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Wednesday, August 1 2012
Israel In History and Prophecy: The Temple
"The Temple of the LORD, where The Ark of God was"
The Temple of the LORD in Jerusalem is often referred-to as "the Temple of Solomon" because it was in the time of King Solomon (see Israel In History and Prophecy: Solomon) that the Temple was built (although King David was the one who requested that it be built, and David made extensive preparations for it; see Israel In History and Prophecy: King David and Israel In History and Prophecy: The Tabernacle). The Messianic purpose and principle of the Temple existed long before David and Solomon however - the reason that the Tabernacle, which was a tent structure built in the time of Moses, was also called "the temple of the LORD, where the ark of God was" (1 Samuel 3:3 KJV).
"40:1 And the LORD [see Who Is The LORD?] spake unto Moses [see Israel In History and Prophecy: Moses], saying, 40:2 On the first day of the first month shalt thou set up the tabernacle of the tent of the congregation. 40:3 And thou shalt put therein the ark of the testimony, and cover the ark with the veil." (Exodus 40:1-3 KJV)
Centuries after Moses, The Ark remained in the original Tabernacle, which served as a temple ("a place devoted to special or exalted purposes"), just as the later building in Jerusalem, that was known as the "Temple," served as the temple. The Temple of the LORD existed long before Solomon.
"3:1 And the child Samuel [see Israel In History and Prophecy: Samuel] ministered unto the LORD before Eli. And the word of the LORD was precious in those days; there was no open vision. 3:2 And it came to pass at that time, when Eli was laid down in his place, and his eyes began to wax dim, that he could not see; 3:3 And ere the lamp of God went out in the temple of the LORD, where the ark of God was, and Samuel was laid down to sleep" (1 Samuel 3:1-3 KJV)
Although David never lived to see the construction of the Temple, at the place on Mount Moriah that he had purchased (see David's Altar), David had been anointed as King by Samuel (see also Naioth In Ramah) who "ministered unto the LORD" "in the temple of the LORD, where the ark of God was," as stated above. It was David's idea to make "the temple of the LORD" from a tent into a stone and cedar building. The LORD agreed, but assigned the task to Solomon.
"17:1 Now it came to pass, as David sat in his house, that David said to Nathan the prophet, Lo, I dwell in an house of cedars, but the ark of the covenant of the LORD remaineth under curtains.
"The house of the LORD"
So it was that Solomon constructed the Temple on Mount Moriah - the place that David had purchased when it was a threshing floor ("separating wheat from chaff" was done by the wind; high and open Mount Moriah was located favorably in Jerusalem for that purpose - which the Messiah will fulfill after He returns i.e. "2:35 Then was the iron, the clay, the brass, the silver, and the gold, broken to pieces together, and became like the chaff of the summer threshingfloors; and the wind carried them away, that no place was found for them: and the stone that smote the image became a great mountain, and filled the whole earth" Daniel 2:35 KJV; see Nebuchadnezzar's Dream and Moriah: Separating The Wheat From The Chaff).
"6:1 And it came to pass in the four hundred and eightieth year after the children of Israel were come out of the land of Egypt [see Why Did They Go To Goshen? and Abraham's Seed: From The Nile To The Euphrates], in the fourth year of Solomon's reign over Israel, in the month Zif, which is the second month, that he began to build the house of the LORD.
As we will cover in detail in subsequent studies in this series, the Temple of the LORD that Solomon built existed for about four centuries before the LORD had the Babylonians destroy it, and the city of Jerusalem (as the Romans also did in 70 AD, as we will also cover in detail in a subsequent study in this series), in 586 BC because the people of Israel (by then the people of the Kingdom of Judah alone, as we will cover in subsequent studies in this series) had turned it into a place of heathen idolatry. The stonework was reduced to rubble and all of the fine cedar burned. The Ark of the Covenant and the Temple vessels survived however; their purpose was not, and is not, yet complete (see Raiders Of The Lost Ark and The Temple Vessel Prophecies Today).
Fact Finder: Whether in the Tabernacle built by Moses, or in the Temple built by David and Solomon, "the temple of the LORD, where the ark of God" with God's Law at its "heart" was located had a greater Christian meaning and purpose. What is it?
This Day In History, August 1
30 BC: Octavian (later known as Augustus, as he is also recorded in the Bible; see A History Of Jerusalem: Pompey And The Caesars) took control of Alexandria, Egypt from the Ptolemies (see A History Of Jerusalem: Greeks, Ptolemies, Seleucids and The Cleopatra Connection).
