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Tuesday, July 31 2012

Israel In History and Prophecy: The Tabernacle

Studies in this complete series of Israel In History and Prophecy:
1. Roots and Branches 2. Jacob's Family 3. Moses 4. The Exodus 5. Passover
6. Law Of The LORD 7. The Sinai Journey 8. Joshua 9. The Judges 10. Samuel
11. Saul and David 12. The Civil War 13. Jerusalem 14. Zion 15. King David
16. Solomon 17. The Tabernacle 18. The Temple 19. Israel and Judah 20. The Lost Ten Tribes
21. Kingdom Of Judah 22. Back To Babylon 23. The Prophets 24. Babylon and Persia 25. The Return Of Judah
26. Jews 27. Judaism 28. Purim 29. Hanukkah 30. Hasmonean Judea
31. Roman Judea 32. Herod 33. The Messiah 34. The Zealots 35. Aelia Capitolina
36. Rome and Islam 37. Balfour Declaration 38. Israel Of Judah 39. The New Covenant 40. Alpha and Omega


The Tabernacle Built By Moses

Instructions for the Tabernacle, to house (keep that word in mind, in its noun and verb usages, as in house and to house) The Ark of the Covenant and other objects (see The Temple Vessel Prophecies Today) were given to Moses while he was on Mount Sinai (see Israel In History and Prophecy: The Sinai Journey, The Stones Of Mount Sinai and Mountains Of The Messiah) receiving The Ten Commandments from the LORD. The Tabernacle was thereafter completed on the first day, of the first month, of the second year after the Exodus (i.e. exactly a year after the Exodus), just before the first Passover after the Exodus.

The Tabernacle

"40:1 And the LORD [see Who Is The LORD?] spake unto Moses [see Israel In History and Prophecy: Moses], saying, 40:2 On the first day of the first month shalt thou set up the tabernacle of the tent of the congregation. 40:3 And thou shalt put therein the ark of the testimony, and cover the ark with the veil." (Exodus 40:1-3 KJV)

The journey from Egypt to the Promised Land was intended, by the LORD, to have taken only a little over one year. When the adults of the Exodus refused their opportunity to go in, the LORD turned them around and marched them around in circles for forty years, until the entire generation of rebels had died in the homeless wilderness of the Sinai.

"32:10 And the LORD's anger was kindled the same time, and he sware, saying, 32:11 Surely none of the men that came up out of Egypt, from twenty years old and upward, shall see the land which I sware unto Abraham, unto Isaac, and unto Jacob; because they have not wholly followed me: 32:12 Save Caleb the son of Jephunneh the Kenezite, and Joshua the son of Nun: for they have wholly followed the LORD. 32:13 And the LORD's anger was kindled against Israel, and he made them wander in the wilderness forty years [see Israel In History and Prophecy: The Sinai Journey], until all the generation, that had done evil in the sight of the LORD, was consumed." (Numbers 32:10-13 KJV)

"5:6 For the children of Israel walked forty years in the wilderness, till all the people that were men of war, which came out of Egypt, were consumed [see A Journey Without A Destination], because they obeyed not the voice of the LORD: unto whom the LORD sware that he would not show them the land, which the LORD sware unto their fathers that he would give us, a land that floweth with milk and honey." (Joshua 5:6 KJV)

Forty years later, it was the children of the Exodus, by then adults with their own families, who entered the Promised Land. The blessings, and warnings, were the same to them as they were to their parents.

"8:1 All the commandments which I command thee this day shall ye observe to do [see Israel In History and Prophecy: Law Of The LORD], that ye may live, and multiply, and go in and possess the land which the LORD sware unto your fathers [see The Way To The Land Of Milk And Honey]. 8:2 And thou shalt remember all the way which the LORD thy God led thee these forty years in the wilderness, to humble thee, and to prove thee, to know what was in thine heart, whether thou wouldest keep his commandments, or no. 8:3 And he humbled thee, and suffered thee to hunger, and fed thee with manna, which thou knewest not, neither did thy fathers know; that he might make thee know that man doth not live by bread only, but by every word that proceedeth out of the mouth of the LORD doth man live." (Deuteronomy 8:1-3 KJV)

The Ark Crossing The Jordan

The Ark of the Covenant, and the Tabernacle (keeping in mind that it was a portable structure that could be disassembled for transport) led the way for the crossing of the Jordan River in the time of Joshua (see also From Moses And Aaron To Joshua and Eleazar).

