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Sunday, July 29 2012

Israel In History and Prophecy: King David

Studies in this complete series of Israel In History and Prophecy:
1. Roots and Branches 2. Jacob's Family 3. Moses 4. The Exodus 5. Passover
6. Law Of The LORD 7. The Sinai Journey 8. Joshua 9. The Judges 10. Samuel
11. Saul and David 12. The Civil War 13. Jerusalem 14. Zion 15. King David
16. Solomon 17. The Tabernacle 18. The Temple 19. Israel and Judah 20. The Lost Ten Tribes
21. Kingdom Of Judah 22. Back To Babylon 23. The Prophets 24. Babylon and Persia 25. The Return Of Judah
26. Jews 27. Judaism 28. Purim 29. Hanukkah 30. Hasmonean Judea
31. Roman Judea 32. Herod 33. The Messiah 34. The Zealots 35. Aelia Capitolina
36. Rome and Islam 37. Balfour Declaration 38. Israel Of Judah 39. The New Covenant 40. Alpha and Omega


"David took the strong hold of Zion: the same is the city of David"

David, from the Hebrew name pronounced daw-veed, meaning beloved, is one of the best-known people of the Holy Bible. Many regard David as the beginning of the Messianic line (see also Where Is The Messiah's Royal Line?), but he was actually the beginning of the royal ancestry of the Messiah. The righteous ancestry of the Messiah, and of David, was Abraham ("1:1 The book of the generation of Jesus Christ, the son of David, the son of Abraham" Matthew 1:1 KJV; see also What Did Jesus Christ Say About Abraham? and the Fact Finder question below). King David was the royal progenitor of the King to come (i.e. the famous "Thy Kingdom come").

Mount Zion When King David was proclaimed king over all of Israel, after the Civil War against Saul and his son Ishbosheth (see Israel In History and Prophecy: Saul and David and Israel In History and Prophecy: The Civil War), the LORD (see Who Is The LORD?) commanded David to move his capital from Hebron (the adopted home city and burial place of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob; see A Biography Of Abraham: Mamre in Hebron) to Jebus, or "the Jebusite city," as Jerusalem had been known (see A History Of Jerusalem: Jebus Of Canaan and Israel In History and Prophecy: Jerusalem). Jerusalem remained as the capital, of all of Israel, through the reigns of King David and his son Solomon, after which it became the capital city of kingdom of Judah only (see A History Of Jerusalem: The Capital Of Judah).

"5:1 Then came all the tribes of Israel to David unto Hebron, and spake, saying, Behold, we are thy bone and thy flesh. 5:2 Also in time past, when Saul was king over us, thou wast he that leddest out and broughtest in Israel: and the LORD said to thee, Thou shalt feed my people Israel, and thou shalt be a captain over Israel.

5:3 So all the elders of Israel [see also What Did The Elders Of Israel Do?] came to the king to Hebron; and king David made a league with them in Hebron before the LORD: and they anointed David king over Israel.

5:4 David was thirty years old when he began to reign, and he reigned forty years. 5:5 In Hebron he reigned over Judah seven years and six months: and in Jerusalem he reigned thirty and three years over all Israel and Judah.

5:6 And the king and his men went to Jerusalem unto the Jebusites, the inhabitants of the land: which spake unto David, saying, Except thou take away the blind and the lame, thou shalt not come in hither: thinking, David cannot come in hither. 5:7 Nevertheless David took the strong hold of Zion: the same is the city of David.

5:8 And David said on that day, Whosoever getteth up to the gutter, and smiteth the Jebusites, and the lame and the blind, that are hated of David's soul, he shall be chief and captain. Wherefore they said, The blind and the lame shall not come into the house.

5:9 So David dwelt in the fort, and called it the city of David. And David built round about from Millo and inward. 5:10 And David went on, and grew great, and the LORD God of hosts was with him." (2 Samuel 5:1-10 KJV)

Bethlehem is also known as the "city of David," primarily from the verses of Luke shown below. While some may debate which came to be called the "city of David" first (keeping in mind that before the time that the City of David in Jerusalem was established by David, no one would have called Bethlehem the "city of David" when he lived there because he was just a shepherd at the time), it's actually an irrelevant point. Both David and the Messiah were born in Bethlehem, and both David and the Messiah are kings who will reign from Jerusalem (not any where else, contrary to the many false prophets, and their antichrist religions, who have attempted to hijack the Word of God for their Satanic nationalistic fantasies).

Bethlehem

"2:1 And it came to pass in those days, that there went out a decree from Caesar Augustus, that all the world should be taxed [see Does Rome Have Christ's Birth Certificate?]. 2:2 (And this taxing was first made when Cyrenius was governor of Syria.) 2:3 And all went to be taxed, every one into his own city.

2:4 And Joseph also went up from Galilee, out of the city of Nazareth, into Judaea, unto the city of David, which is called Bethlehem; (because he was of the house and lineage of David:) 2:5 To be taxed with Mary his espoused wife [see also The Kinsfolk Of Jesus Of Nazareth], being great with child. 2:6 And so it was, that, while they were there, the days were accomplished that she should be delivered. 2:7 And she brought forth her firstborn son, and wrapped him in swaddling clothes, and laid him in a manger; because there was no room for them in the inn.

