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Wednesday, August 1 2012

Israel In History and Prophecy: The Temple

Studies in this complete series of Israel In History and Prophecy:
1. Roots and Branches 2. Jacob's Family 3. Moses 4. The Exodus 5. Passover
6. Law Of The LORD 7. The Sinai Journey 8. Joshua 9. The Judges 10. Samuel
11. Saul and David 12. The Civil War 13. Jerusalem 14. Zion 15. King David
16. Solomon 17. The Tabernacle 18. The Temple 19. Israel and Judah 20. The Lost Ten Tribes
21. Kingdom Of Judah 22. Back To Babylon 23. The Prophets 24. Babylon and Persia 25. The Return Of Judah
26. Jews 27. Judaism 28. Purim 29. Hanukkah 30. Hasmonean Judea
31. Roman Judea 32. Herod 33. The Messiah 34. The Zealots 35. Aelia Capitolina
36. Rome and Islam 37. Balfour Declaration 38. Israel Of Judah 39. The New Covenant 40. Alpha and Omega


"The Temple of the LORD, where The Ark of God was"

The Temple of the LORD in Jerusalem is often referred-to as "the Temple of Solomon" because it was in the time of King Solomon (see Israel In History and Prophecy: Solomon) that the Temple was built (although King David was the one who requested that it be built, and David made extensive preparations for it; see Israel In History and Prophecy: King David and Israel In History and Prophecy: The Tabernacle). The Messianic purpose and principle of the Temple existed long before David and Solomon however - the reason that the Tabernacle, which was a tent structure built in the time of Moses, was also called "the temple of the LORD, where the ark of God was" (1 Samuel 3:3 KJV).

The Tabernacle

"40:1 And the LORD [see Who Is The LORD?] spake unto Moses [see Israel In History and Prophecy: Moses], saying, 40:2 On the first day of the first month shalt thou set up the tabernacle of the tent of the congregation. 40:3 And thou shalt put therein the ark of the testimony, and cover the ark with the veil." (Exodus 40:1-3 KJV)

Centuries after Moses, The Ark remained in the original Tabernacle, which served as a temple ("a place devoted to special or exalted purposes"), just as the later building in Jerusalem, that was known as the "Temple," served as the temple. The Temple of the LORD existed long before Solomon.

"3:1 And the child Samuel [see Israel In History and Prophecy: Samuel] ministered unto the LORD before Eli. And the word of the LORD was precious in those days; there was no open vision. 3:2 And it came to pass at that time, when Eli was laid down in his place, and his eyes began to wax dim, that he could not see; 3:3 And ere the lamp of God went out in the temple of the LORD, where the ark of God was, and Samuel was laid down to sleep" (1 Samuel 3:1-3 KJV)

Although David never lived to see the construction of the Temple, at the place on Mount Moriah that he had purchased (see David's Altar), David had been anointed as King by Samuel (see also Naioth In Ramah) who "ministered unto the LORD" "in the temple of the LORD, where the ark of God was," as stated above. It was David's idea to make "the temple of the LORD" from a tent into a stone and cedar building. The LORD agreed, but assigned the task to Solomon.

Mount Zion

"17:1 Now it came to pass, as David sat in his house, that David said to Nathan the prophet, Lo, I dwell in an house of cedars, but the ark of the covenant of the LORD remaineth under curtains.

17:2 Then Nathan said unto David, Do all that is in thine heart; for God is with thee.

17:3 And it came to pass the same night, that the word of God came to Nathan, saying,

17:4 Go and tell David my servant, Thus saith the LORD, Thou shalt not build me an house to dwell in: 17:5 For I have not dwelt in an house since the day that I brought up Israel [see The First Christian Church] unto this day; but have gone from tent to tent, and from one tabernacle to another. 17:6 Wheresoever I have walked with all Israel, spake I a word to any of the judges of Israel, whom I commanded to feed my people, saying, Why have ye not built me an house of cedars?