"4:15 And the LORD spake unto Joshua [see Israel In History and Prophecy: Joshua], saying, 4:16 Command the priests that bear the ark of the testimony, that they come up out of Jordan. 4:17 Joshua therefore commanded the priests, saying, Come ye up out of Jordan. 4:18 And it came to pass, when the priests that bare the ark of the covenant of the LORD were come up out of the midst of Jordan, and the soles of the priests' feet were lifted up unto the dry land, that the waters of Jordan returned unto their place, and flowed over all his banks, as they did before [see The Jordan Crossing]. 4:19 And the people came up out of Jordan on the tenth day of the first month, and encamped in Gilgal, in the east border of Jericho." (Joshua 4:15-19 KJV)

The Ark remained in the Tabernacle for the next two or three centuries - through the rest of the lifetime of Joshua, and through the period of the Judges (see Israel In History and Prophecy: The Judges), until the time of Samuel (see Israel In History and Prophecy: Samuel) and Eli.

"18:1 And the whole congregation of the children of Israel assembled together at Shiloh, and set up the tabernacle of the congregation there. And the land was subdued before them." (Joshua 18:1 KJV)

According to the Biblical record, The Ark and The Tabernacle were (people debate the point) parted in the time of Eli, after a fiasco by Eli's corrupt sons who had arrogantly and foolishly carried The Ark into battle - and temporarily lost it to the Philistines (1 Samuel chapters 4 to 6). The Philistines were very happy to return The Ark however when the LORD's wrath came upon them for holding it. Upon its return, The Ark was taken to "the house of Abinadab" where it remained for twenty years. While many find that separation surprising, it serves as an object lesson that a house (noun) is not more important that what it was built to house (verb). It was an object lesson that was repeated with the Temple later on - and with the prophecies involving The Ark's location today (see the Fact Finder question below and Raiders Of The Lost Ark).

The Hills Of Samaria

"7:1 And the men of Kirjathjearim came, and fetched up the ark of the LORD, and brought it into the house of Abinadab in the hill, and sanctified Eleazar his son to keep the ark of the LORD. 7:2 And it came to pass, while the ark abode in Kirjathjearim, that the time was long; for it was twenty years: and all the house of Israel lamented after the LORD." (1 Samuel 7:1-2 KJV)

The original Tabernacle was taken to Nob, where, during the Civil War, David, as also recounted by Jesus Christ (see Luke 6:3-4) experienced the famous incident with the consecrated bread from the Tabernacle - the Tabernacle was then functioning without The Ark, just as the Temple was functioning in the time of the Messiah's first coming without The Ark.

"21:1 Then came David to Nob to Ahimelech the priest: and Ahimelech was afraid at the meeting of David, and said unto him, Why art thou alone, and no man with thee?

21:2 And David said unto Ahimelech the priest, The king hath commanded me a business, and hath said unto me, Let no man know any thing of the business whereabout I send thee, and what I have commanded thee: and I have appointed my servants to such and such a place. 21:3 Now therefore what is under thine hand? give me five loaves of bread in mine hand, or what there is present.

21:4 And the priest answered David, and said, There is no common bread under mine hand, but there is hallowed bread; if the young men have kept themselves at least from women.

21:5 And David answered the priest, and said unto him, Of a truth women have been kept from us about these three days, since I came out, and the vessels of the young men are holy, and the bread is in a manner common, yea, though it were sanctified this day in the vessel. 21:6 So the priest gave him hallowed bread: for there was no bread there but the showbread, that was taken from before the LORD, to put hot bread in the day when it was taken away." (1 Samuel 21:1-6 KJV)

After the destruction of Nob by Saul, the Tabernacle was moved to Gibeon. It is mentioned, for the last time in the Scriptures, at Gibeon.

