. Make a Donation

Index Page
About The Author
Bible Quiz
Holy Day Calendar
Free Online Bibles
Bible Reading Plan

Quick Search the thousands of Bible studies on this website.
Just type in topic word(s) or a question.
Get Daily Bible Study on Facebook
Get Daily Bible Study on Twitter
Monday, July 30 2012

Israel In History and Prophecy: Solomon

Studies in this complete series of Israel In History and Prophecy:
1. Roots and Branches 2. Jacob's Family 3. Moses 4. The Exodus 5. Passover
6. Law Of The LORD 7. The Sinai Journey 8. Joshua 9. The Judges 10. Samuel
11. Saul and David 12. The Civil War 13. Jerusalem 14. Zion 15. King David
16. Solomon 17. The Tabernacle 18. The Temple 19. Israel and Judah 20. The Lost Ten Tribes
21. Kingdom Of Judah 22. Back To Babylon 23. The Prophets 24. Babylon and Persia 25. The Return Of Judah
26. Jews 27. Judaism 28. Purim 29. Hanukkah 30. Hasmonean Judea
31. Roman Judea 32. Herod 33. The Messiah 34. The Zealots 35. Aelia Capitolina
36. Rome and Islam 37. Balfour Declaration 38. Israel Of Judah 39. The New Covenant 40. Alpha and Omega

The United Kingdom Of David And Solomon

The Kingdom of Israel, under a human king, was first united by King David after his victory over King Saul in the Civil War (see Israel In History and Prophecy: The Civil War). It remained united (in the same time that it also reached its greatest political and territorial extent - see the map) only through the reigns of David and his son Solomon. Why?

The Empire Of Solomon Empires decline and decompose for various reasons, however the most-common factor (including as happened to Rome; see A History Of Jerusalem: Pompey And The Caesars and Whatever Happened To Those Romans?) has always been that the taxpayers, and those who have to live with the hometown inadequacies resulting from the classic "guns or butter" rule of economics (i.e. from a limited national budget, immense expenditures squandered on a worldwide invasion force, while infrastructure and the economy itself are crumbling at home), plus the inevitable grievous cost in the blood of the aggressor's children sent away, from their God-given homeland, to rule over and kill other people's children, in their God-given homelands; see The Boundary Law), become unwilling to tolerate their nationalistic malignancy any further. At some point, even if military defeat or stalemate doesn't come first, the people always reach the point when they say enough. In the end, it was for that reason that the Israelite people rebelled against the crippling cost of their own empire of vanity i.e. "12:3 That they sent and called him. And Jeroboam and all the congregation of Israel came, and spake unto Rehoboam, saying, 12:4 Thy father made our yoke grievous: now therefore make thou the grievous service of thy father, and his heavy yoke which he put upon us, lighter, and we will serve thee" (1 Kings 12:3-4 KJV).

Those crippling expenditures (that the LORD warned the Israelites would happen if they got a mere human leader for themselves; see 1 Samuel 8:10-22) peaked during the time that the LORD patiently waited for Solomon to become a fully-dedicated man of God, as his father David had been. Solomon was naturally wise, even as a young man; the LORD then gave Solomon even more wisdom, in the obvious hope that Solomon would turn wholly to the LORD (something that Solomon never did, as we will read), but like Satan, who corrupted his wisdom when he misdirected it to vanity ("28:17 Thine heart was lifted up because of thy beauty, thou hast corrupted thy wisdom by reason of thy brightness: I will cast thee to the ground, I will lay thee before kings, that they may behold thee" Ezekiel 28:17 KJV), Solomon's famous wisdom became deeply flawed - morally vain.

Notice that at the beginning of his reign, Solomon had married an idol-worshipping daughter of an Egyptian Pharaoh, and that Solomon himself worshipped at the pagan "high places."