17:7 Now therefore thus shalt thou say unto my servant David, Thus saith the LORD of hosts, I took thee from the sheepcote, even from following the sheep, that thou shouldest be ruler over my people Israel [see Bethlehem In History And Prophecy]: 17:8 And I have been with thee whithersoever thou hast walked, and have cut off all thine enemies from before thee, and have made thee a name like the name of the great men that are in the earth. 17:9 Also I will ordain a place for my people Israel, and will plant them, and they shall dwell in their place, and shall be moved no more; neither shall the children of wickedness waste them any more, as at the beginning, 17:10 And since the time that I commanded judges to be over my people Israel. Moreover I will subdue all thine enemies.

Furthermore I tell thee that the LORD will build thee an house. 17:11 And it shall come to pass, when thy days be expired that thou must go to be with thy fathers [see What Does The Bible Really Say About Your Soul?], that I will raise up thy seed after thee, which shall be of thy sons; and I will establish his kingdom. 17:12 He shall build me an house, and I will stablish his throne for ever. 17:13 I will be his father, and he shall be my son: and I will not take my mercy away from him, as I took it from him that was before thee: 17:14 But I will settle him in mine house and in my kingdom for ever: and his throne shall be established for evermore.

17:15 According to all these words, and according to all this vision, so did Nathan speak unto David." (1 Chronicles 17:1-15 KJV)

"The house of the LORD"

So it was that Solomon constructed the Temple on Mount Moriah - the place that David had purchased when it was a threshing floor ("separating wheat from chaff" was done by the wind; high and open Mount Moriah was located favorably in Jerusalem for that purpose - which the Messiah will fulfill after He returns i.e. "2:35 Then was the iron, the clay, the brass, the silver, and the gold, broken to pieces together, and became like the chaff of the summer threshingfloors; and the wind carried them away, that no place was found for them: and the stone that smote the image became a great mountain, and filled the whole earth" Daniel 2:35 KJV; see Nebuchadnezzar's Dream and Moriah: Separating The Wheat From The Chaff).

Ancient Jerusalem

"6:1 And it came to pass in the four hundred and eightieth year after the children of Israel were come out of the land of Egypt [see Why Did They Go To Goshen? and Abraham's Seed: From The Nile To The Euphrates], in the fourth year of Solomon's reign over Israel, in the month Zif, which is the second month, that he began to build the house of the LORD.

6:2 And the house which king Solomon built for the LORD, the length thereof was threescore cubits, and the breadth thereof twenty cubits, and the height thereof thirty cubits. 6:3 And the porch before the temple of the house, twenty cubits was the length thereof, according to the breadth of the house; and ten cubits was the breadth thereof before the house. 6:4 And for the house he made windows of narrow lights. 6:5 And against the wall of the house he built chambers round about, against the walls of the house round about, both of the temple and of the oracle: and he made chambers round about [see Layout Of Solomon's Temple]: 6:6 The nethermost chamber was five cubits broad, and the middle was six cubits broad, and the third was seven cubits broad: for without in the wall of the house he made narrowed rests round about, that the beams should not be fastened in the walls of the house.

6:7 And the house, when it was in building, was built of stone [see also What Did Jesus Christ Say About Those Stones?] made ready before it was brought thither: so that there was neither hammer nor ax nor any tool of iron heard in the house, while it was in building.

6:8 The door for the middle chamber was in the right side of the house: and they went up with winding stairs into the middle chamber, and out of the middle into the third. 6:9 So he built the house, and finished it; and covered the house with beams and boards of cedar [The Temple Cedar]. 6:10 And then he built chambers against all the house, five cubits high: and they rested on the house with timber of cedar.

6:11 And the word of the LORD [see What Does Word of God Mean To You?] came to Solomon, saying, 6:12 Concerning this house which thou art in building, if thou wilt walk in my statutes, and execute my judgments, and keep all my commandments to walk in them; then will I perform my word with thee, which I spake unto David thy father: 6:13 And I will dwell among the children of Israel, and will not forsake my people Israel.

6:14 So Solomon built the house, and finished it. 6:15 And he built the walls of the house within with boards of cedar, both the floor of the house, and the walls of the ceiling: and he covered them on the inside with wood, and covered the floor of the house with planks of fir. 6:16 And he built twenty cubits on the sides of the house, both the floor and the walls with boards of cedar: he even built them for it within, even for the oracle [see Oracles], even for the most holy place. 6:17 And the house, that is, the temple before it, was forty cubits long. 6:18 And the cedar of the house within was carved with knops and open flowers: all was cedar; there was no stone seen.

