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Friday, July 27 2012

Israel In History and Prophecy: Jerusalem

Studies in this complete series of Israel In History and Prophecy:
1. Roots and Branches 2. Jacob's Family 3. Moses 4. The Exodus 5. Passover
6. Law Of The LORD 7. The Sinai Journey 8. Joshua 9. The Judges 10. Samuel
11. Saul and David 12. The Civil War 13. Jerusalem 14. Zion 15. King David
16. Solomon 17. The Tabernacle 18. The Temple 19. Israel and Judah 20. The Lost Ten Tribes
21. Kingdom Of Judah 22. Back To Babylon 23. The Prophets 24. Babylon and Persia 25. The Return Of Judah
26. Jews 27. Judaism 28. Purim 29. Hanukkah 30. Hasmonean Judea
31. Roman Judea 32. Herod 33. The Messiah 34. The Zealots 35. Aelia Capitolina
36. Rome and Islam 37. Balfour Declaration 38. Israel Of Judah 39. The New Covenant 40. Alpha and Omega


"The Jebusite City"

The location of Jerusalem is unique among the cities of the world in that it is not only located precisely where three continents (Asia, Africa and Europe) meet, it is located at the central point (on a planetary scale) in which humanity originated, and from which humanity then inhabited the entire world (all of the other continents were later populated by people from Asia, Africa and Europe). The map below shows Jerusalem's center of humanity's origin position (marked with the red X).

The World After The Flood

As we've been covering in this series, the Israelites were created primarily of people of, not merely from, Iraq (see A Biography Of Abraham: From Ur To Canaan), Syria (see The Syrian Marriage Wells) and Egypt (see Jacob's Blessing Of Ephraim And Manasseh). The city that is today known as Jerusalem existed long before there were any Israelites or Jews (see the Fact Finder question below; also Where Jacob Became Israel and Who Were The First Jews?). The first Biblical mention of the city, then known as Jebus, was when it was inhabited by Jebusites, a Canaanite people (Canaan was a descendant of Noah's son Ham; see The Family Of Ham).

"10:15 And Canaan begat Sidon his firstborn, and Heth, 10:16 And the Jebusite, and the Amorite, and the Girgasite, 10:17 And the Hivite, and the Arkite, and the Sinite, 10:18 And the Arvadite, and the Zemarite, and the Hamathite: and afterward were the families of the Canaanites spread abroad. 10:19 And the border of the Canaanites was from Sidon, as thou comest to Gerar, unto Gaza; as thou goest, unto Sodom, and Gomorrah, and Admah, and Zeboim, even unto Lasha." (Genesis 10:15-19 KJV)

The LORD promised the immigrant from Iraq, Abram, later named Abraham, that his other "seed" would inhabit the lands from the Nile in Egypt to the Euphrates in Iraq, while his Messianic "seed" would inherit the part of "the land of Canaan" that is known as "Israel" today (see Abraham's Seed: From The Nile To The Euphrates and Israel In History and Prophecy: Roots and Branches).

Tribal Map

"15:18 In the same day the LORD [see Who Is The LORD?] made a covenant with Abram, saying, Unto thy seed have I given this land, from the river of Egypt unto the great river, the river Euphrates: 15:19 The Kenites, and the Kenizzites, and the Kadmonites, 15:20 And the Hittites, and the Perizzites, and the Rephaims, 15:21 And the Amorites, and the Canaanites, and the Girgashites, and the Jebusites." (Genesis 15:18-21 KJV)

The Exodus was about the LORD delivering the Messianic line of Abraham's seed to the land that was promised to them, for the ultimate Purpose of the coming Messiah, not the Israelites themselves (the reason that the adult generation of the Exodus Israelites could be refused entry to the Promised Land, by the LORD, after they refused the opportunity, that the LORD gave to them, to enter; see Israel In History and Prophecy: The Sinai Journey and A Journey Without A Destination).

"3:8 And I am come down to deliver them out of the hand of the Egyptians, and to bring them up out of that land unto a good land and a large, unto a land flowing with milk and honey [see also The Way To The Land Of Milk And Honey]; unto the place of the Canaanites, and the Hittites, and the Amorites, and the Perizzites, and the Hivites, and the Jebusites." (Exodus 3:8 KJV)

When the Israelites entered the land of Canaan in the time of Joshua (see Israel In History and Prophecy: Joshua), each of the tribes of Israel was assigned specific territory, after which they were then to complete the taking of the territory themselves. The "Jebusite" city ("the Jebusite; the same is Jerusalem") was within the tribe of Judah.

