and Prophecy: Saul and David and Israel In History and Prophecy: The Civil War). It was only after the Civil War, when Israel was united under King David, that David captured Jerusalem from the Jebusites. David then moved the capital of Israel from Hebron to Jerusalem.
"5:1 Then came all the tribes of Israel to David unto Hebron, and spake, saying, Behold, we are thy bone and thy flesh. 5:2 Also in time past, when Saul was king over us, thou wast he that leddest out and broughtest in Israel: and the LORD said to thee, Thou shalt feed my people Israel, and thou shalt be a captain over Israel.
David then established Jerusalem as the home for his growing family.
"5:10 And David went on, and grew great, and the LORD God of hosts was with him.
David also brought the Ark of the Covenant to Jerusalem "and pitched for it a tent" - keeping in mind that it had always been in a Tent, or Tabernacle, right from the time of the Exodus. The verse "None ought to carry the ark of God but the Levites: for them hath the LORD chosen to carry the ark of God, and to minister unto him for ever" also explains why no one could have taken the Ark away from Jerusalem (see Raiders Of The Lost Ark). David also purchased the site of what is today the Temple Mount, from the Jebusite owner of the property (see David's Altar).
"15:1 And David made him houses in the city of David, and prepared a place for the ark of God, and pitched for it a tent. 15:2 Then David said, None ought to carry the ark of God but the Levites: for them hath the LORD chosen to carry the ark of God, and to minister unto him for ever.
Fact Finder: For an in-depth historical and prophetic study of Jerusalem, see the study series for A History Of Jerusalem below.
1. In The Beginning
This Day In History, July 27
190 BC: Apollonius of Perga died at age 72. He was known to his contemporaries as "The Great Geometer." His treatise "Conics" (conic sections) is one of the greatest scientific works from the ancient world. He introduced the terms parabola, ellipse and hyperbola for the conic sections (see also Parabolic Prophecies).
1054: Siward of Northumbria and Malcolm defeated Macbeth at Dunsinane, a peak in Scotland.
1189: During the Third Crusade (see Constantine's Crusades In History And Prophecy), Friedrich Barbarossa arrived at Nis, the capital of Serbian King Stefan Nemanja.
1214: Philip II of France defeated an allied English, Flemish and German army under Otto IV, the Holy Roman Emperor (see The Holy Roman Empire), at the Battle of Bouvines. This broke up the coalition and secured Philip's position.
1245: Frederick II of France was deposed by a council at Lyons, which found him guilty of "sacrilege."
1540: Thomas Cromwell, principal adviser to King Henry VIII of England, was executed for treason.
1586: Sir Walter Raleigh brought the first tobacco to England from Virginia.
1588: The Spanish Armada reached the Strait of Dover and anchored off Calais. The invasion force position on the coast of the Netherlands that was to arrive was not prepared, which thwarted the entire Spanish plan of a coordinated land and sea invasion of Britain, leaving only a few thousand marines on the ships. The next night, the English launched 6 fire ships (derelict ships set on fire and sailed into the enemy ship formation) into the harbor at Calais, causing the Spanish to irretrievably lose their battle formation. The Royal Navy then attacked. Of the 130 ships originally in the Spanish Armada, only 76 made it back to Spain.
1675: Henri de Turenne, French military leader in the Thirty Years' War, was killed during the Battle of Sasbach during the Dutch War.
1689: General Mackay led troops loyal to William of Orange to subdue the Scottish Jacobites under Dundee. The royal troops were utterly routed at the following Battle of Killiecrankie and over 2,000 were killed.
1742: The Peace of Berlin between Empress Maria Theresa of Austria and Prussia ended the first Silesian War.
1866: A transatlantic cable laid by the steamer Great Eastern established reliable communication by telegraph between Britain and the U.S.
1921: Canadian medical researchers Frederick Banting and Charles Best at the University of Toronto isolated insulin for the first time. It proved an effective treatment for diabetes.
1953: After over 3 years of war, the armistice at Panmunjon was signed between the United Nations and North Korea to end the Korean War. The agreement saw a 4 kilometer buffer zone created to separate the two Koreas. During the war, 116,000 United Nations and 1,500,000 Chinese and North Korean troops were killed.
1954: Britain and Egypt signed an agreement to end British administration of the Suez Canal Zone (that Britain had defended, for Egypt, against Nazi Germany during the Second World War; see also A History Of Jerusalem: The British Mandate).
1955: Austria regained its sovereignty after 17 years of occupation by foreign troops (German troops just before and during the Second World War, the primarily U.S., British and Canadian troops after).
1964: Winston Churchill, the longest-serving Member of Parliament in British history, made his last appearance in the House of Commons.
1964: President Lyndon Johnson sent an additional 5,000 U.S. Army "advisers" into the Vietnam War (which was actually a civil war between the people of Vietnam whose nation had been divided into "north" and "south" by French colonial forces in the 1950s).
1974: During the Watergate criminal investigations, the U.S. House of Representatives Judiciary Committee voted 27 to 11 to recommend the first article of impeachment, for obstruction of justice, against President Richard Nixon.
1980: Mohammed Reza Pahlavi died of cancer while in exile in Egypt. The Shah of Iran from 1941, the U.S.-backed dictator fled the country during the Iranian revolution in 1979. Ayatollah Khomeini succeeded him as Iran's leader, resulting in Iran replacing one thug with another.
1989: Christer Pettersson was found guilty and jailed for life for the 1986 murder of Swedish Prime Minister Olof Palme. He was later acquitted and the crime has remained unsolved.
1990: Belarus declared its independence from the Soviet Union.
1996: During the Olympic Games in Atlanta a bomb exploded in an entertainment park, killing two and wounding 110.