Jerusalem In The Time Of Solomon 6:19 And the oracle he prepared in the house within, to set there the ark of the covenant of the LORD [see also Arks Of The Covenant. 6:20 And the oracle in the forepart was twenty cubits in length, and twenty cubits in breadth, and twenty cubits in the height thereof: and he overlaid it with pure gold; and so covered the altar which was of cedar. 6:21 So Solomon overlaid the house within with pure gold: and he made a partition by the chains of gold before the oracle; and he overlaid it with gold. 6:22 And the whole house he overlaid with gold, until he had finished all the house: also the whole altar that was by the oracle he overlaid with gold.

6:23 And within the oracle he made two cherubims of olive tree [see also The Prophets: The Two Witnesses], each ten cubits high. 6:24 And five cubits was the one wing of the cherub, and five cubits the other wing of the cherub: from the uttermost part of the one wing unto the uttermost part of the other were ten cubits. 6:25 And the other cherub was ten cubits: both the cherubims were of one measure and one size. 6:26 The height of the one cherub was ten cubits, and so was it of the other cherub. 6:27 And he set the cherubims within the inner house: and they stretched forth the wings of the cherubims, so that the wing of the one touched the one wall, and the wing of the other cherub touched the other wall; and their wings touched one another in the midst of the house. 6:28 And he overlaid the cherubims with gold.

6:29 And he carved all the walls of the house round about with carved figures of cherubims and palm trees and open flowers [see also Pomegranates], within and without. 6:30 And the floor of the house he overlaid with gold, within and without.

6:31 And for the entering of the oracle he made doors of olive tree: the lintel and side posts were a fifth part of the wall. 6:32 The two doors also were of olive tree; and he carved upon them carvings of cherubims and palm trees and open flowers, and overlaid them with gold, and spread gold upon the cherubims, and upon the palm trees. 6:33 So also made he for the door of the temple posts of olive tree, a fourth part of the wall. 6:34 And the two doors were of fir tree: the two leaves of the one door were folding, and the two leaves of the other door were folding. 6:35 And he carved thereon cherubims and palm trees and open flowers: and covered them with gold fitted upon the carved work.

6:36 And he built the inner court with three rows of hewed stone, and a row of cedar beams.

6:37 In the fourth year was the foundation of the house of the LORD laid, in the month Zif: 6:38 And in the eleventh year, in the month Bul, which is the eighth month, was the house finished throughout all the parts thereof, and according to all the fashion of it. So was he seven years in building it." (1 Kings 6:1-38 KJV)

As we will cover in detail in subsequent studies in this series, the Temple of the LORD that Solomon built existed for about four centuries before the LORD had the Babylonians destroy it, and the city of Jerusalem (as the Romans also did in 70 AD, as we will also cover in detail in a subsequent study in this series), in 586 BC because the people of Israel (by then the people of the Kingdom of Judah alone, as we will cover in subsequent studies in this series) had turned it into a place of heathen idolatry. The stonework was reduced to rubble and all of the fine cedar burned. The Ark of the Covenant and the Temple vessels survived however; their purpose was not, and is not, yet complete (see Raiders Of The Lost Ark and The Temple Vessel Prophecies Today).

Fact Finder: Whether in the Tabernacle built by Moses, or in the Temple built by David and Solomon, "the temple of the LORD, where the ark of God" with God's Law at its "heart" was located had a greater Christian meaning and purpose. What is it?
See The Temple Heart Prophecy


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This Day In History, August 1

30 BC: Octavian (later known as Augustus, as he is also recorded in the Bible; see A History Of Jerusalem: Pompey And The Caesars) took control of Alexandria, Egypt from the Ptolemies (see A History Of Jerusalem: Greeks, Ptolemies, Seleucids and The Cleopatra Connection).

69: The Batavian Rebellion. Batavians, in what is known today as the Netherlands, rebelled against Roman occupation of their homeland (see Pax Romana: The Birth Of The Roman Empire).

527: Justinian I became the sole ruler of the Byzantine Empire.