"3:1 And Solomon made affinity with Pharaoh king of Egypt, and took Pharaoh's daughter, and brought her into the city of David, until he had made an end of building his own house, and the house of the LORD, and the wall of Jerusalem round about. 3:2 Only the people sacrificed in high places, because there was no house built unto the name of the LORD, until those days. 3:3 And Solomon loved the LORD, walking in the statutes of David his father: only he sacrificed and burnt incense in high places. 3:4 And the king went to Gibeon to sacrifice there; for that was the great high place: a thousand burnt offerings did Solomon offer upon that altar. 3:5 In Gibeon the LORD appeared to Solomon in a dream by night: and God said, Ask what I shall give thee." (1 Kings 3:1-5 KJV)

The LORD (see Who Is The LORD?) nevertheless blessed Solomon and his kingdom. The LORD gave Solomon every possible means, intellectually and politically, as an incentive to become a wholly-devoted man of God - who destroys idols at every opportunity, not ever tolerates them, let alone bows down to them.

"3:6 And Solomon said, Thou hast showed unto thy servant David my father great mercy, according as he walked before thee in truth, and in righteousness, and in uprightness of heart with thee; and thou hast kept for him this great kindness, that thou hast given him a son to sit on his throne, as it is this day.

3:7 And now, O LORD my God, thou hast made thy servant king instead of David my father: and I am but a little child: I know not how to go out or come in. 3:8 And thy servant is in the midst of thy people which thou hast chosen, a great people, that cannot be numbered nor counted for multitude. 3:9 Give therefore thy servant an understanding heart to judge thy people, that I may discern between good and bad: for who is able to judge this thy so great a people?

3:10 And the speech pleased the Lord, that Solomon had asked this thing. 3:11 And God said unto him, Because thou hast asked this thing, and hast not asked for thyself long life; neither hast asked riches for thyself, nor hast asked the life of thine enemies; but hast asked for thyself understanding to discern judgment; 3:12 Behold, I have done according to thy words: lo, I have given thee a wise and an understanding heart; so that there was none like thee before thee, neither after thee shall any arise like unto thee. 3:13 And I have also given thee that which thou hast not asked, both riches, and honour: so that there shall not be any among the kings like unto thee all thy days. 3:14 And if thou wilt walk in my ways, to keep my statutes and my commandments, as thy father David did walk, then I will lengthen thy days.

3:15 And Solomon awoke; and, behold, it was a dream. And he came to Jerusalem, and stood before the ark of the covenant of the LORD, and offered up burnt offerings, and offered peace offerings, and made a feast to all his servants." (1 Kings 3:6-15 KJV)

The Empire Of Solomon

Solomon was handed the gift of a strong, prosperous, united kingdom of Israel. The result was that Solomon wasn't only a King of his own people; he was an Emperor over other people (i.e. "Solomon reigned over all kingdoms from the river unto the land of the Philistines, and unto the border of Egypt") and the people of Israel basked in the narcotic-like glow of their imperial glory, just as the Romans did, not merely like Israel, but to Israel, centuries later.

Jerusalem In The Time Of Solomon

"4:1 So king Solomon was king over all Israel." (1 Kings 4:1 KJV)

"4:20 Judah and Israel were many, as the sand which is by the sea in multitude, eating and drinking, and making merry.

4:21 And Solomon reigned over all kingdoms from the river unto the land of the Philistines, and unto the border of Egypt: they brought presents, and served Solomon all the days of his life." (1 Kings 4:20-21 KJV)

During his life-long moral slide, Solomon's God-given "wisdom and understanding" nevertheless made him a world-respected (i.e. the carnal world, as Solomon descended deeper into it) source of teaching in many things i.e. "there came of all people to hear the wisdom of Solomon, from all kings of the earth, which had heard of his wisdom." In the time of Solomon, Jerusalem became not only a military, political and economic capital, but an intellectual capital as well. During that time, Jerusalem had it all.