"15:1 This then was the lot of the tribe of the children of Judah by their families; even to the border of Edom the wilderness of Zin southward was the uttermost part of the south coast. 15:2 And their south border was from the shore of the salt sea, from the bay that looketh southward: 15:3 And it went out to the south side to Maalehacrabbim, and passed along to Zin, and ascended up on the south side unto Kadeshbarnea, and passed along to Hezron, and went up to Adar, and fetched a compass to Karkaa: 15:4 From thence it passed toward Azmon, and went out unto the river of Egypt; and the goings out of that coast were at the sea: this shall be your south coast.

15:5 And the east border was the salt sea, even unto the end of Jordan.

And their border in the north quarter was from the bay of the sea at the uttermost part of Jordan: 15:6 And the border went up to Bethhogla, and passed along by the north of Betharabah; and the border went up to the stone of Bohan the son of Reuben: 15:7 And the border went up toward Debir from the valley of Achor, and so northward, looking toward Gilgal, that is before the going up to Adummim, which is on the south side of the river: and the border passed toward the waters of Enshemesh, and the goings out thereof were at Enrogel: 15:8 And the border went up by the valley of the son of Hinnom unto the south side of the Jebusite; the same is Jerusalem: and the border went up to the top of the mountain that lieth before the valley of Hinnom westward, which is at the end of the valley of the giants northward: 15:9 And the border was drawn from the top of the hill unto the fountain of the water of Nephtoah, and went out to the cities of mount Ephron; and the border was drawn to Baalah, which is Kirjathjearim: 15:10 And the border compassed from Baalah westward unto mount Seir, and passed along unto the side of mount Jearim, which is Chesalon, on the north side, and went down to Bethshemesh, and passed on to Timnah: 15:11 And the border went out unto the side of Ekron northward: and the border was drawn to Shicron, and passed along to mount Baalah, and went out unto Jabneel; and the goings out of the border were at the sea.

15:12 And the west border was to the great sea, and the coast thereof. This is the coast of the children of Judah round about according to their families." (Joshua 14:1-12 KJV)

The people of Judah however were unable to capture Jerusalem from "the Jebusites the inhabitants of Jerusalem."

The Hills of Judea

"15:63 As for the Jebusites the inhabitants of Jerusalem, the children of Judah could not drive them out: but the Jebusites dwell with the children of Judah at Jerusalem unto this day." (Joshua 15:63 KJV)

The territory of the tribe of Benjamin also included Jerusalem because of their tribal border with Judah (see also The Boundary Law). They too "did not drive out the Jebusites that inhabited Jerusalem" (also called "Jebusi" in these translated verses i.e. "Jebusi, which is Jerusalem").

"18:28 And Zelah, Eleph, and Jebusi, which is Jerusalem, Gibeath, and Kirjath; fourteen cities with their villages. This is the inheritance of the children of Benjamin according to their families." (Joshua 18:28 KJV)

"1:21 And the children of Benjamin did not drive out the Jebusites that inhabited Jerusalem; but the Jebusites dwell with the children of Benjamin in Jerusalem unto this day." (Judges 1:21 KJV)

Jerusalem remained in Jebusite possession long afterward, during which Jerusalem was called by some, as in the case of this Levite, "the city of a stranger." It remained a foreign city to the Israelites until the time of King David.

"19:1 And it came to pass in those days, when there was no king in Israel, that there was a certain Levite sojourning on the side of mount Ephraim, who took to him a concubine out of Bethlehemjudah." (Judges 19:1 KJV)

"19:10 But the man would not tarry that night, but he rose up and departed, and came over against Jebus, which is Jerusalem; and there were with him two asses saddled, his concubine also was with him. 19:11 And when they were by Jebus, the day was far spent; and the servant said unto his master, Come, I pray thee, and let us turn in into this city of the Jebusites, and lodge in it. 19:12 And his master said unto him, We will not turn aside hither into the city of a stranger, that is not of the children of Israel; we will pass over to Gibeah." (Judges 19:10-12 KJV)

From "Jebus" to "Jerusalem"

Jerusalem remained as "Jebus," or "the Jebusite city," throughout the time of Joshua (see Israel In History and Prophecy: Joshua) and through all of the time of the Judges (see Israel In History and Prophecy: The Judges and Israel In History and Prophecy: Samuel). It was never an Israelite city during all of that time.

Araunah the Jebusite It also remained a foreign city through the entire time of the Civil War between King Saul, Israel's first king, and David, who was chosen by the LORD to replace Saul (see Israel In History and Prophecy: Saul and David and Israel In History and Prophecy: The Civil War). It was only after the Civil War, when Israel was united under King David, that David captured Jerusalem from the Jebusites. David then moved the capital of Israel from Hebron to Jerusalem.

