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Sunday, July 29 2012
Israel In History and Prophecy: King David
"David took the strong hold of Zion: the same is the city of David"
David, from the Hebrew name pronounced daw-veed, meaning beloved, is one of the best-known people of the Holy Bible. Many regard David as the beginning of the Messianic line (see also Where Is The Messiah's Royal Line?), but he was actually the beginning of the royal ancestry of the Messiah. The righteous ancestry of the Messiah, and of David, was Abraham ("1:1 The book of the generation of Jesus Christ, the son of David, the son of Abraham" Matthew 1:1 KJV; see also What Did Jesus Christ Say About Abraham? and the Fact Finder question below). King David was the royal progenitor of the King to come (i.e. the famous "Thy Kingdom come").
When King David was proclaimed king over all of Israel, after the Civil War against Saul and his son Ishbosheth (see Israel In History and Prophecy: Saul and David and Israel In History and Prophecy: The Civil War), the LORD (see Who Is The LORD?) commanded David to move his capital from Hebron (the adopted home city and burial place of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob; see A Biography Of Abraham: Mamre in Hebron) to Jebus, or "the Jebusite city," as Jerusalem had been known (see A History Of Jerusalem: Jebus Of Canaan and Israel In History and Prophecy: Jerusalem). Jerusalem remained as the capital, of all of Israel, through the reigns of King David and his son Solomon, after which it became the capital city of kingdom of Judah only (see A History Of Jerusalem: The Capital Of Judah).
"5:1 Then came all the tribes of Israel to David unto Hebron, and spake, saying, Behold, we are thy bone and thy flesh. 5:2 Also in time past, when Saul was king over us, thou wast he that leddest out and broughtest in Israel: and the LORD said to thee, Thou shalt feed my people Israel, and thou shalt be a captain over Israel.
Bethlehem is also known as the "city of David," primarily from the verses of Luke shown below. While some may debate which came to be called the "city of David" first (keeping in mind that before the time that the City of David in Jerusalem was established by David, no one would have called Bethlehem the "city of David" when he lived there because he was just a shepherd at the time), it's actually an irrelevant point. Both David and the Messiah were born in Bethlehem, and both David and the Messiah are kings who will reign from Jerusalem (not any where else, contrary to the many false prophets, and their antichrist religions, who have attempted to hijack the Word of God for their Satanic nationalistic fantasies).
"2:1 And it came to pass in those days, that there went out a decree from Caesar Augustus, that all the world should be taxed [see Does Rome Have Christ's Birth Certificate?]. 2:2 (And this taxing was first made when Cyrenius was governor of Syria.) 2:3 And all went to be taxed, every one into his own city.
"The LORD hath broken forth upon mine enemies before me"
David had been forced to fight a civil war with Saul (see Israel In History and Prophecy: The Civil War). David's victory and unification of the Israelite tribes was nevertheless the beginning of a series of more wars, from foreign, and domestic (i.e. coup attempts by some of his own sons; see the Fact Finder question below) enemies. The LORD assured David's victory in all of them, for the sake of David in the LORD's Purpose (as illustrated also by the "city of David" events/fulfillments as covered above). The first attack on David came almost immediately.
"5:17 But when the Philistines heard that they had anointed David king over Israel, all the Philistines came up to seek David; and David heard of it, and went down to the hold. 5:18 The Philistines also came and spread themselves in the valley of Rephaim. 5:19 And David inquired of the LORD [see Who Is The LORD?], saying, Shall I go up to the Philistines? wilt thou deliver them into mine hand?
The result of David's God-given victories was the largest territorial extent that Israel would ever possess. It happened only during the relatively brief era of David and Solomon. Israel divided into Israel and Judah after Solomon, and then were lost due to their corruption (as will be covered in subsequent studies in this series).
"8:1 And after this it came to pass, that David smote the Philistines, and subdued them: and David took Methegammah out of the hand of the Philistines.
After a relatively long reign and life (see the Fact Finder question below for an extensive listing of detailed studies), David died and was buried in the City of David in Jerusalem. David was succeeded by his son Solomon.
"2:10 So David slept with his fathers [see What Does The Bible Really Say About Your Soul?], and was buried in the city of David.
Fact Finder: (a) David became a key ancestor of the Messiah, but why was Abraham the key Messianic ancestor of David? (b) Who were the immediate ancestors of David? (c) Who were the wives of David? (d) What did David do that caused him to hurriedly purchase the site where the Temple would later be built? (e) What happened when some of David's sons became lawless rebels? How was David's servant Abishag involved in one of the incidents? (f) What is David's "fallen tabernacle"? (g) What will David be doing at the start of the Kingdom of God?
This Day In History, July 29
238: As the Roman Empire (see A History Of Jerusalem: Pompey And The Caesars) continued to unravel, the Praetorian Guard (the bodyguards of the Roman Emperors) executed the co-Emperors Pupienus and Balbinus in Rome. Gordian III, at age 13, was proclaimed Emperor.
904: Saracen raiders sacked Thessalonica (known in the Holy Bible from the epistles to the Thessalonians), which at the time was the Byzantine Empire's second-largest city (see also Constantine's Crusades In History And Prophecy).
1030: Olaf II was killed at the battle of Stiklestad while attempting to recover his Norwegian throne from the Danes.
1565: Mary Queen of Scots married Henry Stuart.
1567: James VI was crowned King of Scotland.
1715: 10 Spanish treasure galleons were sunk off the Florida coast by a hurricane.
1793: John Graves Simcoe began the construction of a fort and settlement in a bay on the north shore of Lake Ontario. It is known today as the city of Toronto.
1830: Charles X of France abdicated.
1848: Hopes of a nationalist uprising in Ireland were dashed when an insurrection at Tipperary led by William Smith O'Brien failed.
1900: King Umberto I of Italy was assassinated at Monza by anarchist Gaetano Bresci.
1914: Austria-Hungary bombarded Belgrade, Serbia; the first military action of the First World War (listen to our Sermon The European World Wars).
1921: Adolf Hitler became the leader of the National Socialist German Workers Party, later known by the abbreviation "Nazi." Hitler was later elected as the leader of Germany (see Presidential Quotes On War, Terrorism, Religion)
1930: The airship R100 set out on its first passenger-carrying flight from England to Canada.
1947: 3 Jewish terrorists were hung by the British for an attack on the Acre prison that freed 251 convicted criminals, including murderers; in response, Jewish resistance leader Menachem Begin (a future Prime Minister of Israel) ordered the hanging of 2 British hostages, army sergeants Clifford Martin and Mervyn Paice, the same day. The action set off anti-Jewish riots across Britain, the first in Britain since the 13th century (see A History Of Jerusalem: The British Mandate to understand that the present-day state of Israel came into existence because the British freed "Palestine" from centuries of control and occupation by Muslim forces; listen also to our Sermon The Ottoman Empire).
1948: The first Olympic Games after World War II opened in London at Wembley Stadium.
1968: Pope Paul VI, in an encyclical entitled Humanae Vitae (Of Human Life), declared that any artificial forms of birth control were prohibited by the Roman Catholic Church.
1996: China carried out a nuclear explosion at its Lop Nor nuclear testing ground. It measured 4.3 on the Richter scale.
2005: Astronomers announced the discovery of the dwarf planet that they named Eris (although many scientists reject religion, they nevertheless routinely name scientific discoveries and programs after pagan gods and idols).