1096: The Crusaders (see Constantine's Crusades In History And Prophecy) under the command of Peter the Hermit reached Constantinople.

1137: King Louis VI of France died and was succeeded by his son Louis VII, who launched the disastrous Second Crusade.

1192: Crusaders under Richard the Lionheart landed at Jaffa (see also The Joppa Lessons Of Jonah And Peter) where they defeated the forces of Saladin (see A History Of Jerusalem: Constantine and Muhammad and A Biography Of Abraham: Abrahamic Religions).

1291: The three cantons of Uri, Unterwalden and Schwyz formed the Everlasting League, a confederation from which Switzerland was formed.

1498: Christopher Columbus landed on mainland North America, but thinking it was an island, called it Isla Santa.

1534: French explorer Jacques Cartier sighted the north shore of the Gulf of St. Lawrence. Sent by King Francois I to look for gold in the New World and a passage to China, Cartier left France on April 20 1534 with 2 ships and 61 men, arriving off Newfoundland 20 days later. Before heading home on August 15, he claimed what is today Newfoundland, Prince Edward Island, the Gulf of St. Lawrence and the adjacent lands for France.

1664: The Ottoman / Turkish army battled French and German forces at St. Gotthard, Hungary (listen to our Sermon The Ottoman Empire).

1714: Anne, Queen of Britain 1702-1714, died at age 49. She was the last Stuart monarch. Although her father King James II was a Roman Catholic, she was raised as a Protestant at the insistence of her uncle Charles II. She was pregnant 18 times between 1683-1700, but none survived infancy.

1714: George Louis, Elector of Hanover, was named King George I of Great Britain upon the death of Queen Anne.

1740: Thomas Arne's Rule Britannia was performed in public for the first time.

1759: British and Hanoverian armies versus the French at the Battle of Minden, Germany.

1774: Joseph Priestley, the British Presbyterian minister and chemist, identified a gas which he called "dephlogisticated air" - later known as oxygen.

1778: The world's first "savings bank" was opened, in Hamburg, Germany.

1793: France became the first country to use the Metric System of weights and measures, a byproduct of the French Revolution. Today, nearly the entire world (with the sole exception of the U.S. which uses it only to a limited degree, in science and medicine) uses the Metric System. While many regard the "miles and Fahrenheit" system to be an entirely-English creation, miles were actually invented by the ancient Romans and the Fahrenheit temperature scale was invented in 1724 by a German physicist, Daniel Fahrenheit. "Miles and Fahrenheit" are just as European in origin as the Metric System. Even the word "mile" uses the same prefix, "mill," meaning thousand, as the Metric System.

1798: The British fleet under Admiral Horatio Nelson defeated the French fleet at the Battle of the Nile, thwarting Napoleon's conquest of the Middle East.

1800: The Act of Union 1800 was passed. It merged the Kingdom of Great Britain and the Kingdom of Ireland into the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.

1834: The Slavery Abolition Act abolished slavery throughout the British Empire. An estimated 770,280 men and women became free, leaving only those in the U.S. as slaves (until the end of the U.S. Civil War about 30 years later).

1914: Germany declared war on Russia in at the start of the First World War (listen to our Sermon The European World Wars).

1950: King Leopold III of Belgium abdicated in favor of Prince Baudouin, effective July 1951.

1954: The Geneva Accords divided Vietnam into 2 countries at the 17th parallel.

1957: The U.S. and Canada formed the North American Air Defense Command, NORAD. For Canadians, the Russian threat during the Cold War wasn't somewhere "over there" in Europe - Canada has the U.S. on its southern border and Russia on its northern border. Canadians don't have to leave home to confront the Russian army.

1964: The Belgian Congo was renamed the Republic of the Congo.

1990: Iraq's president Saddam Hussein sent an invasion force of 100,000 troops into Kuwait, setting off the "Desert Storm" Kuwait War.

2001: Alabama Supreme Court Chief Justice Roy Moore installed a Ten Commandments monument in the Judiciary Building. It resulted in a lawsuit to have the Ten Commandments removed and Justice Moore's removal from office (see also Israel In History and Prophecy: Law Of The LORD and Turning The Tables).





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