"21:29 For the tabernacle of the LORD, which Moses made in the wilderness, and the altar of the burnt offering, were at that season in the high place at Gibeon." (1 Chronicles 21:29 KJV)

The Tabernacle Built By David

With Jerusalem established as the new capital of the united kingdom of Israel (Jerusalem was a foreign city to the Israelites prior to David capturing it; see Israel In History and Prophecy: Jerusalem), moving The Ark to the capital of "Zion" (of which David very-well understood the true Messianic meaning and purpose; see Israel In History and Prophecy: Zion) was a natural objective. After an eventful and delayed journey, "David went and brought up the ark of God from the house of Obededom into the city of David."

David and The Ark

"6:1 Again, David gathered together all the chosen men of Israel, thirty thousand. 6:2 And David arose, and went with all the people that were with him from Baale of Judah, to bring up from thence the ark of God, whose name is called by the name of the LORD of hosts that dwelleth between the cherubims. 6:3 And they set the ark of God upon a new cart, and brought it out of the house of Abinadab that was in Gibeah: and Uzzah and Ahio, the sons of Abinadab, drave the new cart. 6:4 And they brought it out of the house of Abinadab which was at Gibeah, accompanying the ark of God: and Ahio went before the ark. 6:5 And David and all the house of Israel played before the LORD on all manner of instruments made of fir wood, even on harps, and on psalteries, and on timbrels, and on cornets, and on cymbals.

6:6 And when they came to Nachon's threshingfloor, Uzzah put forth his hand to the ark of God, and took hold of it; for the oxen shook it. 6:7 And the anger of the LORD was kindled against Uzzah; and God smote him there for his error; and there he died by the ark of God.

6:8 And David was displeased, because the LORD had made a breach upon Uzzah: and he called the name of the place Perezuzzah to this day.

6:9 And David was afraid of the LORD that day, and said, How shall the ark of the LORD come to me? 6:10 So David would not remove the ark of the LORD unto him into the city of David: but David carried it aside into the house of Obededom the Gittite. 6:11 And the ark of the LORD continued in the house of Obededom the Gittite three months: and the LORD blessed Obededom, and all his household.

6:12 And it was told king David, saying, The LORD hath blessed the house of Obededom, and all that pertaineth unto him, because of the ark of God. So David went and brought up the ark of God from the house of Obededom into the city of David with gladness." (2 Samuel 6:1-12 KJV)

The Ark was in the City of David, but not in the palace of David. As it had been right from the time of Moses, The Ark remained in a Tent, or Tabernacle (the meaning is the same). David then inquired of the LORD, through the prophet Nathan, if he should build a permanent House for The Ark. The LORD's answer had a few surprises for David. A "House," or Temple," would nevertheless be built, but by David's son.

Araunah the Jebusite

"7:1 And it came to pass, when the king sat in his house, and the LORD had given him rest round about from all his enemies; 7:2 That the king said unto Nathan the prophet, See now, I dwell in an house of cedar, but the ark of God dwelleth within curtains.

7:3 And Nathan said to the king, Go, do all that is in thine heart; for the LORD is with thee.

7:4 And it came to pass that night, that the word of the LORD came unto Nathan, saying,

7:5 Go and tell my servant David, Thus saith the LORD, Shalt thou build me an house for me to dwell in? 7:6 Whereas I have not dwelt in any house since the time that I brought up the children of Israel out of Egypt, even to this day, but have walked in a tent and in a tabernacle. 7:7 In all the places wherein I have walked with all the children of Israel spake I a word with any of the tribes of Israel, whom I commanded to feed my people Israel, saying, Why build ye not me an house of cedar?