"5:1 Then came all the tribes of Israel to David unto Hebron, and spake, saying, Behold, we are thy bone and thy flesh. 5:2 Also in time past, when Saul was king over us, thou wast he that leddest out and broughtest in Israel: and the LORD said to thee, Thou shalt feed my people Israel, and thou shalt be a captain over Israel.

5:3 So all the elders of Israel came to the king to Hebron; and king David made a league with them in Hebron before the LORD: and they anointed David king over Israel.

5:4 David was thirty years old when he began to reign, and he reigned forty years. 5:5 In Hebron he reigned over Judah seven years and six months: and in Jerusalem he reigned thirty and three years over all Israel and Judah.

5:6 And the king and his men went to Jerusalem unto the Jebusites, the inhabitants of the land: which spake unto David, saying, Except thou take away the blind and the lame, thou shalt not come in hither: thinking, David cannot come in hither. 5:7 Nevertheless David took the strong hold of Zion: the same is the city of David.

5:8 And David said on that day, Whosoever getteth up to the gutter, and smiteth the Jebusites, and the lame and the blind, that are hated of David's soul, he shall be chief and captain. Wherefore they said, The blind and the lame shall not come into the house.

5:9 So David dwelt in the fort, and called it the city of David. And David built round about from Millo and inward. 5:10 And David went on, and grew great, and the LORD God of hosts was with him." (2 Samuel 5:1-10 KJV)

David then established Jerusalem as the home for his growing family.

Mount Zion

"5:10 And David went on, and grew great, and the LORD God of hosts was with him.

5:11 And Hiram king of Tyre sent messengers to David, and cedar trees [see also The Temple Cedar], and carpenters, and masons: and they built David an house. 5:12 And David perceived that the LORD had established him king over Israel, and that he had exalted his kingdom for his people Israel's sake.

5:13 And David took him more concubines and wives out of Jerusalem, after he was come from Hebron: and there were yet sons and daughters born to David [see The Wives Of King David]. 5:14 And these be the names of those that were born unto him in Jerusalem; Shammuah, and Shobab, and Nathan, and Solomon, 5:15 Ibhar also, and Elishua, and Nepheg, and Japhia, 5:16 And Elishama, and Eliada, and Eliphalet." (2 Samuel 5:10-16 KJV)

David also brought the Ark of the Covenant to Jerusalem "and pitched for it a tent" - keeping in mind that it had always been in a Tent, or Tabernacle, right from the time of the Exodus. The verse "None ought to carry the ark of God but the Levites: for them hath the LORD chosen to carry the ark of God, and to minister unto him for ever" also explains why no one could have taken the Ark away from Jerusalem (see Raiders Of The Lost Ark). David also purchased the site of what is today the Temple Mount, from the Jebusite owner of the property (see David's Altar).

"15:1 And David made him houses in the city of David, and prepared a place for the ark of God, and pitched for it a tent. 15:2 Then David said, None ought to carry the ark of God but the Levites: for them hath the LORD chosen to carry the ark of God, and to minister unto him for ever.

15:3 And David gathered all Israel together to Jerusalem, to bring up the ark of the LORD unto his place, which he had prepared for it. 15:4 And David assembled the children of Aaron, and the Levites:
15:5 Of the sons of Kohath; Uriel the chief, and his brethren an hundred and twenty:
15:6 Of the sons of Merari; Asaiah the chief, and his brethren two hundred and twenty:
15:7 Of the sons of Gershom; Joel the chief, and his brethren an hundred and thirty:
15:8 Of the sons of Elizaphan; Shemaiah the chief, and his brethren two hundred:
15:9 Of the sons of Hebron; Eliel the chief, and his brethren fourscore:
15:10 Of the sons of Uzziel; Amminadab the chief, and his brethren an hundred and twelve.

15:11 And David called for Zadok and Abiathar the priests, and for the Levites, for Uriel, Asaiah, and Joel, Shemaiah, and Eliel, and Amminadab, 15:12 And said unto them, Ye are the chief of the fathers of the Levites: sanctify yourselves, both ye and your brethren, that ye may bring up the ark of the LORD God of Israel unto the place that I have prepared for it. 15:13 For because ye did it not at the first, the LORD our God made a breach upon us, for that we sought him not after the due order. 15:14 So the priests and the Levites sanctified themselves to bring up the ark of the LORD God of Israel. 15:15 And the children of the Levites bare the ark of God upon their shoulders with the staves thereon, as Moses commanded according to the word of the LORD." (1 Chronicles 15:1-15 KJV)

Fact Finder: For an in-depth historical and prophetic study of Jerusalem, see the study series for A History Of Jerusalem below.