"4:29 And God gave Solomon wisdom and understanding exceeding much, and largeness of heart, even as the sand that is on the sea shore. 4:30 And Solomon's wisdom excelled the wisdom of all the children of the east country, and all the wisdom of Egypt. 4:31 For he was wiser than all men; than Ethan the Ezrahite, and Heman, and Chalcol, and Darda, the sons of Mahol: and his fame was in all nations round about. 4:32 And he spake three thousand proverbs: and his songs were a thousand and five. 4:33 And he spake of trees, from the cedar tree that is in Lebanon even unto the hyssop that springeth out of the wall: he spake also of beasts, and of fowl, and of creeping things, and of fishes. 4:34 And there came of all people to hear the wisdom of Solomon, from all kings of the earth, which had heard of his wisdom." (1 Kings 4:29-34 KJV)

Solomon was given to construct the Temple of the LORD (see A History Of Jerusalem: The Temple Of The LORD) that his father David had made the preparations for (see the Fact Finder question below).

"6:1 And it came to pass in the four hundred and eightieth year after the children of Israel were come out of the land of Egypt, in the fourth year of Solomon's reign over Israel, in the month Zif, which is the second month, that he began to build the house of the LORD." (1 Kings 6:1 KJV)

"6:14 So Solomon built the house, and finished it." (1 Kings 6:14 KJV)

"6:37 In the fourth year was the foundation of the house of the LORD laid, in the month Zif: 6:38 And in the eleventh year, in the month Bul, which is the eighth month, was the house finished throughout all the parts thereof, and according to all the fashion of it. So was he seven years in building it." (1 Kings 6:37-38 KJV)

By that time, Solomon should have become strong enough to no longer be influenced by the vanity and idolatry of other people. He wasn't. Notice that he spent only seven years building the Temple of the LORD, but thirteen years for a palace for himself and the Pharaoh's daughter.

The King's Dedication

"7:1 But Solomon was building his own house thirteen years, and he finished all his house." (1 Kings 7:1 KJV)

"9:24 But Pharaoh's daughter came up out of the city of David unto her house which Solomon had built for her: then did he build Millo." (1 Kings 9:24 KJV)

During the reign of Solomon, Jerusalem had become the economic center of the known world. Economic power is one matter, but gross personal opulence and extravagance became Solomon's wasteful and vain way e.g. pure gold cups and an ivory throne. Solomon still had his great wisdom, but his opportunity to start using it in a wise way was running out.

"10:14 Now the weight of gold that came to Solomon in one year was six hundred threescore and six talents of gold, 10:15 Beside that he had of the merchantmen, and of the traffic of the spice merchants, and of all the kings of Arabia, and of the governors of the country.

10:16 And king Solomon made two hundred targets of beaten gold: six hundred shekels of gold went to one target. 10:17 And he made three hundred shields of beaten gold; three pound of gold went to one shield: and the king put them in the house of the forest of Lebanon.

10:18 Moreover the king made a great throne of ivory, and overlaid it with the best gold. 10:19 The throne had six steps, and the top of the throne was round behind: and there were stays on either side on the place of the seat, and two lions stood beside the stays. 10:20 And twelve lions stood there on the one side and on the other upon the six steps: there was not the like made in any kingdom. 10:21 And all king Solomon's drinking vessels were of gold, and all the vessels of the house of the forest of Lebanon were of pure gold; none were of silver: it was nothing accounted of in the days of Solomon. 10:22 For the king had at sea a navy of Tharshish with the navy of Hiram: once in three years came the navy of Tharshish, bringing gold, and silver, ivory, and apes, and peacocks.

10:23 So king Solomon exceeded all the kings of the earth for riches and for wisdom. 10:24 And all the earth sought to Solomon, to hear his wisdom, which God had put in his heart. 10:25 And they brought every man his present, vessels of silver, and vessels of gold, and garments, and armour, and spices, horses, and mules, a rate year by year.

10:26 And Solomon gathered together chariots and horsemen: and he had a thousand and four hundred chariots, and twelve thousand horsemen, whom he bestowed in the cities for chariots, and with the king at Jerusalem. 10:27 And the king made silver to be in Jerusalem as stones, and cedars made he to be as the sycamore trees that are in the vale, for abundance. 10:28 And Solomon had horses brought out of Egypt, and linen yarn: the king's merchants received the linen yarn at a price. 10:29 And a chariot came up and went out of Egypt for six hundred shekels of silver, and an horse for an hundred and fifty: and so for all the kings of the Hittites, and for the kings of Syria, did they bring them out by their means." (1 Kings 10:14-29 KJV)

The famous visit of the Queen of Sheba occurred at the peak of Solomon's reign.