69: The Batavian Rebellion. Batavians, in what is known today as the Netherlands, rebelled against Roman occupation of their homeland (see Pax Romana: The Birth Of The Roman Empire).
527: Justinian I became the sole ruler of the Byzantine Empire.
1096: The Crusaders (see Constantine's Crusades In History And Prophecy) under the command of Peter the Hermit reached Constantinople.
1137: King Louis VI of France died and was succeeded by his son Louis VII, who launched the disastrous Second Crusade.
1192: Crusaders under Richard the Lionheart landed at Jaffa (see also The Joppa Lessons Of Jonah And Peter) where they defeated the forces of Saladin (see A History Of Jerusalem: Constantine and Muhammad and A Biography Of Abraham: Abrahamic Religions).
1291: The three cantons of Uri, Unterwalden and Schwyz formed the Everlasting League, a confederation from which Switzerland was formed.
1498: Christopher Columbus landed on mainland North America, but thinking it was an island, called it Isla Santa.
1534: French explorer Jacques Cartier sighted the north shore of the Gulf of St. Lawrence. Sent by King Francois I to look for gold in the New World and a passage to China, Cartier left France on April 20 1534 with 2 ships and 61 men, arriving off Newfoundland 20 days later. Before heading home on August 15, he claimed what is today Newfoundland, Prince Edward Island, the Gulf of St. Lawrence and the adjacent lands for France.
1664: The Ottoman / Turkish army battled French and German forces at St. Gotthard, Hungary (listen to our Sermon The Ottoman Empire).
1714: Anne, Queen of Britain 1702-1714, died at age 49. She was the last Stuart monarch. Although her father King James II was a Roman Catholic, she was raised as a Protestant at the insistence of her uncle Charles II. She was pregnant 18 times between 1683-1700, but none survived infancy.
1714: George Louis, Elector of Hanover, was named King George I of Great Britain upon the death of Queen Anne.
1740: Thomas Arne's Rule Britannia was performed in public for the first time.
1759: British and Hanoverian armies versus the French at the Battle of Minden, Germany.
1774: Joseph Priestley, the British Presbyterian minister and chemist, identified a gas which he called "dephlogisticated air" - later known as oxygen.
1778: The world's first "savings bank" was opened, in Hamburg, Germany.
1793: France became the first country to use the Metric System of weights and measures, a byproduct of the French Revolution. Today, nearly the entire world (with the sole exception of the U.S. which uses it only to a limited degree, in science and medicine) uses the Metric System. While many regard the "miles and Fahrenheit" system to be an entirely-English creation, miles were actually invented by the ancient Romans and the Fahrenheit temperature scale was invented in 1724 by a German physicist, Daniel Fahrenheit. "Miles and Fahrenheit" are just as European in origin as the Metric System. Even the word "mile" uses the same prefix, "mill," meaning thousand, as the Metric System.
1798: The British fleet under Admiral Horatio Nelson defeated the French fleet at the Battle of the Nile, thwarting Napoleon's conquest of the Middle East.
1800: The Act of Union 1800 was passed. It merged the Kingdom of Great Britain and the Kingdom of Ireland into the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.
1834: The Slavery Abolition Act abolished slavery throughout the British Empire. An estimated 770,280 men and women became free, leaving only those in the U.S. as slaves (until the end of the U.S. Civil War about 30 years later).
1914: Germany declared war on Russia in at the start of the First World War (listen to our Sermon The European World Wars).
1950: King Leopold III of Belgium abdicated in favor of Prince Baudouin, effective July 1951.
1954: The Geneva Accords divided Vietnam into 2 countries at the 17th parallel.
1957: The U.S. and Canada formed the North American Air Defense Command, NORAD. For Canadians, the Russian threat during the Cold War wasn't somewhere "over there" in Europe - Canada has the U.S. on its southern border and Russia on its northern border. Canadians don't have to leave home to confront the Russian army.
1964: The Belgian Congo was renamed the Republic of the Congo.
1990: Iraq's president Saddam Hussein sent an invasion force of 100,000 troops into Kuwait, setting off the "Desert Storm" Kuwait War.
2001: Alabama Supreme Court Chief Justice Roy Moore installed a Ten Commandments monument in the Judiciary Building. It resulted in a lawsuit to have the Ten Commandments removed and Justice Moore's removal from office (see also Israel In History and Prophecy: Law Of The LORD and Turning The Tables).