1. In The Beginning
2. Melchizedek's Salem
3. Jebus Of Canaan
4. The City Of David
5. The Glory Of Solomon
6. The Temple Of The LORD
7. The Capital Of Judah
8. Ezra And Nehemiah
9. Greeks, Ptolemies, Seleucids
10. Abomination Of Desolation
11. The Hasmonean Kingdom
12. Pompey And The Caesars
13. The Herodian Dynasty
14. The Coming Of The Messiah
15. Titus And The Zealots
16. Hadrian and Simon bar Kokhba
17. Constantine and Muhammad
18. The British Mandate
19. Zionism
20. War And Peace


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This Day In History, July 27

190 BC: Apollonius of Perga died at age 72. He was known to his contemporaries as "The Great Geometer." His treatise "Conics" (conic sections) is one of the greatest scientific works from the ancient world. He introduced the terms parabola, ellipse and hyperbola for the conic sections (see also Parabolic Prophecies).

1054: Siward of Northumbria and Malcolm defeated Macbeth at Dunsinane, a peak in Scotland.

1189: During the Third Crusade (see Constantine's Crusades In History And Prophecy), Friedrich Barbarossa arrived at Nis, the capital of Serbian King Stefan Nemanja.

1214: Philip II of France defeated an allied English, Flemish and German army under Otto IV, the Holy Roman Emperor (see The Holy Roman Empire), at the Battle of Bouvines. This broke up the coalition and secured Philip's position.

1245: Frederick II of France was deposed by a council at Lyons, which found him guilty of "sacrilege."

1540: Thomas Cromwell, principal adviser to King Henry VIII of England, was executed for treason.

1586: Sir Walter Raleigh brought the first tobacco to England from Virginia.

1588: The Spanish Armada reached the Strait of Dover and anchored off Calais. The invasion force position on the coast of the Netherlands that was to arrive was not prepared, which thwarted the entire Spanish plan of a coordinated land and sea invasion of Britain, leaving only a few thousand marines on the ships. The next night, the English launched 6 fire ships (derelict ships set on fire and sailed into the enemy ship formation) into the harbor at Calais, causing the Spanish to irretrievably lose their battle formation. The Royal Navy then attacked. Of the 130 ships originally in the Spanish Armada, only 76 made it back to Spain.

1675: Henri de Turenne, French military leader in the Thirty Years' War, was killed during the Battle of Sasbach during the Dutch War.

1689: General Mackay led troops loyal to William of Orange to subdue the Scottish Jacobites under Dundee. The royal troops were utterly routed at the following Battle of Killiecrankie and over 2,000 were killed.

1742: The Peace of Berlin between Empress Maria Theresa of Austria and Prussia ended the first Silesian War.

1866: A transatlantic cable laid by the steamer Great Eastern established reliable communication by telegraph between Britain and the U.S.

1921: Canadian medical researchers Frederick Banting and Charles Best at the University of Toronto isolated insulin for the first time. It proved an effective treatment for diabetes.

1953: After over 3 years of war, the armistice at Panmunjon was signed between the United Nations and North Korea to end the Korean War. The agreement saw a 4 kilometer buffer zone created to separate the two Koreas. During the war, 116,000 United Nations and 1,500,000 Chinese and North Korean troops were killed.

1954: Britain and Egypt signed an agreement to end British administration of the Suez Canal Zone (that Britain had defended, for Egypt, against Nazi Germany during the Second World War; see also A History Of Jerusalem: The British Mandate).

1955: Austria regained its sovereignty after 17 years of occupation by foreign troops (German troops just before and during the Second World War, the primarily U.S., British and Canadian troops after).

1964: Winston Churchill, the longest-serving Member of Parliament in British history, made his last appearance in the House of Commons.

1964: President Lyndon Johnson sent an additional 5,000 U.S. Army "advisers" into the Vietnam War (which was actually a civil war between the people of Vietnam whose nation had been divided into "north" and "south" by French colonial forces in the 1950s).

1974: During the Watergate criminal investigations, the U.S. House of Representatives Judiciary Committee voted 27 to 11 to recommend the first article of impeachment, for obstruction of justice, against President Richard Nixon.

1980: Mohammed Reza Pahlavi died of cancer while in exile in Egypt. The Shah of Iran from 1941, the U.S.-backed dictator fled the country during the Iranian revolution in 1979. Ayatollah Khomeini succeeded him as Iran's leader, resulting in Iran replacing one thug with another.

1989: Christer Pettersson was found guilty and jailed for life for the 1986 murder of Swedish Prime Minister Olof Palme. He was later acquitted and the crime has remained unsolved.

1990: Belarus declared its independence from the Soviet Union.

1996: During the Olympic Games in Atlanta a bomb exploded in an entertainment park, killing two and wounding 110.





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