The Visit Of The Queen Of Sheba

"10:1 And when the queen of Sheba heard of the fame of Solomon concerning the name of the LORD, she came to prove him with hard questions.

10:2 And she came to Jerusalem with a very great train, with camels that bare spices, and very much gold, and precious stones: and when she was come to Solomon, she communed with him of all that was in her heart.

10:3 And Solomon told her all her questions: there was not any thing hid from the king, which he told her not.

10:4 And when the queen of Sheba had seen all Solomon's wisdom, and the house that he had built, 10:5 And the meat of his table, and the sitting of his servants, and the attendance of his ministers, and their apparel, and his cupbearers, and his ascent by which he went up unto the house of the LORD; there was no more spirit in her.

10:6 And she said to the king, It was a true report that I heard in mine own land of thy acts and of thy wisdom. 10:7 Howbeit I believed not the words, until I came, and mine eyes had seen it: and, behold, the half was not told me: thy wisdom and prosperity exceedeth the fame which I heard. 10:8 Happy are thy men, happy are these thy servants, which stand continually before thee, and that hear thy wisdom. 10:9 Blessed be the LORD thy God, which delighted in thee, to set thee on the throne of Israel: because the LORD loved Israel for ever, therefore made he thee king, to do judgment and justice.

10:10 And she gave the king an hundred and twenty talents of gold, and of spices very great store, and precious stones: there came no more such abundance of spices as these which the queen of Sheba gave to king Solomon." (1 Kings 10:1-10 KJV)

Solomon began his reign as a young idol worshipper with an unbeliever wife; his reign ended in the same way, multiplied by a thousand. The patience of the LORD expired. The Israelite Empire would not only be deflated, but the kingdom of Israel itself would be divided into two kingdoms (as we will cover in a subsequent study in this series).

Solomon Sacrificing To Idols

"11:1 But king Solomon loved many strange women, together with the daughter of Pharaoh, women of the Moabites, Ammonites, Edomites, Zidonians, and Hittites; 11:2 Of the nations concerning which the LORD said unto the children of Israel, Ye shall not go in to them, neither shall they come in unto you: for surely they will turn away your heart after their gods: Solomon clave unto these in love. 11:3 And he had seven hundred wives, princesses, and three hundred concubines: and his wives turned away his heart. 11:4 For it came to pass, when Solomon was old, that his wives turned away his heart after other gods: and his heart was not perfect with the LORD his God, as was the heart of David his father. 11:5 For Solomon went after Ashtoreth the goddess of the Zidonians, and after Milcom the abomination of the Ammonites. 11:6 And Solomon did evil in the sight of the LORD, and went not fully after the LORD, as did David his father.

11:7 Then did Solomon build an high place for Chemosh, the abomination of Moab, in the hill that is before Jerusalem, and for Molech, the abomination of the children of Ammon. 11:8 And likewise did he for all his strange wives, which burnt incense and sacrificed unto their gods.

11:9 And the LORD was angry with Solomon, because his heart was turned from the LORD God of Israel, which had appeared unto him twice, 11:10 And had commanded him concerning this thing, that he should not go after other gods: but he kept not that which the LORD commanded. 11:11 Wherefore the LORD said unto Solomon, Forasmuch as this is done of thee, and thou hast not kept my covenant and my statutes, which I have commanded thee, I will surely rend the kingdom from thee, and will give it to thy servant. 11:12 Notwithstanding in thy days I will not do it for David thy father's sake: but I will rend it out of the hand of thy son. 11:13 Howbeit I will not rend away all the kingdom; but will give one tribe to thy son for David my servant's sake, and for Jerusalem's sake which I have chosen." (1 Kings 11:1-13 KJV)

Solomon died and "was buried in the city of David his father."