7:8 Now therefore so shalt thou say unto my servant David, Thus saith the LORD of hosts, I took thee from the sheepcote, from following the sheep, to be ruler over my people, over Israel: 7:9 And I was with thee whithersoever thou wentest, and have cut off all thine enemies out of thy sight, and have made thee a great name, like unto the name of the great men that are in the earth. 7:10 Moreover I will appoint a place for my people Israel, and will plant them, that they may dwell in a place of their own, and move no more; neither shall the children of wickedness afflict them any more, as beforetime, 7:11 And as since the time that I commanded judges to be over my people Israel, and have caused thee to rest from all thine enemies.

Also the LORD telleth thee that he will make thee an house. 7:12 And when thy days be fulfilled, and thou shalt sleep with thy fathers, I will set up thy seed after thee, which shall proceed out of thy bowels, and I will establish his kingdom. 7:13 He shall build an house for my name, and I will stablish the throne of his kingdom for ever. 7:14 I will be his father, and he shall be my son. If he commit iniquity, I will chasten him with the rod of men, and with the stripes of the children of men: 7:15 But my mercy shall not depart away from him, as I took it from Saul, whom I put away before thee. 7:16 And thine house and thy kingdom shall be established for ever before thee: thy throne shall be established for ever.

7:17 According to all these words, and according to all this vision, so did Nathan speak unto David." (2 Samuel 7:1-17 KJV)

Fact Finder: (a) What incident caused David to purchase a place for an altar - that was later the site where the Temple would be built? (b) What is David's "fallen tabernacle"?
(a) See David's Altar
(b) See The Restoration Of David's Fallen Tabernacle


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This Day In History, July 31

781: The earliest recorded eruption of Mount Fuji in Japan.

904: Muslim forces captured Thessalonica from the Byzantine Empire (see A History Of Jerusalem: Constantine and Muhammad).

1009: Pope Sergius IV became the 142nd pope of the Church of Rome (see Constantine's Crusades In History And Prophecy).

1498: Christopher Columbus, on his third voyage to the New World, discovered an island which he named Trinidad.

1588: The Spanish Armada was spotted off the coast of England.

1687: Fort Niagara was built by Jacques Rene de Brisay de Denonville, the Governor-General of "New France," at the mouth of the Niagara River.

1763: The British garrison at Detroit attempted to break a siege by the Ottawa Indians under chief Pontiac by launching a night attack on the Ottawa camp at Bloody Run. The attack was repulsed with heavy losses. The Ottawa siege on Detroit was also indecisive, although a general uprising led by Pontiac was successful in taking 8 British forts.

1812: A year after declaring independence, Venezuela fell to the Spanish.

1817: Benjamin Disraeli (a name that literally means "Benjamin the Israeli"), age 12, was baptized into the Church of England. Without that event, Disraeli would not have later become Prime Minister of Britain, because Jews were not admitted to parliament until 1858.

1856: Christchurch, New Zealand was established as a city.

1919: The Weimar Constitution was adopted in post-war Germany, establishing a republic. Parliament, which kept the old name of Reichstag, moved to Weimar to avoid association with the Kaiser (Kaiser is the German form of Caesar).

1938: Archaeologists discovered gold and silver artifacts of King Darius in Persepolis (see Darius The Mede).

1941: Nazi government official Hermann Goering gave a written directive to police chief Reinhard Heydrich to draft a plan for the murder of the Jewish people, Adolf Hitler's so-called "Final Solution" (see also Presidential Quotes On War, Terrorism, Religion)

1957: The Distant Early Warning (DEW) Line of radar stations was put into operation as a joint United States-Canada defence project against nuclear attack from the Soviet Union (Canada has the U.S. on its southern border and Russia on its northern border).

1969: Pope Paul VI visited Uganda, the first time a pope of the church of Rome had visited Africa.

1970: The complete New American Standard Version of the Bible (NASB) was first published.

1976: NASA released the controversial "Mars Face" photo taken by Viking 1.

1987: A tornado struck Edmonton, Alberta; 27 people were killed, $330 million in damage.

1993: King Baudouin of Belgium died at age 62.





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