2:8 And there were in the same country shepherds abiding in the field, keeping watch over their flock by night. 2:9 And, lo, the angel of the Lord came upon them, and the glory of the Lord shone round about them: and they were sore afraid. 2:10 And the angel said unto them, Fear not: for, behold, I bring you good tidings of great joy, which shall be to all people. 2:11 For unto you is born this day in the city of David a Saviour, which is Christ the Lord. 2:12 And this shall be a sign unto you; Ye shall find the babe wrapped in swaddling clothes, lying in a manger [see Bethlehem In History And Prophecy].

2:13 And suddenly there was with the angel a multitude of the heavenly host praising God, and saying, 2:14 Glory to God in the highest, and on earth peace, good will toward men.

2:15 And it came to pass, as the angels were gone away from them into heaven, the shepherds said one to another, Let us now go even unto Bethlehem, and see this thing which is come to pass, which the Lord hath made known unto us.

2:16 And they came with haste, and found Mary, and Joseph, and the babe lying in a manger. 2:17 And when they had seen it, they made known abroad the saying which was told them concerning this child. 2:18 And all they that heard it wondered at those things which were told them by the shepherds. 2:19 But Mary kept all these things, and pondered them in her heart. 2:20 And the shepherds returned, glorifying and praising God for all the things that they had heard and seen, as it was told unto them." (Luke 2:1-20 KJV)

"The LORD hath broken forth upon mine enemies before me"

David had been forced to fight a civil war with Saul (see Israel In History and Prophecy: The Civil War). David's victory and unification of the Israelite tribes was nevertheless the beginning of a series of more wars, from foreign, and domestic (i.e. coup attempts by some of his own sons; see the Fact Finder question below) enemies. The LORD assured David's victory in all of them, for the sake of David in the LORD's Purpose (as illustrated also by the "city of David" events/fulfillments as covered above). The first attack on David came almost immediately.

The Empire Of Solomon

"5:17 But when the Philistines heard that they had anointed David king over Israel, all the Philistines came up to seek David; and David heard of it, and went down to the hold. 5:18 The Philistines also came and spread themselves in the valley of Rephaim. 5:19 And David inquired of the LORD [see Who Is The LORD?], saying, Shall I go up to the Philistines? wilt thou deliver them into mine hand?

And the LORD said unto David, Go up: for I will doubtless deliver the Philistines into thine hand.

5:20 And David came to Baalperazim, and David smote them there, and said, The LORD hath broken forth upon mine enemies before me, as the breach of waters. Therefore he called the name of that place Baalperazim. 5:21 And there they left their images, and David and his men burned them.

5:22 And the Philistines came up yet again, and spread themselves in the valley of Rephaim. 5:23 And when David inquired of the LORD, he said, Thou shalt not go up; but fetch a compass behind them, and come upon them over against the mulberry trees. 5:24 And let it be, when thou hearest the sound of a going in the tops of the mulberry trees, that then thou shalt bestir thyself: for then shall the LORD go out before thee, to smite the host of the Philistines. 5:25 And David did so, as the LORD had commanded him; and smote the Philistines from Geba until thou come to Gazer." (2 Samuel 5:17-25 KJV)

The result of David's God-given victories was the largest territorial extent that Israel would ever possess. It happened only during the relatively brief era of David and Solomon. Israel divided into Israel and Judah after Solomon, and then were lost due to their corruption (as will be covered in subsequent studies in this series).

"8:1 And after this it came to pass, that David smote the Philistines, and subdued them: and David took Methegammah out of the hand of the Philistines.

8:2 And he smote Moab, and measured them with a line, casting them down to the ground; even with two lines measured he to put to death, and with one full line to keep alive. And so the Moabites became David's servants, and brought gifts.

8:3 David smote also Hadadezer, the son of Rehob, king of Zobah, as he went to recover his border at the river Euphrates [see Why East And West Manasseh? and Abraham's Seed: From The Nile To The Euphrates]. 8:4 And David took from him a thousand chariots, and seven hundred horsemen, and twenty thousand footmen: and David hocked all the chariot horses, but reserved of them for an hundred chariots.

8:5 And when the Syrians of Damascus [see Damascus In History And Prophecy] came to succour Hadadezer king of Zobah, David slew of the Syrians two and twenty thousand men. 8:6 Then David put garrisons in Syria [see also The Syrian Marriage Wells] of Damascus: and the Syrians became servants to David, and brought gifts. And the LORD preserved David whithersoever he went.

8:7 And David took the shields of gold that were on the servants of Hadadezer, and brought them to Jerusalem. 8:8 And from Betah, and from Berothai, cities of Hadadezer, king David took exceeding much brass.