"11:41 And the rest of the acts of Solomon, and all that he did, and his wisdom, are they not written in the book of the acts of Solomon? 11:42 And the time that Solomon reigned in Jerusalem over all Israel was forty years. 11:43 And Solomon slept with his fathers, and was buried in the city of David his father: and Rehoboam his son reigned in his stead." (1 Kings 11:41-43 KJV)

Fact Finder: King David was a righteous and obedient servant of the LORD - but not perfect. What arrogant mistake did David make that caused him to purchase the site where the Temple would be built?
See David's Altar

Bible Quiz Daily Bible Study Library
Thousands of Studies!

Jesus Christ
Bible History
Christian Living
Eternal Life
By The Book
Bible Places
The Spirit World

This Day In History, July 30

30 B.C.: Mark Antony, claimant to the Roman leadership while involved with Cleopatra (see The Cleopatra Connection), committed suicide when faced with defeat by his rival Octavian (Octavian is known in the Holy Bible as Caesar Augustus; see A History Of Jerusalem: Pompey And The Caesars and Whatever Happened To Those Romans?).

579: Pope Benedict I died during a siege of Rome by the Lombards (see also The Struggle For The Papacy and listen to our Sermon Constantine's Papacy; see also A History Of Jerusalem: Constantine and Muhammad and A Biography Of Abraham: Abrahamic Religions).

762: Caliph Al-Mansur commissioned the beginning of the construction of the city of Baghdad, Iraq (see also A History Of Jerusalem: Constantine and Muhammad and A Biography Of Abraham: The Genealogy Of Abram).

1178: Frederick I, Holy Roman Emperor (see The Holy Roman Empire) known as Barbarossa, was crowned King of Burgundy.

1502: During his fourth exploratory voyage (all of his voyages were in and around the Caribbean area), Christopher Columbus landed at Guanaja in the Bay Islands of Honduras.

1578: British explorer Martin Frobisher landed at Anne Warwick Island in the Canadian Arctic while trying to discover a Northwest Passage. While there, the ship's chaplain conducted the first Thanksgiving service in the New World (see also Thanksgiving).

1629: 10,000 people died in an earthquake in Naples, Italy.

1656: Charles X of Sweden defeated the Poles at the Battle of Warsaw, two days after invading the country.

1793: John Graves Simcoe, Lieutenant Governor of Upper Canada, began clearing the lakeshore (Lake Ontario) site for the city of York, today known as Toronto. He called it York in honor of the Duke of York's victories in Europe during the war against Napoleon.

1898: Otto von Bismarck died at age 83. He was the founder and first Chancellor of the German Empire, the "First Reich" (see The Holy Roman Empire).

1933: The Vatican, under Pope Pius XI, signed a concordat with Nazi Germany, protecting the rights of the Roman Church under the Third Reich (see also Presidential Quotes On War, Terrorism, Religion).

1945: The Japanese submarine I-58 sank the U.S. cruiser Indianapolis with a loss of 883 men. It was returning to the U.S. after having just delivered the material for the atomic bomb that would later be dropped on Japan.

1962: The Trans-Canada Highway, the largest national highway in the world, was officially opened.

1974: During the Watergate criminal investigation, President Richard Nixon released subpoenaed White House recordings, as ordered by the U.S. Supreme Court.

1975: Union leader / convicted gangster Jimmy Hoffa disappeared from the parking lot of a restaurant in Bloomfield Hills, Michigan. He was never seen again.

1980: The Knesset (Parliament) of Israel passed the Jerusalem Law, also known as "Basic Law: Jerusalem, Capital of Israel" (see A History Of Jerusalem: The Capital Of Judah, A History Of Jerusalem: The British Mandate, A History Of Jerusalem: Zionism and A History Of Jerusalem: War And Peace).

2003: The last original-design Volkswagen Beetle was manufactured, at a Volkswagen plant in Mexico.


Copyright © Wayne Blank