8:9 When Toi king of Hamath heard that David had smitten all the host of Hadadezer, 8:10 Then Toi sent Joram his son unto king David, to salute him, and to bless him, because he had fought against Hadadezer, and smitten him: for Hadadezer had wars with Toi. And Joram brought with him vessels of silver, and vessels of gold, and vessels of brass:

8:11 Which also king David did dedicate unto the LORD, with the silver and gold that he had dedicated of all nations which he subdued; 8:12 Of Syria, and of Moab, and of the children of Ammon, and of the Philistines, and of Amalek, and of the spoil of Hadadezer, son of Rehob, king of Zobah.

8:13 And David gat him a name when he returned from smiting of the Syrians in the valley of salt, being eighteen thousand men.

8:14 And he put garrisons in Edom; throughout all Edom put he garrisons, and all they of Edom became David's servants. And the LORD preserved David whithersoever he went." (2 Samuel 8:1-14 KJV)

After a relatively long reign and life (see the Fact Finder question below for an extensive listing of detailed studies), David died and was buried in the City of David in Jerusalem. David was succeeded by his son Solomon.

"2:10 So David slept with his fathers [see What Does The Bible Really Say About Your Soul?], and was buried in the city of David.

2:11 And the days that David reigned over Israel were forty years: seven years reigned he in Hebron, and thirty and three years reigned he in Jerusalem.

2:12 Then sat Solomon upon the throne of David his father; and his kingdom was established greatly." (1 Kings 2:10-12 KJV)

Fact Finder: (a) David became a key ancestor of the Messiah, but why was Abraham the key Messianic ancestor of David? (b) Who were the immediate ancestors of David? (c) Who were the wives of David? (d) What did David do that caused him to hurriedly purchase the site where the Temple would later be built? (e) What happened when some of David's sons became lawless rebels? How was David's servant Abishag involved in one of the incidents? (f) What is David's "fallen tabernacle"? (g) What will David be doing at the start of the Kingdom of God?
(a) See Israel In History and Prophecy: Roots and Branches and A Biography Of Abraham: Isaac
(b) See The Messianic Role Of Naomi, Ruth And Boaz and Jesse The Bethlehemite
(c) See The Wives Of King David and David And Bathsheba
(d) See David's Altar
(e) See Tamar and Amnon, Sheba's Revolt and Abishag and Adonijah
(f) See The Restoration Of David's Fallen Tabernacle
(g) See David, Future King Of Israel


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This Day In History, July 29

238: As the Roman Empire (see A History Of Jerusalem: Pompey And The Caesars) continued to unravel, the Praetorian Guard (the bodyguards of the Roman Emperors) executed the co-Emperors Pupienus and Balbinus in Rome. Gordian III, at age 13, was proclaimed Emperor.

904: Saracen raiders sacked Thessalonica (known in the Holy Bible from the epistles to the Thessalonians), which at the time was the Byzantine Empire's second-largest city (see also Constantine's Crusades In History And Prophecy).

1030: Olaf II was killed at the battle of Stiklestad while attempting to recover his Norwegian throne from the Danes.

1565: Mary Queen of Scots married Henry Stuart.

1567: James VI was crowned King of Scotland.

1715: 10 Spanish treasure galleons were sunk off the Florida coast by a hurricane.

1793: John Graves Simcoe began the construction of a fort and settlement in a bay on the north shore of Lake Ontario. It is known today as the city of Toronto.

1830: Charles X of France abdicated.

1848: Hopes of a nationalist uprising in Ireland were dashed when an insurrection at Tipperary led by William Smith O'Brien failed.

1900: King Umberto I of Italy was assassinated at Monza by anarchist Gaetano Bresci.

1914: Austria-Hungary bombarded Belgrade, Serbia; the first military action of the First World War (listen to our Sermon The European World Wars).

1921: Adolf Hitler became the leader of the National Socialist German Workers Party, later known by the abbreviation "Nazi." Hitler was later elected as the leader of Germany (see Presidential Quotes On War, Terrorism, Religion)

1930: The airship R100 set out on its first passenger-carrying flight from England to Canada.

1947: 3 Jewish terrorists were hung by the British for an attack on the Acre prison that freed 251 convicted criminals, including murderers; in response, Jewish resistance leader Menachem Begin (a future Prime Minister of Israel) ordered the hanging of 2 British hostages, army sergeants Clifford Martin and Mervyn Paice, the same day. The action set off anti-Jewish riots across Britain, the first in Britain since the 13th century (see A History Of Jerusalem: The British Mandate to understand that the present-day state of Israel came into existence because the British freed "Palestine" from centuries of control and occupation by Muslim forces; listen also to our Sermon The Ottoman Empire).

1948: The first Olympic Games after World War II opened in London at Wembley Stadium.

1968: Pope Paul VI, in an encyclical entitled Humanae Vitae (Of Human Life), declared that any artificial forms of birth control were prohibited by the Roman Catholic Church.

1996: China carried out a nuclear explosion at its Lop Nor nuclear testing ground. It measured 4.3 on the Richter scale.

2005: Astronomers announced the discovery of the dwarf planet that they named Eris (although many scientists reject religion, they nevertheless routinely name scientific discoveries and programs after pagan gods and idols).





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